Toyooka, Hyōgo

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"Toyooka" redirects here. For the village in Nagano Prefecture, see Toyooka, Nagano.
Toyooka
豊岡市

City

Kinosaki Onsen and Toyooka City Hall
Flag of Toyooka
Flag
Location of Toyooka in Hyōgo Prefecture
Location of Toyooka in Hyōgo Prefecture
Toyooka is located in Japan
Toyooka
Toyooka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°33′N 134°49′E / 35.550°N 134.817°E / 35.550; 134.817Coordinates: 35°33′N 134°49′E / 35.550°N 134.817°E / 35.550; 134.817
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Hyōgo Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Muneharu Nakagai
Area
 • Total 697.66 km2 (269.37 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2015)
 • Total 85,209
 • Density 126.27/km2 (327.0/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Willow
- Flower Tulip
- Bird Oriental White Stork
Address 2-4 Chūōmachi, Toyooka-shi, Hyōgo-ken
668-8666
Phone number 0796-23-1111
Website www.city.toyooka.hyogo.jp

Toyooka (豊岡市 Toyooka-shi?) is a city in the northern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1950.

As of 1 April 2015, the city has an estimated population of 81,797 with 29,999 households.[1] The total area of Toyooka city is 697.66 km².

On April 1, 2005, the towns of Kinosaki, Hidaka and Takeno (all from Kinosaki District) and the towns of Izushi and Tantō (both from Izushi District) were merged into Toyooka.

The Sanin Main Line provides a JR rail connection to Kyoto, and direct trains to Osaka are available via Fukuchiyama. Direct Express trains take about 2.5 hours from Osaka to Toyooka.

Tajima Airport serves Toyooka. Tajima airport runs two direct flights a day to Osaka Itami Airport.

Toyooka lies entirely within the San'in Kaigan Geopark.[2] One of Toyooka`s famous geological features is a basalt cave called Genbudo. Genbudo was formed 1.6 million years ago from the eruption of an ancient volcano. In 1926, Professor Motonori Matuyama of Kyoto University first proposed the theory of geomagnetic polarity reversal at Genbudo after discovering it had a reverse magnetization.

The wetlands of Toyooka provide an important habitat for the oriental stork. After becoming extinct in the wild in the 1970s, Toyooka began a captive breeding program. After a quarter of a century of breeding efforts, the first oriental stork chick was born in 1989. In 2005 Toyooka released 5 captively bred storks, which bred successfully in the wild. As of June 2015 there are 72 wild oriental white storks in Toyooka.

The hot spring resort Kinosaki Onsen is located within Toyooka.

Climate[edit]

Although part of the Kansai region and Hyōgo Prefecture, Toyooka has a climate much more similar to the Hokuriku region of Chūbu and Tōhoku. Unlike Osaka or Kobe which rarely see significant snowfall during the winter, Toyooka, exposed to the northerly winter winds driven by the Siberian High and Aleutian Low, receives 3.1 metres (122.0 in) of snowfall per year, though melt rates are high even during the winter and the maximum cover on the ground is typically only 0.35 metres (13.8 in) and has never exceeded 0.54 metres (21.3 in). Precipitation is much heavier than in central Kansai, though less heavy than in the Kii Peninsula or the Hokuriku region proper.

Climate data for Toyooka, Hyōgo (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90)
33.9
(93)
37.2
(99)
39.3
(102.7)
38.6
(101.5)
37.9
(100.2)
32.4
(90.3)
27.2
(81)
23.1
(73.6)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
7.9
(46.2)
12.2
(54)
19.2
(66.6)
23.8
(74.8)
27.0
(80.6)
30.7
(87.3)
32.5
(90.5)
27.4
(81.3)
21.8
(71.2)
16.1
(61)
10.6
(51.1)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.7
(44.1)
12.1
(53.8)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.7
(72.9)
18.6
(65.5)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.2
(36)
10.2
(50.4)
Record low °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−11.1
(12)
−11
(12)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.7
(33.3)
6.0
(42.8)
13.0
(55.4)
13.8
(56.8)
7.9
(46.2)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.2
(28)
−9.1
(15.6)
−12.5
(9.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 239.5
(9.429)
196.2
(7.724)
148.1
(5.831)
99.6
(3.921)
128.7
(5.067)
155.9
(6.138)
180.9
(7.122)
127.0
(5)
225.6
(8.882)
161.0
(6.339)
167.1
(6.579)
197.8
(7.787)
2,027.4
(79.819)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 126
(49.6)
113
(44.5)
23
(9.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
44
(17.3)
307
(120.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 22.8 19.2 17.7 12.1 12.0 12.5 13.9 10.8 14.3 13.6 16.3 20.0 185.2
Avg. snowy days 18.5 17.7 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 7.1 48.3
Avg. relative humidity (%) 83 80 75 70 72 76 78 75 80 81 81 81 77.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.8 72.9 111.1 165.3 182.5 144.8 148.1 191.9 118.2 117.8 88.8 79.3 1,489.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[4]

Landmarks[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

  • Spain Alicante, Spain
  • Japan Ueda, Nagano Prefecture (since the former city of Ueda and the former town of Izushi were sister cities before the recent creation of both Toyooka and Ueda)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Toyooka City Hall statistics 2015 Retrieved 12 June 2015
  2. ^ "Information on the San'in Kaigan Geopark". San'in Kaigan Geopark Promotion Council. 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  4. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 

External links[edit]