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Toxomerus marginatus (female).jpg
Toxomerus marginatus female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Subfamily: Syrphinae
Tribe: Toxomerini
Genus: Toxomerus
Macquart, 1855
Type species
Toxomerus notatus
Macquart, 1855

Toxomerus is a very large genus of hoverflies. They are found in many parts of North and South America.[1][2] Most larvae are believed to feed on pollen. Adults feed on a wide range of flowers.[3]



  1. ^ a b c d e f Mengual, Ximo; Gunilla Stahls; Santos Rojo (2008). "First phylogeny of predatory flower flies (Diptera, Syrphidae, Syrphinae) using mitochondrial COI and nuclear 28S rRNA genes: conflict and congruence with the current tribal classification" (PDF). Cladistics. Wiley-Blackwell. 24: 543–562. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2008.00200.x. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  2. ^ Reemer, M. (2010). "A second survey of Surinam Syrphidae (Diptera):introduction and Syrphinae" (PDF). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 153 (2): 163–196. doi:10.1163/22119434-900000295. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Reemer, Menno; Rotheray, Graham E. (16 April 2009). "Pollen feeding larvae in the presumed predatory syrphine genus Toxomerus Macquart (Diptera, Syrphidae)". Journal of Natural History (PDF). UK: Taylor and Francis. 43 (15): 939–949. doi:10.1080/00222930802610576. ISSN 1464-5262. 
  4. ^ a b c d Marinoni, Luciane; Thompson, F. Christian (2003). "Flower flies of southeastern Brazil (Diptera: Syrphidae) Part I. Introduction and new species". Studia dipterologica. 10 (2): 565–578. ISSN 0945-3954.