The Toyooka Domain (豊岡藩 Toyooka-han?) was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period. Its lands were in the vicinity of Kinosaki District, Tajima Province (in present-day Hyōgo Prefecture). The administrative headquarters were initially at Toyooka Castle (in the modern city of Toyooka), and later at Toyooka Jin'ya.
Toyooka was established in 1600 following the Battle of Sekigahara. At that battle, Sugihara Nagafusa fought on the Western (losing) side, but he was married to a daughter of Asano Nagamasa, who was in favor with the victor Tokugawa Ieyasu, and Nagafusa received the fief with an appraisal of 25,000 koku.
During the Edo period, the daimyo were identified as belonging either to one of the fudai or insider clans, which were hereditary vassels or allies of the Tokugawa, or to one of the tozama or outsider clans. Opportunities were sometimes provided for those who were not fudai; and the Sugihara held the fief until their line failed in 1653. The second lord died without a son, and his nephew became the head of the fief. However, he died at age 17 without heir, which ended the Sugihara dominion in Toyooka. Control passed to the Tokugawa shogunate.
In 1668, the shogunate awarded Toyooka to a cadet branch of the tozama Kyōgoku clan. Kyōgoku Takamori was transferred from the Tanabe Domain. In Toyooka, Takamori's headquarters were at a smaller jin'ya; and his descendants held Toyooka until the abolition of the han system in 1871.
People from Toyooka
Ōishi Riku, wife of Ōishi Kuranosuke, leader of the Forty-seven Ronin, was a daughter of Ishizuka Tsuneyoshi, principal house elder of Toyooka. She later returned to Toyooka, and lived with her father at the time of the revenge of the ronin.
- fief reverts to the shogunate
- Kyōgoku Takamori
- Kyōgoku Takazumi
- Kyōgoku Takayoshi
- Kyōgoku Takanori
- Kyōgoku Takanaga
- Kyōgoku Takakazu
- Kyōgoku Takaari
- Kyōgoku Takayuki
- Kyōgoku Takaatsu
- Appert, Georges and H. Kinoshita. (1888). Ancien Japon. Tokyo: Imprimerie Kokubunsha.
- Frederic, Louis (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-00770-3 (cloth) -- ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 (paper)
- Papinot, Jacques Edmund Joseph. (1906) Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du japon. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha...Click link for digitized 1906 Nobiliaire du japon (2003)
- This article incorporates material from 豊岡藩 (Toyooka-han) in the Japanese Wikipedia, retrieved February 24, 2008.