Toyokuni Shrine (Kyoto)

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Toyokuni Shrine
豊国神社
ToyokuniJinja-Gate-M1745.jpg
Karamon gate at entrance to Toyokuni Shrine
Toyokuni Shrine (Kyoto) is located in Japan
Toyokuni Shrine (Kyoto)
Shown within Japan
Basic information
Location 530 Chaya-chō, Shōmen-dōri, Yamato-ōdōri, Higashiyama-ku, Kyōto-shi, Kyōto-fu
Geographic coordinates 34°59′29″N 135°46′21″E / 34.99139°N 135.77250°E / 34.99139; 135.77250Coordinates: 34°59′29″N 135°46′21″E / 34.99139°N 135.77250°E / 34.99139; 135.77250
Affiliation Shinto
Deity Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Date established 1599
Shinto torii icon vermillion.svg Glossary of Shinto

Toyokuni Shrine (豊国神社, Toyokuni-jinja) is a Shinto shrine located in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto, Japan. It was built in 1599 to commemorate Toyotomi Hideyoshi. It is the location of the first tamaya (a Shinto altar for ancestor worship) ever constructed, which was later destroyed by the Tokugawa clan.[1]

History[edit]

This shrine is the official tomb and shrine of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who died September 18, 1598 in Kyoto.[2]

Nobles, priests, warriors, and townspeople gathered at the shrine to celebrate the anniversary of Hideyoshi's apotheosis with banquets, musical recitals, and boisterous festivity. The shrine was closed by Tokugawa Ieyasu in June 1615 "to discourage these unseemly displays of loyalty to a man he had eclipsed."[3]

The Meiji Emperor directed that the shrine be restored in Keiō 4, the 6th day of the 6th month (April 28, 1868).[4] At that time, the shrine area was expanded slightly by encompassing a small parcel of land which had been part of the adjacent Hōkō-ji.[5]

In 1897, the tercentenary of Hideyoshi was celebrated at this site.[6]

Architecture[edit]

It is generally believed that the karamon gate was originally built for Hideyoshi's Fushimi castle in 1598.[7] When the castle was dismantled in 1623, the gate was first moved to Nijo castle,[8] and then to the Konchi-in in Nanzen-ji. It was finally relocated to Toyokuni shrine in 1876 after the Meiji Restoration.[9]

Designated Cultural Properties[edit]

National Treasures of Japan[edit]

Important Cultural Properties[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "reibyou 霊廟". Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. 2001. Retrieved 2007-08-09.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, R. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital City, 794-1869, pp. 294-296.
  3. ^ Berry, Mary E. (1982). Hideyoshi. pp. 1.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 327.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 294.
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 296.
  7. ^ Kirby, John B. (1962). From Castle to Teahouse: Japanese Architecture of the Momoyama Period. pp. 76-77.
  8. ^ "Fushimi castle". Guide to Japan Castles. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  9. ^ Kirby, John B. (1962). From Castle to Teahouse: Japanese Architecture of the Momoyama Period. pp. 76-77.

References[edit]