Toyota Avanza

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Toyota Avanza
Toyota Avanza Veloz 2015.jpg
2015 Toyota Avanza Veloz 1.5 (F654RM, Indonesia)
Overview
ManufacturerDaihatsu (Toyota)
Also calledDaihatsu Xenia
ProductionNovember 2003 – present
Body and chassis
ClassMini MPV
Body style5-door wagon
LayoutLongitudinal front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Kijang (F70/F80)

The Toyota Avanza (Japanese: トヨタ・アバンザ, Toyota Abanza) is a mini MPV designed by Daihatsu and marketed by Toyota. It is produced in Indonesia[1] and also contract assembled in Malaysia (under Perodua) for the first generation. Daihatsu designed and manufactures the vehicle, which is then sold by both Daihatsu and Toyota under Daihatsu Xenia (Japanese: ダイハツ・セニア, Daihatsu Senia) and Avanza nameplate respectively. Daihatsu supplies the vehicle to Toyota under a consigned production and OEM manufacturing agreement.[2] The car was unveiled at the Gaikindo Auto Expo in July 2003, and launched in December 2003 and sold over 100,000 units that year. The "Avanza" name was taken from the Spanish word "avanza", which means "get moving" and Italian word "avanzato", which means "advance". The "Xenia" name was taken from the Greek word "Xenos", which means "guest" or "foreigner".[3]

The Avanza is a new model developed as an entry-level MPV. Its spiritual predecessor was the Kijang, whose model program has since been split to two different models (the other being the larger, more expensive Kijang Innova) to expand Toyota's reach in the MPV sector. Unlike the Kijang, Avanza uses an unibody chassis construction instead of ladder frame type.[4]

In addition to Indonesia and Malaysia, the Avanza is sold in Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Middle East, Mexico, Peru, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Caribbean, Egypt, South Africa and various other African countries. A rebadged version of the car was sold in China under the FAW badge until 2010.

As of October 2011, there have been 1 million Avanza/Xenia units sold, including 113,000 exported units.[5][6]

Engines[edit]

Introduced in December 2003, the Avanza is a 5-door MPV with a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout. It features a 1.3-liter K3-DE EFI gasoline inline-four engine with a maximum output of 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) at 6,000 rpm (before 2006), a 1.3-liter K3-VE VVT-i gasoline engine that produces 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) at 6,000 rpm, and a 1.5-liter 3SZ-VE gasoline engine that produces 104–109 PS (76–80 kW; 103–108 hp) at 6,000 rpm.

In 2015, the Avanza features two new engines, consists of 1.3-liter 1NR-VE Dual VVT-i gasoline engine that produces 97 PS (71 kW; 96 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 1.5-liter 2NR-VE Dual VVT-i gasoline engine that produces 104 PS (76 kW; 103 hp) at 6,000 rpm. Its engine codes use -VE suffix instead of -FE because both engines are also used in Daihatsu cars.[7]

First generation (F600, 2003–2011)[edit]

First generation
Toyota Avanza (first generation) (front), Serdang.jpg
Toyota Avanza 1.3 G (pre-facelift, Malaysia)
Overview
ManufacturerAstra Daihatsu Motor (Indonesia)
Perodua Manufacturing Sdn. Bhd (Malaysia)
FAW Jilin (China)[8]
Also calledDaihatsu Xenia
FAW Senya M80/S80 (China)[8][9][10]
FAW Sirius S80 (South Africa/Pakistan)
ProductionNovember 2003 – September 2011 (Daihatsu/Toyota)
2007–present (FAW)
AssemblyIndonesia: Sunter, North Jakarta[11]
Malaysia: Rawang, Selangor
China: Jilin
DesignerKaoru Hosokawa and Kenta Shimoguchi (2001)
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1.0 L EJ-DE I3 (gasoline; Xenia 2003–2006)
  • 1.0 L EJ-VE I3 (gasoline; Xenia 2006–2011)[12]
  • 1.3 L K3-DE I4 (gasoline; 2003–2006)[13]
  • 1.3 L K3-VE I4 (gasoline; 2005–2011)
  • 1.5 L 3SZ-VE I4 (gasoline; 2006–2011)
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,655 mm (104.5 in)
Length4,120 mm (162.2 in)
Width1,630 mm (64.2 in)
Height1,695 mm (66.7 in)

Markets[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

When the Avanza was launched in Indonesia, it was available in two models: the 1.3 E and 1.3 G. The Avanza later became one of the best selling cars in Indonesia.

In July 2004, the Avanza 1.3 S (series S) with automatic transmission launched to the market. The 1.3-litre engine was upgrade to use VVT-i (K3-VE) technology and individual direct ignition coils. Major changes in this version of Avanza occurred in the interior to change the odometer and digital tripmeter located beside the speedometer and tachometer. The braking system was upgraded to include anti-lock. The launch of this version is also designated as "test market" for the development plan of the all Avanza-Xenia VVT-i and Automatic Edition. This special edition comes with automatic transmission only. Only 200 units of Avanza Type S manufactured. A new exterior color (black) was added at the same time.

The Avanza was restyled near the end of the third quarter of 2006 with a new VVT-i engine, new grille, new bumpers, new interior, and new front and rear lamps.[14] The 1.3 S was replaced by the Avanza 1.5 S, using a new 1.5-liter, 16-valve DOHC VVT-i gasoline engine along with the new anti-lock braking system. The 1.3 E and 1.3 G models were upgraded to use the 1.3-liter, 16-valve DOHC VVT-i gasoline engine from the outgoing 1.3 S model.

In 2008, a second restyling were introduced, with an addition of a chrome accent in the rear window, revamped interior and the 1.3-litre variants receives automatic transmission option.

Malaysia[edit]

In Malaysia, the Avanza is available in some models: 1.5 G, 1.5 S in automatic transmission, alongside 1.5 E and 1.3 E in both automatic and manual transmission.

In October 2006, the Toyota Avanza facelift was launched in Malaysia. It was available in two variants: 1.3E (manual and automatic) and 1.5G (automatic only).[15][16]

In October 2008, the Toyota Avanza was updated in Malaysia. It was available in four variants: 1.3E (manual and automatic), 1.5E (automatic only), 1.5G (automatic only) and 1.5S (automatic only).[17]

In December 2010, the Toyota Avanza was updated in Malaysia. The main change was the color of the interior to a dark color scheme. It was available in four variants: 1.3E (manual only), 1.5E (automatic only), 1.5G (automatic only) and 1.5S (automatic only).[18][19]

Philippines[edit]

In the Philippines, the Avanza has been offered since 2006 with two trim levels: J line with a 1.3-liter engine, having no power windows and locks, and only available with a manual transmission, while the G line has a 1.5-liter engine, and available with a five-speed manual transmission and a four-speed automatic transmission respectively. In 2008, the J line was made available without the third row seat. This particular line is popularly used as metered taxicabs in the Philippines; although it is sometimes mistaken for a UV vehicle with a dedicated route, like how its ancestors (Tamaraw FX and Revo) were utilized.

The Avanza was updated in 2008 with a new ceiling with grooves to improve airflow to the rear and a new interior colour scheme.

The Avanza has folding seats in the back, forming a third row of seats.

Daihatsu Xenia[edit]

The Avanza's twin model is the Daihatsu Xenia that powered by a 1.3-liter engine similar to the Avanza's, and a three-cylinder 1.0-liter engine with power and torque rating at 63 PS (46 kW; 62 hp) at 5,600 rpm and 92 N⋅m (68 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm.[12]

The Xenia was sold in Indonesia and China only.

FAW Senya M80[edit]

In China, Daihatsu together with First Automobile Works (FAW) launched the first generation Xenia as the FAW-Jilin Senya S80 SUV on 21 June 2007. Production in China was carried out at FAW Jilin Auto until 2010.[20]

Gallery[edit]

Second generation (F650, 2011–present)[edit]

Second generation
2012 Toyota Avanza Veloz (Indonesia) front quarter view.jpg
Toyota Avanza Veloz 1.5 (F652RM; pre-facelift, Indonesia)
Overview
ManufacturerAstra Daihatsu Motor
Also calledDaihatsu Xenia
Toyota Transmover (Fleet only)
ProductionOctober 2011 – present
AssemblyIndonesia: Sunter, North Jakarta
Indonesia: Karawang, West Java
DesignerHiroaki Hakamata and Kaoru Hosokawa (2009)
Body and chassis
RelatedToyota Rush
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,655 mm (104.5 in)
Length4,140 mm (163.0 in)
Width1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height1,695 mm (66.7 in)

Markets[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

The second generation Avanza is featured with increased dimensions and a more passenger car like design and was launched on 7 November 2011 in Jakarta, Indonesia. The second generation Avanza is available in E, G and Veloz (taken from English word "velocity" and Spanish for "swift") trim line (replacing the S trim); with G and Veloz model have a Luxury variant. The Luxury variant was introduced in June 2014 to compete with its similarly badged competitors, such as Suzuki Ertiga Elegant/Sporty and Honda Mobilio Prestige/RS.

The Avanza received a facelift update on 12 August 2015. Updates consist of new engine, front and rear design, interior color, head unit and safety features.[23][24]

The facelifted Avanza in 2015 has new variant: Veloz 1.3-liter manual and automatic.[25] The engines offered are the 1.3-liter 1NR-VE and 1.5-liter 2NR-VE gasoline engines.[25]

Exterior
The 1.3 E does not have fog lamps, in contrast with its 1.3 G, 1.5 G and Veloz variants. The 1.5-liter version of the Avanza in Indonesia (1.5 G and Veloz) shared same wheel design and both of them has an outer mirror with turning signal lamp. Veloz has a different body kit and spoiler as a standard. Body-kit enhancements on the exterior available on Luxury models. Facelift models features larger grille, rear reflector garnish and updated wheel design (1.5 Veloz has polished two-tone alloy wheels)
Interior
The 1.3 E does not have any audio unit, the 1.3 G has a 1 DIN audio system with radio, CD and MP3 player. The 1.5 G has a double DIN audio system with radio, CD and MP3 player. The Veloz and Luxury have the same audio unit with 1.5 G, but with additional steering switches, USB and AUX input. All models have multi information display and tilt steering as standard. All models except Veloz have beige interior colour as standard. Whereas Veloz has dark gray interior colour. In addition, All models have Dual SRS airbags as standard. Luxury models have additional luxuries, such as faux wood panel and overhead monitor as standard. The audio system was also refined with DVD player. In the facelifted version, all models have 2 DIN audio system with CD, MP3, USB, AUX and Bluetooth connection with telephone connectivity as standard (1.5 models were enhanced with touchscreen monitor, DVD player and sat-nav). For E and G trim, interior color has changed to dark brown and Veloz changed into full black.
Safety features

As of 2015, dual SRS airbags, three-point seatbelts, ABS, Isofix, side impact beams are standard on all models. Stability control is available on some markets. An immobilizer is only offered in G and Veloz trims.

Transmover[edit]

In November 2016, Toyota Astra Motor introduced the Transmover (downgraded Avanza in E trim level) for fleet usage in the market.[26]

Malaysia[edit]

The second generation Toyota Avanza was launched in Malaysia on January 11, 2012 available in four models: 1.3E, 1.5E, 1.5G and 1.5S (known in Indonesia as the Veloz). The 1.3 variant was powered by the K3-VE VVT-i engine with a 5-speed manual gearbox. while the 1.5 variants was powered by the 3SZ-VE VVTi engine with a 4-speed automatic gearbox.[27] The facelift version was launched in January 2015. The facelifted 1.3 variant was powered by the 1NR-VE Dual VVT-i engine with a 5-speed manual gearbox and the facelifted 1.5 variants was powered by the 2NR-VE Dual VVT-i engine with a 4-speed automatic gearbox.[28] In February 2018, a 1.5X variant was added to the range and positioned above the 1.5S. It featured several aesthetic add-ons to give the exterior a more rugged appearance.[29]

Philippines[edit]

The second generation Avanza with increased dimensions had launched in the Philippines in 13 January 2012.[30] The second generation Avanza's design gives it a more upscale, high-tech look than that of its plebeian-looking predecessor.[31] And it's in three variants the base which is the 1.3 J only available in five-speed manual no rear wiper, no fog lights, black colored side mirrors and full wheel disc cap. Unlike the first generation, the second generation now has the 1.3 E variant with a choice of four-speed automatic or five-speed manual though it has rear wiper and colored key side mirrors it has no front fog lights and it has a different style of alloy wheels and the top of the line 1.5 G it has front fog lights, rear spoiler, TVSS and different style alloy wheels. Due to its increased dimension, it now closely resembles its ancestor, the Tamaraw FX/Kijang and its Revo iteration.

Singapore[edit]

The second generation Avanza is available in Singapore since December 2013. Only the 1.5 G version is available with a four-speed automatic transmission. The Avanza received a facelift along with the other markets in 2016.

Daihatsu Xenia[edit]

Alongside the new Avanza, Daihatsu also launched the second series Xenia in Indonesia only. The design of this car is still the same as the Avanza, but Xenia does not have 1.5-liter engine variant, along with more affordable pricing.

The Xenia is available in four different trim levels: D, M, X, R. Xenia D, M and X came with five-speed manual gearbox, whilst Xenia R have either five-speed manual or four-speed automatic. For only the M, X and R model, there are sub-classes consists Family, Deluxe, Sporty and Attivo (R only); differs by the exterior kits (such as body-kit, parking camera and so on) and sound-system (additional double-din DVD player with LCD screen and satellite navigation)

The Xenia D and M have the 1.0-liter EJ-VE three-cylinder DOHC engine producing 63 PS (46 kW; 62 bhp) and 9.2 kg⋅m (90 N⋅m) of torque (until August 2016), whilst the Xenia X and R have a 1.3-liter K3-VE 4 cylinder DOHC engine producing 92 PS (68 kW; 91 bhp) and 11.9 kg⋅m (117 N⋅m) of torque. Both engines are equipped with Toyota's standard electronic fuel injection with VVT-i.

Like the Avanza, in 2015 the Xenia changed to the 1.3-liter 1NR-VE Dual VVT-i engine producing 96.5 PS (71.0 kW) and 12.3 kg⋅m (121 N⋅m) of torque for the X and R variants, while still maintaining the 1.0-liter EJ-VE VVT-i for the D and M variants (discontinued later due to launch of the Sigra).[21]

As of 2015, all Xenia variants have drive-by-wire, dual airbags, safety belt with pretension and force limiter, power window jam protection, side impact beam, parking brake and door ajar warning as standard. The immobilizer and eco indicator features are only present in R variant. The sporty R variant offers daytime running light LED and rear parking camera.

In addition, Daihatsu also added four-speed automatic transmission to the Xenia X variant in 2015.

Safety[edit]

ASEAN NCAP test results for a RHD, 5-door MPV on a 2013 registration:[32]

Test Score
Adult occupant protection: 4/4 stars
Child occupant protection: 38%

Gallery[edit]

Sales[edit]

For Avanza models:

Calendar Year Indonesia Thailand
2014 162,070[33][34] 4,181[35]
2015 129,205[33][36] 1,683[37]
2016 122,654[33][38] 1,107[39]
2017 109,529[33][40] 552[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daihatsu & Toyota Announce Dual-model Debut for Indonesia". Daihatsu.com. 2003-12-11. Archived from the original on 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
  2. ^ "Annual report 2010" (PDF). Daihatsu. August 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
  3. ^ Saputra, Rendra (2015-08-13). "Arti Nama Avanza-Xenia yang Tak Diketahui Banyak Orang" [The meaning of the name Avanza-Xenia is unknown to many people]. VIVA (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  4. ^ "Sasis "Unibody" Avanza Berikan Banyak Keuntungan" [Avanza's Unibody Chassis Gives Many Advantages]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Indonesia. 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  5. ^ "Toyota Avanza to released in Indonesia with dual SRS Airbags". PT Astra International. 2011-07-07.
  6. ^ "Xenia-Avanza Generasi Kedua Siap Ulang Sukses". 2011-11-07.
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  15. ^ "Toyota Avanza 1.5 announced". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2017-11-02.
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  20. ^ "New Models from the 2010 Guangzhou Auto Show (4): FAW Xenia (Senya) S80". ChinaAutoWeb.com.
  21. ^ a b Chahyono, Kusnadi (2016-08-21). "Luncurkan Daihatsu Sigra, ADM Hentikan Xenia 1.0L". Dapur Pacu (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2016-08-26. Retrieved 2016-08-24.
  22. ^ "Toyota Avanza New Engine Details & Specifications". Indonesia: AutonetMagz.com. Retrieved 2015-07-24.
  23. ^ "Toyota Avanza New Features, Engine Details & Specifications". Indonesia: AutonetMagz.com. Retrieved 2015-07-24.
  24. ^ Grand New Avanza. Indonesia: Toyota. 2015-07-23 – via YouTube.
  25. ^ a b Toyota Avanza Veloz flyer, Toyota Astra Motor, archived from the original on 2015-09-30, retrieved 2016-04-29
  26. ^ "Main di Taksi, Toyota Lepas Avanza Transmover" [Mainly for taxis, Toyota released Avanza Transmover]. Otomotif Liputan6 (in Indonesian). Indonesia. 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
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  29. ^ "Toyota Avanza 1.5X now open for booking - RM82,700". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2018-02-07. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
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  32. ^ "Toyota Avanza". ASEAN NCAP. Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2014-05-15.
  33. ^ a b c d https://tirto.id/xpander-menyalip-avanza-mobil-sejuta-umat-tetap-avanza-cGcG
  34. ^ http://otomotif.bisnis.com/read/20150202/46/397710/ini-mobil-terlaris-selama-2014-berdasarkan-segmen
  35. ^ "Thailand cars sales report 2014". HeadlightMag.com (in Thai). Thailand. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  36. ^ https://otomotif.kompas.com/read/2016/01/21/161528115/Mobil.Terlaris.Sepanjang.2015
  37. ^ "Thailand cars sales report 2015". HeadlightMag.com (in Thai). Thailand. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  38. ^ https://oto.detik.com/mobil/d-3410773/20-mobil-terlaris-di-indonesia-tahun-2016
  39. ^ "Thailand cars sales report 2016". HeadlightMag.com (in Thai). Thailand. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
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External links[edit]

Official sites