Toy Story (franchise)
|Created by||Pixar Animation Studios|
|Original work||Toy Story (1995)|
|Films and television|
|Direct-to-video||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)|
|Musical(s)||Toy Story: The Musical (2008–2016)|
|Toys||Lego Toy Story|
|Theme park attractions|
|* Crossover work where this franchise's characters or settings appear.|
** Year runs in particular for this themed land:
Toy Story is a computer animated film series and Disney media franchise that began with the 1995 film of the same name, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The franchise is based on the anthropomorphic concept that all toys, unknown to humans, are secretly alive, and the films focus on a diverse group of toys that feature a classic cowboy named Sheriff Woody and a modern spaceman named Buzz Lightyear. The group unexpectedly embark on adventures that challenge and change them.
The first two films of the franchise were directed by John Lasseter, and the third by Lee Unkrich, who acted as the co-director of the second film (together with Lasseter and Ash Brannon). Josh Cooley is directing the upcoming fourth film, set for release in June 2019.
All three films, produced on a total budget of $320 million, have grossed more than $1.9 billion worldwide. Each film set box office records, with the third included in the top 15 all time worldwide films. Critics have given all three films positive reviews. Special Blu-ray and DVD editions of Toy Story and Toy Story 2 were released on March 23, 2010. They were also re-released in theaters as a Disney Digital 3-D "double feature" for at least two weeks in October 2009.
The series is the 24th highest-grossing franchise worldwide, the fifth highest-grossing animated franchise (behind Despicable Me, Shrek, Ice Age, and Madagascar), and is among the most critically acclaimed trilogies of all time. On November 1, 2011, all three Toy Story films were released in Disney Blu-ray 3D as a trilogy pack and as individual films.
The Toy Story series consists of three CGI animated films: Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), and Toy Story 3 (2010). A fourth film, Toy Story 4, is in production and set for release on June 21, 2019. Toy Story was the first feature-length film to be made entirely using computer-generated imagery. The films were produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.
The first and second films got a perfect 100%, and the third a 98% rating, on Rotten Tomatoes. The third film in the series is the third highest-grossing animated film and the 18th highest-grossing film of all time. It also became the third animated film in history to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, following Beauty and the Beast and Up.
- 1 Films
- 2 Television
- 3 Toy Story Toons
- 4 Reception
- 5 Cast and characters
- 6 Crew
- 7 Other media
- 8 Theme park
- 9 Impact
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Toy Story (1995)
Toy Story, the first film in the franchise, was released on November 22, 1995. It was the first feature-length film created entirely by CGI and was directed by John Lasseter. The plot involves Andy, an imaginative young boy, getting a new Buzz Lightyear action figure for his birthday, causing Sheriff Woody, a vintage cowboy doll, to think that he has been replaced as Andy's favorite toy. In competing for Andy's attention, Woody accidentally knocks Buzz out a window, leading the other toys to believe he tried to murder Buzz. Determined to set things right, Woody attempts to save Buzz, and both must escape from the house of the next-door neighbor Sid Phillips, who likes to torture and destroy toys. The film was critically and financially successful, grossing over $361 million worldwide. The film was later re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story 2, for a 2-week run, which was later extended due to its financial success.
Toy Story 2 (1999)
Toy Story 2, the second film in the franchise, was released on November 24, 1999. John Lasseter reprised his role as director. The plot involves Woody getting stolen by a greedy toy collector named Al McWhiggin. Buzz and several of Andy's toys set off to attempt to free Woody, who meanwhile has discovered his origins as a historic television star. Toy Story 2 was not originally intended for release in theaters, but as a direct-to-video sequel to the original Toy Story, with a 60-minute running time. However, Disney's executives were impressed by the high quality of the in-work imagery for the sequel, and were also pressured by the main characters' voice actors Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, so they decided to convert Toy Story 2 into a theatrical film. It turned out to be an even greater success than the original Toy Story, grossing over $497 million worldwide. The film was re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story, on October 2, 2009.
Toy Story 3 (2010)
Toy Story 3, the third film in the franchise, was released on June 18, 2010, nearly 11 years after Toy Story 2 was. It was the first Toy Story film not to be directed by John Lasseter (although he remained involved in the film as executive producer), but by Lee Unkrich, who edited the first two films and co-directed the second. The plot focuses on the toys being accidentally dropped off at a daycare center while their owner, Andy, is getting ready to go to college. The film contains over 150 new characters, according to Pixar. It remains Pixar's highest-grossing film of all time both domestically and worldwide, surpassing Finding Nemo. Toy Story 3 grossed more than the first and second films combined, making it the first animated film to have crossed the $1 billion mark. In August 2010, it surpassed Shrek 2, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time until it was surpassed by Frozen, another Disney production, in March 2014. Toy Story 3 was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 2, 2010.
Toy Story 4 (2019)
On November 6, 2014, Toy Story 4 was officially announced by Disney during an investors' call, with a provisional release date of June 16, 2017. The film was to be directed by John Lasseter and produced by Galyn Susman, with a screenplay by Rashida Jones and Will McCormack from a story by Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter and Lee Unkrich. Lasseter told Variety: "Toy Story 3 ended Woody and Buzz's story with Andy so perfectly that for a long time, we never even talked about doing another Toy Story movie. But when Andrew, Pete, Lee and I came up with this new idea, I just could not stop thinking about it. It was so exciting to me, I knew we had to make this movie—and I wanted to direct it myself." In March 2015, Pixar president Jim Morris stated that the film would be a stand-alone sequel rather than a continuation of the third film. The same month, Variety revealed that Josh Cooley, the head of story on Pixar's Inside Out, would co-direct Toy Story 4. Around the same time, Lasseter revealed that the fourth film had been such a closely held secret at Pixar that even Morris and Edwin Catmull (president of both Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios, to whom Morris reports) did not know it was being discussed until Stanton had already finished a polished treatment.
In August 2015, at the D23 Expo, Lasseter stated that the film would focus on the romance between Woody and Bo Peep, building on Bo Peep's absence from Toy Story 3, with Woody and Buzz trying to find her and bring her home. It was also announced that Randy Newman would return to compose the soundtrack. The same month, Kristen Schaal confirmed that her character Trixie would return. It was also announced that Don Rickles would reprise his role of Mr. Potato Head, though on April 6, 2017, it was announced that he had died before he was able to record any lines for the film. In November 2015, it was announced that Patricia Arquette had been added to the cast.
In October 2015, Pixar announced that the release date had been pushed back to June 15, 2018.
In October 2016, Variety confirmed that the release date had been further delayed until June 21, 2019.
In July 2017, at the D23 Expo, Lasseter announced he had stepped down as director due to other commitments, but would stay on board as executive producer while Cooley would be upgraded to director and that Jonas Rivera would replace Galyn Susman as producer. It was also confirmed that Bonnie Hunt would return as Dolly, Jodi Benson as Barbie, and Estelle Harris as Mrs. Potato Head.
On January 18, 2018, it was announced that the film would be written by Stephany Folsom, replacing the original writers, Rashida Jones and Will McCormack, who withdrew from the project in November 2017. On June 2, 2018, it was announced that the script had been rewritten after about three-quarters of it was written. As a result, the original script written by Jones and McCormack was scrapped. It was also confirmed that Annie Potts will reprise her role as Bo Peep.
Toy Story Treats
In 1996, Pixar created a series of shorts known as Toy Story Treats, which were used as interstitials on ABC Saturday Morning, the predecessor to Disney's One Saturday Morning and ABC Family. They did not necessarily follow the continuity from Toy Story, taking place before, during and after the events of the first film. They were aired roughly around the time of Toy Story's release to home video. These shorts also appeared as bonus features on both "The Ultimate Toy Box", and the "10th Anniversary Edition" DVD of the first film.
Pixar has also developed two 22-minute Toy Story television specials. The first, a Halloween-themed special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, aired on October 16, 2013, on ABC, while the second, a Christmas-themed special titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, aired on December 2, 2014.
Toy Story of Terror!
A Halloween-themed 22-minute television special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, aired on ABC on October 16, 2013. It was directed by Angus MacLane, produced by Galyn Susman, with Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Joan Cusack, Don Rickles, Wallace Shawn, Timothy Dalton, and Kristen Schaal reprising their roles of Woody, Buzz, Jessie, Mr. Potato Head, Rex, Mr. Pricklepants, and Trixie with Carl Weathers as Combat Carl and Stephen Tobolowsky as the motel manager. Michael Giacchino composed the music for the special. The film's soundtrack was released on October 15, 2013, on Amazon.com in digital format.
The special follows the toys on their road trip when a flat tire leads Bonnie and her mother to spend the night in a roadside motel. After one of the toys goes missing, the others begin to search for it, but they too are picked off one by one. The toys discover that they are being targeted by the hotel manager's pet iguana, Mr. Jones, who has been trained to steal the toys of his guests so that they can be sold via the Internet. The manager nearly succeeds in selling Woody and Jessie, but Jessie manages to escape—overcoming her old fear of being packed away in the process—and draw Bonnie's attention to the cabinet where the toys are being kept. As a result, Bonnie recovers her toys, and her mom calls in the police, who then presumably arrests the manager for theft.
Toy Story That Time Forgot
A Christmas-themed 22-minute television special, titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, aired on ABC on December 2, 2014. It was written and directed by Steve Purcell, and produced by Galyn Susman. Michael Giacchino, who composed the music for the first special, returned. Most of the regular cast reprised their roles, including Tom Hanks as Woody, Tim Allen as Buzz, Kristen Schaal as Trixie, Wallace Shawn as Rex, Timothy Dalton as Mr. Pricklepants, Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head, and Joan Cusack as Jessie, with Kevin McKidd joining as a new character, Reptillus Maximus. Taking place after a Christmas season, the toys find themselves lost in the world when a set of the coolest action figures turns out to be dangerously delusional. It is up to Trixie to help the toys to return to Bonnie's room.
Toy Story Toons
In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films to supplement the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The shorts pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Another short, titled Mythic Rock, was in development in 2013 but was never released.
Toy Story Toons: Hawaiian Vacation is a 2011 Pixar animated short directed by Gary Rydstrom. The short features characters from the Toy Story series and takes place after the events of Toy Story 3. It was released in theatres before Pixar's feature film Cars 2. In the short film, Ken and Barbie want to go to Hawaii with Bonnie's family, who had prior plans to vacation in Hawaii, but get left behind by mistakenly climbing into Bonnie's school bookbag instead of her luggage. Once in Bonnie's bedroom, Woody, Buzz and the other toys from the previous film attempt to console them by creating their own "Hawaiian vacation" for Barbie and Ken in Bonnie's bedroom.
Toy Story Toons: Small Fry, another Toy Story short, premiered before The Muppets. This marks the second time a Pixar short has screened with a non-Pixar film, after Tokyo Mater screened with Bolt. Directed by Angus MacLane, the short involves Buzz getting trapped at a fast food restaurant at a support group for discarded toys, with a kids' meal toy version of Buzz taking his place.
Toy Story Toons: Partysaurus Rex, the third of the series of animated shorts, was released with the theatrical 3D re-release of Finding Nemo. Directed by Mark Walsh with music composed by electronic artist BT, the short involves Rex getting left in the bathroom and making friends with bath toys.
Box office performance
Toy Story's first five days of domestic release (on Thanksgiving weekend), earned the film $39,071,176. The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $29,140,617, and maintained its number one position at the domestic box office for the following two weekends. It was the highest-grossing domestic film in 1995, and the third highest-grossing animated film at the time.
Toy Story 2 opened at #1 over the Thanksgiving Day weekend, with a three-day tally of $57,388,839 from 3,236 theaters. It averaged $17,734 per theater over three days during that weekend, and stayed at #1 for the next two weekends. It was the third highest-grossing film of 1999.
Toy Story 3 had a strong debut, opening in 4,028 theaters and grossing $41,148,961 at the box office on its opening day. In addition, Toy Story 3 had the highest opening day gross for an animated film on record. During its opening weekend, the film grossed $110,307,189, making it #1 for the weekend; it was the biggest opening weekend ever for any Pixar film. Toy Story 3 stayed at the #1 spot for the next weekend. The film had the second highest opening ever for an animated film. It was the highest-grossing film of 2010, both domestically and worldwide. Toy Story 3 grossed over $1 billion, making it the seventh film in history, the second Disney film in 2010, the third Disney film overall, and the first animated film to do so.
|Film||Release date||Box office gross||Box office ranking||Budget||Ref(s)|
|Toy Story||November 22, 1995||$191,796,233||$181,757,800||$373,554,033||#182
|Toy Story 2||November 24, 1999||$245,852,179||$251,514,690||$497,366,869||#103
|Toy Story / Toy Story 2
(Disney Digital 3-D)
|October 2, 2009||$30,702,446||$1,582,154||$32,284,600||#2,419|||
|Toy Story 3||June 18, 2010||$415,004,880||$651,964,823||$1,066,969,703||#17
|Toy Story 4||June 21, 2019|
|Total||$ 883,355,738||$ 1,086,819,467||$ 1,970,175,205||#20||#23||$320 million|||
Critical and public response
According to Rotten Tomatoes, the Toy Story trilogy is the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time. The first two films received a 100% "Certified Fresh" rating, while the third holds a 98% "Certified Fresh" rating. According to the site, no other trilogy has had all of its films so highly rated - the Before Sunrise trilogy comes closest with 98%, and Dollars trilogy and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy come after with average ratings of 95% and 94% respectively, while the Toy Story trilogy has an average of an almost perfect 99.7%.
According to Metacritic, the Toy Story trilogy is tied as the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time, it and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy each having an average rounded score of 91 out of 100. As of 20 July 2010[update], every film in both trilogies is placed in the Top 100 of the site's Best Reviewed Movies List.
According to CinemaScore, polls conducted during the opening weekend, cinema audiences gave the series an average grade of "A", "A+", "A" respectively on an A+ to F scale.
|Toy Story||100% (79 reviews)||95 (26 reviews)||A|
|Toy Story 2||100% (163 reviews)||88 (34 reviews)||A+|
|Toy Story 3||98% (299 reviews)||92 (39 reviews)||A|
Toy Story was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Original Song for Randy Newman's "You've Got a Friend in Me". John Lasseter, the director of the film, also received a Special Achievement Award for "the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film". Toy Story was also the first animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. At the 53rd Golden Globe Awards, Toy Story earned two Golden Globe nominations - Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Original Song. It was also nominated for Best Special Visual Effects at the 50th British Academy Film Awards.
Toy Story 2 won a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and earned a single Academy Award nomination for the song "When She Loved Me" performed by Sarah McLachlan. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was introduced in 2001 after the first two Toy Story installments.
Toy Story 3 won two Academy Awards – Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song. It earned three other nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Sound Editing. It was the third animated film in history to be nominated for Best Picture, after Beauty and the Beast and Up. Toy Story 3 also won the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film and the award for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.
|Toy Story||Toy Story 2||Toy Story 3||Toy Story 4|
|Music (Original Score)|
|Animated Feature||Award not yet introduced||Won|
|Special Achievement Award||Won (John Lasseter)|
Cast and characters
- Note: A dark grey cell indicates the character did not appear in that medium.
|Toy Story||John Lasseter||Ralph Guggenheim & Bonnie Arnold||Ed Catmull & Steve Jobs||Screenplay by: Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen & Alec Sokolow
Story by: John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton & Joe Ranft
|Randy Newman||Robert Gordon & Lee Unkrich|
|Toy Story 2||John Lasseter
Co-directed by: Lee Unkrich & Ash Brannon
|Helene Plotkin & Karen Robert Jackson||Sarah McArthur||Screenplay by: Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin & Chris Webb
Story by: John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Ash Brannon & Andrew Stanton
|Edie Bleiman, David Ian Salter & Lee Unkrich|
|Toy Story 3||Lee Unkrich||Darla K. Anderson||John Lasseter||Screenplay by: Michael Arndt
Story by: John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton & Lee Unkrich
|Toy Story 4||Josh Cooley||Jonas Rivera||Screenplay by: Stephany Folsom
Story by: John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter & Lee Unkrich
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command is a spin-off TV series. The series takes place in the far future. It features Buzz Lightyear (voiced by Patrick Warburton), a famous, experienced Space Ranger who takes a crew of rookies under his wing as he investigates criminal activity across the galaxy and attempts to bring down Evil Emperor Zurg once and for all. It aired on ABC from October 2, 2000 to January 13, 2001.
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins is a spin-off animated direct-to-video film, partially based on Toy Story. The film was released on August 8, 2000. It acts as a pilot to the television series Buzz Lightyear of Star Command and features Tim Allen as the voice of Buzz Lightyear, who is voiced by Patrick Warburton in the main series. In this film, Buzz Lightyear is a space ranger who fights against the evil Emperor Zurg, showing the inspiration for the Buzz Lightyear toyline that exists in the Toy Story series. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation as in Toy Story and Toy Story 2, it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.
- A 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Mysterious Stranger was published by Boom! Entertainment from May to August 2009. This was followed by an 8-issue ongoing series, starting with #0 in November 2009. Two Buzz Lightyear one-shots were released in 2010, for Free Comic Book Day and Halloween. A second 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Toy Overboard was published by Boom! Entertainment from July to October 2010.
- A 4-issue limited series by Marvel Comics Toy Story: Tales from the Toy Chest was published from May to August 2012.
- Toy Story magazine was first released on 21 July 2010. Each edition was 24 pages in length, apart from the launch edition, which was 28 pages.
- Toy Story (1996) (Sega Genesis, Super NES, Microsoft Windows, and Game Boy)
- Toy Story 2: Buzz Lightyear to the Rescue (1999) (Dreamcast, PlayStation, Nintendo 64, Microsoft Windows and Game Boy Color)
- Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2000) (Game Boy Color, PlayStation, and Microsoft Windows)
- Toy Story 2: Woody Sousaku Daisakusen! (N/A) (Sega Pico) - released only in Japan
- Toy Story Racer (2001) (PlayStation and Game Boy Color)
- Disney's Extreme Skate Adventure (2003) (Game Boy Advance, PlayStation 2, Xbox, and Nintendo GameCube)
- Toy Story Mania! (2009) (Wii, Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3)
- Toy Story 3: The Video Game (2010) (Microsoft Windows, OS X, iOS, Wii, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, and Nintendo DS)
- Shooting Beena: Toy Story 3: Woody to Buzz no Daibōken! (2010) (Advanced Pico Beena) - released only in Japan
- Rush: A Disney-Pixar Adventure (2012) (Xbox 360, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows)
- Toy Story: Smash It! (2013) (iOS and Android)
- Disney Infinity (2013) (Wii, Wii U, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo 3DS, Microsoft Windows, and iOS)
- Kingdom Hearts III (2019) (PlayStation 4, Xbox One)
Pixar created original animations for the games, including fully animated sequences for PC titles.
Woody and Buzz Lightyear were originally going to appear in the Final Mix version of the Disney/Square Enix video game Kingdom Hearts II. They were omitted from the final product, but their models appear in the game's coding, without textures. The director of the Kingdom Hearts series, Tetsuya Nomura, stated that he would like to include Pixar property in future Kingdom Hearts games, given Disney's purchase of Pixar. A stage based on Toy Story will make its debut appearance in the series in Kingdom Hearts III, marking the first time that Pixar-based content appears in the series. The game will have an original story set in the Toy Story universe.
Merchandising and software
Toy Story had a large promotion before its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including images on food packaging. A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things. When action figures for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody were created, they were initially ignored by retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character before the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold by 2007. Also, Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac. Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software title of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.
- Buzz Lightyear attractions in many Disney Parks.
- Toy Story Midway Mania! at Disney's Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort, Disney California Adventure at the Disneyland Resort and Tokyo DisneySea at Tokyo Disney Resort.
- Toy Story Land themed lands at Walt Disney Studios Park, Hong Kong Disneyland, Shanghai Disneyland and Disney's Hollywood Studios.
- Toy Story: The Musical on Disney Cruise Line's ship Disney Wonder.
- Totally Toy Story, an "instant theme park" then a theme area in Tommorrowland at Disneyland.
Totally Toy Story
|Opened||November 18, 1995|
|Closed||January 1, 1996|
|Opened||January 27, 1996|
|Closed||May 27, 1996|
For the November 18, 1995 Toy Story premiere at El Capitan Theatre, Disney rented the Masonic Convention Hall, the next door building, for Totally Toy Story, an instant theme park and a promotional event for the movie. Movie goers paid an additional fee for the pop up park. The promotional event had pre-sales over $1 million and remained opened until January 1, 1996. The Toy Story Funhouse part was moved to Disneyland's Tomorrowland and opened there on January 27, 1996 and closed on May 27, 1996.
Totally Toy Story, while in Hollywood, consisted of "Toy Story Art of Animation" exhibit in El Capitan's basement and the Toy Story Funhouse at the convention hall. The fun house consisted of 30,000-square-foot of various attractions. These attractions continue the story of the movie with the toys life-size.
Toy Story Funhouse attractions
- Hamm's Theater - "Hamm’s All-Doll Revue" has energetic dancing and original songs lasted 20 minutes
- Buzz's Galaxy -
- Woody's Roundup dance hall, live musicians and country line-dancing lessons
- Pizza Planet restaurant
- Green Army Men's obstacle course, participants strap on foot base to tackle the course
- Mr. Potato Head's Playroom, contained Etch-a-Sketches and other dexterity games had a floor made up of old game boards
- Totally Interactive Room, had Sega and Nintendo Toy Story games
- souvenir shop
Toy Story's innovative computer animation had a large impact on the film industry. After the film's debut, various industries were interested in the technology used for the film. Graphics chip makers desired to compute imagery similar to the film's animation for personal computers; game developers wanted to learn how to replicate the animation for video games; and robotics researchers were interested in building artificial intelligence into their machines that compared to the lifelike characters in the film. Various authors have also compared the film to an interpretation of Don Quixote as well as humanism.
To infinity and beyond!
Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well. Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife. In 2008, during STS-124, astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into space on the Discovery Space Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students that also stressed the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g. Also, in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.
- Graser, Marc (November 6, 2014). "John Lasseter to Direct 'Toy Story 4,' Out in 2017". Variety. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
- "Toy Story". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Toy Story 2". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Toy Story 3". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Dan. "Toy Story 1 and 2 on Blu-Ray: Out Today! (Review)". geekadelphia.com. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
- Richards, Olly (January 24, 2008). "Toy Story Movies Going 3D". Empire. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- "Movie Franchises". The Numbers. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Toy Story (1995)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Chen, David (October 12, 2009). "Lee Unkrich Announces Kristen Schaal and Blake Clark Cast in Toy Story 3; Toy Story 3D Double Feature To Stay in Theaters". SlashFilm. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Cohen, Karl (December 1, 1999). "Toy Story 2 Is Not Your Typical Hollywood Sequel". Animation World Network. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Sneider, Jeff (July 14, 2010). "Exclusive: Tim Allen Signed On for 'Toy Story 4'". The Wrap. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Toy Story 2 (1999)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- "Toy Story 3: The Characters". Pixar. 2009. Archived from the original on April 25, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- The Walt Disney Studios (August 27, 2010). "Disney-Pixar's Toy Story 3 Will Cross $1 Billion Today; Disney to Become First Studio With Two $1 Billion Films in One Year". PR Newswire. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Frizell, Sam (30 March 2014). "Frozen Now the Top-Grossing Animated Film of All Time".
- Gallagher, Brian (August 13, 2010). "Toy Story 3 DVD and Blu-ray Released on November 2nd". MovieWeb.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Playtime Hits the Big Time: Toy Story 4 to Debut in 2017". Disney Blogs.
- Nessif, Bruna (November 6, 2014). "Toy Story 4 Is Really Happening! Woody, Buzz Lightyear & the Gang Are Returning to the Big Screen—Release Date Revealed!". E!. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- Graser, Marc (November 6, 2014). "Pixar's 'Toy Story 4' Set to Play in Theaters in 2017". Variety. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Finn, Natalie (March 5, 2015). "Toy Story 4 Will Be a Romantic Comedy and a Separate Story From Original Trilogy". E!. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Baxter, Joseph (March 5, 2015). "Is Toy Story 4 Going To Feature Woody Or Buzz Lightyear?". Cinema Blend. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Solomon, Charles (March 10, 2015). "10 Animators to Watch - Josh Cooley". Variety. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Barker, Andrew (10 March 2015). "Creative Impact Animation Honoree John Lasseter Grooms Top Directors". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- Giardina, Carolyn (August 14, 2015). "D23: Pixar Previews 'Finding Dory' and 'Toy Story 4'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
- Foutch, Haleigh (August 14, 2015). "'Toy Story 4′ Finds Buzz and Woody on the Search for Bo Peep". Collider. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
- Wakeman, Gregory (August 18, 2015). "Toy Story 4 Is Definitely Bringing Back At Least One Fan Favorite". Cinemablend. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- "Toy Story 4: Don Rickles Will Return as Mr. Potato Head". movieweb.com. July 22, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- "Don Rickles Had Not Recorded His Role in 'Toy Story 4'". The Hollywood Reporter. April 8, 2017.
- "Don Rickles Hadn't Recorded Mr. Potato Head in Toy Story 4 Before Death". Screen Rant. April 8, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "Toy Story 4 Cast Adds Patricia Arquette as Voice of New Toy". 13 November 2015.
- McClintock, Pamela (October 8, 2015). "'Cars 3' and 'Incredibles 2' Get Release Dates; 'Toy Story 4' Bumped a Year". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- Lang, Brent (October 26, 2016). "'Incredibles 2' Hitting Theaters a Year Early, 'Toy Story 4' Pushed Back to 2019". Variety. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "D23 Expo: Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios: The Upcoming Films". July 14, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- "John Lasseter Explains Why He's No Longer Directing Toy Story 4". July 16, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
- ParentHerald (2 March 2016). "'Toy Story 4' Cast, Plot Details & News: Cast Officially Set; Film To Focus On Buzz & Jessie's Romance? Details Here!".
- Heidi (15 September 2015). "'Toy Story 4' Timeline: What We REALLY Know So Far".
- "Rashida Jones Says She Quit 'Toy Story 4' Due to 'Treatment of Female and Minority Employees'".
- "Disney-Pixar Hires New Screenwriter for 'Toy Story 4'". January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Pixar Trashed Most of the Toy Story 4 Script, Causing Major Delays". 2 June 2018.
- Ling, Thomas (2 June 2018). "Pixar scrapped three quarters of the Toy Story 4 script". Radio Times. Immediate Media Company Ltd. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- ""Toy Story 4" gets June 2019 release date". April 7, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "Trick or "Treats": Remembering when "Toy Story" invaded ABC Saturday Mornings". Indiewire. October 16, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Bastoli, Mike (June 6, 2012). "Exclusive: Toy Story 4, 5 Planned for 2013 and 2014 (But It's Not What You Think)". Big Screen Animation. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- Wolfe, Jennifer (October 7, 2012). "Pixar Announces Toy Story of Terror TV Special". Animation World Network. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Sciretta, Peter (July 24, 2014). "'Toy Story That Time Forgot' Is A 1980′s Nostalgia Bomb That You're Gonna Love (Comic Con 2014)". /Film. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- "D23 Expo: New Art From the Upcoming Disney, Pixar and Disneytoon Movies". ComingSoon.net. August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (May 14, 2013). "ABC 2013-14 Schedule: Rebel Wilson Gets Post-'Modern Family' Slot, 'S.H.I.E.L.D.' On Tuesday, 'Dancing' Shrinks To One Night". Deadline. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "Michael Giacchino to Score Pixar's 'Toy Story of Terror'". Film Music Reporter. June 27, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- Bryko (October 4, 2013). "'Toy Story of Terror' Gets a Soundtrack Release". Upcoming Pixar. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Han, Angie (January 17, 2014). "ABC Announces 'Toy Story That Time Forgot' Christmas Special". Slashfilm. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- "Disney Supplement 2012". ToyWorld. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Armstrong, Josh (May 21, 2013). "New Toy Story Toon revealed: Mythic Rock". Animated Views. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- Lussier, Germain (August 19, 2011). "The 'Toy Story' Gang Will Return In 'Small Fry,' Attached To 'The Muppets'". /Film. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Connelly, Brendon (February 17, 2011). "The Muppets Movie To Get Its Own Toy Story Short Film". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Breznican, Anthony (August 9, 2012). "FIRST LOOK: Pixar dives deep in new bath time 'Toy Story' short -- EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "Toy Story (1995) - Daily Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "1995 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Burrows, Peter; Grover, Ronald (November 22, 1998). "Steve Jobs, Movie Mogul". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "1999 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "2010 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "2010 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Zhu, Helena (August 28, 2010). "'Toy Story 3' Tops $1 Billion Mark". TheEpochTimes. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Toy Story / Toy Story 2 (3D)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
- "Toy Story 2 (3D)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- "Toy Story in 3D (2009)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "Toy Story 3 (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- "Toy Story Movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Ainsworth, Mark (July 27, 2010). "Is Toy Story The Greatest Movie Trilogy Of All Time?". The Analysis Curiosity Shop. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Highest and Lowest Scoring Movies at Metacritic - Page 1". Metacritic. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "Highest and Lowest Scoring Movies at Metacritic - Page 2". Metacritic. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on 2018-07-22. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Toy Story". Metacritic. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Toy Story 2". Metacritic. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- "Toy Story 3". Metacritic. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Snow, Shauna (January 20, 1996). "Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news services and the nation's press". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 25, 1996. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- "The 72nd Academy Awards (2000) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 26, 2000. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- "The 83rd Academy Awards (2011) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 27, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- Stack, Peter (August 13, 2000). "Buzz Lightyear Tops Stack of Kid Stuff / New Tweety adventure, `Princess Mononoke' also set for release". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Fretts, Bruce (August 8, 2000). "Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (2008)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Netherby, Jennifer (January 27, 2006). "As biggest animated movies stay in Mouse House". VideoBusiness.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- InPublishing. "News: Egmont launches Toy Story magazine". inpublishing.co.uk.
- Narcisse, Evan (December 8, 2011). "Pixar Teams Up With Microsoft For Kinect Rush". Kotaku. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- Lang, Derrik J. (January 15, 2013). "Disney unveils own 'Skylanders'-like franchise". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Spencer. "Pixar Characters In Kingdom Hearts? Maybe One Day". SiliconEra. MaxCDN. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Frank, Allegra (July 15, 2017). "Kingdom Hearts 3 gets a new trailer and its first Pixar-based world". Polygon. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- Reyes, Sonia (November 23, 1995). "It's A 'Toy Story' Told At The Cash Register". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Scally, Robert (October 7, 1996). "'Toy Story rivals 'The Lion King' for merchandising muscle - home video". Discount Store News. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Paik, Karen (2007). To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 104. ISBN 0-8118-5012-9. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Mannes, George (December 1, 1996). "A Disney Disc That Hits The Spot". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Kent, Steven L. (July 27, 1997). "Tech Reviews—Disney Makes It Look Good, But Don't Expect Too More". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Kronke, David (November 21, 1995). "After 'Toy Story' Credits Roll, the Fun Comes Alive". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
- Dretzka, Gary (November 24, 1995). "Disney Not Playing Around With `Toy Story' Marketing". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing Company. pp. 1–2. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Strodder, Chris Strodder ; illustrated maps by Tristan Tang ; photographs by Chris; Patton, Sheryl (2008). The Disneyland encyclopedia : the unofficial, unauthorized, and unprecedented history of every land, attraction, restaurant, shop, and event in the original Magic Kingdom. Santa Monica, CA: Santa Monica Press. p. 431. ISBN 1595800336. Retrieved June 22, 2017 – via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park 1990–1999.
- Porter, Tom; Galyn Susman (January 1, 2000). "Creating Lifelike Characters in Pixar Movies". Communications of the ACM. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Burningham, Bruce (2000). "Walt Disney's Toy Story as Postmodern Don Quixote" (PDF). Cervantes. Cervantes Society of America. 20 (1): 157–174. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Hall, Lucia K.B. (March 1, 2000). "Toy Stories for Humanists?". The Humanist. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- "Cracking! Auction of Gromits in Bristol tops the £2m mark". The Bristol Post. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Dusek, Val (2006). Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 1-4051-1163-1.
- "Introducing student-friendly technology". The Jakarta Post. April 10, 2004. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Matson, John (July 19, 2007). "Strange but True: Infinity Comes in Different Sizes". Scientific American. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Z. Pearlman, Robert (May 29, 2008). "Buzz Lightyear Becomes Real Space Ranger". Space.com. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- "'Toy Story' Line Helped Father, Son Survive in Water for 15 Hours". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
- Official website at Disney