Toy Story (franchise)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Toy Story
Toy Story logo.svg
Created byJohn Lasseter
Pete Docter
Andrew Stanton
Joe Ranft
Original workToy Story (1995)
Owned byThe Walt Disney Company
Print publications
ComicsList of comics
Films and television
Film(s)
Short film(s)
Animated series
Television special(s)
Direct-to-videoBuzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)
Theatrical presentations
Play(s)
Musical(s)Toy Story: The Musical (2008–16)
Games
Video game(s)List of video games
Audio
Soundtrack(s)
Miscellaneous
Toy(s)Lego Toy Story
Theme park attraction(s)

Toy Story is a computer animated Disney media franchise that commenced in 1995 with the release of the animated film of the same name, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The franchise is based on the anthropomorphic concept that all toys, unknown to humans, are secretly alive, and the films focus on a diverse group of toys that feature a classic cowboy doll named Sheriff Woody and a modern spaceman action figure named Buzz Lightyear, principally voiced by Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, respectively. The group unexpectedly embark on adventures that challenge and change them.

The franchise consists mainly of four CGI animated films: Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), Toy Story 3 (2010), and Toy Story 4 (2019). Toy Story was the first feature-length film to be made entirely using computer-generated imagery. The first two films of the franchise were directed by John Lasseter, the third by Lee Unkrich, who acted as the co-director of the second film (together with Ash Brannon), and the fourth by Josh Cooley.

Toy Story is the 20th highest-grossing franchise worldwide, the fourth highest-grossing animated franchise, and is among the most critically acclaimed franchises of all time. The films, produced on a total budget of $520 million, have grossed more than $3 billion worldwide. Each film set box office records, with the third and fourth included in the top 50 all-time worldwide films. All four films have received universal acclaim from critics and audiences.[1][2][3][4] The first two films were re-released in theaters as a Disney Digital 3-D "double feature" for at least two weeks in October 2009, as a promotion for the then-upcoming third film.[5]

The first and second films are at 100%, while the third and fourth are at 98% and 97% respectively, on Rotten Tomatoes. The third and fourth films in the series, respectively, are the fifth and sixth highest-grossing animated films and the 30th and 33rd highest-grossing films of all time. Toy Story 3 also became the third animated film in history to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, following Beauty and the Beast and Up.

Films[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director Writers Producer(s)
Screenplay Story
Toy Story November 22, 1995 (1995-11-22) John Lasseter Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow Andrew Stanton, John Lasseter, Pete Docter and Joe Ranft Ralph Guggenheim and Bonnie Arnold
Toy Story 2 November 24, 1999 (1999-11-24) Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin and Chris Webb Andrew Stanton, John Lasseter, Pete Docter and Ash Brannon Helene Plotkin and Karen Robert Jackson
Toy Story 3 June 18, 2010 (2010-06-18) Lee Unkrich Michael Arndt Andrew Stanton, John Lasseter and Lee Unkrich Darla K. Anderson
Toy Story 4 June 21, 2019 (2019-06-21) Josh Cooley Andrew Stanton and Stephany Folsom Andrew Stanton, John Lasseter, Josh Cooley, Valerie LaPointe, Rashida Jones, Will McCormack, Martin Hynes and Stephany Folsom Mark Nielsen and Jonas Rivera

Toy Story (1995)[edit]

Toy Story, the first film in the franchise, was released on November 22, 1995. It was the first feature-length film created entirely by CGI and was directed by John Lasseter. The plot involves Andy (voiced by John Morris), an imaginative young boy, getting a new Buzz Lightyear (Tim Allen) action figure for his birthday, causing Sheriff Woody (Tom Hanks), a vintage cowboy doll, to think that he has been replaced as Andy's favorite toy. In competing for Andy's attention, Woody accidentally knocks Buzz out a window, leading the other toys to believe he tried to murder Buzz. Determined to set things right, Woody attempts to save Buzz, and both must escape from the house of the next-door neighbor Sid Phillips (Erik von Detten), who likes to torture and destroy toys. In addition to Hanks and Allen, the film featured the voices of Don Rickles, Jim Varney, Wallace Shawn, John Ratzenberger, and Annie Potts. The film was critically and financially successful, grossing over $373 million worldwide.[1][6] The film was later re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story 2, for a 2-week run,[5] which was later extended due to its financial success.[7]

Toy Story 2 (1999)[edit]

Toy Story 2, the second film in the franchise, was released on November 24, 1999. Lasseter reprised his role as director. The plot involves Woody getting stolen by a greedy toy collector named Al McWhiggin (Wayne Knight). Buzz and several of Andy's toys set off to attempt to free Woody, who meanwhile has discovered his origins as a historic television star. In addition to the returning cast, Toy Story 2 included voice acting from Joan Cusack, Kelsey Grammer, Estelle Harris, and Jodi Benson. Toy Story 2 was not originally intended for release in theaters, but as a direct-to-video sequel to the original Toy Story, with a 60-minute running time.[8] However, Disney's executives were impressed by the high quality of the in-work imagery for the sequel, and were also pressured by the main characters' voice actors Hanks and Allen, so they decided to convert Toy Story 2 into a theatrical film.[9] It turned out to be an even greater success than the original Toy Story, grossing over $497 million worldwide.[10] The film was re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story, on October 2, 2009.[5]

Toy Story 3 (2010)[edit]

Toy Story 3, the third film in the franchise, was released on June 18, 2010, nearly 11 years after Toy Story 2. The plot focuses on the toys being accidentally dropped off at a daycare center while their owner, Andy, is getting ready to go to college. The toys discover that all of the toys are ruled by Lotso (Ned Beatty), a mean teddy bear, while Woody finds potential hope for a new home in the hands of Bonnie, a toddler that takes great care of her toys. Blake Clark replaced Varney after Varney's death in 2000, while other new cast members included Michael Keaton, Timothy Dalton, Jeff Garlin, Kristen Schaal, and Bonnie Hunt. It was the first Toy Story film not to be directed by Lasseter (although he remained involved in the film as executive producer), but by Lee Unkrich, who edited the first two films and co-directed the second. It was Pixar's highest-grossing film of all time both domestically, surpassing Finding Nemo, until it was surpassed by Finding Dory in 2016 and worldwide, also surpassing Finding Nemo, until it was surpassed by Incredibles 2 in 2018. Toy Story 3 grossed more than the first and second films combined, making it the first animated film to have crossed the $1 billion mark.[11] In August 2010, it surpassed Shrek 2, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time until it was surpassed by Frozen, another Disney production, in March 2014.[12] Toy Story 3 was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 2, 2010.[13]

Toy Story 4 (2019)[edit]

Toy Story 4, the fourth film in the franchise, was released on June 21, 2019. Taking place some years after Toy Story 3, the story involves Woody, Buzz, and the other toys living well with their new owner. On her first day of kindergarten, Bonnie creates a toy Forky (Tony Hale) out of garbage. Woody, having been neglected by Bonnie lately, personally takes it upon himself to keep Forky out of harm's way. During a road trip with Bonnie's family, Woody meets up with Bo Peep (Potts) and has to deal with fears of becoming a "lost toy". Rickles had died in 2017 prior to the production of the film, but Pixar used archival recordings from him to continue his voice work for the film.[14] Additional new cast members include Keegan-Michael Key, Jordan Peele, Keanu Reeves, and Christina Hendricks. The film had been originally announced on November 6, 2014 during an investor's call with Lasseter to direct, Galyn Susman to produce, with the screenplay written by Rashida Jones and Will McCormack based on the story developed by Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter and Lee Unkrich.[15][16] However, during production, Lasseter stepped down from his position at Pixar in 2017, though remained to consult for the film; Josh Cooley was named as the film's director, with Jonas Rivera replacing Susman as producer.[17][18] The film underwent a major revision following the departures of Jones and McCormack later in 2017, with Stephany Folsom replacing them as screenwriter. Much of the original script by Jones and McCormack had to be dropped, delaying the release of the film.[19][20]

Future[edit]

On an episode of The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Tom Hanks said that the fourth film would be the final film in the series. He said that Tim Allen had "warned him about the emotional final goodbye between their characters Woody and Buzz Lightyear in Toy Story 4."[21] However, producer Mark Nielsen didn't rule out a possibility of a fifth film stating “Every film we make, we treat it like it’s the first and the last film we’re ever going to make, so you force yourself to make it hold up. You don’t get in over your skis. Whether there’s another one? I don’t know. If there is, it’s tomorrow’s problem."[22] Shortly after the fourth film's release, Annie Potts said that despite her not knowing if another film would be made, she believes a lot of fans will be interested to see what the toys do next.[23] A few months before the film's release, Tim Allen hinted that a fifth film is possible, while also expressing interest in doing another film stating: "Once you've gotten to four, you're passed that trilogy [point], so I don't see any reason why they wouldn't do it, certainly. If you ask me, I'd say do five."[24]

Television series[edit]

Toy Story Treats[edit]

In 1996, a series of shorts known as Toy Story Treats were created as interstitials on ABC Saturday Morning, the predecessor to Disney's One Saturday Morning and ABC Kids. They did not necessarily follow the continuity from Toy Story, taking place before, during and after the events of the first film. They were aired roughly around the time of Toy Story's release to home video.[25] The shorts also appeared as bonus features on both "The Ultimate Toy Box" and as Easter eggs on the "10th Anniversary Edition" DVD menu of the first film, they were also restored in HD in a 1.33:1 aspect ratio and presented in the special features of the 2010 Blu-ray release of the film.

Toy Story Toons[edit]

In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films to supplement the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The episodes pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Another short,[26] titled Mythic Rock, was in development in 2013 but was never released.[27]

Forky Asks a Question[edit]

On Disney's investor day meeting, Pete Docter announced a series of shorts named Forky Asks a Question for Disney+, with the new character Forky from Toy Story 4, voiced by Tony Hale.[28]

Television specials[edit]

Pixar has also developed two 22-minute Toy Story television specials.[29] The first, a Halloween-themed special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, aired on October 16, 2013, on ABC,[30] while the second, a Christmas-themed special titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, aired on December 2, 2014.[31]

Toy Story Toons[edit]

In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films to supplement the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The shorts pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Another short,[26] titled Mythic Rock, was in development in 2013 but was never released.[32]

Hawaiian Vacation[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Hawaiian Vacation is a 2011 Pixar animated short directed by Gary Rydstrom. The short features characters from the Toy Story series and takes place after the events of Toy Story 3. It was released in theaters before Pixar's feature film Cars 2. In the short film, Ken and Barbie want to go to Hawaii with Bonnie's family, who had prior plans to vacation in Hawaii, but get left behind by mistakenly climbing into Bonnie's school bookbag instead of her luggage. Once in Bonnie's bedroom, Woody, Buzz and the other toys from the previous film attempt to console them by creating their own "Hawaiian vacation" for Barbie and Ken in Bonnie's bedroom.

Small Fry[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Small Fry,[33] another Toy Story short, premiered before The Muppets.[34] This marks the second time a Pixar short has screened with a non-Pixar film, after Tokyo Mater screened with Bolt. Directed by Angus MacLane, the short involves Buzz getting trapped at a fast food restaurant at a support group for discarded toys, with a kids' meal toy version of Buzz taking his place.[33]

Partysaurus Rex[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Partysaurus Rex, the third of the series of animated shorts, was released with the theatrical 3D re-release of Finding Nemo. Directed by Mark Walsh with music composed by electronic artist BT, the short involves Rex getting left in the bathroom and making friends with bath toys.[35]

Reception[edit]

Box office performance[edit]

Toy Story's first five days of domestic release (on Thanksgiving weekend), earned the film $39.1 million.[36] The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $29.1 million, and maintained its number one position at the domestic box office for the following two weekends. It was the highest-grossing domestic film in 1995,[37] and the third highest-grossing animated film at the time.[38]

Toy Story 2 opened at #1 over the Thanksgiving Day weekend, with a three-day tally of $57.4 million from 3,236 theaters. It averaged $17,734 per theater over three days during that weekend, and stayed at #1 for the next two weekends. It was the third highest-grossing film of 1999.[39]

Toy Story 3 had a strong debut, opening in 4,028 theaters and grossing $41.1 million at the box office on its opening day. In addition, Toy Story 3 had the highest opening day gross for an animated film on record. During its opening weekend, the film grossed $110.3 million, making it #1 for the weekend; it was the biggest opening weekend ever for any Pixar film. Toy Story 3 stayed at the #1 spot for the next weekend. The film had the second highest opening ever for an animated film at the time. It was the highest-grossing film of 2010, both domestically and worldwide.[40][41] Toy Story 3 grossed over $1 billion, making it the seventh film in history, the second Disney film in 2010, the third Disney film overall, and the first animated film to do so.[42]

Film U.S. release date Box office gross All-time ranking Budget Ref(s)
U.S. and Canada Other territories Worldwide U.S. and Canada Worldwide
Toy Story November 22, 1995 $191,796,233 $181,757,800 $373,554,033 221 328 $30 million [6]
Toy Story 2 November 24, 1999 $245,852,179 $251,514,690 $497,366,869 130 211 $90 million [10]
Toy Story 3 June 18, 2010 $415,004,880 $651,964,823 $1,066,969,703 28 30 $200 million [43]
Toy Story 4 June 21, 2019 $432,418,864 $625,716,241 $1,058,135,105 22 32 $200 million [44][45]
Total $1,315,774,602 $1,712,535,708 $3,028,310,310 19 20 $520 million [note 1]

Critical and public response[edit]

Films[edit]

According to Rotten Tomatoes, the Toy Story franchise is the most critically acclaimed franchise of all time.[47] The first two films received a 100% "Certified Fresh" rating, while the third and fourth respectively earned 98% and 97% "Certified Fresh" ratings. According to the site, no other franchise has had all of its films so highly rated – the Before trilogy comes closest with 98%, and the Dollars trilogy and The Lord of the Rings trilogy come after with average ratings of 95% and 94% respectively, while the Toy Story franchise has an average of 99%.

According to Metacritic, the Toy Story franchise is tied as the most critically acclaimed franchise of all time, it and The Lord of the Rings trilogy each having an average rounded score of 91 out of 100.

According to CinemaScore, polls conducted during the opening weekend, cinema audiences gave the first, third and fourth installments of the series an average grade of "A," while the second earned an "A+," on an A+ to F scale.[48]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Toy Story 100% (9.01/10 average rating) (85 reviews)[1] 95 (26 reviews)[49] A[48]
Toy Story 2 100% (8.68/10 average rating) (169 reviews)[2] 88 (34 reviews)[50] A+[48]
Toy Story 3 98% (8.87/10 average rating) (304 reviews)[3] 92 (39 reviews)[51] A[48]
Toy Story 4 97% (8.39/10 average rating) (398 reviews)[4] 84 (57 reviews)[52] A[48]

Television specials[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Toy Story of Terror! 94% (8.04/10 average rating) (16 reviews)[53] 80 (7 reviews)[54]
Toy Story That Time Forgot 100% (7.92/10 average rating) (10 reviews)[55] 81 (8 reviews)[56]

Accolades[edit]

Toy Story was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Original Song for Randy Newman's "You've Got a Friend in Me." John Lasseter, the director of the film, also received a Special Achievement Award for "the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film."[57] Toy Story was also the first animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. At the 53rd Golden Globe Awards, Toy Story earned two Golden Globe nominations – Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Original Song. It was also nominated for Best Special Visual Effects at the 50th British Academy Film Awards.

Toy Story 2 won a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and earned a single Academy Award nomination for the song "When She Loved Me," performed by Sarah McLachlan. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was introduced in 2001 after the first two Toy Story installments.

Toy Story 3 won two Academy Awards – Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song. It earned three other nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Sound Editing. It was the third animated film in history to be nominated for Best Picture, after Beauty and the Beast and Up. Toy Story 3 also won the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film and the award for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.

Toy Story film series at the Academy Awards[58][59][60]
Category 68th Academy Awards
Toy Story
72nd Academy Awards
Toy Story 2
83rd Academy Awards
Toy Story 3
Best Picture Nominated
Animated Feature Award not yet introduced Won
Adapted Screenplay Nominated
Original Score Nominated
Original Screenplay Nominated
Original Song Nominated Nominated Won
Sound Editing Nominated
Special Achievement Award Won[A]

Cast and characters[edit]

Characters Main films Interstitials Spin-off film Television series Television specials
Toy Story Toy Story 2 Toy Story 3 Toy Story 4 Toy Story Treats Buzz Lightyear of Star Command:
The Adventure Begins
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command Toy Story Toons Toy Story of Terror! Toy Story That Time Forgot
1995 1999 2010 2019 1996 2000 2000–2001 2011–2012 2013 2014
Sheriff Woody Tom Hanks Jim Hanks Intro cameo Tom Hanks
Buzz Lightyear Tim Allen Tim Allen Tim Allen Pat Fraley Tim Allen Patrick Warburton Tim Allen Tim Allen
Javier Fernández-Peña
(Spanish)
Javier Fernández-Peña
(Spanish)
Jessie Joan Cusack Silent cameo Intro cameo Joan Cusack
Bo Peep Annie Potts Silent cameo Annie Potts
Mr. Potato Head Don Rickles Don Rickles
(archive recordings)
Don Rickles
Rex Wallace Shawn Intro cameo Wallace Shawn
Slinky Dog Jim Varney Blake Clark Silent cameo Blake Clark
Hamm John Ratzenberger Andrew Stanton Intro cameo John Ratzenberger
Bullseye Animal sounds only Silent cameo Animal sounds only
Billy, Goat and Gruff Animal sounds only Emily Davis Silent cameo
Mrs. Potato Head Estelle Harris Estelle Harris
Aliens Jeff Pidgeon Patrick Warburton Jeff Pidgeon Silent cameo
Sarge R. Lee Ermey R. Lee Ermey
Emperor Zurg Deleted scene[61] Andrew Stanton Silent cameo Wayne Knight
Wheezy Joe Ranft Joe Ranft Intro cameo
Robert Goulet
(singing voice)
Barbie Jodi Benson Silent cameo Jodi Benson
Lenny Joe Ranft Silent cameo Silent cameo
Andy Davis John Morris John Morris
Charlie Bright
(young)
Jack McGraw
(young)
Mrs. Davis Laurie Metcalf
Molly Davis Baby sounds only Hannah Unkrich Beatrice Miller Uncredited cameo
Hannah Unkrich
(archive recordings)
Sid Phillips Erik von Detten Erik von Detten Erik von Detten
(archive recording)
Hannah Phillips Sarah Freeman
Al McWhiggin Wayne Knight Deleted scene[62]
Stinky Pete the Prospector Kelsey Grammer
Ken Michael Keaton Michael Keaton
Bonnie Emily Hahn Madeleine McGraw Emily Hahn
Bonnie's mom Lori Alan Lori Alan
Mr. Pricklepants Timothy Dalton Timothy Dalton
Buttercup Jeff Garlin Jeff Garlin
Trixie Kristen Schaal Kristen Schaal
Dolly Bonnie Hunt Bonnie Hunt
Chuckles Bud Luckey Bud Luckey
Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear "Lotso" Ned Beatty
Peas-in-a-Pod Charlie Bright, Brianna Maiwand, and Amber Kroner Silent cameo Zoe Levin
Big Baby Woody Smith
Chatter Telephone Teddy Newton
Bookworm Richard Kind
Twitch John Cygan
Sparks Jan Rabson
Chunk Jack Angel
Stretch Whoopi Goldberg
Forky Tony Hale
Gabby Gabby Christina Hendricks
Ducky Keegan-Michael Key
Bunny Jordan Peele
Duke Caboom Keanu Reeves
Giggle McDimples Ally Maki
Dummies Steve Purcell
Bonnie's dad Silent cameo Jay Hernandez
Melephant Brooks Mel Brooks
Chairol Burnett Carol Burnett
Carl Reineroceros Carl Reiner
Bitey White Betty White
Margaret June Squibb
Harmony Lila Sage Bromley
Harmony's mom Patricia Arquette
Miss Wendy Juliana Hansen
Axel Bill Hader
Karen Beverly Melissa Villasenor
Combat Carl Silent cameo Carl Weathers Carl Weathers
Old Timer Alan Oppenheimer Christian Roman
Reptillus Maximus Lunchbox cameo Kevin McKidd
  • Note: A dark gray cell indicates the character did not appear in that medium.

Crew[edit]

Film Director Co-directors Producer(s) Executive producer(s) Writers Composer Editor(s)
Screenplay Story
Toy Story John Lasseter Ralph Guggenheim
Bonnie Arnold
Ed Catmull
Steve Jobs
Joss Whedon and Andrew Stanton and
Joel Cohen & Alec Sokolow
John Lasseter and Pete Docter and
Andrew Stanton and Joe Ranft
Randy Newman Robert Gordon
Lee Unkrich
Toy Story 2 Lee Unkrich
Ash Brannon
Helene Plotkin
Karen Robert Jackson
Sarah McArthur Andrew Stanton and Rita Hsiao and
Doug Chamberlin & Chris Webb
John Lasseter and Pete Docter and
Ash Brannon and Andrew Stanton
Edie Bleiman
David Ian Salter
Lee Unkrich
Toy Story 3 Lee Unkrich Darla K. Anderson John Lasseter Michael Arndt John Lasseter and Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich Ken Schretzmann
Toy Story 4 Josh Cooley Mark Nielsen
Jonas Rivera
Andrew Stanton
Lee Unkrich
Pete Docter
Andrew Stanton and Stephany Folsom John Lasseter and Andrew Stanton and Josh Cooley and
Valerie LaPointe and Rashida Jones & Will McCormack and
Martin Hynes and Stephany Folsom
Axel Geddes

Other media[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command is a spin-off TV series. The series takes place in the far future. It features Buzz Lightyear (voiced by Patrick Warburton), a famous, experienced Space Ranger who takes a crew of rookies under his wing as he investigates criminal activity across the galaxy and attempts to bring down Evil Emperor Zurg once and for all. It aired on ABC from October 2, 2000 to January 13, 2001.

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins is a spin-off animated direct-to-video film, partially based on Toy Story. The film was released on August 8, 2000. It acts as a pilot to the television series Buzz Lightyear of Star Command and features Tim Allen as the voice of Buzz Lightyear, who is voiced by Patrick Warburton in the main series.[63] In this film, Buzz Lightyear is a space ranger who fights against the evil Emperor Zurg, showing the inspiration for the Buzz Lightyear toyline that exists in the Toy Story series. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation as in Toy Story and Toy Story 2,[64] it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.[65]

Comic books[edit]

  • A 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Mysterious Stranger was published by Boom! Entertainment from May to August 2009. This was followed by an 8-issue ongoing series, starting with #0 in November 2009. Two Buzz Lightyear one-shots were released in 2010, for Free Comic Book Day and Halloween. A second 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Toy Overboard was published by Boom! Entertainment from July to October 2010.
  • A 4-issue limited series by Marvel Comics Toy Story: Tales from the Toy Chest was published from May to August 2012.
  • Toy Story magazine was first released on 21 July 2010. Each edition was 24 pages in length, apart from the launch edition, which was 28 pages.[66]
  • An one-shot anthology comic book by Dark Horse Comics was released to tie in with Toy Story 4 in 2019.[67] The comic picks up just after the events of the film, also exploring the backstories of Duke Caboom, Ducky, Bunny, Bo Peep and Giggle McDimples during their exploits as a band of lost toys.[68]

Video games[edit]

Games featuring Toy Story characters[edit]

Pixar created some original animations for the games, including fully animated sequences for PC titles.[citation needed]

Woody and Buzz Lightyear were originally going to appear in the Final Mix version of the Disney/Square Enix video game Kingdom Hearts II. They were omitted from the final product, but their models appear in the game's coding, without textures. The director of the Kingdom Hearts series, Tetsuya Nomura, stated that he would like to include Pixar property in future Kingdom Hearts games, given Disney's purchase of Pixar.[76] This eventually came true, as a stage based on Toy Story made its debut appearance in the series in Kingdom Hearts III, marking the first time that Pixar-based content appears in the series, along with Monsters, Inc..[77]

Merchandising and software[edit]

Toy Story had a large promotion before its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including images on food packaging.[78] A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things.[79] When action figures for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody were created, they were initially ignored by retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character before the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold by 2007.[80] Also, Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac.[81] Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software title of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.[82]

Theme park attractions[edit]

Totally Toy Story[edit]

Totally Toy Story
ThemeToy Story
free standing
StatusClosed
OpenedNovember 18, 1995
ClosedJanuary 1, 1996
Tommorrowland
Disneyland
StatusClosed
OpenedJanuary 27, 1996
ClosedMay 27, 1996

Totally Toy Story was an instant theme park and a promotional event for the Toy Story movie premiere held at El Capitan Theatre and Masonic Convention Hall.

For the November 18, 1995 Toy Story premiere at El Capitan Theatre, Disney rented the Masonic Convention Hall, the next door building, for Totally Toy Story, an instant theme park and a promotional event for the movie. Movie goers paid an additional fee for the pop up park.[83][84] The promotional event had pre-sales over $1 million and remained opened until January 1, 1996.[84] The Toy Story Funhouse part was moved to Disneyland's Tomorrowland and opened there on January 27, 1996 and closed on May 27, 1996.[85]

Totally Toy Story, while in Hollywood, consisted of "Toy Story Art of Animation" exhibit in El Capitan's basement and the Toy Story Funhouse at the convention hall. The fun house consisted of 30,000-square-foot of various attractions. These attractions continue the story of the movie with the toys life-size.[84]

Attractions[edit]

Toy Story Funhouse attractions

  • Hamm's Theater – "Hamm’s All-Doll Revue" has energetic dancing and original songs lasted 20 minutes[84]
  • Buzz's Galaxy -[83]
    • "Buzz & the Buzz Lites" show included music from Frank Sinatra[84]
    • two arcade-style games, "Whack-A-Alien"[83]
    • a motion-simulator ride[84]
  • Woody's Roundup dance hall, live musicians and country line-dancing lessons[83]
  • Pizza Planet restaurant[84]
  • Green Army Men's obstacle course, participants strap on foot base to tackle the course[84]
  • Mr. Potato Head's Playroom, contained Etch-a-Sketches and other dexterity games had a floor made up of old game boards[84]
  • Totally Interactive Room, had Sega and Nintendo Toy Story games[84]
  • souvenir shop[84]

Impact[edit]

Toy Story's innovative computer animation had a large impact on the film industry. After the film's debut, various industries were interested in the technology used for the film. Graphics chip makers desired to compute imagery similar to the film's animation for personal computers; game developers wanted to learn how to replicate the animation for video games; and robotics researchers were interested in building artificial intelligence into their machines that compared to the lifelike characters in the film.[86] Various authors have also compared the film to an interpretation of Don Quixote as well as humanism.[87][88] The free and open-source Linux distribution Debian takes its codenames from Toy Story characters, the tradition of which came about as Bruce Perens was involved in the early development of Debian while working at Pixar.[89]

Gromit Unleashed[edit]

In 2013, Pixar designed a "Gromit Lightyear" sculpture based on the Aardman Animations character Gromit from Wallace and Gromit for Gromit Unleashed which sold for £65,000.[90]

To infinity and beyond![edit]

Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well.[91][92][93] Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife.[88] In 2008, during STS-124, astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into space on the Discovery Space Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students that also stressed the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g.[94] Also, in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.[95]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A ride with a similar name was at DisneyQuest, but it closed in 2018.
  2. ^ Year runs in particular for this themed land:
  1. ^ The total also includes Toy Story and Toy Story 2 re-releases in Disney Digital 3-D:
    U.S. and Canada – $30,702,446;
    Other territories – $1,582,154;
    Worldwide – $32,284,600[46]
  1. ^ John Lasseter for "First Feature-Length Computer-Animated Film".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Toy Story (1995)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Toy Story 4 (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Richards, Olly (January 24, 2008). "Toy Story Movies Going 3D". Empire. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Toy Story (1995)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  7. ^ Chen, David (October 12, 2009). "Lee Unkrich Announces Kristen Schaal and Blake Clark Cast in Toy Story 3; Toy Story 3D Double Feature To Stay in Theaters". SlashFilm. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  8. ^ Cohen, Karl (December 1, 1999). "Toy Story 2 Is Not Your Typical Hollywood Sequel". Animation World Network. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  9. ^ Sneider, Jeff (July 14, 2010). "Exclusive: Tim Allen Signed On for 'Toy Story 4'". The Wrap. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  11. ^ The Walt Disney Studios (August 27, 2010). "Disney-Pixar's Toy Story 3 Will Cross $1 Billion Today; Disney to Become First Studio With Two $1 Billion Films in One Year". PR Newswire. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  12. ^ Frizell, Sam (March 30, 2014). "Frozen Now the Top-Grossing Animated Film of All Time".
  13. ^ Gallagher, Brian (August 13, 2010). "Toy Story 3 DVD and Blu-ray Released on November 2nd". MovieWeb.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  14. ^ Snekiter, Marc (March 29, 2019). "Here's how Toy Story 4 will honor the late Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  15. ^ "Playtime Hits the Big Time: Toy Story 4 to Debut in 2017". Disney Blogs.
  16. ^ Nessif, Bruna (November 6, 2014). "Toy Story 4 Is Really Happening! Woody, Buzz Lightyear & the Gang Are Returning to the Big Screen—Release Date Revealed!". E!. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  17. ^ "D23 Expo: Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios: The Upcoming Films". July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  18. ^ "John Lasseter Explains Why He's No Longer Directing Toy Story 4". July 16, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  19. ^ "Disney-Pixar Hires New Screenwriter for 'Toy Story 4'". January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  20. ^ "Pixar Trashed Most of the Toy Story 4 Script, Causing Major Delays". June 2, 2018.
  21. ^ TheEllenShow (May 22, 2019), Tim Allen Warned Tom Hanks About the Emotional Ending of 'Toy Story 4', retrieved June 12, 2019
  22. ^ "Pixar Not Ruling Out Toy Story 5". Movies. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  23. ^ Stedman, Alex; Stedman, Alex (June 22, 2019). "'Toy Story 4': Bo Peep Voice Actress Annie Potts on Her Empowered Return". Variety. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  24. ^ "Toy Story 5? Here's What Tim Allen Says". CINEMABLEND. February 7, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  25. ^ "Trick or "Treats": Remembering when "Toy Story" invaded ABC Saturday Mornings". Indiewire. October 16, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  26. ^ a b "Disney Supplement 2012". ToyWorld. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  27. ^ Armstrong, Josh (May 21, 2013). "New Toy Story Toon revealed: Mythic Rock". Animated Views. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  28. ^ Pedersen, Erik (April 11, 2019). "Pixar Creating Forky-Focused Short Films For Disney+". Empire. Retrieved April 12, 2019. Text " News " ignored (help); Text " Movies " ignored (help)
  29. ^ Bastoli, Mike (June 6, 2012). "Exclusive: Toy Story 4, 5 Planned for 2013 and 2014 (But It's Not What You Think)". Big Screen Animation. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  30. ^ Wolfe, Jennifer (October 7, 2012). "Pixar Announces Toy Story of Terror TV Special". Animation World Network. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
  31. ^ Cite error: The named reference SlashFilmNostalgiaBomb was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  32. ^ Armstrong, Josh (May 21, 2013). "New Toy Story Toon revealed: Mythic Rock". Animated Views. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  33. ^ a b Lussier, Germain (August 19, 2011). "The 'Toy Story' Gang Will Return In 'Small Fry,' Attached To 'The Muppets'". /Film. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  34. ^ Connelly, Brendon (February 17, 2011). "The Muppets Movie To Get Its Own Toy Story Short Film". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  35. ^ Breznican, Anthony (August 9, 2012). "FIRST LOOK: Pixar dives deep in new bath time 'Toy Story' short – EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  36. ^ "Toy Story (1995) – Daily Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  37. ^ "1995 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  38. ^ Burrows, Peter; Grover, Ronald (November 22, 1998). "Steve Jobs, Movie Mogul". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  39. ^ "1999 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  40. ^ "2010 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  41. ^ "2010 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  42. ^ Zhu, Helena (August 28, 2010). "'Toy Story 3' Tops $1 Billion Mark". TheEpochTimes. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  43. ^ "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  44. ^ "Toy Story 4 (2019)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  45. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (June 21, 2019). "China Box Office: 'Toy Story 4' Getting Crushed by Rerelease of Anime Classic 'Spirited Away'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  46. ^ "Toy Story / Toy Story 2 (3D) (2009)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  47. ^ Ainsworth, Mark (July 27, 2010). "Is Toy Story The Greatest Movie Trilogy Of All Time?". The Analysis Curiosity Shop. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  48. ^ a b c d e "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  49. ^ "Toy Story (1995)". Metacritic. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  50. ^ "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Metacritic. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  51. ^ "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Metacritic. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  52. ^ "Toy Story 4 (2019)". Metacritic. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  53. ^ "Toy Story of Terror! (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  54. ^ "Toy Story of Terror! (2013)". Metacritic. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  55. ^ "Toy Story That Time Forgot (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  56. ^ "Toy Story That Time Forgot (2014)". Metacritic. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  57. ^ Snow, Shauna (January 20, 1996). "Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news services and the nation's press". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  58. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 25, 1996.
  59. ^ "The 72nd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 26, 2000.
  60. ^ "The 83rd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 27, 2011.
  61. ^ An early version of Zurg appeared in a deleted opening scene that can be viewed on the film's 10th anniversary DVD.
  62. ^ https://ohmy.disney.com/movies/2014/10/19/toy-story-of-terror-trivia-you-need-to-know/
  63. ^ Stack, Peter (August 13, 2000). "Buzz Lightyear Tops Stack of Kid Stuff / New Tweety adventure, `Princess Mononoke' also set for release". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  64. ^ Fretts, Bruce (August 8, 2000). "Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2008)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  65. ^ Netherby, Jennifer (January 27, 2006). "As biggest animated movies stay in Mouse House". VideoBusiness.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  66. ^ InPublishing. "News: Egmont launches Toy Story magazine". inpublishing.co.uk.
  67. ^ Ridgely, Charlie. "'Toy Story 4' Graphic Novel Anthology Announced by Dark Horse". ComicBook.com. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  68. ^ "Disney/PIXAR Toy Story 4 TPB :: Profile :: Dark Horse Comics". Dark Horse Comics.
  69. ^ Cohen, Peter (May 30, 2001). "Disney and Pixar release new Toy Story 2 kids' game". Macworld. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  70. ^ Oxford, Troy (June 17, 2001). "Games for Kids". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  71. ^ Gudmundsen, Jinny (July 9, 2001). "Not all Disney titles dandy". St. Cloud Times. Gannett News Service. Retrieved June 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  72. ^ "Disney Pixar Toy Story 3". LeapFrog. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  73. ^ Juba, Joe (July 30, 2011). "LittleBigPlanet 2 Getting Toy Story Levels And Costumes". Game Informer. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  74. ^ Narcisse, Evan (December 8, 2011). "Pixar Teams Up With Microsoft For Kinect Rush". Kotaku. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
  75. ^ Lang, Derrik J. (January 15, 2013). "Disney unveils own 'Skylanders'-like franchise". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  76. ^ Spencer. "Pixar Characters In Kingdom Hearts? Maybe One Day". SiliconEra. MaxCDN. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  77. ^ Frank, Allegra (July 15, 2017). "Kingdom Hearts 3 gets a new trailer and its first Pixar-based world". Polygon. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  78. ^ Reyes, Sonia (November 23, 1995). "It's A 'Toy Story' Told At The Cash Register". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  79. ^ Scally, Robert (October 7, 1996). "'Toy Story rivals 'The Lion King' for merchandising muscle – home video". Discount Store News. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  80. ^ Paik, Karen (2007). To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 104. ISBN 0-8118-5012-9. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  81. ^ Mannes, George (December 1, 1996). "A Disney Disc That Hits The Spot". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  82. ^ Kent, Steven L. (July 27, 1997). "Tech Reviews—Disney Makes It Look Good, But Don't Expect Too More". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  83. ^ a b c d Kronke, David (November 21, 1995). "After 'Toy Story' Credits Roll, the Fun Comes Alive". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  84. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dretzka, Gary (November 24, 1995). "Disney Not Playing Around With `Toy Story' Marketing". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing Company. pp. 1–2. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  85. ^ Strodder, Chris Strodder ; illustrated maps by Tristan Tang ; photographs by Chris; Patton, Sheryl (2008). The Disneyland encyclopedia : the unofficial, unauthorized, and unprecedented history of every land, attraction, restaurant, shop, and event in the original Magic Kingdom. Santa Monica, CA: Santa Monica Press. p. 431. ISBN 1-59580-033-6. Retrieved June 22, 2017 – via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park 1990–1999.
  86. ^ Porter, Tom; Galyn Susman (January 1, 2000). "Creating Lifelike Characters in Pixar Movies". Communications of the ACM. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  87. ^ Burningham, Bruce (2000). "Walt Disney's Toy Story as Postmodern Don Quixote" (PDF). Cervantes. Cervantes Society of America. 20 (1): 157–174. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  88. ^ a b Hall, Lucia K.B. (March 1, 2000). "Toy Stories for Humanists?". The Humanist. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  89. ^ Hertzog 2013, p. 9.
  90. ^ "Cracking! Auction of Gromits in Bristol tops the £2m mark". The Bristol Post. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  91. ^ Dusek, Val (2006). Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 1-4051-1163-1.
  92. ^ "Introducing student-friendly technology". The Jakarta Post. April 10, 2004. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  93. ^ Matson, John (July 19, 2007). "Strange but True: Infinity Comes in Different Sizes". Scientific American. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  94. ^ Z. Pearlman, Robert (May 29, 2008). "Buzz Lightyear Becomes Real Space Ranger". Space.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  95. ^ "'Toy Story' Line Helped Father, Son Survive in Water for 15 Hours". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2009.

External links[edit]