Toyota Auto Body

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Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd.
Toyota Auto Body
Native name
トヨタ車体株式会社
Toyota Shatai Kabushiki-gaisha
Formerly
Toyota Auto Body Industries Co., Ltd.
Subsidiary
IndustryAutomotive
PredecessorToyota's Kariya Plant auto body division
Founded31 August 1945
Headquarters,
Japan
Key people
Keiji Masui (President)
ProductsCars, auto parts
Production output
About 590,000 vehicles[1] (2017)
Revenue¥1.79 trillion[2] (FY2017)
Number of employees
17,883[2] (March 2018, consolidated)
ParentToyota Motor Corporation
Subsidiaries
  • Gifu Auto Body Co., Ltd.
  • Toyota Auto Body Research and Development Co., Ltd.
  • Toyota Body Seiko Co., Ltd.
Websitewww.toyota-body.co.jp

Toyota Auto Body is a manufacturing subsidiary of the Toyota group based in Japan. It is headquartered in Kariya, Aichi and was established in 1945. The company has plants in the Mie and Aichi prefectures and other facilities around Japan and abroad. It developes and produces a range of minivans, SUVs and light commercial vehicles.

History[edit]

Headquarters in Kariya, Japan

Toyota Auto Body was established on 31 August 1945 as a corporate spin-off of Toyota Industries' Kariya plant[3][4] with the name Toyota Auto Body Industries (トヨタ車体工業, Toyota Shatai Kōgyō).[4][5] At first, it produced auto bodies for Toyota. In 1951, the company became the first Japanese manufacturer in producing a truck body made completely of steel.[3] The 1954 Toyoace, assembled by Toyota Auto Body, was the first Japanese all-steel truck.[6] In 1953, the company adopted its present name.[4][5] In January 1957, it opened an assembly facility in Kariya for mass-producing trucks. In January 1964, it opened a second assembly facility in Kariya, the Fujimatsu plant,[4] which produced the first Japanese hard-top car during the 1960s, the Corona Hard-top.[3] In 1967, Toyota Auto Body began producing the HiAce, the most produced model from the company with more than 6 million units as of April 2017.[7] In 1992, the company established Toyota Body Seiko, an auto parts subsidiary.[8] In 1993, Toyota Auto Body opened the Inabe plant.[6] In 2004, the company incorporated the auto body and vehicle production businesses from Araco.[5] In 2007, Gifu Auto Body (岐阜車体, Gifu Shatai), an auto parts and HiAce producer, became a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Auto Body.[9]

In the 1970s, Toyota Auto Body was one of the first companies in using quality function deployment (QFD), paralleling the initial developments from Yoji Akao at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The rest of the Toyota group adopted the method in 1979. The improvements of Toyota Auto Body on QFD influenced Ford into adopting it.[10]

Toyota Auto Body was a public company until late 2011, when Toyota made it a wholly owned subsidiary and delisted its shares.[6][11]

Facilities[edit]

Fujimatsu plant

Toyota Auto Body plants are Fujimatsu (Kariya, Aichi), Inabe (Inabe, Mie), Yoshiwara (Toyota, Aichi), Kariya (Kariya, Aichi). There is a development centre in Toyota, Aichi (Kotobuki New Development Centre). The head offices are in Kariya, Aichi. Additional offices are located in Tokyo and Osaka.[12]

Gifu Auto Body headquarters and facilities are in Kakamigahara, Gifu.[13]

Toyota Auto Body Research and Development[edit]

Toyota Auto Body Research and Development (トヨタ車体研究所, Toyota Shatai Kenkyūjo) is Toyota Auto Body wholly owned research and development subsidiary. It is headquartered in Kirishima, Kagoshima and was established in 1990.[5]

Overseas subsidiaries[edit]

Toyota Auto Body has subsidiaries in Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, China and the United States.[14]

Products[edit]

As of 2018 vehicles assembled by Toyota Auto Body include: the Alphard, the Vellfire, the Estima, the Voxy, the Noah, the Esquire, the Land Cruiser, the Lexus LX570, the HiAce, the RegiusAce, the Coaster, the electric vehicle COMS.[15]

Araco[edit]

Araco Corporation (アラコ株式会社, Arako Kabushiki-gaisha) was one of the first manufacturing subsidiaries of Toyota. It was established in 1946 at Nagoya by a former Toyota Industries sheet metal worker named Gihee Arakawa as Arakawa Sheet Metal Industries (荒川鈑金工業, Arakawa Bankin Kōgyō).[5][4] The company firstly made sheet metal work for Toyota, soon adding vehicle interior parts (including seats) and auto bodies.[16] In 1953, it started assembling the Toyota BJ,[6] and later the successive Land Cruisers.[16] In 1960, it entered into production the RK160B (Coaster).[6] The company opened two new plants around Toyota City during the 1960s: Kotobuki (1960) and Yoshiwara (1962).[4] It was renamed as Arakawa Auto Body Industries (荒川車体工業, Arakawa Shatai Kōgyō) in 1961, before adopting the Araco name in 1988.[5] In 1995, the company began assembling Lexus vehicles.[6] In 2004, Araco activities were split and the auto body and vehicle production operations became part of Toyota Auto Body. The vehicle interior business was merged into Toyota Boshoku.[5]

A different Toyota subsidiary established in 1974 as Kyoei Sangyo (協栄産業, Kyōei Sangyō) was renamed as Kyoei Araco in 2004 and as Araco in 2015. This Araco specialises on seats for Lexus vehicles.[17]

2018 TLC Rally Dakar contender

Sports[edit]

An Araco team entered Land Cruisers into the Rally Dakar from 1995 onwards. In 2005, the team was renamed as Team Land Cruiser · Toyota Auto Body (TLC). As of 2018, it achieved five consecutive victories in the diesel production car class.[18]

Toyota Auto Body has two company teams participating in Japanese national sports championships: the volleyball team Toyota Auto Body Queenseis and the handball team Toyota Auto Body Brave Kings.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Japanese Production Sites". Toyota Global Newsroom. Toyota. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "会社概要" [Company profile] (in Japanese). Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "トヨタ車体、創立65周年" [Toyota Auto Body, 65th anniversary of foundation] (in Japanese). Response.jp. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Jacobs, A.J. (2015). The New Domestic Automakers in the United States and Canada: History, Impacts, and Prospects. Lexington Books. pp. 104, 108, 115–116. ISBN 9780739188262.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Tanaka, Takenori (March 2015). "トヨタ車体研究所における開発の取り組み -九州での「開発の現地化」に関する一考察-" [Development efforts at Toyota Auto Body Institute. A study on 'development localisation' in Kyushu] (PDF). The Meijo Review (in Japanese). Society of Economics and Business Management, Meijo University. 15: 66. ISSN 1345-7993. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Brief story". Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  7. ^ "トヨタ車体が生産3000万台達成" [Toyota Auto Body achieved production of 30 million units] (in Japanese). Sankei. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Company profile" (in Japanese). Toyota Body Seiko. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  9. ^ "トヨタ車体、岐阜車体を完全子会社化" [Gifu Auto Body becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Auto Body] (in Japanese). Response.jp. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  10. ^ ReVelle, Jake B.; Moran, John W.; Cox, Charles A. (1998). The QFD Handbook. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 3–5. ISBN 9780471173816.
  11. ^ "Toyota overhauls domestic units to save Japan manufacturing". Live Mint. HT Media. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Profile". Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Company outline". Gifu Auto Body. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Overseas operations". Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Products line-up". Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  16. ^ a b Tabb, William K. (1995). The Postwar Japanese System: Cultural Economy and Economic Transformation. Oxford University Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780195358292.
  17. ^ "Outline of the company" (in Japanese). Araco. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  18. ^ "トヨタ・ランドクルーザーが無敵の5連覇達成" [Toyota Land Cruiser achieved unbeatable five]. Web Car Top (in Japanese). Kotsu Times. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  19. ^ "企業スポーツ活動" [Corporate sports activities] (in Japanese). Toyota Auto Body. Retrieved 22 December 2018.

External links[edit]