Toyota HD engine

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Toyota HD engine
1989 Toyota 1HD-T Type engine front.jpg
1989 Toyota 1HD-T engine
Overview
ManufacturerToyota Motor Company
Layout
ConfigurationStraight-6
Displacement4.2 L (4,164 cc)
Cylinder bore94 mm (3.70 in)
Piston stroke100 mm (3.94 in)
ValvetrainSOHC 12 & 24 valves
Compression ratio18.6:1, 18.8:1
RPM range
Redline4200
Combustion
TurbochargerYes, with intercooler (some versions)
Fuel systemDirect injection
Fuel typeDiesel
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output164–202 hp (122–151 kW; 166–205 PS)
Torque output361–430 N⋅m (266–317 lb⋅ft)

The Toyota HD is a series of Diesel engines produced by Toyota.

1HD-T[edit]

The 1HD-T is a 12 valve 4.2 L (4,164 cc) straight-6 SOHC turbocharged diesel engine of direct injection design.[1] Bore and stroke is 94 mm × 100 mm (3.70 in × 3.94 in), with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Output is 164 hp (122 kW; 166 PS) at 3,600 rpm with 361 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft) of torque at 1,400 rpm.

  • Coaster HDB30 1990/01-1993/01
  • Coaster HDB50 1993/01-1995/01

1HD-FT[edit]

The 1HD-FT is a 4.2 L (4,164 cc) straight-6 24 valve SOHC turbocharged diesel engine of direct injection design. Bore and stroke is 94 mm × 100 mm (3.70 in × 3.94 in), with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Known as the "multivalve" it has 4 valves per cylinder (2 inlet, 2 exhaust), central vertically mounted injector, and no glow plugs but rather an intake glow screen heater (like the later electronic 1HD-FTE below). The 4 valves per cylinder are actuated by the SOHC, by using bridges so each rocker actuates a pair of valves. Output is 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS) ECE at 3,600 rpm with 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) of torque ECE at 2,500 rpm.

  • Land Cruiser HDJ80 1995
  • Coaster HDB50 1995/07-1999/07
  • Land Cruiser HDJ80 1995/07-1999/07

1HD-FTE[edit]

The 1HD-FTE is a 4.2 L (4,164 cc) straight-6 24 valve turbocharged diesel engine. Bore and stroke is 94 mm × 100 mm (3.70 in × 3.94 in), with a compression ratio of 18.8:1. Output is 164 hp (122 kW; 166 PS) at 3,400 rpm with 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) of torque at 1,400 rpm. The fuel system is direct injection, and adopts the electronic fuel injection (EFI) system. Redline of this engine is at 4200 rpm.

The 4 valves per cylinder are actuated by the SOHC, by using bridges so each rocker actuates a pair of valves.

The version with intercooler as fitted to HDJ100 station wagons has 202 hp (151 kW; 205 PS) at 3400 rpm with 430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft) of torque at 1200-3200 rpm with a redline reaching 4000 rpm. A lower output 122 kW (164 hp; 166 PS) non-intercooled version powers HDJ78 Troop Carrier and HDJ79 Utility versions.

Also some of the HDB50 and HDB51 Toyota Coaster are fitted with this 1HD-FTE engine.

  • Toyota Coaster

Applications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1HZ, 1HD-T Engine repair manual (NCF064E ed.). Toyota Motor Company. Feb 1990. p. 14.

External links[edit]