Toy Story (franchise)
|Created by||John Lasseter |
|Original work||Toy Story (1995)|
|Owner||Disney Enterprises, Inc.|
|Comics||List of comics|
|Films and television|
|Direct-to-video||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins|
|Musical(s)||Toy Story: The Musical (2008–16)|
|Video game(s)||List of video games|
|Toy(s)||Lego Toy Story|
|Theme park attraction(s)|
Toy Story is a Disney media franchise that commenced in 1995 with the release of the animated feature film of the same name, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The franchise is based on the anthropomorphic concept that all toys, unknown to humans, are secretly alive and the films focus on a diverse group of toys that feature a classic cowboy doll named Sheriff Woody and a modern spaceman action figure named Buzz Lightyear, principally voiced by Tom Hanks and Tim Allen. The group unexpectedly embark on adventures that challenge and change them.
The franchise consists mainly of four CGI animated films: Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), Toy Story 3 (2010), and Toy Story 4 (2019), with a spin-off prequel film, Lightyear (2022), currently in production. The first Toy Story was the first feature-length film to be made entirely using computer-generated imagery. The first two films were directed by John Lasseter, the third film by Lee Unkrich, who acted as the co-director of the second film (together with Ash Brannon), the fourth film by Josh Cooley, and Lightyear by Angus MacLane.
Produced on a total budget of $520 million, the Toy Story films have grossed more than $3 billion worldwide, becoming the 20th-highest-grossing franchise worldwide and the fourth-highest-grossing animated franchise. Each film set box office records, with the third and fourth included in the top 50 all-time worldwide films. All four Toy Story films have received critical acclaim from critics and audiences. The first two films were re-released in theaters as a Disney Digital 3-D "double feature" for at least 2 weeks in October 2009 as a promotion for the then-upcoming third film.
|Film||U.S. release date||Director||Screenplay by||Producer(s)|
|Toy Story||November 22, 1995||John Lasseter||Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow||Bonnie Arnold and Ralph Guggenheim|
|Toy Story 2||November 24, 1999||Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin and Chris Webb||Helene Plotkin and Karen Robert Jackson|
|Toy Story 3||June 18, 2010||Lee Unkrich||Michael Arndt||Darla K. Anderson|
|Toy Story 4||June 21, 2019||Josh Cooley||Andrew Stanton and Stephany Folsom||Mark Nielsen and Jonas Rivera|
|Lightyear||June 17, 2022||Angus MacLane||TBA||Galyn Susman|
Toy Story (1995)
Toy Story, the first film in the franchise, was released on November 22, 1995. It was the first feature-length film created entirely by CGI and was directed by John Lasseter. The plot involves Andy (voiced by John Morris), an imaginative young boy, getting a new Buzz Lightyear (Tim Allen) action figure for his birthday, causing Sheriff Woody (Tom Hanks), a vintage cowboy doll, to think that he has been replaced as Andy's favorite toy. In competing for Andy's attention, Woody accidentally knocks Buzz out of a window, leading the other toys to believe he tried to murder Buzz. Determined to set things right, Woody tries to save Buzz and both must escape from the house of the next-door neighbor Sid Phillips (voiced by Erik von Detten), who likes to torture and destroy toys. In addition to Hanks and Allen, the film featured the voices of Jim Varney, Don Rickles, John Ratzenberger, Wallace Shawn, and Annie Potts. The film was critically and financially successful, grossing over $373 million worldwide. The film was later re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story 2, for a two-week run, which was later extended due to its financial success.
Toy Story 2 (1999)
Toy Story 2, the second film in the franchise, was released on November 24, 1999. Lasseter reprised his role as director. The plot involves Woody getting stolen by a greedy toy collector named Al McWhiggin (voiced by Wayne Knight). Buzz and several of Andy's toys set off to attempt to free Woody, who meanwhile has discovered his origins as a historic television star. In addition to the returning cast, Toy Story 2 included voice acting from Joan Cusack, Kelsey Grammer, Estelle Harris, and Jodi Benson. Toy Story 2 was not originally intended for release in theaters, but as a direct-to-video sequel to the original Toy Story, with a 60-minute running time. However, Disney's executives were impressed by the high quality of the in-work imagery for the sequel, and were also pressured by the main characters' voice actors Hanks and Allen, so they decided to convert Toy Story 2 into a theatrical film. It turned out to be an even greater success than the original Toy Story, grossing over $497 million worldwide. The film was re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story, on October 2, 2009.
Toy Story 3 (2010)
Toy Story 3, the third film in the franchise, was released on June 18, 2010, nearly 11 years after Toy Story 2. The plot focuses on the toys being accidentally dropped off at a daycare center while their owner, Andy, is getting ready to go to college. The toys discover that all of the toys are ruled by Lotso (voiced by Ned Beatty), a sinister teddy bear, while Woody finds potential hope for a new home in the hands of Bonnie, a toddler that takes great care of her toys. Blake Clark replaced Varney after Varney's death in 2000, while other new cast members included Michael Keaton, Timothy Dalton, Jeff Garlin, Kristen Schaal, and Bonnie Hunt. It was the first Toy Story film not to be directed by Lasseter (although he remained involved in the film as executive producer), but by Lee Unkrich, who edited the first two films and co-directed the second. It was Pixar's highest-grossing film of all time both domestically, surpassing Finding Nemo, until it was surpassed by Finding Dory in 2016 and worldwide, also surpassing Finding Nemo, until it was surpassed by Incredibles 2 in 2018. Toy Story 3 grossed more than the first and second films combined, making it the first animated film to have crossed the $1 billion mark. In August 2010, it surpassed Shrek 2, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time until it was surpassed by Frozen, another Disney production, in March 2014. Toy Story 3 was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 2, 2010.
Toy Story 4 (2019)
Toy Story 4, the fourth feature film in the franchise, was released on June 21, 2019. Taking place not long after Toy Story 3, the story involves Woody, Buzz, and the other toys living well with their new owner Bonnie. On her first day of kindergarten, Bonnie creates a toy spork, named Forky (voiced by Tony Hale), out of garbage. Woody, having been neglected by Bonnie lately, personally takes it upon himself to keep Forky out of harm's way. During a road trip with Bonnie's family, Woody, to his delight encounters his old friend and former fellow toy Bo Peep (Annie Potts), who he had been separated from in the interim period between Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 3 and has to deal with fears of becoming a "lost toy". Rickles had died in 2017 prior to the production of the film, but Pixar used archival recordings from him to continue his voice work for the film. Additional new cast members include Keegan-Michael Key, Jordan Peele, Keanu Reeves, Ally Maki, and Christina Hendricks. The film had been originally announced on November 6, 2014 during an investor's call with Lasseter to direct, Galyn Susman to produce, with the screenplay written by Rashida Jones and Will McCormack based on the story developed by Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter, and Lee Unkrich. However, during production, Lasseter stepped down from his position at Pixar in 2017, though remained to consult for the film; Josh Cooley was named as the film's director, with Jonas Rivera replacing Susman as producer. The film underwent a major revision following the departures of Jones and McCormack later in 2017, with Stephany Folsom replacing them as screenwriter. Much of the original script by Jones and McCormack had to be dropped, delaying the release of the film.
Possible fifth film
On The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Tom Hanks said that the fourth film would be the final film in the main Toy Story series. He told Ellen DeGeneres that Tim Allen had "warned [him] about the emotional final goodbye between [their characters] Woody and Buzz [Lightyear in Toy Story 4]." However, producer Mark Nielsen did not rule out a possibility of a fifth film stating: "Every film we make, we treat it like it's the first and the last film we're ever going to make, so you force yourself to make it hold up. You don't get in over your skis. Whether there's another one? I don't know. If there is, it's tomorrow's problem." Shortly after the fourth film's release, Annie Potts said that despite her not knowing if another film would be made, she believes a lot of fans will be interested to see what the toys do next. A few months before the film's release, Allen hinted that a fifth film is possible, while also expressing interest in doing another film, stating, "Once you've gotten to four, you're passed that trilogy [point], so I don't see any reason why they wouldn't do it, certainly. If you ask me, I'd say do five."
At Disney's 2020 Investor Day meeting in December, Lightyear was announced as a spin-off film depicting the in-universe movie of the fictional Buzz Lightyear character with Chris Evans as the voice of a human Buzz Lightyear. Directed by Angus MacLane, the film will be released on June 17, 2022.
Toy Story Treats
In 1996, a series of shorts known as Toy Story Treats were created as interstitials on ABC Saturday Morning, the predecessor to Disney's One Saturday Morning and ABC Kids. They did not necessarily follow the continuity from Toy Story, taking place before, during and after the events of the first film. They were aired roughly around the time of Toy Story's release to home video. The shorts also appeared as bonus features on both "The Ultimate Toy Box" and as Easter eggs on the "10th Anniversary Edition" DVD menu of the first film, they were also restored in HD in a 1.33:1 aspect ratio and presented in the special features of the 2010 Blu-ray release of the film. John Ratzenberger, Wallace Shawn, and Jeff Pidgeon reprise their roles from the film as Hamm, Rex, and the Aliens, respectively, with Jim Hanks and Pat Fraley voicing Sheriff Woody and Buzz Lightyear.
Toy Story Toons
In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films to supplement the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The shorts pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Another short, titled Mythic Rock, was in development in 2013 but was never released.
Forky Asks a Question
A series of shorts named Forky Asks a Question for Disney+, with the new character Forky from Toy Story 4 (voiced by Tony Hale), was released on the launch date of the service on November 12, 2019.
Toy Story of Terror!
Toy Story That Time Forgot
Lamp Life is a short film revealing Bo Peep's whereabouts between the events of Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 4, where she was used as a night light for first one and then two children before being donated to the antique shop, where she and her sheep eventually abandoned their home lamp and were reunited with Woody.  It was released on Disney+ on January 31, 2020.
Valerie LaPointe, who was a story supervisor on Toy Story 4, wrote and directed the short. Annie Potts and Ali Maki returned as Bo and Giggle McDimples. However, Woody is voiced by Jim Hanks, Tom Hanks' brother.
Box office performance
Toy Story's first five days of domestic release (on Thanksgiving weekend), earned the film $39.1 million. The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $29.1 million, and maintained its number one position at the domestic box office for the following two weekends. It was the highest-grossing domestic film in 1995, and the third-highest-grossing animated film at the time.
Toy Story 2 opened at No. 1 over the Thanksgiving Day weekend, with a three-day tally of $57.4 million from 3,236 theaters. It averaged $17,734 per theater over three days during that weekend, and stayed at No. 1 for the next two weekends. It was the third-highest-grossing film of 1999.
Toy Story 3 had a strong debut, opening in 4,028 theaters and grossing $41.1 million at the box office on its opening day. In addition, Toy Story 3 had the highest opening-day gross for an animated film on record. During its opening weekend, the film grossed $110.3 million, making it #1 for the weekend; it was the biggest opening weekend ever for any Pixar film. Toy Story 3 stayed at the #1 spot for the next weekend. The film had the second-highest opening ever for an animated film at the time. It was the highest-grossing film of 2010, both domestically and worldwide. Toy Story 3 grossed over $1 billion, making it the seventh film in history, the second Disney film in 2010, and the first animated film to do so.
|Film||U.S. release date||Box office gross||All-time ranking||Budget||Ref(s)|
|U.S. and Canada||Other territories||Worldwide||U.S. and Canada||Worldwide|
|Toy Story||November 22, 1995||$191,796,233||$181,757,800||$373,554,033||223||330||$30 million|||
|Toy Story 2||November 24, 1999||$245,852,179||$251,514,690||$497,366,869||131||212||$90 million|||
|Toy Story 3||June 18, 2010||$415,004,880||$651,964,823||$1,066,969,703||29||32||$200 million|||
|Toy Story 4||June 21, 2019||$434,038,008||$639,356,585||$1,073,394,593||22||31||$200 million|||
|Total||$1,317,393,746||$1,726,176,052||$3,043,569,798||19||20||$520 million||[note 1]|
Critical and public response
According to Rotten Tomatoes, the Toy Story franchise is the most critically acclaimed franchise of all time. The first two films received a 100% "Certified Fresh" rating, while the third and fourth earned 98% and 97% "Certified Fresh" ratings. According to the site, no other franchise has had all of its films so highly rated—the Before trilogy comes closest with 98%, and the Dollars trilogy and The Lord of the Rings trilogy come after with average ratings of 95% and 94%, respectively, while the Toy Story franchise has an average of 99%.
According to Metacritic, the Toy Story franchise is the second most critically acclaimed franchise of all time, after The Lord of the Rings trilogy, having an average rounded score of 90 out of 100.
According to CinemaScore, polls conducted during the opening weekend, cinema audiences gave the first, third and fourth installments of the series an average grade of "A," while the second earned an "A+," on an A+ to F scale.
|Toy Story||100% (9.02/10 average rating) (90 reviews)||95 (26 reviews)||A|
|Toy Story 2||100% (8.67/10 average rating) (169 reviews)||88 (34 reviews)||A+|
|Toy Story 3||98% (8.90/10 average rating) (308 reviews)||92 (39 reviews)||A|
|Toy Story 4||97% (8.30/10 average rating) (446 reviews)||84 (57 reviews)||A|
|Toy Story of Terror!||94% (8.00/10 average rating) (16 reviews)||80 (7 reviews)|
|Toy Story That Time Forgot||91% (7.50/10 average rating) (11 reviews)||81 (8 reviews)|
Toy Story was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Original Song for Randy Newman's "You've Got a Friend in Me." John Lasseter, the director of the film, also received a Special Achievement Award for "the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film." Toy Story was also the first animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. At the 53rd Golden Globe Awards, Toy Story earned two Golden Globe nominations—Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Original Song. It was also nominated for Best Special Visual Effects at the 50th British Academy Film Awards.
Toy Story 2 won a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and earned a single Academy Award nomination for the song "When She Loved Me," performed by Sarah McLachlan. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was introduced in 2001 after the first two Toy Story installments.
Toy Story 3 won two Academy Awards – Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song, "We Belong Together". It earned three other nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Sound Editing. It was the third animated film in history to be nominated for Best Picture, after Beauty and the Beast and Up. Toy Story 3 also won the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film and the award for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.
Toy Story 4 is nominated for two Academy Awards including Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song "I Can't Let You Throw Yourself Away." It is the first animated franchise to win Best Animated Feature award twice. It's also the first animated franchise in which all of their movies are nominated in the same category (Original Song). It was also nominated to the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film (but lost against Missing Link) and nominated for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.
|Category||68th Academy Awards
|72nd Academy Awards
Toy Story 2
|83rd Academy Awards
Toy Story 3
|92nd Academy Awards
Toy Story 4
|Animated Feature||Award not yet introduced||Won||Won|
|Adapted Screenplay||Ineligible in this category||Nominated|
|Original Screenplay||Nominated||Ineligible in this category|
|Special Achievement Award||Won[A]|
Cast and characters
|Characters||Main films||Interstitials||Spin-off film||Television series||Short films||Television specials|
|Toy Story||Toy Story 2||Toy Story 3||Toy Story 4||Toy Story Treats||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command:
The Adventure Begins
|Buzz Lightyear of Star Command||Forky Asks a Question||Toy Story Toons||Lamp Life||Toy Story of Terror!||Toy Story That Time Forgot|
|Sheriff Woody||Tom Hanks||Jim Hanks||Intro cameo||Tom Hanks||Jim Hanks||Tom Hanks|
|Buzz Lightyear||Tim Allen||Tim Allen||Tim Allen||Pat Fraley||Patrick Warburton
(original and DVD releases)
|Patrick Warburton||Tim Allen||Tim Allen|
|Mr. Potato Head||Don Rickles||Don Rickles[c]||Don Rickles||Don Rickles|
|Slinky Dog||Jim Varney||Blake Clark||Silent cameo||Blake Clark|
|Hamm||John Ratzenberger||Andrew Stanton||Intro cameo||John Ratzenberger|
|Rex||Wallace Shawn||Wallace Shawn||Wallace Shawn|
|Bo Peep||Annie Potts||Silent cameo||Annie Potts||Annie Potts|
|Aliens||Jeff Pidgeon||Patrick Warburton||Jeff Pidgeon||Silent cameo|
|Andy Davis||John Morris||John Morris||John Morris|
|Mrs. Davis||Laurie Metcalf|
|Molly Davis||Baby sounds only||Hannah Unkrich||Bea Miller||Uncredited cameo|
|Sarge||R. Lee Ermey||R. Lee Ermey|
|Billy, Goat and Gruff||Animal sounds only||Emily Davis||Silent cameo||Emily Davis|
|Sid Phillips||Erik von Detten||Erik von Detten||Erik von Detten
|Hannah Phillips||Sarah Freeman|
|Lenny||Joe Ranft||Silent cameo||Silent role|
|Mr. Spell||Jeff Pidgeon||Jeff Pidgeon|
|Emperor Zurg||Deleted scene||Andrew Stanton||Silent cameo||Wayne Knight|
|Jessie||Joan Cusack||Silent cameo||Intro cameo||Joan Cusack||Joan Cusack|
|Mrs. Potato Head||Estelle Harris||Estelle Harris|
|Barbie||Jodi Benson||Silent cameo||Jodi Benson|
|Wheezy||Joe Ranft||Silent cameo||Joe Ranft||Intro cameo|
|Al McWhiggin||Wayne Knight||Deleted scene|
|Bonnie||Emily Hahn||Madeleine McGraw||Photograph||Emily Hahn||Emily Hahn|
|Bonnie's mom||Lori Alan||Lori Alan||Lori Alan|
|Mr. Pricklepants||Timothy Dalton||Robin Atkin Downes||Timothy Dalton||Timothy Dalton|
|Buttercup||Jeff Garlin||Jeff Garlin|
|Trixie||Kristen Schaal||Kristen Schaal||Kristen Schaal|
|Dolly||Bonnie Hunt||Bonnie Hunt|
|Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear "Lotso"||Ned Beatty|
|Ken||Michael Keaton||Michael Keaton|
|Chuckles||Bud Luckey||Bud Luckey|
|Peas-in-a-Pod||Charlie Bright, Brianna Maiwand, and Amber Kroner||Silent cameo||Addison Andrews, Mika Crespo and Imani Prior||Zoe Levin|
|Big Baby||Woody Smith|
|Chatter Telephone||Teddy Newton|
|Bonnie's dad||Silent cameo||Jay Hernandez|
|Forky||Tony Hale||Tony Hale|
|Gabby Gabby||Christina Hendricks||Silent cameo|
|Duke Caboom||Keanu Reeves||Silent cameo|
|Giggle McDimples||Ally Maki||Photograph||Ally Maki|
|Dummies||Steve Purcell||Silent cameo|
|Melephant Brooks||Mel Brooks||Mel Brooks|
|Chairol Burnett||Carol Burnett||Carol Burnett|
|Carl Reineroceros||Carl Reiner||Carl Reiner|
|Bitey White||Betty White||Betty White|
|Margaret||June Squibb||Silent cameo|
|Harmony||Lila Sage Bromley|
|Harmony's mom||Patricia Arquette|
|Miss Wendy||Juliana Hansen|
|Karen Beverly||Melissa Villasenor|
|Combat Carl||Silent role||Carl Weathers||Carl Weathers|
|Old Timer||Alan Oppenheimer||Alan Oppenheimer||Christian Roman|
|Rib Tickles||Deleted scene||Aloma Wright|
|Reptillus Maximus||Lunchbox cameo||Kevin McKidd|
- A dark gray cell indicates the character did not appear in that medium.
|Film||Director||Producer(s)||Executive producer(s)||Screenplay by||Story by||Composer||Editor(s)|
|Toy Story||John Lasseter||Ralph Guggenheim and Bonnie Arnold||Ed Catmull and Steve Jobs||Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow||John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton and Joe Ranft||Randy Newman||Robert Gordon |
|Toy Story 2||John Lasseter
co-directed by: Lee Unkrich and Ash Brannon
|Helene Plotkin and Karen Robert Jackson||Sarah McArthur||Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin and Chris Webb||John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Ash Brannon and Andrew Stanton||Edie Bleiman, David Ian Salter and Lee Unkrich|
|Toy Story 3||Lee Unkrich||Darla K. Anderson||John Lasseter||Michael Arndt||John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich||Ken Schretzmann|
|Toy Story 4||Josh Cooley||Mark Nielsen and Jonas Rivera||Andrew Stanton, Lee Unkrich and Pete Docter||Andrew Stanton and Stephany Folsom||John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Josh Cooley, Valerie LaPointe, Rashida Jones, Will McCormack, Martin Hynes and Stephany Folsom||Axel Geddes|
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins is a 2000 computer/traditionally animated direct-to-video film produced by Walt Disney Television Animation and Pixar Animation Studios in a collaborative project that serves as a spin-off of the Toy Story franchise. The film was released on August 8, 2000 and features Tim Allen as the voice of Buzz Lightyear. The film follows Buzz Lightyear as a space ranger who fights against the evil Emperor Zurg, showing the inspiration for the Buzz Lightyear toyline that exists in the Toy Story series. The film later led to the television series, Buzz Lightyear of Star Command. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation in Toy Story and Toy Story 2, it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command is an animated television series produced by Walt Disney Television Animation and co-produced by Pixar Animation Studios that is a spin off of the Toy Story franchise, and was led from the computer/traditionally animated direct-to-video film Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins, depicting the in-universe Toy Story series on which the Buzz Lightyear toy; one is based. The series takes place in the far future, featuring Buzz Lightyear voiced by Patrick Warburton (replacing Tim Allen), a famous, experienced Space Ranger who takes a crew of rookies under his wing as he investigates criminal activity across the galaxy and attempts to bring down Evil Emperor Zurg once and for all. It aired on UPN from October 2, 2000 to November 29, 2000 and on ABC from October 14, 2000 to January 13, 2001.
- A 4-issue limited series Toy Story: Mysterious Stranger was published by Boom! Entertainment from May to August 2009. This was followed by an 8-issue ongoing series, starting with #0 in November 2009. Two Buzz Lightyear one-shots were released in 2010, for Free Comic Book Day and Halloween. A second 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Toy Overboard was published by Boom! Entertainment from July to October 2010.
- A 4-issue limited series by Marvel Comics Toy Story: Tales from the Toy Chest was published from May to August 2012.
- Toy Story magazine was first released on July 21, 2010. Each edition was 24 pages in length, apart from the launch edition, which was 28 pages.
- A one-shot anthology comic book by Dark Horse Comics was released to tie in with Toy Story 4 in 2019. The comic picks up just after the events of the film, also exploring the backstories of Duke Caboom, Ducky, Bunny, Bo Peep and Giggle McDimples during their exploits as a band of lost toys.
- Toy Story (1995) (Sega Genesis, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Microsoft Windows, and Game Boy)
- Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story (1996) (Microsoft Windows)
- Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story (1996) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story 2 (2000) (Microsoft Windows)
- Toy Story 2: Buzz Lightyear to the Rescue (1999) (Dreamcast, PlayStation, Nintendo 64, Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Game Boy Color)
- Toy Story 2: Woody Sousaku Daisakusen!! (2000) (Sega Pico) – released only in Japan
- Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2000) (Game Boy Color, PlayStation, and Microsoft Windows)
- Jessie's Wild West Rodeo (2001) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Toy Story Racer (2001) (PlayStation and Game Boy Color)
- Disney Hotshots: Toy Story 2 (2003) (Microsoft Windows)
- Toy Story 2: Operation Rescue Woody! (2005) (V.Smile)
- Toy Story Mania! (2009) (Wii, Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3).
- Disney•Pixar Toy Story 3 (2010) (LeapPad, LeapPad2, LeapPad3, LeapPad Platinum, LeapPad Ultra, LeapPad Jr., Leapster Explorer, and LeapsterGS Explorer)
- Toy Story 3: The Video Game (2010) (PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS, Microsoft Windows, macOS, and iOS)
- Shooting Beena: Toy Story 3 – Woody to Buzz no Daibōken! (2010) (Advanced Pico Beena) – released only in Japan
- Toy Story: Smash It! (2013) (iOS and Android)
- Toy Story Drop! (2019) (iOS and Android)
Games featuring Toy Story characters
- Disney Learning: 1st Grade (2000) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Disney Learning: 2nd Grade (2000) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Disney•Pixar Learning: 1st Grade (2002) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Disney•Pixar Learning: 2nd and 3rd Grade (2002) (Microsoft Windows and macOS)
- Disney's Extreme Skate Adventure (2003) (Game Boy Advance, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and GameCube)
- LittleBigPlanet 2 (2011) (PlayStation 3)
- Disney•Pixar Pixar Pals (2011) (LeapPad, LeapPad2, LeapPad3, LeapPad Platinum, LeapPad Ultra, LeapPad Jr., Leapster Explorer, and LeapsterGS Explorer)
- Kinect: Disneyland Adventures (2011) (Xbox 360, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows)
- Kinect Rush: A Disney•Pixar Adventure (2012) (Xbox 360, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows)
- Disney Infinity (2013) (PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, Wii U, Nintendo 3DS, Microsoft Windows, iOS, and Apple TV)
- Lego The Incredibles (2018) (PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, Microsoft Windows, and macOS)
- Kingdom Hearts III (2019) (PlayStation 4 and Xbox One)
Pixar created some original animations for the games, including fully animated sequences for PC titles.
Woody and Buzz Lightyear were originally going to appear in the Final Mix version of the Disney/Square Enix video game Kingdom Hearts II. They were omitted from the final product, but their models appear in the game's coding, without textures. The director of the Kingdom Hearts series, Tetsuya Nomura, stated that he would like to include Pixar property in future Kingdom Hearts games, given Disney's purchase of Pixar. This eventually came true, as a stage based on Toy Story made its debut appearance in the series in Kingdom Hearts III, marking the first time that Pixar-based content appears in the series, along with Monsters, Inc. and Ratatouille.
Merchandising and software
Toy Story had a large promotion before its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including images on food packaging. A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things. When action figures for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody were created, they were initially ignored by retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character before the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold by 2007. Also, Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac. Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software title of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.
Theme park attractions
- Buzz Lightyear attractions in many Disney Parks.
- Toy Story Midway Mania! at Disney's Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort, Disney California Adventure at the Disneyland Resort and Tokyo DisneySea at Tokyo Disney Resort.
- Toy Story Land themed lands at Walt Disney Studios Park, Hong Kong Disneyland, Shanghai Disneyland and Disney's Hollywood Studios.
- Toy Story: The Musical on Disney Cruise Line's ship Disney Wonder.
- Totally Toy Story, an "instant theme park" then a theme area in Tomorrowland at Disneyland.
Totally Toy Story
|Opened||November 18, 1995|
|Closed||January 1, 1996|
|Opened||January 27, 1996|
|Closed||May 27, 1996|
For the November 18, 1995 Toy Story premiere at El Capitan Theatre, Disney rented the Masonic Convention Hall, the next door building, for Totally Toy Story, an instant theme park and a promotional event for the movie. Movie goers paid an additional fee for the pop up park. The promotional event had pre-sales over $1 million and remained opened until January 1, 1996. The Toy Story Funhouse part was moved to Disneyland's Tomorrowland and opened there on January 27, 1996 and closed on May 27, 1996.
Totally Toy Story, while in Hollywood, consisted of "Toy Story Art of Animation" exhibit in El Capitan's basement and the Toy Story Funhouse at the convention hall. The fun house consisted of 30,000 square feet of various attractions. These attractions continue the story of the movie with the toys life-size.
Toy Story Funhouse attractions:
- Hamm's Theater – "Hamm's All-Doll Revue" has energetic dancing and original songs lasted 20 minutes
- Buzz's Galaxy -
- Woody's Roundup dance hall, live musicians and country line-dancing lessons
- Pizza Planet restaurant
- Green Army Men's obstacle course, participants strap on foot base to tackle the course
- Mr. Potato Head's Playroom, contained Etch-a-Sketches and other dexterity games had a floor made up of old game boards
- Totally Interactive Room, had Sega and Nintendo Toy Story games
- souvenir shop
Toy Story's innovative computer animation had a large impact on the film industry. After the film's debut, various industries were interested in the technology used for the film. Graphics chip makers desired to compute imagery similar to the film's animation for personal computers; game developers wanted to learn how to replicate the animation for video games; and robotics researchers were interested in building artificial intelligence into their machines that compared to the lifelike characters in the film. Various authors have also compared the film to an interpretation of Don Quixote as well as humanism. The free and open-source Linux distribution Debian takes its codenames from Toy Story characters, the tradition of which came about as Bruce Perens was involved in the early development of Debian while working at Pixar.
To infinity and beyond!
Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well. Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife. In 2008, during STS-124, astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into space on the Discovery Space Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students that also stressed the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g. Also, in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.
- A ride with a similar name was at DisneyQuest, but it closed in 2018.
- Year runs in particular for this themed land:
- Don Rickles, who died in the year 2017, appears in Toy Story 4 through the use of unused recordings from various pieces of previous Toy Story media.
- John Lasseter for "First Feature-Length Computer-Animated Film".
- "Toy Story (1995)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on July 7, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- "Toy Story 4 (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- Richards, Olly (January 24, 2008). "Toy Story Movies Going 3D". Empire. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- "Toy Story (1995)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- Chen, David (October 12, 2009). "Lee Unkrich Announces Kristen Schaal and Blake Clark Cast in Toy Story 3; Toy Story 3D Double Feature To Stay in Theaters". SlashFilm. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Cohen, Karl (December 1, 1999). "Toy Story 2 Is Not Your Typical Hollywood Sequel". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on May 22, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Sneider, Jeff (July 14, 2010). "Exclusive: Tim Allen Signed On for 'Toy Story 4'". The Wrap. Archived from the original on August 5, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- The Walt Disney Studios (August 27, 2010). "Disney-Pixar's Toy Story 3 Will Cross $1 Billion Today; Disney to Become First Studio With Two $1 Billion Films in One Year". PR Newswire. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Frizell, Sam (March 30, 2014). "Frozen Now the Top-Grossing Animated Film of All Time". Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Gallagher, Brian (August 13, 2010). "Toy Story 3 DVD and Blu-ray Released on November 2nd". MovieWeb.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Snekiter, Marc (March 29, 2019). "Here's how Toy Story 4 will honor the late Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- "Playtime Hits the Big Time: Toy Story 4 to Debut in 2017". Disney Blogs. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
- Nessif, Bruna (November 6, 2014). "Toy Story 4 Is Really Happening! Woody, Buzz Lightyear & the Gang Are Returning to the Big Screen—Release Date Revealed!". E!. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "D23 Expo: Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios: The Upcoming Films". July 14, 2017. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- "John Lasseter Explains Why He's No Longer Directing Toy Story 4". July 16, 2017. Archived from the original on July 17, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
- "Disney-Pixar Hires New Screenwriter for 'Toy Story 4'". January 18, 2018. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Pixar Trashed Most of the Toy Story 4 Script, Causing Major Delays". June 2, 2018. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
- TheEllenShow (May 22, 2019), Tim Allen Warned Tom Hanks About the Emotional Ending of 'Toy Story 4', archived from the original on May 23, 2019, retrieved June 12, 2019
- "Pixar Not Ruling Out Toy Story 5". Movies. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
- Stedman, Alex (June 22, 2019). "'Toy Story 4': Bo Peep Voice Actress Annie Potts on Her Empowered Return". Variety. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "Toy Story 5? Here's What Tim Allen Says". CINEMABLEND. February 7, 2019. Archived from the original on December 2, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 10, 2020). "Pixar Has Buzz Lightyear Origin Movie In Works With Chris Evans & 'Turning Red' From 'Bao' Filmmaker Domee Shi". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
- "Trick or "Treats": Remembering when "Toy Story" invaded ABC Saturday Mornings". Indiewire. October 16, 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "Disney Supplement 2012". ToyWorld. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Armstrong, Josh (May 21, 2013). "New Toy Story Toon revealed: Mythic Rock". Animated Views. Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Pedersen, Erik (April 11, 2019). "Pixar Creating Forky-Focused Short Films For Disney+". Empire. Archived from the original on June 18, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- Bastoli, Mike (June 6, 2012). "Exclusive: Toy Story 4, 5 Planned for 2013 and 2014 (But It's Not What You Think)". Big Screen Animation. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- Wolfe, Jennifer (October 7, 2012). "Pixar Announces Toy Story of Terror TV Special". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Sciretta, Peter (July 24, 2014). "'Toy Story That Time Forgot' Is A 1980′s Nostalgia Bomb That You're Gonna Love (Comic Con 2014)". /Film. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Scribner, Herb (January 28, 2020). "Disney Plus has a trailer for a new 'Toy Story' short film". Deseret News. Archived from the original on January 29, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
- Prudom, Laura (January 29, 2020). "Disney Plus' Lamp Life Sneak Peek: What Happened to Bo Peep Between Toy Story 2 and 4? – IGN". ign.com. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
- "Toy Story (1995) – Daily Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "1995 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Burrows, Peter; Grover, Ronald (November 22, 1998). "Steve Jobs, Movie Mogul". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on October 24, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "1999 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 14, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "2010 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "2010 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Subers, Ray (August 29, 2010). "'Toy Story 3' Reaches $1 Billion". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- "Toy Story 4". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on December 14, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- Brzeski, Patrick (June 21, 2019). "China Box Office: 'Toy Story 4' Getting Crushed by Rerelease of Anime Classic 'Spirited Away'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 21, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
- "Toy Story / Toy Story 2 (3D) (2009)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on July 7, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- Ainsworth, Mark (July 27, 2010). "Is Toy Story The Greatest Movie Trilogy Of All Time?". The Analysis Curiosity Shop. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
- "Toy Story (1995)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- "Toy Story 4 (2019)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on June 13, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- "Toy Story of Terror! (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on November 28, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
- "Toy Story of Terror! (2013)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 9, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
- "Toy Story That Time Forgot (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
- "Toy Story That Time Forgot (2014)". Metacritic. Archived from the original on July 9, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
- Snow, Shauna (January 20, 1996). "Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news services and the nation's press". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- "The 68th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 25, 1996. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "The 72nd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 26, 2000. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "The 83rd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 27, 2011. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "The 92nd Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. January 13, 2020. Archived from the original on January 13, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Rib Tickles, Deleted 'Toy Story 4' Character To Appear in 'Forky Asks A Question' (on Disney+)". Pixar Post. October 1, 2019. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- InPublishing. "News: Egmont launches Toy Story magazine". inpublishing.co.uk. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Ridgely, Charlie. "'Toy Story 4' Graphic Novel Anthology Announced by Dark Horse". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- "Disney/PIXAR Toy Story 4 TPB :: Profile :: Dark Horse Comics". Dark Horse Comics. Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- Cohen, Peter (May 30, 2001). "Disney and Pixar release new Toy Story 2 kids' game". Macworld. Archived from the original on June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- Oxford, Troy (June 17, 2001). "Games for Kids". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Gudmundsen, Jinny (July 9, 2001). "Not all Disney titles dandy". St. Cloud Times. Gannett News Service. Retrieved June 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Disney Pixar Toy Story 3". LeapFrog. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Juba, Joe (July 30, 2011). "LittleBigPlanet 2 Getting Toy Story Levels And Costumes". Game Informer. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Narcisse, Evan (December 8, 2011). "Pixar Teams Up With Microsoft For Kinect Rush". Kotaku. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- Lang, Derrik J. (January 15, 2013). "Disney unveils own 'Skylanders'-like franchise". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Spencer. "Pixar Characters In Kingdom Hearts? Maybe One Day". SiliconEra. MaxCDN. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Frank, Allegra (July 15, 2017). "Kingdom Hearts 3 gets a new trailer and its first Pixar-based world". Polygon. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- Reyes, Sonia (November 23, 1995). "It's A 'Toy Story' Told At The Cash Register". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Scally, Robert (October 7, 1996). "'Toy Story rivals 'The Lion King' for merchandising muscle – home video". Discount Store News. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Paik, Karen (2007). To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-8118-5012-4. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Mannes, George (December 1, 1996). "A Disney Disc That Hits The Spot". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Kent, Steven L. (July 27, 1997). "Tech Reviews—Disney Makes It Look Good, But Don't Expect Too More". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Kronke, David (November 21, 1995). "After 'Toy Story' Credits Roll, the Fun Comes Alive". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 20, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Dretzka, Gary (November 24, 1995). "Disney Not Playing Around With 'Toy Story' Marketing". Chicago Tribune. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original on September 2, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Strodder, Chris Strodder ; illustrated maps by Tristan Tang ; photographs by Chris; Patton, Sheryl (2008). The Disneyland encyclopedia : the unofficial, unauthorized, and unprecedented history of every land, attraction, restaurant, shop, and event in the original Magic Kingdom. Santa Monica, CA: Santa Monica Press. p. 431. ISBN 978-1-59580-033-6. Retrieved June 22, 2017 – via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park 1990–1999.
- Porter, Tom; Galyn Susman (January 1, 2000). "Creating Lifelike Characters in Pixar Movies". Communications of the ACM. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Burningham, Bruce (2000). "Walt Disney's Toy Story as Postmodern Don Quixote" (PDF). Cervantes. Cervantes Society of America. 20 (1): 157–174. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Hall, Lucia K.B. (March 1, 2000). "Toy Stories for Humanists?". The Humanist. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Hertzog 2013, p. 9. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHertzog2013 (help)
- "Cracking! Auction of Gromits in Bristol tops the £2m mark". The Bristol Post. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Dusek, Val (2006). Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 1-4051-1163-1.
- "Introducing student-friendly technology". The Jakarta Post. April 10, 2004. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Matson, John (July 19, 2007). "Strange but True: Infinity Comes in Different Sizes". Scientific American. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Pearlman, Robert Z. (May 29, 2008). "Buzz Lightyear Becomes Real Space Ranger". Space.com. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "'Toy Story' Line Helped Father, Son Survive in Water for 15 Hours". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toy Story (franchise).|
- Official website at Disney