Toyota Auto Body
|Toyota Auto Body|
|Toyota Shatai Kabushiki-gaisha|
|Toyota Auto Body Industries Co., Ltd.|
|Predecessor||Toyota's Kariya Plant auto body division|
|Founded||31 August 1945|
|Keiji Masui (President)|
|Products||Cars, auto parts|
|About 590,000 vehicles (2017)|
|Revenue||¥1.79 trillion (FY2017)|
Number of employees
|17,883 (March 2018, consolidated)|
|Parent||Toyota Motor Corporation|
Toyota Auto Body is a manufacturing subsidiary of the Toyota group based in Japan. It is headquartered in Kariya, Aichi and was established in 1945. The company has plants in the Mie and Aichi prefectures and other facilities around Japan and abroad. It developes and produces a range of minivans, SUVs and light commercial vehicles.
Toyota Auto Body was established on 31 August 1945 as a corporate spin-off of Toyota Industries' Kariya plant with the name Toyota Auto Body Industries (トヨタ車体工業 Toyota Shatai Kōgyō). At first, it produced auto bodies for Toyota. In 1951, the company became the first Japanese manufacturer in producing a truck body made completely of steel. The 1954 Toyoace, assembled by Toyota Auto Body, was the first Japanese all-steel truck. In 1953, the company adopted its present name. In January 1957, it opened an assembly facility in Kariya for mass-producing trucks. In January 1964, it opened a second assembly facility in Kariya, the Fujimatsu plant, which produced the first Japanese hard-top car during the 1960s, the Corona Hard-top. In 1967, Toyota Auto Body began producing the HiAce, the most produced model from the company with more than 6 million units as of April 2017[update]. In 1992, the company established Toyota Body Seiko, an auto parts subsidiary. In 1993, Toyota Auto Body opened the Inabe plant. In 2004, the company incorporated the auto body and vehicle production businesses from Araco. In 2007, Gifu Auto Body (岐阜車体 Gifu Shatai), an auto parts and HiAce producer, became a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Auto Body.
In the 1970s, Toyota Auto Body was one of the first companies in using quality function deployment (QFD), paralleling the initial developments from Yoji Akao at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The rest of the Toyota group adopted the method in 1979. The improvements of Toyota Auto Body on QFD influenced Ford into adopting it.
Toyota Auto Body plants are Fujimatsu (Kariya, Aichi), Inabe (Inabe, Mie), Yoshiwara (Toyota, Aichi), Kariya (Kariya, Aichi). There is a development centre in Toyota, Aichi (Kotobuki New Development Centre). The head offices are in Kariya, Aichi. Additional offices are located in Tokyo and Osaka.
Toyota Auto Body Research and Development
Toyota Auto Body Research and Development (トヨタ車体研究所 Toyota Shatai Kenkyūjo) is Toyota Auto Body wholly owned research and development subsidiary. It is headquartered in Kirishima, Kagoshima and was established in 1990.
Toyota Auto Body has subsidiaries in Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, China and the United States.
As of 2018[update] vehicles assembled by Toyota Auto Body include: the Alphard, the Vellfire, the Estima, the Voxy, the Noah, the Esquire, the Land Cruiser, the Lexus LX570, the HiAce, the RegiusAce, the Coaster, the electric vehicle COMS.
Araco Corporation (アラコ株式会社 Arako Kabushiki-gaisha) was one of the first manufacturing subsidiaries of Toyota. It was established in 1946 at Nagoya by a former Toyota Industries sheet metal worker named Gihee Arakawa as Arakawa Sheet Metal Industries (荒川鈑金工業 Arakawa Bankin Kōgyō). The company firstly made sheet metal work for Toyota, soon adding vehicle interior parts (including seats) and auto bodies. In 1953, it started assembling the Toyota BJ, and later the successive Land Cruisers. In 1960, it entered into production the RK160B (Coaster). The company opened two new plants around Toyota City during the 1960s: Kotobuki (1960) and Yoshiwara (1962). It was renamed as Arakawa Auto Body Industries (荒川車体工業 Arakawa Shatai Kōgyō) in 1961, before adopting the Araco name in 1988. In 1995, the company began assembling Lexus vehicles. In 2004, Araco activities were split and the auto body and vehicle production operations became part of Toyota Auto Body. The vehicle interior business was merged into Toyota Boshoku.
A different Toyota subsidiary established in 1974 as Kyoei Sangyo (協栄産業 Kyōei Sangyō) was renamed as Kyoei Araco in 2004 and as Araco in 2015. This Araco specialises on seats for Lexus vehicles.
An Araco team entered Land Cruisers into the Rally Dakar from 1995 onwards. In 2005, the team was renamed as Team Land Cruiser · Toyota Auto Body (TLC). As of 2018[update], it achieved five consecutive victories in the diesel production car class.
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