Toyama Prefecture

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Toyama Prefecture

富山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese富山県
 • RōmajiToyama-ken
Flag of Toyama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Toyama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Toyama Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
IslandHonshu
CapitalToyama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 2, Municipalities: 15
Government
 • GovernorHachiro Nitta
Area
 • Total4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)
Area rank33rd
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,044,588
 • Rank37th
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-16
Websitepref.toyama.jp
Symbols
BirdPtarmigan[1]
FishJapanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid[1]
FlowerTulip (Tulipa)[1]
TreeTateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)[1]
Map of Toyama Prefecture
     City      Town      Village
Toyama Prefectural Office Building

Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[2] Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.

Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto.[3] Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture's population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture's area is designated as national parks.[4]

History[edit]

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed]

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Geography[edit]

Toyama-tateyama.png

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

Cities[edit]

Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Himi Toyama.svg Himi 氷見市 230.56 48,725 Himi in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Imizu, Toyama.svg Imizu 射水市 109.43 93,447 Imizu in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kurobe, Toyama.svg Kurobe 黒部市 426.31 41,564 Kurobe in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Namerikawa Toyama.JPG Namerikawa 滑川市 230.56 33,320 Namerikawa in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nanto Toyama.svg Nanto 南砺市 668.64 51,669 Nanto in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Oyabe, Toyama.svg Oyabe 小矢部市 134.07 30,328 Oyabe in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takaoka, Toyama.svg Takaoka 高岡市 209.57 173,086 Takaoka in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tonami Toyama.JPG Tonami 砺波市 127.03 48,659 Tonami in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Toyama, Toyama.svg Toyama (capital) 富山市 1,241.77 415,844 Toyama in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uozu Toyama.JPG Uozu 魚津市 200.61 42,224 Uozu in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Asahi Toyama.svg Asahi 朝日町 226.3 11,574 Shimoniikawa District Town Asahi in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Funahashi Toyama.JPG Funahashi 舟橋村 3.47 3,064 Nakaniikawa District Village Funahashi in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamiichi Toyama.JPG Kamiichi 上市町 236.71 20,827 Nakaniikawa District Town Kamiichi in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nyuzen Toyama.JPG Nyūzen 入善町 71.25 71.25 Shimoniikawa District Town Nyuzen in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tateyama Toyama.JPG Tateyama 立山町 307.29 26,212 Nakaniikawa District Town Tateyama in Toyama Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers[edit]

List of governors of Toyama Prefecture (from 1947)[edit]

This is a list of governors of Toyama with their titles.

  • 19 April 1947 – 15 November 1947: Tetsuji Tachi (館哲二)
  • 16 November 1947 – 30 September 1956: Takekuni Takatsuji (高辻武邦)
  • 1 October 1956 – 1 December 1969: Minoru Yoshida (吉田実)
  • 30 December 1969 – 18 September 1980: Kokichi Nakata (中田幸吉)
  • 11 November 1980 – 8 November 2004: Yutaka Nakaoki (中沖豊)
  • 9 November 2004–present: Takakazu Ishii (石井隆一)

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production[7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.

Manufacturing[edit]

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

Energy[edit]

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[8] and,[9] Toyama has had gradual population increase after 1950 and gradual population decline at 1960-1970 and 21st century

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 724,000—    
1930 779,000+7.6%
1940 823,000+5.6%
1950 1,009,000+22.6%
1960 1,033,000+2.4%
1970 1,030,000−0.3%
1980 1,103,000+7.1%
1990 1,120,000+1.5%
2000 1,120,851+0.1%
2010 1,093,247−2.5%
2020 1,044,588−4.5%

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

  • The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

Expressway[edit]

Air[edit]

Domestic[edit]

International[edit]

Culture[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites[edit]

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of Japan[edit]

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

Festivals[edit]

Spring[edit]

Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)
Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)

Summer[edit]

  • Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
  • Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

Fall[edit]

Winter[edit]

Regional Foods[edit]

  • Trout Sushi (Masuzushi)
  • White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
  • Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
  • Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
  • Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sake[edit]

  • Tateyama (立山)
  • Narimasa (成政)
  • Masuizumi (満寿泉)
  • Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football (soccer)

Basketball

Baseball

Rugby Union

Tourism[edit]

International Links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル. Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Matsutani, Minoru (April 6, 2012). "First glaciers in Japan recognised". The Japan Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  7. ^ "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  8. ^ Toyama 1995-2020 population statistics
  9. ^ Toyama 1920-2000 population statistics
  10. ^ "Andhra Pradesh inks pact with Toyama Prefecture". The Hindu. December 29, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2019.

References[edit]

External links[edit]