Toyota Coaster

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Toyota Coaster
070001 ToyotacoasterWJ4603,NT97A.jpg
Toyota Coaster LPG 4th generation
Overview
Manufacturer
Also called
  • Hino Liesse II
  • Joylong HKL6700
  • Wanli Toyota Coaster (China, JV)
Body and chassis
ClassMinibus
Body styleSingle-decker minibus (short & long body)
Doors1
Floor typeStep entrance
ChassisSWB/LWB/SLWB
Powertrain
Engine
Capacity8 - 30
Transmission
Dimensions
Length6,200–7,725 mm (244.1–304.1 in) [1][2]
Width2,000 mm (78.7 in)
Height2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Curb weight2,575–3,745 kg (5,676.9–8,256.3 lb)

The Toyota Coaster (Japanese:トヨタ・コースター, Toyota Kōsutā) is a single-decker minibus produced by Toyota Motor Corporation. It was introduced in 1969, with the second generation introduced in 1982, followed by the third generation in 1993 and the fourth generation in late 2016. The third generation Coaster received a facelift in 2001, and again in 2007. In Japan, the Coaster is sold exclusively at Toyota Store dealerships. Since 1996, the Toyota Coaster is also sold under the name Hino Liesse II.

The Coaster is produced in Japan at Toyota City, Aichi (Yoshiwara plant).[3]

A number of unlicensed clones of third generation Coasters have been (and are still) made in China, including Jiangnan Motors' JNQ5041/JNQ6601,[4][5] Joylong Motors' HKL6700,[6] Golden Dragon's XML6700[7] and Sunlong Bus' SLK6770.[8]

The fourth generation Toyota Coaster was unveiled on 22 December 2016[9] and was made available for purchase in Japan on 23 January 2017.

History[edit]

Interior

The Toyota Coaster was introduced in 1969 as a 17-passenger minibus using the same running gear as the Toyota Dyna of the time. Early models used the 2.0-liter Toyota R engine with 4-speed manual transmission. With 98 PS (72 kW), an RU19 Coaster could reach a top speed of 110 km/h (68 mph).[10] Subsequent models used a variety of four and six-cylinder diesel and petrol engines, and an option of automatic transmission was later introduced. A smaller alternative was later introduced at Toyopet Store locations, based on the Toyota ToyoAce called the Toyota HiAce which had the ability to carry up to 10 passengers but complied with Japanese Government regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement that the Coaster didn't.

In August 1997, Toyota "Coaster Hybrid EV" minibus was launched, ahead of the Prius. The Coaster Hybrid, according to Toyota, became its first production hybrid vehicle.[11] Production of the Coaster Hybrid continued until 2007.

The LPG Coaster, fueled by liquefied petroleum gas, was developed specifically for the Hong Kong market and its air pollution problems.[12] This kind of minibus is very common in Hong Kong.

The Coaster is common not only in Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong, and Australia, but also in the developing world for minibus operators in Africa, the Middle East, and the Caribbean.[citation needed] It is widely used in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, Panama, and Peru as public transportation. It is the almost the only used mini bus in public transportation in Jordan and the brand is used to refer to that segment by people and even by the government. These buses are imported mainly from Asia and had to have the steering wheel moved to the left and the passenger door to the other side.

The chassis of the Toyota Coaster was also used on the Salvador Caetano Optimo and sold in Western Europe.

First generation (U10/B10; 1969 – 1982)[edit]

The Coaster was introduced in February 1969 in 22 and 26-seat models using the Dyna's U platform. It had the 1994 cc 5R petrol engine and the 2481 cc 2J diesel engine and was sold as the RU18 and JU18. All models had a 4-speed manual gearbox with column shift. Air conditioning was available as an option on the deluxe models.[13]

In February 1972 the 2J engine was replaced by the diesel 2977 cc B engine, which always had a 5-speed manual gearbox with column shift. The updated models were sold as the RU19 and BU19.[13]

In August 1977 the Coaster's model platform code was changed to the B series, although the vehicle itself was mostly unchanged. The RB10 had the same 5R petrol engine as before but RB11 introduced the 2189 cc 20R petrol engine. The B diesel engine was dropped and the BB10 introduced the 3168 cc 2B diesel engine. 21 and 25-seat models were available in addition to the previous 22 and 26-seat models. A high–roof model was added.[13]

In November 1979 column shift gearbox selection was dropped. All gearboxes were now floor shift. The 5R engine was also dropped. The front grill received a mild face lift.[13]

In August 1980 the RB13 introduced the 2366 cc 22R petrol engine.[13]

Second generation (B20/B30; 1982 – 1993)[edit]

In May 1982 the Coaster received a major update to its body. It now had a wraparound front windscreen and thicker rear pillars. For the high-roof models, the 2-piece folding passenger door was replaced with a single piece door. The 20R petrol engine was dropped and the 2B diesel engine was replaced with the 3431 cc 3B diesel engine for the BB20. The 22R engine continued as the RB20. It was available in 16, 17, 20, 21, 22 and 26-seat models.[13][14]

Third generation (B40/B50; 1993 – 2016)[edit]

In January 1993 the body was made more aerodynamic.[15]

Engines were the 4.2-litre 1HD-T turbocharged diesel, the 4.2-litre 1HZ diesel and the 3.4-litre 3B diesel.[15]

In November 1995 the 4WD BB58 was added. The 4.1-litre 15B-F diesel engine was introduced.[15]

In August 1997 a series hybrid EV model was added using a 1.5-litre engine.[15]

Fourth generation (B60/B70; 2016 – )[edit]

Variants[edit]

  • BB10 - 2B engine - First Generation diesel, 22-25 passengers [16]
  • RB20 - 22R 2.4 litre petrol engine, 26 passengers
  • BB21/BB22/BB23 - 3B/13B/14B 4cyl Engine 26 passengers (1981-1993)
  • HB30 - 2H Engine 30 passengers,
  • HB31 - 12H-T Turbo Engine for EX models, sliding door (1981-1990)
  • HDB30 - 1HD-T Turbo Engine for EX models (1989-1993)
  • HZB30 - 1HZ Engine 30 passengers (1990-1993)
  • BB40 - 3B Engine 26 passenger (1993-2003)
  • HZB40 - 1HZ 26 passengers
  • HZB50 - 1HZ 30 passengers (1993-2012)
  • HZB51 - 1HZ Turbo Intercooler 30 passengers (1993-2012)
  • HDB50 - 1HD Turbo Engine, non airbag suspension (1993-2003)
  • HDB51 - 1HD Turbo Engine, airbag suspension (1993-2003)
  • BB50 - 15B-FTE 4-cyl Turbo Intercooled engine (2003-2006) 6sp. manual or auto.
  • XZB50/XZB51/XZB56 - Hino N04C-VL/VC 4-cyl Turbo Intercooled engine (2006 onwards)
  • BB58 - 15B (93-99)/15B-FT (99-2003) 4x4 factory built, it uses the Toyota Mega Cruiser's transmission and front portal axle differentials.

Gallery[edit]

Conversions[edit]

The Toyota Coaster is used for motor home conversions. Retired Coasters are converted for home use by removal of most of the passenger seats, and the addition of beds, kitchens, TV, sink, water tanks, annexes and other fixtures.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Toyota Coaster Specs". Toyota Australia. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
  2. ^ "Coaster Bus". Hong Kong: Crown Motors. Retrieved 2019-07-24.
  3. ^ "Affiliates (Toyota wholly-owned subsidiaries)-Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  4. ^ "Chunzhou Auto - Jiangnan automobile Manufacture". Archived from the original on 2011-06-06.
  5. ^ "Chunzhou Auto - Jiangnan automobile Manufacture". Archived from the original on 2011-06-21.
  6. ^ De Feijter, Tycho (2011-12-22). "Joylong Automobile copies yet Another Toyota". CarNewsChina.com. Beijing. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
  7. ^ "Golden Dragon XML6700". Golden Dragon Bus. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
  8. ^ "SunLong Midbus SLK6770 JUMBO". China Buses. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
  9. ^ Schmitt, Betel (2016-12-22). "24 Years Later, Toyota Launches A New Coaster". Forbes. US. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
  10. ^ 愛される車づくり。トヨタはあすにいどみます。 [Lovable car manufacture. Toyota dares to defy tomorrow] (catalog) (in Japanese), Toyota Japan, 1972, p. 8
  11. ^ "Sales in Japan of TMC Hybrids Top 1 Million Units" (Press release). Toyota Japan. 2010-08-05. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  12. ^ "LPG Coaster - The Green Way to Travel". Toyota Hong Kong. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Vehicle Identification Manual. Toyota. 1984. No.97913-84.
  14. ^ "75 Years of Toyota | Vehicle Lineage | Coaster | 2nd". 2012. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  15. ^ a b c d "75 Years of Toyota | Vehicle Lineage | Coaster | 3rd". 2012. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  16. ^ "Toyota Coaster Variants". Custom Coaster. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  17. ^ "Toyota Coaster Motorhome Conversions Fitout". Australia: First Choice Motorhomes. Retrieved 2016-10-04.

External links[edit]