Toxopidae

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Toxopidae
Myro kerguelenensis 1876.jpg
Myro kerguelenensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Toxopidae
Hickman, 1940[1]
Diversity
14 genera, 85 species

Toxopidae is a small family of araneomorph spiders, first described in 1940.[2] For many years it was sunk into Desidae as a subfamily, although doubts were expressed as to whether this was correct.[3] A large-scale molecular phylogenetic study in 2016 led to the family being revived.[4]

Genera[edit]

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[1]

  • Gasparia Marples, 1956 – New Zealand
  • Gohia Dalmas, 1917 – New Zealand
  • Hapona Forster, 1970 – New Zealand
  • Hulua Forster & Wilton, 1973 – New Zealand
  • Jamara Davies, 1995 – Australia
  • Laestrygones Urquhart, 1894 – New Zealand, Australia
  • Lamina Forster, 1970 – New Zealand
  • Midgee Davies, 1995 – Australia
  • Myro O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1876 – Australia, New Zealand
  • Neomyro Forster & Wilton, 1973 – New Zealand
  • Ommatauxesis Simon, 1903 – Australia
  • Otagoa Forster, 1970 – New Zealand
  • Toxops Hickman, 1940 – Australia
  • Toxopsoides Forster & Wilton, 1973 – Australia, New Zealand

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family: Toxopidae Hickman, 1940". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  2. ^ Hickman, V. V. (1940). "The Toxopidae, a new family of spiders. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania". 1939: 125–130.
  3. ^ Jocqué, R. (1994). "Halidae, a new spider family from Madagascar (Araneae)". Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society. 9: 281–289.
  4. ^ Wheeler, Ward C.; Coddington, Jonathan A.; Crowley, Louise M.; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Goloboff, Pablo A.; Griswold, Charles E.; Hormiga, Gustavo; Prendini, Lorenzo; Ramírez, Martín J.; Sierwald, Petra; Almeida-Silva, Lina; Alvarez-Padilla, Fernando; Arnedo, Miquel A.; Benavides Silva, Ligia R.; Benjamin, Suresh P.; Bond, Jason E.; Grismado, Cristian J.; Hasan, Emile; Hedin, Marshal; Izquierdo, Matías A.; Labarque, Facundo M.; Ledford, Joel; Lopardo, Lara; Maddison, Wayne P.; Miller, Jeremy A.; Piacentini, Luis N.; Platnick, Norman I.; Polotow, Daniele; Silva-Dávila, Diana; Scharff, Nikolaj; Szűts, Tamás; Ubick, Darrell; Vink, Cor J.; Wood, Hannah M. & Zhang, Junxia (2016), "The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling", Cladistics, doi:10.1111/cla.12182