Toyota Corolla (E80)

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Toyota Corolla E80
1987 Toyota Corolla LE sedan, front left.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also calledCorolla Levin/Sprinter Trueno AE85/86
Toyota Corolla Sprinter
Production1983–1987
February 1985 – December 1988 (Australia)[1]
1986-1990 (Venezuela)[2] (AE82 Sedan)
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Fremont, California (FX) (NUMMI)
Cumana, Sucre, Venezuela[2]
Durban, South Africa
Thames, New Zealand
Australia
North Jakarta, Indonesia
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback (FX)
4-door sedan
4-door sedan (six-window)
5-door liftback
2-door coupé (RWD)
3-door hatchback coupé (RWD)
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / rear-wheel drive
RelatedChevrolet Nova
Powertrain
Engine1.3 L 2A I4
1.3 L 2E I4
1.5 L 3A I4
1.6 L 4A I4
1.8 L 1C diesel I4
Transmission5-speed manual
3/4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,430 mm (96 in)
Length4,135 mm (163 in)
FX: 3,970 mm (156 in)
North America:
4,254 mm (167.5 in)
FX: 4,064 mm (160.0 in)
Width1,635 mm (64 in)
Height1,328 mm (52.3 in)
FX: 1,346 mm (53.0 in)
FX16: 1,341 mm (52.8 in)
Curb weight840–940 kg (1,850–2,070 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorCorolla E70
SuccessorCorolla E90

The Toyota Corolla E80 is a range of small automobiles manufactured and marketed by Toyota from 1983 to 1987 as the fifth generation of cars under the Corolla and Toyota Sprinter nameplates — with production totaling approximately 3.3 million and moving the Corolla mostly to a front-wheel drive layout.

Three-door "liftback" (E72), three-door van (E70) and five-door wagon (E70) of the previous generation remained in production. In addition to the AE85 models, the AE86 Corolla Levin / Sprinter Trueno models (SR-5 / GT-S in US) featured rear-wheel drive.

The AE86 variants ultimately gained international prominence in the motorsport of drifting and widely popularity in Showroom Stock, Group A, and Group N, Rally and Club racing.

Design[edit]

The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2,430 mm).

It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-ten lists, ending Ford's dominance of that market. A shorter hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in October 1984 on the front-wheel-drive platform.[3] The three- and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated rear deck and trunk. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the shorter FX hatchback was sold alongside it. The Corolla FX replaced the Toyota Starlet in North America.

A DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6 L (1,587 cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124 PS (91 kW), turning the Levin/Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT coupé (Europe) and Corolla GT-S (North America) into a what was arguably a sports car.[4] The three-door FWD hatchback was also available with this engine; it was known as the Corolla FX-16 in North America. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR2.

The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupé and three-door liftback forms, were notable for being the line's first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. The liftback has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.34.

Launched in Japan in May 1983, it reached Europe (including the right-hand drive UK market) three months later, and sold well in most European markets.

Japan[edit]

The 1.3 litre 2A engine was replaced by the more modern 12-valve 2E engine along with a May 1985 facelift at Toyota Corolla Store locations. The range began with the 1300 Custom DX and ended with the 1600 GT Limited, introduced in June 1986.[5] The FX hatchback lineup was considered a semi-separate line and received a different nose and different equipment levels than its sedan and liftback counterparts. The 1.3 was not available in the FX, targeted at sportier buyers, until the 2E engine became available.[3]

Japanese market engines:

Japanese market chassis:

  • AE81FWD, 3A-LU engine, 4-door sedan (DX, GL, SE), 5-door liftback (SX), 3/5-door hatchback (Corolla FX)
  • AE85RWD, 3A-U engine, 2-door coupé (Levin SE, Levin GL), 3-door liftback (Levin SR)
  • AE86RWD, 4A-GEU engine, 2-door coupé (Levin GT, Levin GT-APEX), 3-door liftback (Levin GT, Levin GT-APEX)

North America[edit]

The American specification was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines. From 1985 to 1988, NUMMI in Fremont, California built a rebadged version of the Sprinter sedan sold by Chevrolet as the Chevrolet Nova. During calendar 1985, Corolla sedans and Sprinter-type 5-door hatchbacks (sold under both Nova and Corolla nameplates) were added, with the Toyota-branded US built cars gradually superseding imports from Japan and Nova hatchbacks being offered from the 1986 model year. Only the Corolla FX hatchback, launched for 1987 to replace the 3-door AE86 Corolla Sport liftback, was imported from Japan. The Nova's successor, the Geo Prizm, was another American-built rebadged Corolla sold in the US from 1989 to 2002.

While all the rear-wheel drive 80-series Corollas were AE86 chassis in North America, the VINs differentiated between the three equipment levels: the DX got AE85, the SR-5 got AE86, and the GT-S received an AE88 VIN.

North American market engines:

North American market chassis:

  • AE82FWD sedan 4-door, hatchback (Std, LE, LE Ltd, SR-5, GT-S) 3-door (FX/FX16)
  • AE86RWD coupé 2-door, 3-door hatchback coupé
DX with 4A-C had AE85 in VIN
SR-5 with 4A-C had AE86 in VIN
GT-S with 4A-GE had AE88 in VIN

Europe[edit]

European market engines:

  • 2A 1.3 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 69 hp (51 kW)
  • 4A 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 84 PS (62 kW)
  • 4A-LC 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 78 PS (57 kW) (desmogged version for Sweden and Switzerland)[7]
  • 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, EFI, 116–124 PS (85–91 kW) (121 PS in the hatchback)
  • 1C 1.8 L I4, Diesel, Mechanical Injection, 58 PS (43 kW)
  • 2E 1.3 L I4, 12-valve SOHC, carb, 75 PS (55 kW)

European market chassis:

Australia[edit]

Australian market engines:

Australian market chassis:

Asia[edit]

Mainly 1.3 and 1.6 petrol engines were available in Asia:

After the 1985 facelift, the 1.3 was switched to the new 12-valve E-series unit. Model designations changed at the same time; in Indonesia it was switched from GL to SE Saloon. The newer model has slightly bigger headlamps and also received flush hubcaps.

Asian market chassis:

Motorsport[edit]

The rear-wheel-drive AE86 models campaigned in the Group A rally championship from 1985 until 1992. Victories included a class win in the 1985 Rally Portugal (its first), with Jorge Ortigão driving and J. Batista navigating.[9] The car continued to be raced as late as the 1993 Acropolis Rally, with its best finish a third overall in the 1989 Rallye Côte d'Ivoire (with Adolphe Choteau/Jean-Pierre Claverie).[10]

The AE86 became international prominent in the motorsport of drifting. Owners may heavily modify their AE86 models to where the only connection to the original model is the bodyshape.[11]

John Smith won the 1986 Australian 2.0 Litre Touring Car Championship driving a Corolla GT AE86.[12]

References[edit]

  • 別冊CG: 自動車アーカイヴ 80年代の日本 [Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 11, '80s Japanese Cars] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. ISBN 978-4-544-91018-6.
  1. ^ "Overview of Overseas Production Affiliates: Oceania". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
  2. ^ a b "Historia de Corolla" (in Spanish). Toyota de Venezuela. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
  3. ^ a b Car Graphic: '80s Car Archives, p. 21
  4. ^ De Leener, Philippe (1983-12-15). "Toyota Corolla GT: une véritable GT" [a true GT]. Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French). Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. 34 (784): 46.
  5. ^ Car Graphic: '80s Car Archives, p. 19
  6. ^ "Fuel Economy of 1984 Toyota Corolla". www.fueleconomy.gov. (US). Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  7. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (1986-03-06). Automobil Revue 1986 (in German and French). 81. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. ISBN 3-444-00450-8.
  8. ^ Toyota Corolla (brochure) (in Indonesian), Jakarta, Indonesia: P.T. Toyota-Astra Motor, 1986, p. 8
  9. ^ Bridier, Gérard (April 1985). "Walter retourne en enfer..." [Walter returns to hell]. Echappement (in French). Paris, France: Michael Hommell (198): 158.
  10. ^ "Toyota Corolla (AE86) Profile". Rallye-Info.com. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  11. ^ "7 Epic AE86 drift car builds to blow your mind". Drifted.com. 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  12. ^ "1986 Under 2 Litre Australian Touring Car Championship". touringcarracing.net. Australia. Retrieved 2016-10-03.