The Toyosu Market (豊洲市場 Toyosu Shijō) is a wholesale market in Tokyo, located in the Toyosu area of the Kōtō ward. There are two buildings for seafood and one for fruits and vegetables. Tourists can observe the market on a second floor viewing deck. There are restaurants with fresh seafood and produce from the market and shops (Uogashi Yokocho). It is built on reclaimed land in Tokyo Bay. It replaces the historic Tsukiji fish market. When it opened in October 2018 it became the largest wholesale fish and seafood market in the world. It also became one of the largest wholesale food markets of any kind.
The old Tsukiji fish market occupied valuable real estate close to the center of the city. Former Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara repeatedly called for moving the market to Toyosu, Koto. The new Toyosu Market cost $5 billion to build. The long-anticipated move to the new market was scheduled to take place in November 2016, in preparation for the 2020 Summer Olympics, but on August 31, 2016, the move was postponed. There had been concerns that the new location was heavily polluted and needed to be cleaned up. Toxic substances were discovered in the soil and groundwater at Toyosu. Previously a gas plant was located there. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. In June 2017, plans to move the fish market were restarted. but delayed in July to the autumn of 2018. After the new site was declared safe following a cleanup operation, the opening date of the new market was set for 11 October 2018.
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