Toyokuni Shrine (Kyoto)
Karamon gate at entrance to Toyokuni Shrine
|Dedicated to||Toyotomi Hideyoshi|
|Address||530 Chaya-chō, Shōmen-dōri, Yamato-ōdōri, Higashiyama-ku, Kyōto-shi, Kyōto-fu|
|Glossary of Shinto|
Toyokuni Shrine (豊国神社 Toyokuni-jinja) is a Shinto shrine located in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto, Japan. It was built in 1599 to commemorate Toyotomi Hideyoshi. It is the location of the first tamaya (a Shinto altar for ancestor worship) ever constructed, which was later destroyed by the Tokugawa clan.
Nobles, priests, warriors, and townspeople gathered at the shrine to celebrate the anniversary of Hideyoshi's apotheosis with banquets, musical recitals, and boisterous festivity. The shrine was closed by Tokugawa Ieyasu in June 1615 "to discourage these unseemly displays of loyalty to a man he had eclipsed."
The Meiji Emperor directed that the shrine be restored in Keiō 4, the 6th day of the 6th month (April 28, 1868). At that time, the shrine area was expanded slightly by encompassing a small parcel of land which had been part of the adjacent Hōkō-ji.
In 1897, the tercentenary of Hideyoshi was celebrated at this site.
Designated Cultural Properties
National Treasures of Japan
- The karamon
Important Cultural Properties
- Painted folding screen depicting Festivals of Toyokuni (豊国の祭り), by Kanō Naizen of the Kanō School
- Vest garment decorated with gold Chrysanthemum motif
- Three decorated Chinese-style chests
- Iron lantern cage
- Naginata blade Honebami ("Bone-eater"), unsigned, attributed to Awataguchi Yoshimitsu
- "reibyou 霊廟". Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. 2001. Retrieved 2007-08-09.
- Ponsonby-Fane, R. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital City, 794-1869, pp. 294-296.
- Berry, Mary E. (1982). Hideyoshi. pp. 1.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 327.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 294.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 296.
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