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Toyota Hilux

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Toyota Hilux
2010 Toyota Hilux (GGN25R) SR 4-door utility (2011-11-30) 01.jpg
Manufacturer Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Thailand Co.,Ltd.
Also called Toyota Pickup (US)
Production March 1968–present
Body and chassis
Platform Toyota "N"
Predecessor Toyopet Light (Stout)
Hino/Toyota Briska[1]
Successor Toyota Tacoma (Japan and North America)

The Toyota Hilux (also stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of pickup trucks produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota. Most countries used the Hilux name for the entire life of the series but in North America, the Hilux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck, Pickup Truck, or Compact Truck. In North America the popular option package, the SR5 (Sport Rally 5-Speed), was colloquially used as a model name for the truck, even though the option package was also used on other Toyota models like the Corolla. In 1984, the Toyota Trekker, the camper version of the Hilux, was renamed as the 4Runner in Australia and North America, and as the Hilux Surf in Japan. In 1995, Toyota introduced a new pickup model, the Tacoma in North America, discontinuing the Hilux/Pickup there. The 4Runner is now a full SUV, and the more recent models do not resemble the Tacoma.

As of 2014, the Toyota Hilux is available worldwide, except Japan, United States, Canada, North Korea, South Korea, and India.

First generation (N10; 1968–1972)

First generation (N10)
Toyota Hilux N10 001.JPG
Production March 1968 – April 1972
Assembly Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
Layout FR layout
Transmission 4-speed manual

The Hilux started production in March 1968[2] as the RN10 in short-wheelbase form with a 1.5 L engine, producing 77 PS (57 kW) in Japanese market spec, and in Japan it was available at Toyota Japan dealership retail chains called Toyota Store and Toyopet Store. The modification to the engine was enough for a claimed 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph) top speed.[3] This was upgraded to a 1.6 L inline-four engine in February 1971.

In April 1969, a long-wheelbase version was added to the range. The short-wheelbase version also continued in production for many more years. The long-wheelbase version was not sold on the North American market until 1972. The Hilux was offered as an alternative to the Toyota Crown, Toyota Corona, and Toyota Corona Mark II based pickup trucks in Japan, as the Crown, Corona, and Corona Mark II were repositioned as passenger sedans.

In spite of the name "Hilux", it was a luxury vehicle only when compared to the Stout. The Hilux was engineered and assembled by Hino Motors to replace the earlier vehicle that the Hilux was derived from, called the Briska[4] in the niche beneath the larger and older Stout – it replaced the Stout fully in some markets. For the North American market, the only body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear-wheel drive. It used a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A four-speed manual transmission was standard.

Global markets:

  • 1968–1971: 1.5 L (1,490 cc) 2R I4[2]
  • 1971–1972: 1.6 L (1,587 cc) 12R I4[2]

North American markets:

  • 1969: 1.9 L (1,897 cc) 3R I4, 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp)
  • 1970–1971: 1.9 L (1,858 cc) 8R SOHC I4, 72 kW (98 PS; 97 hp)
  • 1972: 2.0 L (1,968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp)

Second generation (N20; 1972–1978)

Second generation (N20)
Toyota Hilux N20 01.jpg
Production May 1972 – July 1978
Assembly Toyota City, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan (Hino)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
Layout FR layout
Engine 1.6 L 12R I4 (RN20/25)
2.0 L 18R I4 (RN22)
2.2 L 20R I4
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
  • 2,580 mm (102 in) (N20)
  • 2,795 mm (110.0 in) (N25)
Length 4,275 mm (168.3 in) (N20)
4,680 mm (184 in) (N25)
Width 1,580 mm (62 in)

In May 1972,[2] the 1973 model year Hilux was released as the RN20. Nicknamed the "ロケハイ (RokeHi) a Portmanteau of Rocket Hilux", a more comfortable interior was specified along with exterior updates. A 2.25 m (7.4 ft) "long bed" was an option for the first time in North America, although such a version had been available worldwide since April 1969.[2] This received the "RN25" chassis code.[5] The 2.0 liter 18R engine was available in Japan as well, also with an available three-speed automatic transmission.

The Hilux was radically redesigned in 1975 to be larger and with increased standard equipment. In North America the new version also meant the introduction of the considerably larger (2.2 L) 20R engine and the SR5 upscale trim package. A five-speed manual transmission became optional. In North America, the Hilux name was fully phased out in favor of "Truck" by that year, having been dropped from brochures and advertising starting in 1973.

1976 Hilux flatdeck

Global markets:

  • 1972–1978: 1.6 L (1587 cc) 12R I4, 83 PS (61 kW)[5]
  • 1973–1978: 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R I4, 105 PS (77 kW)[2][6]

North American markets:

  • 1973–1974: 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp)
  • 1975–1978: 2.2 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 72 kW (98 PS; 97 hp)

Third generation (N30, N40; 1978–1983)

Third generation (N30, N40)
1981 Toyota HiLux (RN40R) 2-door utility (2015-07-14) 01.jpg
Also called Toyota Pickup (US)
Production August 1978 – August 1983
Assembly Toyota City, Japan
Hino MotorsHamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2 and 4-door truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Toyota Trekker
Engine 1.6 L 12R I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L 18R I4
2.2 L 20R I4
2.4 L 22R I4
2.2 L L diesel I4
  • 2,585 mm (101.8 in) (N30)[7]
  • 2,800 mm (110.2 in) (N40)[7]

The redesigned Hilux was introduced in August 1978,[2] with a 4WD variant introduced in Jan 1979.[2] The 4WD variant – not offered with any engines smaller than the two-litre "18R" – featured some common technology with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser.[4] Production of the four-wheel drives stopped in July 1983, but some 2WD variations continued in parallel with the next generation.[2] The L series diesel engine was offered on the 2WD variants from September 1979 and the 4WD variants in March 1983.[2] In Japan, the Hilux was joined with the all new Toyota MasterAce, sharing load carrying duties, and sold at Toyota Store locations alongside the Hilux.

Toyota Hilux 2-door
1982 crew cab pickup

In North America the Hilux saw the use of four-wheel drive. It had a solid front axle and leaf suspension. The body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a less complex body. This new 4WD setup featured a gear driven RF1A transfer case. This transfer case is unique in that its low-range reduction portion can be replicated, using what some refer to as a dual or triple transfer case. This results in a much lower overall gear ratio.[8] It was the first Hilux available with an automatic transmission.

In 1981 a vehicle development agreement was established between Toyota, Winnebago Industries and two other aftermarket customizers. This was to allow Toyota to enter the SUV market in North America. The vehicles which resulted from this collaboration were the Trekker (Winnebago), Wolverine, and the Trailblazer (Griffith). All three used the Hilux 4×4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section (the Trailblazer had a steel bed with a fiberglass top). There were at least 1,500 Trekkers, 400 Trailblazers and an unknown number of Wolverines sold in North America. Research and development work on the Trekker led to the development of the 4Runner/Hilux Surf, which was released in 1984.

Toward the end of the SR5's production run (1983½ model year), Toyota introduced the luxury Mojave for the US market as a limited-production (3,500 units) model with options not available on any other Toyota pickup.[9] List priced at US$8,308,[9] it featured bucket seats, two-speaker multiplex radio, chrome front and rear bumpers, and no Toyota logo on either the grille or tailgate.[9] Cruise control, power steering, and air conditioning were optional.[9] It was powered by the SR5's standard 2.4 L (150 cu in) inline four.[9]


  • 1978–1983: 1.6 L (1587 cc) 12R SOHC I4, 80 PS (59 kW) at 5200 rpm and 12.5 kg·m (123 N·m) of torque at 3000 rpm (RN30/40)[7]
  • 1981–1983: 1.8 L preflow, 4-speed manual (Australia)
  • 1978–1980: 2.2 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 67 kW (91 PS; 90 hp) at 4800 rpm and 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) of torque at 2400 rpm
  • 1981–1983: 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R SOHC I4, 98 PS; 97 hp (72 kW) at 4800 rpm and 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) of torque at 2800 rpm
  • 1981–1983: 2.2 L diesel I4, 46 kW (63 PS; 62 hp) at 4200 rpm and 126 N·m (93 lb·ft) of torque (SR5 long bed only in the US), LN30/40

Fourth generation (N50, N60, N70; 1983–1988)

Fourth generation (N50, N60, N70)
1984 Toyota HiLux (YN55R) 2-door utility (2015-06-15) 01.jpg
Also called Toyota 1 Ton
Production August 1983 – August 1988
Model years 1984–1988
Body and chassis
Body style 2 and 4-door truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Toyota 4Runner/Hilux Surf (N60)
  • Regular Cab Short Bed: 2,616 mm (103.0 in)
  • Regular Cab Long Bed: 2,845 mm (112.0 in)
  • Xtracab Long Bed: 3,086 mm (121.5 in)
  • Regular Cab Short Bed: 4,435 mm (174.6 in)
  • Regular Cab Long Bed: 4,729 mm (186.2 in)
  • Xtracab Long Bed: 4,966 mm (195.5 in)
  • Xtracab SR5: 4,676 mm (184.1 in)
  • Reg. Cab 4WD: 4,729 mm (186.2 in)
  • Regular Cab: 1,621 mm (63.8 in)
  • Xtracab Long Bed: 1,679 mm (66.1 in)
  • Xtracab: 1,689 mm (66.5 in)
  • Regular Cab Short Bed 2WD: 1,544 mm (60.8 in)
  • Regular Cab Long Bed: 1,534 mm (60.4 in)
  • Xtracab Long Bed: 1,532 mm (60.3 in)
  • 1 t Reg. Cab Long Bed 2WD: 1,562 mm (61.5 in)
  • Regular Cab 4WD: 1,709 mm (67.3 in)
  • SR5 Turbo Xtracab: 1,529 mm (60.2 in)
  • Xtracab 4WD: 1,704 mm (67.1 in)
Curb weight 1,270 kg (2,800 lb)

The August 1983 redesign (sold as model year 1984 vehicles in North America) introduced the Xtracab extended cab option, with six inches of space behind the seat for in-cab storage. These "1984" models carried over the carbureted 22R engine while model year 1984 also saw the introduction of the fuel injected 22R-E. Two diesel engines were also offered, the 2L and the turbocharged 2L-T. The diesels were discontinued in the U.S. after the 1986 model year, this was due to higher performance expectations from customers and the wide availability of inexpensive gasoline. The next year saw the introduction of a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE, perhaps due to increasing competition from Nissan who already offered a V6 truck at this time. The solid front axle was swapped out for an independent front suspension/torsion bar setup in the 4×4 model in 1986, and optional automatic differential disconnect for the front differential (an alternative to automatic locking hubs) and an electronic transfer case was added as well. A V6 engine was introduced in 1988. The Hilux-based 4Runner which made its entry in Australia, North America and the United Kingdom was based on this generation Hilux; in some other markets, such as Japan, it was called the Hilux Surf.

Toyota introduced a new generation of the Hilux in most markets in late 1988 but the fourth generation remained in production until 1997 in South Africa. Toyota says this was due to South African "content laws" which made it cheaper to continue to produce the fourth generation Hilux, rather than to retool the plant for the fifth generation.[10]


Calendar years capacity code features power torque comments
1983–1987 2,366 cc 22R I4 SOHC 72 kW (98 PS; 97 hp) at 4800 rpm 174 N·m (128 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm
1983–1985 2,188 cc L I4 Diesel 46 kW (63 PS; 62 hp) at 4200 rpm 126 N·m (93 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm SR5 long bed only
1983–1988 2,446 cc 2L I4 Diesel 62 kW (84 PS; 83 hp) at 4200 rpm 165 N·m (122 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm
1986–1988 2,446 cc 2L-T I4 Diesel FI turbo 69 kW (94 PS; 93 hp) at 4000 rpm 216 N·m (159 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm
1983–1988 2,366 cc 22R-E I4 SOHC FI 78 kW (106 PS; 105 hp) at 4800 rpm 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm
1985–1986 2,366 cc 22R-TE I4 SOHC FI turbo 101 kW (137 PS; 135 hp) at 4800 rpm 234 N·m (173 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm
1987– 2,958 cc 3VZ-E V6 FI 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp) at 4800 rpm 244 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm
1983– 1,626 cc 1Y I4
1983– 1,998 cc 3Y I4
1984–1988 Toyota Pickup (US) 
1983–1988 Toyota Hilux (YN58R) 4-door utility (Australia) 

Fifth generation (N80, N90, N100, N110; 1988–1997)

Fifth generation (N80, N90, N100, N110)
1991 Toyota HiLux (RN85R) 2-door cab chassis (2015-07-10).jpg
1988–1991 Toyota HiLux (RN85R) cab chassis
Also called Toyota 4×2
Toyota 4×4
Volkswagen Taro
Production August 1988–1997
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Hamura, Japan
Zárate, Argentina
Fremont, California
Envigado, Colombia
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines,
Christchurch, New Zealand
Hanover, Germany (VW)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door, 4-door truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Toyota 4Runner/Hilux Surf (N120/N130)
Toyota Classic
Engine 1.8 L 2Y-U I4
2.4 L 22R-E I4
3.0 L 3VZ-E V6
2.4 L 2L diesel I4
2.8 L 3L diesel I4
Transmission four-speed manual
five-speed manual
four-speed automatic
Wheelbase regular cab: 2,616 mm (103.0 in)
regular cab long bed: 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Xtracab: 3,086 mm (121.5 in)
Xtracab V6: 3,096 mm (121.9 in)
Length regular cab: 4,435 mm (174.6 in)
regular cab long bed: 4,724 mm (186.0 in)
Xtracab: 4,905 mm (193.1 in)
DLX regular cab long bed 4WD: 4,719 mm (185.8 in)
DLX regular cab 4WD: 4,430 mm (174.4 in)
Width 1,689 mm (66.5 in)
Height 1988–91 regular cab: 1,544 mm (60.8 in)
1988–91 regular cab long bed: 1,539 mm (60.6 in)
1988–91 Xtracab 2WD: 1,549 mm (61.0 in)
1988–91 regular cab long bed 4WD: 1,704 mm (67.1 in)
1988–91 Xtracab 4WD: 1,709 mm (67.3 in)
1991–97 regular cab: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)
1991–97 regular cab: 1,595 mm (62.8 in)
1991–97 Xtracab 4WD: 1,755 mm (69.1 in)
1991–97 regular cab 4WD: 1,750 mm (68.9 in)

The next redesign, in 1988, produced a longer-wheelbase option, 3,099 mm (122 in) rather than 2,616 mm (103 in) for the regular wheelbase. Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. The Xtra Cabs now featured more room behind the front seats than the last generation which allowed optional jump-seats for rear passengers, a feature more in line with competitors of the time.

In 1991, American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California (the VIN on these cars starts with '4T'), however some trucks sold in the United States during the 91–95 model years were still manufactured in Japan (VIN starts with 'JT').

The Hilux received a minor facelift in 1991 (for the 1992 model year), which was a minor grille change and the new Toyota emblem that had been recently adopted.

It was during this generation that Toyota discontinued the Hilux in the United States, replacing it with the new Tacoma in 1995.


  • 1988–1995: 1.8 L (1,812 cc) 2Y-U I4, 58 kW (79 PS; 78 hp) at 5,000rpm 140 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 3,200rpm
  • 2Y I4, 61 kW (83 PS; 82 hp) at 4,800rpm 140 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 2,800rpm (export markets)[11]
  • 1989–1997: 2.4 L (2,366 cc) 22R-E SOHC EFI I4, 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 4,600 rpm and 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) at 3,400 rpm
  • 1989–1995: 3.0 L (2,958 cc) 3VZ-E V6, 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp) at 4,800 rpm
  • 1989–1997: 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 2L-II diesel I4, 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) at 4,200 rpm and 167 N·m (123 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm[12]
  • 2.8 L (2,779 cc) 3L diesel I4, 67 kW (91 PS; 90 hp) at 4,000 rpm and 188 N·m (139 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm

Volkswagen built and marketed them under the Volkswagen Taro name from February 1989 to March 1997.

South America

For sales in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, the Hilux was produced in Colombia from 1994 to 1998 by the SOFASA company (only equipped with the 2.4 l petrol engine). For sales in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, the Hilux was produced in Argentina from 1997 through 2005 (Zárate Plant – both petrol and diesel engines). For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru, the Hilux was imported from factories in Japan from 1989 to 1997 (petrol and diesel engines).

South American markets:

  • single cab chassis (2WD, 4WD petrol engines) (Colombia and Ecuador)
  • single cab long bed (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (all South American countries; diesel engine not available in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
  • xtra cab (2WD, 4WD, petrol) (Only Bolivia)
  • crew cab (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines)(All South American countries; Diesel engine not available in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
Toyota Pickup 2WD 2-door (US) 
1991 Volkswagen Taro 2-door (Germany) 
Toyota Pickup V6 Xtra Cab (US) 
1994–1997 Toyota Hilux SR5 Xtra Cab (Australia) 
4-door (Australia) 
Rare 4-door Xtra Cab (Thailand) 

Sixth generation (N140, N150, N160, N170; 1997–2005)

Sixth generation (N140, N150, N160, N170)
1997-2001 Toyota Hilux (RZN149R) 2-door utility (2011-07-17) 01.jpg
Production 1997–2005
Assembly Hino Motors, Hamura, Japan
Envigado, Colombia
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Samut Prakan, Thailand
Cumaná, Venezuela
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
4-door truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related 4Runner/Hilux Surf
Toyota Hilux Sport Rider
Engine 2.0 L I4
2.4 L I4
2.7 L I4
3.4 L V6
2.4 L D-4D turbo diesel
2.5 L D-4D turbo diesel
2.8 L diesel I4
3.0 L diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase Regular Cab: 2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Extended Cab: 3,090 mm (121.7 in)
Crew Cab: 2,855 mm (112.4 in)
Length Regular Cab: 4,690 mm (184.6 in)
Extended Cab: 5,035 mm (198.2 in)
Crew Cab: 4,790 mm (188.6 in)
Width Regular Cab & All 2WD Models: 1,665 mm (65.6 in)
Crew Cab & Extended Cab: 1,790 mm (70.5 in)

4WD Regular Cab/Extended Cab: 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
4WD Crew Cab: 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
2WD Regular Cab: 1,600 mm (63.0 in)/1,650 mm (65.0 in)

2WD Extended & Crew Cab:1,695 mm (66.7 in)


  • 1998–2001 2.0 L (1,998 cc) 1RZ-E 8 Valve SOHC I4 (Hilux 'Workmate' models in Australia) (4×2)
  • 1998–1999 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 5L diesel I4, 72 kW (98 PS; 97 hp) (4×4)
  • 1995–2004 2.4 L (2438 cc) 2RZ-FE 16-valve DOHC I4, 106 kW (144 PS; 142 hp) (4×2)
  • 1995–2004 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE 16-valve DOHC I4, 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp) (4×4)
  • 1995–2004 3.4 L 5VZ-FE 24-valve DOHC V6, 142 kW (193 PS; 190 hp)

South America

The Hilux was produced in Colombia for sales in Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador from 1998 to 2005 by the SOFASA company (with only petrol engines 2.7 L). In Venezuela and Ecuador, the single-cab 2WD chassis/long bed is called the Stout II). For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, it was imported from Japan from 1998 through 2004 (petrol engined 2.7 L, and diesel engined 2.8 L). This model was not sold in Argentina or Brazil because the fifth generation Hilux had received a redesign and upgrade.

South American markets:

  • single cab chassis (2WD, 4WD petrol engines) (for sales in Colombia and Ecuador)
  • single cab long bed (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (all South American countries)
  • Xtracab (4WD, petrol and diesel engines) (in Bolivia only)
  • crew cab (2WD,4WD, petrol and diesel engines)(all South American countries) (Named the Hilux Millenium from 2002 through the present)


Toyota shifted production from the Hilux Mighty-X (fifth generation) to the Hilux Tiger (sixth generation) in the late 1990s and made it the global export hub. The Thailand-made Hilux Tiger went through the following versions:

  • 1998–1999: Hilux Tiger with the 3.0 L 5L engine
  • 2000–2001: Hilux Tiger with the 3.0 L 5L-E EFI engine
  • 2001: Hilux Tiger with 1KZ engine (short lived replaced right away with D4D engine)
  • Late 2001 – late 2004: Hilux Tiger SportCruiser with D4D engine[13]

In 2005, Toyota ceased production of the Hilux truck for the Japanese market. This was the last generation Hilux to be available (or built) in Japan.

Hilux Sport Rider

Toyota introduced a mid-size SUV variant of the Hilux in 1998 for a select few markets, known as the Hilux Sport Rider. The Sport Rider is a rare model, sold in a select few Asian markets, including Thailand and Nepal. Based on the Hilux, both in style and underpinnings, it is similar in concept to the Toyota 4Runner—however, the Sport Rider is not a rebadged 4Runner. The Sport Rider frame and suspensions are derived from the Hilux, including the Hilux's independent front suspension and leaf-sprung rear. The model started out as the four-door pickup truck, but were modified into wagons on arrival in Thailand by Thai Auto Works Co, a majority Thai-owned company in which Toyota has a 20 percent stake. The vehicles were distributed by Toyota Tsusho Thailand, the importer of Toyota forklifts.

The Sport Rider arrived in 1998 with the 5L engine for Prerunner (2WD) and 5L-E for 4WD, later 1KZ-TE for 4WD only arrived in 2001 and foglamp built in front bumper, and 2002 new engines arrived—the 1KD-FTV and 2KD-FTV with new front bumper, new front lamp is projector, and new rear lamp. Toyota discontinued the Sport Rider in 2004, replaced in 2005 with the Toyota Fortuner.


  • 1998–2002: 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 5L-E I4 SOHC EFI, 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 4,000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 2,600 rpm
  • 1998–2002: 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 5L I4, 72 kW (98 PS; 97 hp) at 4,000 rpm 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm (Prerunner)
  • 2001–2002: 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KZ-TE I4 SOHC, 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) at 3,600 rpm and 315 N·m (232 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm
  • 2002–2004: 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KD-FTV I4 DOHC, 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp) at 4,800 rpmand 315 N·m (232 lb·ft) at 1,800–2,600 rpm
  • 2002–2004: 2.5 L (2,494 cc) 2KD-FTV I4 DOHC, 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp) at 3,600 rpm and 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) at 1,400–3,400 rpm

Seventh generation (AN10, AN20, AN30; 2004–2015)

Seventh generation (AN10/AN20/AN30)
Toyota Hilux Double Cab 3.0 D-4D front.jpg
Also called Toyota Hilux Vigo (Thailand)
TRD Hilux
Production August 2004[14] – May 2015
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup truck (Single Cab)
2-door pickup truck (Xtra Cab)
4-door pickup truck (Smart Cab)
4-door pickup truck (Double Cab)
Platform Toyota IMV platform
  • Single Cab: 2,750 mm (108.3 in)
  • Double Cab: 3,085 mm (121.5 in)
  • Single Cab: 4,980 mm (196.1 in)
  • Xtra Cab: 5,135–5,260 mm (202.2–207.1 in)
  • Double Cab: 4,980–5,260 mm (196.1–207.1 in)
  • Single Cab: 1,760 mm (69.3 in)
  • Xtra and Double Cab: 1,835 mm (72.2 in)
  • Single Cab 2WD: 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
  • Single Cab 4WD: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)
  • Xtra and Double Cab 2WD: 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
  • Xtra and Double Cab 4WD: 1,810 mm (71.3 in)

The seventh generation Hilux (AN10/AN20/AN30), part of the IMV program, started production in Thailand during August 2004.[14] Three pickup truck body variants were initially produced: a two-door Single Cab (referred to by Toyota as IMV1), a two-door Xtra Cab (IMV2), and four-door Double Cab (IMV3).[23] In September 2008, Toyota released the Smart Cab, a four-door with hidden rear suicide doors.[24] The IMV program also spawned the Toyota Innova (AN40) minivan (IMV4) and Toyota Fortuner (AN50/AN60) SUV (IMV5).[14] The similar Toyota Tacoma pickup truck, introduced in February 2004 for the 2005 model year, is based on the 4Runner chassis, while the AN10/AN20/AN30 Hilux rides on an revamped version of the ladder frame found on previous versions. The Hilux increased in size and then became classified as a mid-size pick up.

Hilux models sold in Asian, Europen, Middle Eastern, and Oceanian markets are built and assembled in Thailand.[14] In Thailand, the vehicle is called the Hilux Vigo, or simply Vigo.[23] For other European markets and South Africa, the Hilux is built in Durban, South Africa.[14] As of December 2009, it is the best selling vehicle in South Africa. Those sold in South America are made in Argentina, as with the previous generation Hilux. However, the engines are built in Japan (where they are also used in the Prado) instead of Argentina.[citation needed]

In Malaysia, the Hilux is only available in 2.5 L with the option of single cab or double cab.[citation needed] The double cab model has an automatic transmission variant. It uses the same engine as other Asian countries (in-line, 4-cylinder, 16-valve, DOHC Turbo Diesel with common rail direct injection), however engines used in Malaysia differ in their maximum output of 75 kW (101 hp) at 3600 rpm and maximum torque of 260 N·m (192 lbf·ft) at 1600–2400 rpm.

In Singapore, the Hilux is available as a single cab with the 2.5 L engine or a double cab with the 3.0 L engine. Notable fleet customers include private taxi operators, for whom the double cab model offers additional load space versatility, and the Singapore Police Force and Pakistan Police, which employs it as a patrol vehicle.

This generation was revealed for Argentina on 2 March 2005 in Buenos Aires with a market launch in April.[25]

Two Hilux pickups were entered in recent years of the Dakar Rally by the Imperial Toyota team of South Africa. Driver Giniel de Villiers achieved third place in 2012, second place overall in 2013, 4th in 2014, and again second place in 2015. These however, were heavily modified non-production versions built around a custom racing-only tubular chassis and using a larger capacity Toyota V8 engine.[26]

Engines (markets):

  • 2005 2.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4 (South Africa, Indonesia and Middle East)
  • 2005 2.5 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 76 kW (102 hp) – 107 kW (145 PS; 143 hp) (Asia, Europe, South Africa, South America)
  • 2005 2.7 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4, 119 kW (162 PS; 160 hp) (Australia, Arabian Peninsula, The Philippines, South Africa, Venezuela)
  • 2005 3.0 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, Turbodiesel, commonrail 16-valve direct injection, 121 kW (165 PS; 162 hp) (Asia, South Africa, South America, Australia, Europe). This version is made at Toyota's facility in Zárate, Argentina.
  • 2005 4.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC V6, 170 kW (231 PS; 228 hp) – 176 kW (236 hp) (Australia, South Africa, Venezuela, China)
  • 2008 4.0 L Supercharged DOHC V6 225 kW (306 PS; 302 hp) (Australia only, TRD Hilux 4000S & 4000SL)[27]

2008 facelift

A facelifted version of the Hilux was unveiled by Toyota's Malaysian distributors, UMW Toyota Motor, in August 2008. Toyota has released a left hand drive facelifted Hilux Vigo in August 2008 while a right hand drive facelifted model is expected to be released in September 2008. These facelifted models were introduced to the Philippines in October 2008.

Toyota also introduced a four-door rear access system called "Smart Cab" to replace all Xtra Cab models in E and G grade. The Smart Cab models were developed in Thailand and were only sold in the Thai market.[24]

2011 facelift

On 13 July 2011, Toyota announced that the Hilux would receive an upgrade, including a redesigned front end and other external styling changes, changes to the interior and a new turbocharged diesel engine capable of 106 kW (142 hp) and 343 N·m (253 lb·ft) of torque, as well as lower fuel consumption compared to the previous model.[28] This update was initially launched in Thailand.[29]

The Thailand version of 2012 Toyota Hilux Vigo "Champ" is a significant "minor" change with a new front look and a revamped interior to reinforce perceived luxuriousness. The front is redesigned from the A pillar forwards. With the exception of doors, roofs and tailgates, everything else is new: new guards, new headlights, new bumper, new bonnet, new three-bar grille, new taillights, a new rear bumper, new models badge and other. There are also new mirrors and new alloy wheel designs. The interior features a new upper dashboard design with a new horizontal centre instrument cluster. Perceived quality has been improved through the adoption of uniformly darker finishes with greater colour consistency throughout the interior. The high-end Double Cab version now comes with a DVD player, rear camera and Bluetooth functionality.

In August 2012, Toyota updated Toyota Hilux Vigo "Champ" in Thailand for the 2013 model year. This minor update upgraded emission standard to Euro 4, updated four-speed automatic transmission to five-speeds, upgraded performance of the 3.0-liter model from 163 to 171 hp (122 to 128 kW) and upped torque from 343 to 360 N·m (253 to 266 ft·lb), and the Prerunner 4x2 was introduced with automatic. Other changes included more efficient fuel injection system and addition of center headrest on rear double cab seat.

Eighth generation (AN120, AN130; 2015–present)

Eighth generation
2015 Toyota HiLux (GUN136R) SR5 4-door utility (2015-10-18).jpg
Toyota HiLux (GUN136R) SR5 4-door pickup
Also called Toyota Hilux Revo (Thailand, Laos)
Production 2015–present
Assembly Samut Prakan, Thailand
Zarate, Argentina
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck (S-Cab)
4-door truck (Extra Cab & D-Cab)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Related Toyota Fortuner
Toyota Innova
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
Wheelbase Crew Cab: 3,085 mm (121.5 in)
Length Crew Cab: 5,335 mm (210.0 in)
Width Crew Cab: 1,855 mm (73.0 in)
Height Crew Cab 1,820 mm (71.7 in)

The eighth generation Toyota Hilux was officially released simultaneously on 21 May 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand and Sydney, Australia.[30] The Thai and Lao market also adopted a new name, Toyota Hilux Revo. The Hilux uses the "Keen Look" design language that has already been used in the Toyota Corolla (E170) with slim projector headlights and LED DRL (Daytime Running Lights). This design continues into the interior with similar AC vent and center fascia design. This generation features Toyota's first autonomous emergency braking (AEB).[31] New ESTEC GD 2.4-litre, 2.8-litre and KD 2.5 litre, 3.0 litre diesel engines, shared with the Fortuner and Innova, were combined with a five- or six-speed manual transmission or a five- or six-speed automatic transmission with sequential shift.[32] The 2.8-litre GD engine was introduced in May 2015 at the 36th International Vienna Motor Symposium.[33] The 2.0, 2.7- and 4.0-litre petrol engines from the previous generation will be reused with a Dual VVT-i update for the three engines to increase power and torque. However, the car would hit the showrooms in October, 5 months after its official release.[34][35]

Model Engine Transmission Power Torque
2.0 2.0 L 1TR-FE inline-4 fuel-injected petrol with Dual VVT-i 6-speed manual 104 kW (139 hp) at 5500 rpm 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm
6-speed automatic
2.4 2.4 L 2GD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT 6-speed manual 110 kW (150 hp) at 3400 rpm 343 N·m (253 lb·ft) at 1400–2600 rpm
6-speed automatic 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) at 1600–2400 rpm
2.5 2.5 L 2KD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel without intercooler 5-speed manual 76 kW (102 hp) at 3600 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 1600–3600 rpm
6-speed manual 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) at 1600–2400 rpm
2.5 2.5 L 2KD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT 6-speed manual 107 kW (144 hp) at 3400 rpm 343 N·m (253 lb·ft) at 1800–3400 rpm
5-speed automatic
2.7 2.7 L 2TR-FE inline-4 fuel-injected petrol with Dual VVT-i 6-speed manual 120 kW (160 hp) at 5500 rpm 246 N·m (181 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm
6-speed automatic
2.8 2.8 L 1GD-FTV inline-4 common rail diesel with VNT 6-speed manual 132 kW (177 hp) at 3400 rpm 420 N·m (310 lb·ft) at 1400–2600 rpm
6-speed automatic 450 N·m (330 lb·ft) at 1600–2400 rpm
3.0 3.0 L 1KD-FTV inline-4

common rail diesel with VNT

6-speed manual 122 kW (163 hp) at 3400 rpm 343 N·m (253 lb·ft) at 1600–3400 rpm
5-speed automatic 360 N·m (270 lb·ft) at 1800–3400 rpm
4.0 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 fuel-injected petrol with Dual VVT-i 6-speed manual 207 kW (278 hp) at 5200 rpm 376 N·m (277 lb·ft) at 3700 rpm
6-speed automatic


The Hilux has gained a reputation for exceptional sturdiness and reliability during sustained heavy use or even abuse, and has been referred to as "The Indestructible Truck"[citation needed]. This was further reinforced on the BBC motoring show Top Gear, when a 1988 diesel N50 Hilux with 305,775 km (190,000 mi) on the odometer and large rust holes was subjected to extraordinary abuse (in series 3, episodes 5 and 6). This consisted of driving it down a flight of steps, scraping buildings, crashing headlong into a tree, being washed out to sea, and being submerged in sea water for four hours, driving it through a garden shed, dropping a caravan onto it, hitting it with a wrecking ball, setting its cabin and bed area on fire,[36] and, finally, placing it on top of a 73 m (240 ft) block of apartments that was next destroyed by a building implosion.[37] Although it was now suffering from severe structural damage, the truck was still running after being repaired without spare parts, and with only typical tools that would be found in a truck's toolbox, such as screwdrivers, motor oil, and an adjustable wrench.[38] The Hilux rested as one of the background decorations in the Top Gear studio.

In the TV series of 2006, (series 8, episode 3), a Hilux was chosen by Jeremy Clarkson as his platform for creating an amphibious vehicle. With assistance, Clarkson rigged the truck with a massive outboard motor, and steering mechanism in the pickup bed. The truck, redubbed the "Toybota", was driven by Clarkson over several miles by road and 3.2 km (2 mi) across open water, before capsizing (three metres away from the finish) during a quick turn. Once recovered, the vehicle was moved back to the Top Gear Studio, where a confident Clarkson stated that he would be the only one capable of driving his truck home, since it was the indestructible Hilux. Clarkson had finally destroyed the "indestructible" after he could not get the Hilux started. When Clarkson turned the engine over, it produced a puffing and hissing sound as though the injectors or the heater plugs had been removed.

In 2007, Top Gear ran a special program in which Clarkson and James May raced a customized 2005 model Hilux to the magnetic north pole from Northern Canada against Richard Hammond using a dog sled, and won. This episode, known as the Top Gear Polar Special, made the truck the first motor vehicle to make it to the magnetic north pole. The Hilux used was slightly modified: larger wheels and thicker tyres were installed, a thick sump guard was installed, the front suspension was moved forward, a gun mount was installed, some powerful front lights were installed (although they were not needed, as it was still polar daytime at 23:30) and a toilet seat (first introduced as a joke Christmas present idea in Series 3 Episode 6 which also featured the Hilux challenge) was mounted on the rear bumper.

In 2010, the Top Gear host James May drove a modified Hilux, one which had served as the camera crew's vehicle during the 2007 polar special, to approach the summit of an erupting Icelandic volcano (Eyjafjallajökull) and retrieved a fragment of volcanic lava. The Hilux was modified for this task by the installation of a simple metal "umbrella" and alcohol cooling drips for its tyres (Series 15, Episode 1).

In October 2007, the Swedish auto magazine Teknikens Värld performed an evasive manoeuvre (a moose test) that revealed that the manoeuvrability of Hilux pickup truck was deficient for turning sharply at moderate speeds. The truck failed the test and only the driver's skill prevented it from overturning. After the test Toyota stopped the sales of Hilux equipped with 16" wheels in Europe.

A world record was achieved by the support crew for the participants in the 2008/2009 Amundsen Omega 3 South Pole Race. The crew travelled in specially adapted Toyota Hilux's modified by Arctic Trucks, completing a trip of over 5,000 km (3,100 mi) from Novo, a Russian Scientific Station in Antarctica to the Geographic South Pole and back again, making them the first 4×4s to reach the South Pole. The return journey of 2,500 km (1,600 mi) from the South Pole to Novo Station was completed in a record 8 days and 17 hours.

Chadian soldiers in Toyota Hilux during the Toyota War.

A team of professional drivers use Toyota Hiluxes for a precision driving show throughout Australia. The Toyota Hilux Heroes began in 2007 and have been entertaining millions of spectators at various agricultural shows and motor sport events. The Hilux's are 2007 petrol V6, 4×2 models and have custom shock absorbers, a custom exhaust, sports seat, racing harnesses, a roll cage and 16 inch alloy wheels fitted. Performance highlights include high speed drifting, close formation driving, cross overs(where the cars race towards one another at speed), a 12-metre ramp jump and balancing a Hilux on two wheels all choreographed into a 15-minute show.

Use by militant groups

Due to its durability and reliability, the Toyota Hilux, along with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser, has become popular among militant groups in war-torn regions. According to terrorism analyst Andrew Exum, the Hilux is "the vehicular equivalent of the AK-47. It’s ubiquitous to insurgent warfare."[39] U.S. counter-terror officials have inquired with Toyota how the Salafi jihadist extremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has apparently acquired large numbers of Toyota Hiluxes and Land Cruisers. Mark Wallace, the CEO of the Counter Extremism Project said, "Regrettably, the Toyota Land Cruiser and Hilux have effectively become almost part of the ISIS brand."[40]

The 1980s Toyota War between Libya and Chad was so named because of the heavy use of Hilux trucks as light cavalry vehicles.[39]

Notes and references

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Toyota Vehicle Identification Manual". Toyota Motor Sale Co., Ltd. – Export Parts Department. 1984. 97913-84. 
  3. ^ Toyota Commercial Cars (Catalog), Toyota, 1969, p. 7 
  4. ^ a b Ruiz, Marco (1986). 'The Complete History of the Japanese Car: 1907 to the Present. Rome: ERVIN srl. p. 166. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. 
  5. ^ a b 愛される車づくり。トヨタはあすにいどみます。 [Lovable car manufacture. Toyota dares to defy tomorrow.] (catalog) (in Japanese), Toyota Motor Co., 1972, pp. 5–6 
  6. ^ "自動車ガイドブック: Japanese motor vehicles guide book" (in Japanese) 20. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 30 October 1973: 227. 
  7. ^ a b c "自動車ガイドブック [Japanese Motor Vehicles Guide Book]" (in Japanese) 25. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 10 October 1978: 109. 0053-780025-3400. 
  8. ^ Marlin Crawler. "Dual Case Setup". Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Pickups and Mini-Trucks". Pickups and Mini-Trucks (Hot Rod Magazine) 1 (5): 36. 1983. 
  10. ^ McCamish, Brian. "Hilux 1984–1988". Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  11. ^ Rex, Rainer, ed. (July 1989), Lastauto Omnibus Katalog 1990 [Truck and bus catalog] (in German) 19, Motor-Presse-Verlag GmbH und Co. KG, p. 151, 81531/89001 
  12. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 1332. 
  13. ^ "Detailed Specs of Thailand-made Hilux Tiger 1998–2004". 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Toyota IMV Sales Reach Global 5 Million-unit Mark" (Press release). Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012-04-06. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  15. ^ "Toyota rumo ao topo do mundo" [Toyota towards the top of the world] (in Portuguese). Istoé Dinheiro. 2005-03-16. Archived from the original on 2015-12-30. 
  16. ^ "Malaysian Market: Production Volume Rises to 500,000-unit Level; Forecast to Reach 600,000 by End of Decade". MarkLines. 2005-06-07. Archived from the original on 2015-12-30. 
  17. ^ "Kereta CKD Malaysia" [Malaysia CKD cars] (in Malay). ArenaKereta. 2013-10-12. Archived from the original on 2014-08-27. 
  18. ^ "Company profile". Indus Motors Company. Archived from the original on 2015-02-07. 
  19. ^ Young, Angelo (2013-08-19). "About 30,000 South Africa Auto Workers Walk Off The Job; Toyota, GM, Ford Auto Exports Affected; BMW Strike Enters Second Week". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 2015-12-30. 
  20. ^ Pettendy, Marton (2011-10-17). "Thai floods halt Aussie ute supplies". GoAuto. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  21. ^ "Activities by Region, Latin America". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  22. ^ "Overview of Overseas Production Affiliates, Latin America". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  23. ^ a b "IMV Project Production Vehicles". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  24. ^ a b "Thailand: Planned Production Capacity in the Country Amounting to Roughly 2.6 Million a Year in 2015". MarkLines. 2008-11-04. Archived from the original on 2015-12-30. 
  25. ^ "Toyota Argentina Unveils New Hilux Pickup" (Press release). Japan: Toyota Motor Corporation. 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  26. ^ "Toyota HiLux on the podium in Dakar rally" (Press release). Australia: Toyota. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  27. ^ The New TRD Hilux (sales brochure), Toyota Motor Corporation Australia Limited, April 2008.
  28. ^ "Official: Toyota Hilux pickup gets fresh skin, more power for 2012". Autoblog. 13 July 2011. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  29. ^ "Toyota Hilux Vigo ::: Double Cab". 
  30. ^ Sze, Gregory (5 May 2015). "2016 Toyota Hilux pick-up slated for May 21 debut". (Malaysia). Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  31. ^ Maric, Paul (23 April 2015). "2016 Toyota HiLux engine details leaked, ute to debut autonomous emergency braking". Car Advice (Australia). Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  32. ^ "2016 Toyota HiLux Revo Thailand". Thailand. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  33. ^ "Programme – 36th International Vienna Motor Symposium – Congress Center Hofburg Vienna – Session: New Diesel Engines". OVK (Austria). 8 May 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  34. ^ Maric, Paul (21 May 2015). "2016 Toyota Hilux details, October launch in Australia". Car Advice (Australia). Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  35. ^ Maric, Paul (29 April 2015). "2016 Toyota Hilux interior and exterior leaked". Car Advice (Australia). Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  36. ^ Top Gear: Killing a Toyota Part 1 BBCWorldwide on YouTube. Added: 30 March 2007
  37. ^ Top Gear: Killing a Toyota Part 2 (a) BBCWorldwide on YouTube. Added: 30 March 2007
  38. ^ Top Gear: Killing a Toyota Part 2 (b) BBCWorldwide on YouTube Added: 30 March 2007
  39. ^ a b Somaiya, Ravi (14 October 2010). "Why Rebel Groups Love the Toyota Hilux". Newsweek. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  40. ^ Mosk, Matthew; Ross, Brian; Hosenball, Alex (6 October 2015). "US Officials Ask How ISIS Got So Many Toyota Trucks". US. ABC News. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 

External links