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|• Governor||Takakazu Ishii|
|• Total||4,247.22 km2 (1,639.86 sq mi)|
|Population (Estimated as of March 1, 2018)|
|• Density||248.06/km2 (642.5/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-16|
|Tree||Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)|
Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. It also contains East Asia’s only known glaciers outside Russia, first recognized in 2012.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Municipalities
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 International links
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Culture
- 9 Sports
- 10 Sister Regions
- 11 Tourism
- 12 Notes
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province. Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.
In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.
The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.
As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.
Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).
Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production  and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.
Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.
As of 2010, the population of the prefecture was 1,090,367.
- China, Liaoning Province - May 9, 1984
- Brazil, São Paulo State - July 18, 1985
- United States, Oregon State - October 19, 1991
- Russia, Primorsky Region - August 26, 1992
- India, Andhra Pradesh State- Dec 2015
Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen
Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express
- The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.
- Toyama Airport (TOY)
- Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
- Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via Southern China Airlines
- Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
- Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines
UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites
National Treasures of Japan
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- All Japan Chindon Competition (Toyama City (Toyama Castle Park), Mid April
- Tonami Tulip Fair (Tonami City), May
- Marumage Festival (Himi City), May 17
- Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
- Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August
- Trout Sushi (Masu Zushi)
- White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
- Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
- Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
- Fish Paste (Kamaboko)
- Tateyama (立山)
- Narimasa (成政)
- Masuizumi (満寿泉)
- Sanshoraku (三笑楽）
The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.
- People's Republic of China, Liaoning Province
- United States, Oregon
- Russia, Primorsky Krai
- 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル. Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
- First glaciers of Japan recognised
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Location - Area - Population". Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- Sister/Friendship Affiliation
- Oregon State Archives Copy, Governor's Office Press Releases
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
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