2016 Daihatsu Sigra 1.0 M (Indonesia)
|Also called||Toyota Calya|
|Production||July 2016 – present|
|Assembly||Indonesia: Karawang, West Java (Astra Daihatsu Motor - Karawang Assembly Plant)|
|Designer||Nobuhiko Ono (2014)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door wagon|
|Layout||Transverse front-engine, front-wheel-drive|
|Related||Daihatsu Ayla/Toyota Agya/Wigo/Perodua Axia|
|Wheelbase||2,525 mm (99.4 in)|
|Length||4,070 mm (160.2 in)|
|Width||1,655 mm (65.2 in)|
|Height||1,600 mm (63.0 in)|
The Daihatsu Sigra (Japanese: ダイハツ・シグラ Daihatsu Shigura) is a mini MPV designed by Daihatsu and manufactured by Astra Daihatsu in Indonesia since 2016. The Sigra is also sold by Toyota as the Toyota Calya (Japanese: トヨタ・カリヤ Toyota Kariya). It shares the platform with the Daihatsu's Ayla, Toyota's Agya/Wigo and Perodua's Axia. It sits below the Avanza and Xenia and competes with the Datsun Go+. It was unveiled on July 2016 and launched at the 24th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show on 11 August 2016. Both cars are manufactured at the Karawang plant, which the company claims have 94% local content.
The car design was based on the Daihatsu's UFC-3 concept car that was presented at the 22nd Indonesia International Motor Show on September 2014. Some styling details are shared between the UFC-3 and Sigra/Calya, such as the side window shape and some of the exterior details, although the overall profile have been toned down. The Calya has a similar trapezoidal front air dam design from the UFC-3, which is similar in style to the 2015 Avanza Veloz. Meanwhile, the Sigra uses a different design. The rear lamps of the Calya and some variants of the Sigra are similar in design to the second generation Innova.
Both Calya and Sigra are powered by a 1.2 L 3NR-VE I4 petrol engine that produces a claimed 65 kW (87 hp; 88 PS) at 6,000 rpm and 108 N⋅m (80 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 4,200 rpm, which is mated to either a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic transmission. The 1.0 L 1KR-VE I3 petrol engine option that produces a claimed 49 kW (66 hp; 67 PS) at 6,000 rpm and 89 N⋅m (66 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 4,400 rpm is also available exclusively in the Sigra.
Some technologies used in the 1.2 L engine are:
- The application of intake valve type roller rocker arm, which reduces the friction produced when the camshaft is running.
- The application of Dual VVT-i system, which adjusts timing on both intake and exhaust camshafts.
- Improved cylinder head design.
- Longer intake valve, which improves lower-end torque.
For the 1.0 L engine, besides the addition of VVT-i from the previous 1KR-DE engine used in 2013–2017 Ayla/Agya, the compression ratio of the engine has been increased from 11.0:1 to 11.5:1. A high-tumble intake port, a longer intake manifold and a micro spray injector has also been added to the engine. The valve lifters' surface roughness has been reduced by as much as 90%. All these measures combine to improve fuel efficiency.
- Tim OTOMOTIFNET (2016-06-27). Bagja, ed. "Tenaga Mesin 1.000cc Daihatsu Sigra Setara Datsun GO 1.200cc". Otomotifnet.com (in Indonesian). Otomotifnet.com (Kompas Cyber Media). Retrieved 2016-07-31.
- Saragih, Febri Ardani (2016-08-02). Agung Kurniawan, ed. "Arti Nama Calya dan Sigra". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Kompas Cyber Media (Kompas Gramedia Digital Group). Retrieved 2016-08-02.