Toyah, Texas

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Toyah, Texas
Historic high school in Toyah
Historic high school in Toyah
Location of Toyah, Texas
Location of Toyah, Texas
Reeves County Toyah.svg
Coordinates: 31°18′48″N 103°47′35″W / 31.31333°N 103.79306°W / 31.31333; -103.79306Coordinates: 31°18′48″N 103°47′35″W / 31.31333°N 103.79306°W / 31.31333; -103.79306
CountryUnited States
 • Total1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Land1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
2,913 ft (888 m)
 • Total90
 • Density56/sq mi (21/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)432
FIPS code48-73496[1]
GNIS feature ID1370063[2]

Toyah is a town in Reeves County, Texas, United States. The population was 90 at the 2010 census.


On October 25, 1906[3] a black man in Toyah named J. I. "Slab" Pitts was dragged to death and then hanged for living with his white wife, Eva Ruff.[4] One newspaper reported the killing as "Cowboys of Southwest Summarily Punish a Worthless Negro by Rope Method."[3]

In September, 1928 Amelia Earhart made an unscheduled five-day stop to adjust her carburator. She relates in her journal that she landed in a small town near Pecos, Texas, but according to a regional book, The Toyah Taproots, several local, unnamed youngsters were seen in pictures around her airplane were later identified as being from Toyah.[5]


Toyah is located at 31°18′48″N 103°47′35″W / 31.31333°N 103.79306°W / 31.31333; -103.79306 (31.313312, -103.793000).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2016100[7]11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 100 people, 47 households, and 28 families living in the town. The population density was 61.6 people per square mile (23.8/km²). There were 72 housing units at an average density of 44.3 per square mile (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 84.00% White, 4.00% African American, 2.00% Native American, 4.00% from other races, and 6.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 51.00% of the population.

There were 47 households out of which 14.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the town, the population was spread out with 13.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 28.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 138.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $16,500, and the median income for a family was $15,313. Males had a median income of $19,375 versus $11,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,611. There were 47.8% of families and 52.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including 100.0% of under 18 and 22.2% of those over 64.


The Town of Toyah is served by the Pecos-Barstow-Toyah Independent School District.


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Lynching of "Slab" Pitts". Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  4. ^ Last, Anne M. (2015-09-10). "Strange Fruit and Spanish Moss: October 26, 1906: "Slab" Pitt". Strange Fruit and Spanish Moss. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  5. ^ "Amelia Earhart in Toyah TX".
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.