Jump to content

Toyota Innova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Toyota Innova
2022 Toyota Kijang Innova 2.4 G (Indonesia)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also called
  • Toyota Kijang Innova (Indonesia)
  • Suzuki Invicto (India, 2023–present)[1]
ProductionAugust 2004 – present
Body and chassis
Class
Body style5-door wagon
Layout
Chronology
Predecessor

The Toyota Innova is a series of multi-purpose vehicles (MPV) manufactured by the Japanese carmaker Toyota since 2004, mainly sold with three-row seating.

The Innova is the replacement for wagon versions of Kijang (internally known as the Toyota Utility Vehicle), which was also marketed under different names such as Tamaraw FX/Revo, Unser, Zace and Condor. Like the outgoing Kijang, the first two generations (2004–2022) of the Innova are rear-wheel-drive vehicles built on the body-on-frame chassis shared with the Hilux pickup truck and the Fortuner SUV under the IMV project, instead of the unibody construction commonly used by MPVs of its era. The chassis was adopted due to the perceived strength and durability which are preferred by customers mainly in Indonesia.[2] The third-generation model introduced in 2022 switched to front-wheel-drive layout, using the GA-C platform with a unibody chassis. The change was made to make use of the hybrid powertrain (which the IMV platform cannot utilise), and to provide the comfort and efficiency benefits of the front-wheel-drive layout.[3]

The Innova first entered production in Indonesia in August 2004 and has been manufactured in other emerging countries such as India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam. The Innova has also been marketed in Brunei, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, GCC countries, Ecuador, Egypt, Jamaica and Argentina.

The name Innova comes from the English word 'innovate'.[4] Its official name in Indonesia is Toyota Kijang Innova, while for other countries it is simply called "Innova". For the second generation, it is known as Toyota Innova Crysta in India and Thailand. For the third generation, it received another moniker in Indonesia as the Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix (Toyota Innova Zenix in overseas markets or simply Toyota Zenix in the Philippines) and in India as the Toyota Innova HyCross along with its rebadged version Maruti Suzuki Invicto.

First generation (AN40; 2004)[edit]

First generation
Innova 2.0 E (TGN40; pre-facelift, Malaysia)
Overview
Model codeAN40
Also calledToyota Kijang Innova (Indonesia)
Production
  • August 2004 – October 2015 (Indonesia)
  • February 2005 – March 2016 (India)
  • March 2005 – April 2016 (Philippines)
  • May 2005 – October 2016 (Malaysia)
  • July 2007 – 2016 (Taiwan)
Assembly
Designer
List
  • Kenichi Inukai, Shoichi Fujiyoshi, Yutaka Kubota and Yahiko Kumai (pre-facelift and 2008 facelift)[5][6]
  • Kentaro Asakura, Nobuya Tanai, Tetsu Endoh and Rudi Budiman (2008 facelift)[6]
  • Hirofumi Hokao, Shigetoshi Kouzai, Takafumi Ito, Tetsu Endoh and Yoshiyasu Neuchi (2011 facelift)[7]
  • Rudi Budiman (2013 facelift)[8]
Body and chassis
ClassCompact MPV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformToyota IMV platform
ChassisBody-on-frame
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,750 mm (108.3 in)
Length4,555–4,585 mm (179.3–180.5 in)
Width1,760–1,775 mm (69.3–69.9 in)
Height1,745–1,760 mm (68.7–69.3 in)
Kerb weight1,480–1,640 kg (3,263–3,616 lb)

In September 2004, Toyota debuted the first-generation Innova (designated AN40 series) in Indonesia. It followed the 2003 introduction of the Avanza—the replacement for low-spec versions of the Kijang. Badged as the Kijang Innova, the first-generation Innova in Indonesia was marketed as the fifth-generation Kijang to maintain the lineage with the fourth-generation model. It also had a more upmarket positioning than the latter.

Development started in 1999,[9] and was led by Kaoru Hosokawa, the chief engineer and product planning leader of Toyota Commercial Vehicle Development Centre.[10][11] Targeted annual production in Indonesia was 80,000 units, including 10,000 units for export.[12]

Compared to the long-wheelbase fourth-generation Kijang wagon, the Innova was made 30 mm (1.2 in) longer and 100 mm (3.9 in) wider while gained a more rounded MPV proportions. Its wheelbase also grew by 100 mm (3.9 in). Unlike its predecessor, the Innova could be equipped with modern safety features such as ABS and airbags as it was designated as a more global oriented model. Other technologies incorporated to the Innova include throttle-by-wire and variable valve timing. It adopted independent double wishbone front suspension with coil springs and stabilizer bar and a four-link solid axle rear suspension with a lateral rod.[9][13]

Depending on the market and grade level, the Innova could be configured as a two-row five-seater vehicle (such as in Taiwan),[14] or a three-row vehicle with either eight seats or a more upscale seven-seat layout with captain seats for the second row.

Updates[edit]

2008[edit]

The facelifted Innova debuted on 26 August 2008 in Indonesia. It featured a redesigned front and rear bumper, front grille, and rear taillights. It was also launched in the Philippines in November 2008 and in India on 28 January 2009. In August 2009, the E and G-type Kijang Innova received improvements, such as redesigned side body moulding, chrome ornaments on rear windshield and trunk lid. The Luxury package was also introduced for the G and V type.[citation needed]

2011[edit]

On 20 July 2011, Toyota launched the second facelift of the Innova in Indonesia. It featured redesigned headlights, grille, bonnet, bumpers, taillights and wheels. The interior was updated with an updated steering wheel, updated air-conditioning knobs (for non V variants), and a revised center dashboard design.[citation needed]

2013[edit]

The third facelift of the Innova debuted in August 2013 in Indonesia, which introduced a revised front bumper, trunk garnish and equipment upgrades.[15]

Markets[edit]

India[edit]

In India, the Innova was introduced in February 2005 to replace the Qualis.[16][17] It was available with twelve variants. Three variants of the Innova came with a petrol engine option which was powered by a 2.0-litre engine with electronic fuel injection. The diesel variants of the Innova are powered by a 2.5-litre engine. The available grades were E, G, GX and VX. In 2012, "Z" was made as a flagship grade above the VX. Toyota set an initial sales target of 45,000 units annually.[18]

The Innova was sold in large numbers in India (where it is known as an MUV)—primarily serving the tourist taxi market and fleet operations of large technology business process outsourcing companies.[citation needed]

In 2009, a facelift was introduced with exterior cosmetic changes, and the inclusion of an intercooler.[17]

A second facelift was introduced in 2012 at the 11th Auto Expo with updated bumper designs, grille, updated headlights and newly designed alloy wheels. Steering-mounted controls for the audio and climate control system became an option.[18]

The first-generation Innova received an update for the Indian market in 2015.[19] With this update, all variants gained dual airbags and there were cosmetic changes such as the inclusion of dark grey two-tone alloy wheels, wood finished steering wheel, redesigned leather seats, and an oak interior colour.[20] Rear HVAC outlets became standard as a part of this update.[21]

Indonesia[edit]

The Kijang Innova was introduced in Indonesia on 1 September 2004.[9] It was initially available in E, G and V grade levels, equipped with either 2.0-litre petrol or 2.5-litre diesel engine. Manual transmission was offered in all grades, while the automatic transmission was only offered in G and V grades. The E and G grades retained three-spoke steering wheel design from the second facelift fourth-generation Kijang and first-generation Vios, while the V grade shared its four-spoke steering wheel design from the E120 series Corolla Altis, first-generation Alphard, facelifted J100 series Land Cruiser and the facelifted XV30 series Camry.

In January 2005, the 2.7 V grade was released as the flagship model. It was equipped with a 2.7-litre 2TR-FE engine (later also used on petrol variants of the Toyota Fortuner), dual airbags, ABS, seven-seat layout, with no manual transmission option. It was discontinued in 2007 due to low demand caused by its relatively high price.[11][22] In 2006, the V Xtra grade was released with similar equipment levels as the 2.7 V grade.

In early 2007, the engines on the Indonesian market Kijang Innova were updated to comply with the Euro 2 emission standards. It received a catalytic converter and the injection system was changed to a closed loop system. The Kijang Innova also received a front mesh grille.[citation needed]

In January 2008, the G grade could be optioned as a seven-seater with the "Captain Seat" sub-grade.[23]

The facelifted Kijang Innova was released on 26 August 2008 with updated front bumper and grille design, taillights and bumpers, and redesigned wheels.[24][25] At the 17th Indonesia International Motor Show in July 2009, the G Luxury and V Luxury grades were introduced as replacements for the V Xtra grade. In August 2009, the petrol-only J grade was introduced as the base model.[26]

On 20 July 2011, the Kijang Innova received a second facelift. Changes include updated front clip design, taillights, redesigned wheels and updated center dashboard design.[citation needed]

On 19 August 2013, the third facelift of the Kijang Innova was launched. Changes consist of a larger grille, redesigned bumpers and an updated trunk garnish exclusive to the E, G and V grades.[15][27] In August 2014, the Kijang Innova was updated again with the redesigned wheels, while Luxury grades received a redesigned rear body kit.[citation needed]

Malaysia[edit]

The Innova was launched on 27 May 2005 replacing the Unser and was offered in two variants: the E and G, both powered by the 1TR-FE 2.0-litre engine with VVT-i. The powertrains available were either paired with a five-speed manual transmission or a four-speed automatic transmission.[28]

Philippines[edit]

The Innova was introduced in 2005 to replace the Revo. Grade levels include the J, the E (mid-level model with power features, airbags, and only available with a diesel engine; a petrol engine variant was added for 2008), the G (middle model with carry over equipment levels from the E grade albeit with leather seats and interiors), and the V (high end model, which was introduced in the last quarter of 2006 and only available with an automatic transmission, captains seats on the middle row, and high end audio system).[citation needed]

In 2010, an upgraded version of the Innova E grade called the Sport Runner was offered. It was only available with a 2.5-litre diesel engine and was offered with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission.[29] It was offered until early 2012 and in that same year, a facelifted version of the Innova was launched, featuring a redesigned front bumper, headlights, and taillights.[citation needed]

In early 2014, another facelifted version of the Innova was launched; a redesigned front bumper and tailgate were parts of this update.[citation needed]

In June 2015, TMP offered a limited edition 1 Million Innova with GPS navigation, rear spoiler and 1 Million badge, and a special Jade Green Metallic exterior colour.[30]

The first-generation Innova was sold over 140,000 units in the Philippines.[4]

South Africa[edit]

The Innova was introduced in its second facelift form in October 2011, sitting in between the Verso and the smaller Avanza.[31] Equipped with a 2.7-litre engine mated exclusively to a 5-speed manual, it was offered with eight-seater variant and a more upscale seven-seater.[32] The model was not replaced with the second-generation model upon its discontinuation due to poor sales and slumping demand for MPVs in the market.[33]

Taiwan[edit]

The Innova was introduced in Taiwan in July 2007 to replace the Zace Surf, as it was not compliant with the stricter emissions regulations. Positioned as a recreational vehicle and a commercial vehicle, the Taiwanese market Innova was only offered with a two-row, five-seater capacity. Initial models are equipped with the 2.7-litre petrol engine with J, E, G and Z grade levels.[14] Monthly sales were targeted at 900 units.[34] In November 2011, the 2.7-litre engine was replaced by the 2.0-litre engine with price reductions and monthly sales target of 700 units. Retaining the same initial exterior styling without a facelift, the vehicle gained black interior colour replacing beige.[35] Production continues without significant changes until 2016, when it was discontinued without a direct successor.[36][37]

Vietnam[edit]

The Innova was introduced in January 2006. In its first year, the Innova sold 9,934 units with a share of the overall car market of 23 percent, a record in the country.[38]

Powertrain[edit]

The first-generation Innova was powered by either a 2.0-litre petrol 100 kW (134 hp; 136 PS) 1TR-FE with VVT-i, a 2.7-litre petrol 118 kW (158 hp; 160 PS) 2TR-FE with VVT-i, or a 2.5-litre 102 PS (75 kW) 2KD-FTV D-4D common rail turbocharged diesel engine.

The diesel variants used a turbocharged 2KD-FTV engine which produces 75 kW (101 hp; 102 PS) and 260 N⋅m (26.5 kg⋅m; 192 lb⋅ft) of torque when mated to the four-speed automatic transmission and 200 N⋅m (20.4 kg⋅m; 148 lb⋅ft) when mated to the five-speed manual. Petrol versions were also available in five-speed manual or four-speed automatic versions.

Type Engine code Displacement Power Torque Transmission Model code Layout Calendar years
Petrol 1TR-FE[39] 1,998 cc (2.0 L) I4 with VVT-i 100 kW (134 hp; 136 PS) @ 5,600 rpm 182 N⋅m (18.6 kg⋅m; 134 lb⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
TGN40 RWD 2004–2016
Petrol 2TR-FE 2,693 cc (2.7 L) I4 with VVT-i 118 kW (158 hp; 160 PS) @ 5,200 rpm 241 N⋅m (24.6 kg⋅m; 178 lb⋅ft) @ 3,800 rpm
  • 5-speed manual
  • 4-speed automatic
TGN41 2005–2016
Diesel 2KD-FTV 2,494 cc (2.5 L) turbocharged I4 75 kW (101 hp; 102 PS) @ 3,600 rpm 200 N⋅m (20.4 kg⋅m; 148 lb⋅ft) @ 1,400–3,200 rpm 5-speed manual KUN40 2004–2016
260 N⋅m (26.5 kg⋅m; 192 lb⋅ft) @ 1,600–2,400 rpm 4-speed automatic

Second generation (AN140; 2015)[edit]

Second generation
2017 Kijang Innova 2.0 G (TGN140; pre-facelift, Indonesia)
Overview
Model codeAN140
Also calledToyota Kijang Innova (Indonesia)
ProductionNovember 2015 – present[40]
Assembly
Designer
  • Masayuki Sugiura, Naohiko Suzuki and Hisataka Tokizane[41]
  • Adam Ty Dean Smith and Anthony Chin-Pang Cheung (facelift)[42]
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size MPV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformToyota IMV platform
ChassisBody-on-frame
Related
Powertrain
Engine
  • Petrol:
  • 2.0 L 1TR-FE I4
  • 2.7 L 2TR-FE I4
  • Diesel:
  • 2.4 L 2GD-FTV turbo I4
  • 2.8 L 1GD-FTV turbo I4
Transmission
  • 5-speed R151 manual
  • 6-speed RC60 manual
  • 6-speed AC60 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,750 mm (108.3 in)
Length4,735 mm (186.4 in)
Width1,830 mm (72.0 in)
Height1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Kerb weight1,700–1,930 kg (3,747.9–4,254.9 lb)

The second-generation Innova, designated AN140 series, was launched in November 2015 in Indonesia. Its introduction follows the other vehicles from the IMV family, the Hilux and the Fortuner, which received newer generations in May and July respectively.[43][44] The second-generation Innova featured an improved platform and newer diesel engines, with development led by executive chief engineer Hiroki Nakajima.[45][46] According to Nakajima, the second-generation Innova aimed to be a "crossover MPV", in the sense of combining the essence of an MPV with the "tough, emotional elements" of an SUV.

It is 150 mm (5.9 in) longer, 55 mm (2.2 in) wider, 35 mm (1.4 in) taller, and around 210–290 kg (460–640 lb) heavier than its predecessor.[4][47] In the interior, it gains larger headroom for the first and third row occupants, and the seating distance between occupants is increased by 19 mm (0.7 in).[48] It was reported that the second-generation Innova shares "only 5% of its components with the outgoing model, which is, apparently, a few bolts and screws," according to Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) director of production engineering, Nandi Julianto. While keeping the same wheelbase as the previous generation, the Innova rides on a revised body-on-frame chassis that has been tweaked with a thicker side rail to offer better strength and structural rigidity.[4][49]

The second-generation Innova retains its double wishbone suspension with coil springs and stabilizer up front and a four-link with coil spring and lateral rod suspension at the rear. The low end variants rode on 16-inch alloy wheels, while the top-end variant received 17-inch alloy wheels.[50] It could be optioned with seven airbags, stability control, and hill start assist.[4]

The second-generation Innova is fully manufactured in Indonesia and India, and also assembled by knock-down kits in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam.

Markets[edit]

India[edit]

For the Indian market, the second-generation Innova was showcased at Auto Expo in February 2016. Marketed as the Innova Crysta, this generation was launched in May 2016.[51] Exclusive for this model is a 2.8-litre 1GD-FTV inline-four turbocharged diesel engine.[52] The Innova Crysta was launched in May 2016 as with two diesel engine options: the 2.8-litre diesel and the 2.4-litre diesel. The 2.8-litre engine gets the six-speed automatic transmission with sequential shift while the 2.4-litre gets the five-speed manual transmission.[53] In August 2016, the 2.7-litre petrol engine option was introduced, in response to the ban on diesel vehicles with engine capacities over 2,000 cc in Delhi and NCR. The petrol engine is mated with either a 5-speed manual or a 6-speed automatic transmission with sequential shift according to different grade levels.[54]

Grade levels are G, V, and the flagship Z. In May 2017, Toyota launched the Innova Touring Sport which feature exterior elements from the Indonesian market Kijang Innova Venturer. The lineup received an update in October 2017 with a 6-speed manual transmission.[55]

In 2020, the 2.8-litre 1GD-FTV engine was discontinued for the Indian market due to the implementation of Bharat Stage 6 emission standard.[56] The 2.8-litre automatic variant was subsequently replaced with the 2.4-litre automatic variant. However, the 2.4-litre 2GD-FTV diesel in the automatic variant produces the same torque of 360 N⋅m (36.7 kg⋅m; 266 lb⋅ft) that the 2.8-litre automatic produced and the 2.4-litre manual produces the same torque of 343 N⋅m (35.0 kg⋅m; 253 lb⋅ft) that the 2.8-litre manual produced. To comply with the Bharat Stage 6 emission norms, the engine is equipped with a DPF + SCR system for exhaust after-treatment and mandates the use of diesel exhaust fluid.

The updated Innova Crysta was launched in India on 24 November 2020, with changes mainly in the front styling.[57]

The Innova Crysta was reintroduced to be sold alongside the newer Innova HyCross in January 2023 with a restyled front end. The petrol engine option and automatic transmission was dropped, leaving the 2.4-litre diesel engine with manual transmission.[58]

Indonesia[edit]

The second-generation Kijang Innova (colloquially known as "Kijang Innova Reborn")[59][60] was launched in Jakarta, Indonesia on 23 November 2015. Initial grade levels of the Indonesian market Kijang Innova are the base G, the mid-level V and the flagship Q grade.[61] As the Kijang Innova is moving upmarket to make room for the second-generation Sienta, the J and E grades from the previous generation was removed.[62] The engine options in the Indonesian market are the 2.0-litre 1TR-FE petrol and 2.4-litre 2GD-FTV common rail diesel.[61]

On 16 January 2017, the diesel-engined Q grade was replaced by Venturer grade (available in both petrol and diesel engines). It has a more pronounced crossover SUV-inspired look with the inclusion of aerokits, black 17-inch alloy wheels. It is also equipped with leather upholstery and captain seats.[63] The grade omitted the "Kijang" badge and was marketed separately from the lesser grades.[64]

On 10 August 2017, the Kijang Innova received a minor update. For the G grade, the plastic grille ornament was replaced with a chrome grille ornament, while the V grade received LED projector headlights. The 2.0 Q grade received 17-inch alloy wheels from the discontinued Q diesel grade. This updated Kijang Innova was introduced at the 25th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show.

On 2 August 2018, the petrol engine on the Kijang Innova was updated to comply with the Euro 4 emission standards. It was introduced during the 26th Gaikindo Indonesia International Auto Show.[65]

On 17 August 2020, a limited-production TRD Sportivo variant based on the G and V diesel grades was introduced.[66] Only 2,632 units were produced.[67]

The facelift model of the Kijang Innova was released on 15 October 2020.[68] The Q grade was removed from the lineup and replaced by the Luxury variant of G and V grades with captain seats. It also marked the revival of Luxury variant of G and V grades, after four year and 11-months hiatus. Vehicle stability control and hill-start assist became standard on all grades.

To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Toyota-Astra Motor, the limited edition variant of the Kijang Innova was made available in April 2021. Only 50 units were sold, which consists of 30 units based on 2.0 V Luxury grade and 20 units based on 2.4 Venturer grade, both with automatic transmission.[69]

On 31 March 2022, the diesel engine on the Kijang Innova was updated to comply with the Euro 4 emission standards. It was introduced during the 29th Indonesia International Motor Show.[70]

Since November 2022, with the introduction of the third-generation model, the G petrol and diesel variants with manual transmission initially became the only second-generation Kijang Innova variants sold not only for fleet markets but also for retail markets by spot order. The diesel variant with automatic transmission was reintroduced later in March 2023. [71] [72] [73] [74]

Malaysia[edit]

The second-generation Innova was launched in Malaysia on 5 December 2016. It is assembled by UMW Toyota Motor at its Shah Alam facility in Malaysia. Initial grade levels were the E and G models.[75]

In September 2017, UMW Toyota introduced a flagship variant, called the 2.0 X.[76]

The facelifted Innova was launched in Malaysia on 2 February 2021. Grade levels remained the same as the pre-facelift model.[77]

Although the third-generation Innova has been launched, UMW Toyota Motor has decided to continue selling the second-generation Innova, choosing to treat the third-generation model as a separate model called the Innova Zenix.[78]

Philippines[edit]

The second-generation Innova was launched in the Philippine market on 26 February 2016.[79] Standard grade levels include the base J, the mid-level E, the higher-spec G and the top-of-the-line V. A special variant called the Touring Sport was also available based on the E grade. Initially, all grade levels were powered by either a 2.8-litre 1GD-FTV turbocharged four cylinder diesel engine or a 2.0-litre 1TR-FE four-cylinder petrol engine mated to either a 5-speed manual or a 6-speed automatic transmission with sequential shift.[80] The second-generation Innova rolled off Toyota's assembly plant in Santa Rosa, Laguna on 14 April 2016 and went on sale a few days later.[81]

The facelifted Innova was launched in the Philippines on 20 February 2021. Grade levels remain the same as the pre-facelift model while the petrol variants and Touring Sport models were removed from the lineup.[82]

In October 2023, the XE grade was added to the lineup.[83]

Saudi Arabia and UAE[edit]

Al Futtaim Motors, the distributor of Toyota in UAE, launched the second-generation Innova on 6 April 2016. The UAE-specification is powered by the 2.7-litre 2TR-FE engine with the six-speed automatic transmission.[84]

Thailand[edit]

As in India, the second-generation Innova is also marketed in Thailand as the Innova Crysta. Initial grade levels were 2.0 E, 2.8 G diesel and 2.8 V diesel.[85] The units are imported from Indonesia.

In November 2020, the facelift model of the Thai market Innova was launched. It is available in 2.0 Entry, 2.8 Crysta and 2.8 Crysta Premium grade levels.[86]

Vietnam[edit]

On 18 July 2016, the second-generation Innova was launched in Vietnam and its powered by a 2.0-litre 1TR-FE as an only petrol engine option. It is produced in Vĩnh Phúc and is available in E, G and V grade levels.[87]

Powertrain[edit]

The 2.0-litre and 2.7-litre petrol engines are carried over from the previous model with slight modifications, while the 2.4-litre and 2.8-litre diesel engines are newer additions for this generation. Toyota claimed a 30 percent improvement in fuel efficiency for the diesel engines.[88]

Type Engine code Displacement Power Torque Transmission Model code Layout Calendar years
Petrol 1TR-FE 1,998 cc (2.0 L) I4 with Dual VVT-i 102 kW (137 hp; 139 PS) @ 5,600 rpm 183 N⋅m (18.7 kg⋅m; 135 lb⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
  • 5-speed R151 manual
  • 6-speed AC60 automatic
TGN140 RWD 2015–present
Petrol 2TR-FE 2,693 cc (2.7 L) I4 with Dual VVT-i 122 kW (164 hp; 166 PS) @ 5,200 rpm[89] 245 N⋅m (25.0 kg⋅m; 181 lb⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
  • 5-speed R151 manual
  • 6-speed AC60 automatic
TGN141 2016–present
Diesel 2GD-FTV 2,393 cc (2.4 L) turbocharged I4 109.5–110 kW (147–148 hp; 149–150 PS) @ 3,400 rpm 342–343 N⋅m (34.9–35.0 kg⋅m; 252–253 lb⋅ft) @ 1,200–2,800 rpm
GUN142 2015–present
360 N⋅m (36.7 kg⋅m; 266 lb⋅ft) @ 1,200–2,800 rpm 6-speed AC60 automatic
Diesel 1GD-FTV 2,755 cc (2.8 L) turbocharged I4 128–130 kW (172–174 hp; 174–177 PS) @ 3,400 rpm 360 N⋅m (36.7 kg⋅m; 266 lb⋅ft) @ 1,200–3,400 rpm
  • 5-speed R151 manual
  • 6-speed RC60 manual
  • 6-speed AC60 automatic
GUN143 2016–present

Safety[edit]

In a 2016 testing under 2012–2016 ASEAN NCAP standards, the second-generation Innova received a 4-star rating for the 3-airbag variant not equipped with an electronic stability control, and a 5-star rating for the 5-airbag variant with electronic stability control.[90][91]

In a 2020 testing, the second-generation Innova received a 5-star rating under 2017–2020 ASEAN NCAP standards, after the model received a standard electronic stability control.[92][93][94]

2016 Toyota Innova (3 airbags, without ESC)[90]
Score Rating
Adult Occupant Protection 14.10/16.00
Child Occupant Protection 37.36/49.00 76%
Overall
2016 Toyota Innova (5 airbags, with ESC)[90]
Score Rating
Adult Occupant Protection 14.10/16.00
Child Occupant Protection 37.36/49.00 76%
Overall
2020 Toyota Innova (3 airbags)[92]
Overall stars
Adult occupant 33.05/36.00
Child occupant 42.17/49.00
Safety assist 11.00/18.00

Kijang Innova EV Concept[edit]

Kijang Innova EV Concept

The Kijang Innova EV Concept is an EV conversion prototype that was first presented on 31 March 2022 in Indonesia.[95][96][97] The conversion was done by the Australian branch of SEA Electric, a company specialising in electric trucks conversion based in Melbourne, Australia. Five prototypes were built; three were built in Melbourne and two in Indonesia.[98]

The storage battery uses a 58.9 kWh lithium-ion unit with an estimated range of 280 km (175 miles). The electric motor is rated at 134 kW (180 hp; 182 PS) and could generate up to 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft) of torque.[99] The claimed top speed is 120 km/h (75 mph).[100]

Third generation (AG10; 2022)[edit]

Third generation
2022 Kijang Innova Zenix 2.0 V (MAGA10, Indonesia)
Overview
Model codeAG10
Also called
  • Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix (Indonesia)
  • Toyota Zenix (Philippines)
  • Suzuki Invicto (India)
ProductionNovember 2022 – present
Assembly
Designer
  • Hirofumi Fukui, Yukiko Yano, Ryosuke Tairadate and Yukihiro Nagata (exterior)[101]
  • Kaori Suzuki (interior)[102]
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size MPV
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformTNGA: GA-C[103][104]
ChassisUnibody
RelatedToyota Noah/Voxy (R90)
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motorPermanent magnet synchronous (hybrid)
Transmission
  • K120 CVT with physical first gear (petrol)
  • eCVT (hybrid)
Hybrid drivetrainPower-split
Battery6.5-Ah nickel-metal hydride (hybrid)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Length4,755 mm (187.2 in)
Width1,845–1,850 mm (72.6–72.8 in)
Height1,785–1,795 mm (70.3–70.7 in)
Kerb weight1,555–1,695 kg (3,428.2–3,736.8 lb)

The third-generation Innova, designated with the codename AG10, was launched in Indonesia on 21 November 2022 as the Kijang Innova Zenix, and in India on 25 November 2022 as the Innova HyCross. It is rolled out to Southeast Asian markets later, such as Malaysia on 21 June 2023 then Thailand on 19 July 2023 as the Innova Zenix[105], the Philippines as the Zenix on 22 June 2023[106] and Vietnam since October 2023 as the Innova Cross.[107]

Built on the unibody, front-wheel-drive-based GA-C platform, it is powered by two engine options: the 2.0-litre M20A-FKS petrol and the 2.0-litre M20A-FXS petrol hybrid engines.[108][109][110] Manual transmission and diesel engine options are no longer offered for this generation.[111][112]

Development of the third-generation Innova was led by chief engineer Hideki Mizuma, which is also the chief engineer for the second, third, and fourth-generation Noah/Voxy, as well as the Sienna and Estima/Previa.[113][114][115] The industrial design right was attributed to Toyota Auto Body, Toyota's subsidiary that develops and produces minivan models in Japan.[116][117]

The design concept of the third-generation Innova was described as an "Innovative Multipurpose Crossover". Similar to the second generation, the concept combines the design elements of a crossover SUV with the interior space and practicality of a minivan or MPV.[118] Toyota shifted the A-pillars further back, while the D-pillars are tilted forward to avoid an orthodox van-like design.[111] The track width is kept narrow to keep its turning radius minimum, which positively affects its manoeuvrability.[119]

With the use of the flat floor variation of the GA-C platform shared with the fourth-generation Noah/Voxy, the third-generation Innova is lighter by 170 kg (375 lb) compared to its predecessor. The wheelbase is also lengthened by 100 mm (3.9 in).[120] The length of the cabin was increased compared to the previous generation by 56 mm (2.2 in) to 1,746 mm (68.7 in), while the width was increased by 46 mm (1.8 in) to 1,488 mm (58.6 in). The headroom is also increased by 32 mm (1.3 in).[121]

Other additions and changes compared the previous generation include electronic parking brake with auto brake hold as standard, dashboard-mounted gear lever, panoramic roof, Toyota Safety Sense, and second-row captain seats with "Ottoman" leg rests.[122][123]

Markets[edit]

Asia[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

For the Indonesian market, the model is marketed as the Kijang Innova Zenix. The name Zenix was derived from the English word 'zenith', which Toyota stated as conveying "peak performance", while the letter x represents the word "crossover".[124] The Kijang nameplate is retained due to its popularity in the country, with Toyota in Indonesia designating the model as the seventh-generation Kijang. It is the first hybrid vehicle and the first TNGA-based vehicle to be produced by Toyota in the country.[125]

Three grade levels are offered for the Kijang Innova Zenix: G, V and Q. The hybrid powertrain is optional on G and V grades and standard on the Q grade.[126] Toyota Safety Sense is also standard on the latter. The Modellista accessories package is also offered as an option for the V hybrid and Q grades.[127][128]

Monthly sales target of the Kijang Innova Zenix in the country is set at around 4,000 units, with planned exports to around 50 countries starting February 2023.[129] As of 2022, the petrol model of the Kijang Innova Zenix contains 85 percent of locally-sourced parts, while the hybrid version contains 60 percent as many of the electrical components are imported from Japan. While the NiMH battery is locally assembled, the M20A 2.0-litre engines are imported from India.[130]

India[edit]

In the Indian market, the model is marketed as the Innova HyCross.[131] Initially, it is available in five grade levels, which are two petrol models: G-SLF, GX; and three hybrid models: VX, ZX, and ZX (O). A new grade called VX (O) with hybrid powertrain was added later in March 2023, which makes it to six grade levels.[132] Toyota Safety Sense is standard on the highest grade.[133] The entry-level petrol variant (G-SLF) is targeted at fleet owners and taxi operators.[134] It has been available for retail sales since January 2023.[135]

Brunei[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Brunei on 14 April 2023, as the first country to import the third-generation model. It is offered in a single grade level (2.0 V) and only powered by a 2.0-liter M20A-FKS petrol engine mated to a CVT.[136]

Malaysia[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Malaysia on 21 June 2023 as the Innova Zenix. It is offered in two grades: 2.0 V with the M20A-FKS petrol engine and 2.0 HEV with M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain. Toyota Safety Sense is standard.[137]

Philippines[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in the Philippines on 22 June 2023 as the Toyota Zenix.[106] In marketing materials, the Innova nameplate was dropped to avoid confusion with the second generation and diesel-powered Innova which is still on sale and locally assembled. However, the Zenix retains the physical 'Innova' emblem. It is offered in two grades: 2.0 V with the M20A-FKS petrol engine and 2.0 Q Hybrid with M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain. Toyota Safety Sense is standard on the latter.[138]

Thailand[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Thailand on 19 July 2023 as the Innova Zenix.[139] It is offered in two grades: Smart and Premium, both are only offered with a 2.0-litre M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain. Toyota Safety Sense is standard.[140][141]

Vietnam[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Vietnam on 12 October 2023 as the Innova Cross. Bookings began in July 2023.[142][143] It is offered in two grades, 2.0 V with the M20A-FKS petrol engine and 2.0 HEV with M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain. Toyota Safety Sense is standard on the latter.[107]

GCC[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in the GCC markets on 10 July 2023.[144][145] Each markets have offered their own specifications as follows:

Variants Engine code Bahrain[146] Kuwait[147] Qatar[148] Saudi Arabia[149] UAE[150]
Petrol M20A-FKS GL Standard INB GL -
Petrol hybrid M20A-FXS GLE - INHB
INHM
GL HEV
VIP7 HEV
Hybrid
HyCross 7S
HyCross 8S

Latin America[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Guatemala on 17 June 2023.[151] It is offered in two grades: AF-24 with the M20A-FKS petrol engine and BN-24 with M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain. Toyota Safety Sense is standard on the latter.[152]

Panama[edit]

The third-generation Innova was launched in Panama on 26 June 2023.[153] It is offered in a single grade level and only powered by a 2.0-litre M20A-FKS petrol engine mated to a CVT.[154]

Suzuki Invicto[edit]

Maruti Suzuki has launched the Suzuki Invicto, a rebadged and restyled version of Innova HyCross in India on 5 July 2023. It is available in two grades: Zeta+ and Alpha+, both are offered only with the 2.0-litre M20A-FXS hybrid powertrain.[155][156]

Powertrain[edit]

For this generation, the Innova is equipped with a hybrid powertrain as an option. It is a fifth-generation hybrid system developed by Toyota, combining the M20A-FXS engine with a permanent magnet synchronous electric motor and a 6.5-Ah nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) battery. Positioned under the front seats, the NiMH battery is chosen over lithium-ion due to its better durability in hot weather conditions.[157][158]

Type Engine code[159] Displ. Power Torque Combined system output Electric motor Battery Transmission Model code Layout Cal. years
Petrol M20A-FKS 1,986 cc (2.0 L) I4 128 kW (172 hp; 174 PS) @ 6,600 rpm 205 N⋅m (20.9 kg⋅m; 151 lb⋅ft) @ 4,500–4,900 rpm - - - K120 Direct Shift CVT MAGA10 FWD 2022–present
Petrol hybrid M20A-FXS 1,986 cc (2.0 L) I4 Engine: 112 kW (150 hp; 152 PS) @ 6,000 rpm
Motor: 83 kW (111 hp; 113 PS)
Engine: 187 N⋅m (19.1 kg⋅m; 138 lb⋅ft) @ 4,400–5,200 rpm
Motor: 206 N⋅m (21.0 kg⋅m; 152 lb⋅ft)
137 kW (184 hp; 186 PS) Permanent magnet synchronous 6.5 Ah NiMH eCVT MAGH10

Awards[edit]

The third-generation Innova won the Car of the Year Otomotif Award 2023, Car of The Year GridOto Award 2023, Forwot Cars of The Year 2023, and Best Carvaganza Editors Choice Award (CEC) 2023.[160][161][162][163]

Sales[edit]

In 2023, the Innova became Indonesia's best selling car for the first time in 18 years.[164][165]

Year Indonesia India Philippines Vietnam Thailand Malaysia[166][i]
2004 63,710[167]
2005 82,954[168] 31,936[169] 12,130[170] 8,905
2006 38,992[168] 40,184[169] 10,767[170] 9,934[171] 9,436
2007 40,169[168] 46,527[169] 10,544[170] 12,433[172] 5,805
2008 51,189[168] 43,947[169] 14,947[172] 5,401
2009 35,980[173] 42,003[169] 8,654 8,475[174] 4,967
2010 53,824[175] 51,304[169] 7,419[176] 5,581
2011 54,763[177] 51,930[178] 6,005[179] 4,768
2012 71,685[180] 75,911[178] 4,233[181] 5,675
2013 64,539[182] 58,266[183] 6,011[184] 5,122
2014 56,157[185] 59,450[186] 4,797
2015 43,444[185] 60,526[187] 3,610
2016 57,493[188] 71,875[189] 18,137[190] 11,344[191] 610[192] 2,485
2017 61,775[193] 72,349[194] 24,434[195] 12,001[196] 1,845[197] 5,504
2018 59,630[198] 78,130[199] 18,175[200] 14,618[201] 1,174[202] 4,703
2019 52,981[203] 61,743[204] 20,794[205] 12,211[206] 3,007
2020 27,594[207] 34,078[208] 10,551[209] 5,423[210] 1,576
2021 49,745[211] 55,250[212] 13,304[213] 3,002[214] 1,554
2022 46,933[215] 56,569[216] 17,810[217] 3,272[218] 1,232
2023 66,461[164] 84,073[219] 18,357[220][ii] 1,107[221][222] 2,867

† Including the outgoing Kijang [iii]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Figures based on registration (Malaysia)
  2. ^ Figures includes both the Innova and the latest Zenix models
  3. ^ Figures based on registration

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kelshikar, Tushar (2023-07-05). "Maruti Suzuki Invicto MPV launched at Rs 24.79 lakh". Team-BHP.com. India. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  2. ^ "Ini Dia, Sosok Pria Di Balik "Si Kuat" Kijang Innova" [This is the figure behind the "strong" Kijang Innova]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  3. ^ Anshori, Luthfi (2022-11-22). "Alasan Kijang Innova Zenix Ganti Pakai Sasis Monokok dan Penggerak FWD" [Reasons Why the Kijang Innova Zenix Uses Monocoque Chassis and FWD Layout]. Detik Oto (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Transmedia. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  4. ^ a b c d e "All You Need to Know About the 2016 Toyota Innova (w/ Complete Specs)". CarGuide.PH. 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  5. ^ "Automobile". IPOPHL Patent Search. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  6. ^ a b "IDD000022262". Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. 2008-07-22.
  7. ^ "IDD000029709". DGIP.go.id. Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. 2013-03-14.
  8. ^ "A00201301137". DGIP.go.id. Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2022-06-10.
  9. ^ a b c Sasongko, Bayu (2004-08-28). "Kijang Innova: Evolusi MPV tulen" [Kijang Innova: Evolution into a real MPV]. Auto Bild Indonesia (in Indonesian) (35 ed.). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia.
  10. ^ "The Man Behind Kijang Innova". Kompas (in Indonesian). 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  11. ^ a b "Hosokawa, Si Bapak Innova" [Hosokawa, The Father of Innova]. Gooto (in Indonesian). 2008-08-28.
  12. ^ "Toyota's IMV Project Takes First Big Step Forward". Toyota Motor Corporation Official Global Website. Retrieved 2022-01-25.
  13. ^ khong, ys (2005-05-31). "New INNOVAtion FromToyota". Autoworld.com.my. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  14. ^ a b 高英凱 (2007-07-04). "起價54.9萬,Toyota國產Innova手、自排5車型發表 | U-CAR新聞" [Starting price of 549,000, Toyota's domestic Innova hand and automatic 5 models released]. U-CAR汽車網站. 旭傳科技股份有限公司. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  15. ^ a b "Toyota Indonesia website shows 360-degree view of revised Innova". Top Gear Philippines. 2013-08-20. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
  16. ^ "Toyota's Innova unveiled - Times of India". The Times of India. 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  17. ^ a b Jose, Selvin (2015-05-23). "Toyota Innova - A decade of dominance". Autocar India. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  18. ^ a b M, Surendhar (2020-11-29). "Toyota Innova Launched In India From Rs. 6.82 Lakh..." Gaadiwaadi.com. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  19. ^ Chatterjee, Aditya (2015-01-06). "Updated Toyota Innova launched". CarTrade. India. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
  20. ^ "Toyota Innova and Fortuner refresh priced at Rs 10.38 lakh and Rs 24.17 lakh". Overdrive. India. 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  21. ^ "All Toyotas to get airbags". Autocar India. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
  22. ^ ARSN (2019-03-11). "Profil Kijang Innova 2.7, MPV Keluarga Doyan Ngebut, Waspada Sektor Pengereman" [Kijang Innova 2.7 profile, a fast family MPV, beware of the braking system]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  23. ^ Suhartono, Anton (2008-01-31). "Toyota Perkenalkan Kijang Innova Varian G Captain Seat : Okezone Otomotif". Okezone (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  24. ^ Ekasaputra, Dhany (2008-09-06). "Toyota Kijang Innova 2.5 V - Innova Plug N Play". Auto Bild Indonesia (in Indonesian) (140 ed.). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia.
  25. ^ Chowdhury, Mashfique Hussain (2008-11-25). "2009 Toyota Innova hits Dubai roads". Drive Arabia. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
  26. ^ "Kijang Innova J, Kok Bisa Lebih "Murah"? Halaman all" [Kijang Innova J, how can it be 'cheaper'?]. KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 2009-08-29. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  27. ^ "Toyota Kijang Innova". Toyota Astra Motor. 2013-07-01. Archived from the original on 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2013-08-21.
  28. ^ Tan, Paul (2005-05-25). "Toyota Innova Launching on the 27th". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  29. ^ "Toyota Introduces the New Innova Sport Runner". AutoIndustriya.com. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  30. ^ "Toyota announces special-edition Vios and Innova for 1M sales milestone". Jason K. Ong. 2015-06-11. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  31. ^ "Toyota's new mommyvan hits SA". Wheels. 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  32. ^ "Toyota's Innova MPV driven". Wheels. 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  33. ^ "2016 Toyota Innova - Not Coming to SA". Cars.co.za. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  34. ^ "【國內試駕】TOYOTA 2.7 INNOVA" [【Domestic Test Drive】TOYOTA 2.7 INNOVA]. 汽車線上情報 Auto-Online (in Chinese (Taiwan)). 2007-07-23. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  35. ^ Mark (2011-11-23). "2.7改換2.0新引擎,Toyota Innova 2.0 52.9萬元起上市 | U-CAR新聞" [2.7 changed to 2.0 new engine, Toyota Innova 2.0 listed from 529,000 yuan]. U-CAR汽車網站. 旭傳科技股份有限公司. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  36. ^ 高英凱 (2015-11-27). "印尼發表Innova大改款,臺灣和泰導入機會低 | U-CAR新聞" [Indonesia announces a major facelift of Innova, Taiwan and Thailand have low chances of importing]. U-CAR汽車網站. 旭傳科技股份有限公司. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  37. ^ 陳鵬旭 (2017-05-25). "人氣款停產 下一輛神車在哪裡? - 今周刊" [Where is the next magic car when the popular model is discontinued?]. www.businesstoday.com.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  38. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2007-01-22). "Vietnam 2006: Toyota Innova starts with a bang". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  39. ^ "2013 Kijang Innova" (PDF). Auto Catalog Archive. Retrieved 2023-06-26.
  40. ^ "Satu Unit All-New Innova Lahir Tiap 90 detik". Kompas.com. Indonesia. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  41. ^ "A00201501167". DGIP.go.id. Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. 2016-05-26. Retrieved 2022-06-06.
  42. ^ "A00202100518". DGIP.go.id. Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. 2021-03-16. Retrieved 2022-01-25.
  43. ^ "2016 Toyota Hilux/2016 Fortuner pickup engine details leaked". Indian Autos Blog. 2015-04-25. Retrieved 2022-08-31.
  44. ^ Lee, Jonathan (2015-07-16). "2016 Toyota Fortuner debuts in Thailand, from RM133k". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2022-08-31.
  45. ^ Satrio, Hillarius (2016-10-25). "Finally All New Toyota Kijang Innova 2015 Brochure Version Leaked, Here Are The Features and Specifications!". AutonetMagz. Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2015-10-30. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  46. ^ Rahadiansyah, Rangga. "Pengembangan Kijang Innova Terbaru Libatkan Tim dari Indonesia". detikoto (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-06-06.
  47. ^ Saragih, Febri Ardani (2015-12-07). "Generasi Baru Kijang Innova Lebih Berat Dua Kuintal" [The new generation Innova is 200 kg heavier]. KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-10-31.
  48. ^ "First Drive: 2016 Toyota Innova 2.8 G". CarGuide.PH | Philippine Car News, Car Reviews, Car Prices. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  49. ^ Lye, Gerard (2015-11-25). "2016 Toyota Innova shares only 5% of old car's parts". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2022-08-31.
  50. ^ Chauhan, Yatharth (2016-03-17). "2016 Toyota Innova Crysta India Launch Details". Car Blog India. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  51. ^ Yogi, Vikas (2016-04-27). "Toyota Innova Crysta". IndiaCarNews. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  52. ^ "Toyota Innova Crysta showcased with 2.8-litre diesel engine – Auto Expo 2016". Indian Autos Blog. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
  53. ^ Kumar, Ram (2016-05-03). "Innova facelift – Toyota Innova Crysta Launched at INR 13.84 lakh". Cars&Mobiles. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
  54. ^ Merchant, Akbar (2016-08-08). "Toyota Innova Crysta petrol launched at Rs 13.72 lakh". Autocar India. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  55. ^ "Toyota Innova Touring Sport 2.4-litre Gets A 6-Speed Manual". Outlook India. 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  56. ^ "BS6 Toyota Innova Crysta Loses 2.8-litre Diesel Option | CarDekho.com". CarDekho. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
  57. ^ Merchant, Akbar (2020-11-24). "Toyota Innova Crysta facelift launched at Rs 16.26 lakh". Autocar India. Retrieved 2021-02-23.
  58. ^ Merchant, Akbar (2023-01-27). "Toyota Innova Crysta diesel returns with minor facelift; bookings open". Autocar India. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
  59. ^ "50 Tahun Toyota di Indonesia: Toyota Hadirkan 50 Unit Kijang Innova Limited Edition Sebagai Bagian dari Perayaan 50 Tahun Perjalanan Toyota Indonesia di Tanah Air" [50 Years of Toyota in Indonesia: Toyota Presents 50 Units of Kijang Innova Limited Edition as Part of Celebration of 50 Years of Toyota in Indonesia] (Press release) (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Toyota-Astra Motor. 2021-04-09. Retrieved 2022-12-25.
  60. ^ Al Khasni, Iwan, ed. (2022-06-01). "Kijang Innova Reborn Bukan Nama Resmi, Penjelasan Toyota Astra" ["Kijang Innova Reborn" is Not an Official Name, This is an Explanation from Toyota Astra]. TribunNews (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Gramedia. Retrieved 2023-03-04.
  61. ^ a b "Toyota Kijang Innova brochure" (in Indonesian). Toyota Astra Motor. 2015-10-01. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
  62. ^ Satrio, Hillarius (2015-12-03). "First Impression Review All New Toyota Kijang Innova 2016". AutonetMagz. Indonesia. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
  63. ^ Nayazri, Ghulam Muhammad (2017-01-16). "Toyota Innova Termewah "Venturer" Resmi Meluncur" [The Most Luxurious Toyota Innova "Venturer" Officially Launched]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  64. ^ Maulana, Aditya (2017-01-17). Azwar Ferdian (ed.). "Alasan Toyota Hilangkan Nama Kijang di Innova Venturer". GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kompas Cyber Media. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  65. ^ Kuswaraharja, Dadan (2018-09-13). "Ada Upgrade Audio, Innova Naik Harga Rp 3-6 Juta". detikOto (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  66. ^ "Toyota Kijang Innova TRD Sportivo Limited hadir bermesin diesel". Antara News. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  67. ^ "Innova Baru Edisi Terbatas Meluncur di Indonesia Pekan Depan". www.viva.co.id (in Indonesian). 2020-08-15. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  68. ^ Chan, Mick (2020-10-15). "Toyota Innova facelift unveiled in Indonesia - 2.0L petrol and 2.4L diesel, five trim variants; fr RM95,320". paultan.org. Malaysia. Retrieved 2020-12-13.
  69. ^ Andika, M. Luthfi. "Toyota Kijang Innova Limited Edition Dijual Rp 400-an Juta, Jumlahnya Terbatas!". detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  70. ^ Dythia Novianty (2022-04-01). "Toyota Perkenalkan Innova EV Concept dan Terapkan Standar Emisi Euro 4 pada Kendaraan Diesel". suara.com.
  71. ^ Pradana, Muhammad Rizqi (2022-11-21). "Enggak Disuntik Mati, Toyota Masih Jual Innova Diesel Meskipun Innova Hybrid Sudah Meluncur, Segini Jumlah Produksinya" [Not Discontinued, Toyota Still Sells Innova Diesel Even though the Innova Hybrid Has Been Launched, This Is the Number of Production]. GridOto (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2022-11-22.
  72. ^ "Toyota Indonesia Pricelist for Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Banten" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Harga Kendarraan Toyota. 2022-11-21. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  73. ^ "Diskon Besar-besaran Innova Diesel, Unit Relatif Ready, Harga Mulai Rp 389 Jutaan" [Diskon Besar-besaran Innova Diesel, Unit Relatif Ready, Harga Mulai Rp 389 Jutaan]. GridOto (in Indonesian). Indonesia. 2023-05-24. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  74. ^ Zulfikar, Muhammad Ermiel (2023-02-05). "Enggak Cuma Transmisi Manual, Toyota Kijang Innova Diesel Versi Matik Sudah Bisa Dipesan Spot Order" [Not only manual transmission, the automatic version of the Toyota Kijang Innova Diesel can already be ordered by spot order]. GridOto (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  75. ^ Lye, Gerard (2016-12-05). "New Toyota Innova launched in Malaysia, from RM106k – 7 airbags, ESC, Dual VVT-i, more premium interior". paultan.org. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  76. ^ Lye, Gerard (2017-09-15). "Toyota Innova 2.0X gets captain seats, LED headlights; 7 airbags standard across updated range, fr RM108k". paultan.org. Malaysia. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  77. ^ Lim, Anthony (2021-02-02). "2021 Toyota Innova facelift launched in Malaysia – 2.0E, 2.0G and 2.0X, priced from RM112k to RM130k". paultan.org.
  78. ^ Tan, Danny (2023-06-22). "Toyota Innova Zenix doesn't replace cheaper Innova MPV – second-gen still on sale, RM134k to RM142k". paultan.org.
  79. ^ Andres, Anton (2016-02-26). "2016 Toyota Innova debuts in the Philippines". AutoIndustriya. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  80. ^ Ang, Ulysses (2016-02-28). "First Drive: 2016 Toyota Innova 2.8 G". CarGuide.ph. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  81. ^ "2016 Toyota Innova rolls off Philippine production line" (Press release). Toyota Philippines. 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  82. ^ "2021 Toyota Innova launched, here are all specs and prices". AutoIndustriya.com. 2021-02-20.
  83. ^ Lacuna, Jamil (2023-11-06). "Toyota quietly adds base XE A/T variant to Innova diesel". AutoIndustriya.com.
  84. ^ "Al-Futtaim Motors launches all-new Toyota Innova". Trade Arabia. 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
  85. ^ "Toyota introduces new Innova Crysta in Thailand". Bangkok Post. 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  86. ^ "ราคาอย่างเป็นทางการ Toyota Innova Minorchange : 1,199,000 - 1,429,000 บาท | เบนซิน 2.0 - ดีเซล 2.8 เทอร์โบ" [Toyota Innova Minorchange official price: 1,199,000 - 1,429,000 baht | Gasoline 2.0 - Diesel 2.8 Turbo]. HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). Thailand. 2020-11-05. Retrieved 2020-12-13.
  87. ^ "Mua Toyota Innova 2016 chỉ 160 triệu – Giá xe Innova 2016" (in Vietnamese). Toyota Ly Thuong Kiet. 2016-07-19. Archived from the original on 2016-08-15.
  88. ^ Sidiq, Nurrohman (2015-11-25). "Mengapa Mesin All-New Kijang Innova Turun Jadi 2.400cc?" [Why is All-New KIjang Innova's engine reduced to 2,400 cc?]. otosia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-10-31.
  89. ^ "Catalogo Innova Original" (PDF). Auto Catalog Archive. Retrieved 2023-06-26.
  90. ^ a b c "TOYOTA INNOVA". Aseancap. 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  91. ^ Parikh, Sagar (2016-02-15). "Toyota Innova Crysta scores 4/5 in ASEAN NCAP crash test". Indian Autos Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  92. ^ a b "Toyota Innova (2020)". Asean NCAP. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  93. ^ Laurel, Drei (2020-10-21). "New Toyota Innova bags five-star safety rating from ASEAN NCAP". Top Gear Philippines. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  94. ^ RS, Rivan (2020-10-20). "2020 Toyota Innova awarded 5 star ASEAN NCAP rating". Autocar India. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  95. ^ Radityasani, Muhammad Fathan (2022-03-31). "Kijang Innova EV Jadi Model Studi Toyota di Indonesia" [Kijang Innova EV Becomes Toyota's Study Model in Indonesia]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2022-04-02.
  96. ^ Priyanto, Wawan (2022-03-31). "Bukan Hybrid, Toyota Pamerkan Kijang Innova EV di IIMS 2022" [Non-hybrid, Toyota Showcases Kijang Innova EV at IIMS 2022]. Tempo (in Indonesian). Indonesia. Retrieved 2022-04-02.
  97. ^ "Toyota Innova EV Gemparkan IIMS Hybrid 2022" [Toyota Innova EV Shock IIMS Hybrid 2022]. CNN (in Indonesian). Indonesia. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-04-02.
  98. ^ "Electric Toyota HiLux to cost close to $100,000". Drive. 2022-10-18. Retrieved 2022-10-18.
  99. ^ "Ini Dia Spesifikasi Toyota Kijang Innova EV Concept, Torsinya 700 NM!" [Here are the specifications for the Toyota Kijang Innova EV Concept, the Torque is 700 NM!]. Cintamobil (in Indonesian). Indonesia. 2022-03-21. Retrieved 2022-05-23.
  100. ^ Arifin, Ridwan (2022-05-26). "Bocoran Spesifikasi Toyota Innova Listrik, Bisa Tempuh 280 Km" [Leaked Specifications of the Electric Toyota Innova, Can Travel Up to 280 km]. Detik Oto (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Transmedia. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  101. ^ "A00202202139". Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. Indonesia: Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Intelektual Kementerian Hukum & HAM R.I. 2022-12-06. Retrieved 2022-12-07.
  102. ^ "A00202202144". Pangkalan Data Kekayaan Intelektual. Indonesia: Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Intelektual Kementerian Hukum & HAM R.I. 2022-12-06. Retrieved 2022-12-07.
  103. ^ "Toyota Innova Hycross review: Moving the goalposts - Introduction". Autocar India. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  104. ^ "Toyota Innova Hycross Review: Riding HY". Motoring World. 2023-01-03. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  105. ^ Tan, Danny. "2023 Toyota Innova Zenix launched in Malaysia – 2.0V, Hybrid; 7/8 seat MPV with SUV looks; RM165k-RM202k". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  106. ^ a b "Move over, Innova: The all-new Toyota Zenix is now officially in PH". Top Gear Philippines. 2023-06-22.
  107. ^ a b Nguyên, Khôi (2023-07-24). "Toyota Innova Cross ra mắt Việt Nam: Giá từ 810 triệu rẻ hơn Custin, nhiều trang bị vượt trội nhóm MPV phổ thông". AutoPro.com.vn (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2023-10-12.
  108. ^ Lacuna, Jamil (2022-11-21). "2023 Toyota Innova to use Corolla platform, gas engines". AutoIndustriya.com. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  109. ^ Lye, Gerard (2022-11-21). "2023 Toyota Innova Zenix debuts – TNGA-based MPV; 3rd-gen is larger, gets hybrid power and active safety". paultan.org. Malaysia. Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  110. ^ Rahadiansyah, Rangga (2022-11-21). "Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix Hybrid Meluncur, Kini Pakai FWD" [Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix Hybrid Launches, Now Uses FWD]. detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  111. ^ a b Lye, Gerard (2022-11-21). "2023 Toyota Innova Zenix debuts - TNGA-based MPV; 3rd-gen is larger, gets hybrid power and active safety". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  112. ^ Lacuna, Jamil (2022-11-23). "Spec Check: Old vs. New Toyota Innova".
  113. ^ "真っ正面で戦える トップ狙った「ヴォクシー」「ノア」の実力" [The power of "Voxy" and "Noah" aiming for the top that can fight head-on]. SankeiBiz(サンケイビズ) (in Japanese). 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  114. ^ "トヨタ・ヴォクシー/ノア【開発者インタビュー】 「期待以上のクルマ」を作る" [Toyota Voxy/Noah Developer Interview: Building a car that exceeds expectations]. webCG (in Japanese). Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  115. ^ "ノア/ヴォクシー 徹底ガイド 開発責任者に聞く" [Noah / Voxy Thorough Guide Interview with the Development Manager]. GAZOO.com (in Japanese). 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  116. ^ "JP, 1732736, S". Japan Platform for Patent Information. Retrieved 2023-04-19.
  117. ^ "ミニバン | 製品紹介" [Product introduction | minivan]. Toyota Auto Body Co., Ltd. (in Japanese). Retrieved 2023-04-19.
  118. ^ Dananjaya, Dio (2022-11-22). "Jadi Mirip SUV, Begini Desain Eksterior Kijang Innova Zenix" [Looks like an SUV, this is the exterior design of the Kijang Innova Zenix]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  119. ^ "Toyota Innova Hycross petrol AT review, real world fuel economy tested - Introduction". Autocar India. Retrieved 2023-04-10.
  120. ^ Raditya, Angga (2022-11-21). "Innova Zenix Pakai Platform Baru, Ini Kelebihannya dari Model Lama" [Innova Zenix uses a new platform, these are the advantages over the old model]. GridOto (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  121. ^ Raditya, Angga (2022-11-21). "Innova Zenix Berplatform Baru Bikin Nyaman Penumpang, Ini Rahasianya! - GridOto.com" [Innova Zenix with a new platform to make passengers comfortable, this is the secret!]. GridOto (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  122. ^ "รายละเอียด All NEW Toyota Innova Zenix พื้นฐาน TNGA-C ขุมพลังเบนซิน 2.0 / 2.0 Hybrid ขับเคลื่อนล้อหน้า". HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). 2022-11-21. Retrieved 2022-12-12.
  123. ^ "Toyota Innova HyCross เวอร์ชั่นอินเดีย เพิ่มความสบายด้วยเบาะ Captain Seat + Ottoman ปรับด้วยไฟฟ้า". HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). 2022-11-26. Retrieved 2022-12-12.
  124. ^ "Nama Innova Zenix Juga Didaftarkan di Malaysia dan Filipina". detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. 2022-08-23. Retrieved 2022-12-24.
  125. ^ Dananjaya, Dio (2022-11-22). "Alasan Toyota Masih Pakai Nama Kijang pada Innova Zenix" [The reason Toyota still uses the name Kijang on the Innova Zenix]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  126. ^ Andebar, Wisnu (2022-11-21). "Toyota All New Kijang Innova Zenix Resmi Meluncur di Indonesia, Harga Mulai Rp 419 Juta!" [Toyota All New Kijang Innova Zenix Officially Launched in Indonesia, Prices Starting at IDR 419 Million!]. GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  127. ^ "Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix Resmi Meluncur, Harga Rp 419-611 Juta". OtoDriver (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  128. ^ "Melihat Fitur Canggih yang Disematkan di All New Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix". OtoDriver (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-21.
  129. ^ Rahman, Afrizal Abdul. "Dirakit di Karawang, Toyota Yakin Produksi Kijang Innova Zenix Dapat Penuhi Permintaan Pasar" [Assembled in Karawang, Toyota believes the production of the Kijang Innova Zenix can fill the market demand]. Oto Driver (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  130. ^ Anshori, Luthfi (2022-11-22). "Mesin Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix Kok Masih Diimpor?" [Why is the Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix engine is still being imported?]. detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  131. ^ Kalagi, Pradyumna (2022-11-25). "Toyota Innova Hycross makes India debut; price announcement in January". Autocar India. India. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  132. ^ Jha, Shakti Nath (2023-03-06). "Toyota Innova Hycross gets a new VX (O) variant: Priced at Rs 26.73 lakh". Financial Express. India. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  133. ^ Merchant, Akbar (2022-11-25). "Toyota Innova Hycross won't get a manual gearbox". Autocar India. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  134. ^ Kulkarni, Akshay (2023-04-02). "Toyota Innova HyCross Base G Taxi Variant Arrives – First Walkaround". RushLane. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  135. ^ Jha, Shakti Nath (2022-11-25). "2023 Toyota Innova HyCross unveiled in India: Bookings open". Financial Express. India. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  136. ^ "Toyota The All New Innova | MPV | Toyota Car Brunei | NBT Brunei". Toyota Car Brunei. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  137. ^ King, Nicholas (2023-06-24). "2023 Toyota Innova Zenix available in ICE and hybrid powertrains". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2023-06-26.
  138. ^ Surla, Sam. "The Toyota Zenix wants to be your next hybrid MPV". Visor.ph. Retrieved 2023-06-22.
  139. ^ "ราคาอย่างเป็นทางการ Toyota Innova ZENIX : 1,379,000 – 1,479,000 บาท | เบนซิน 2.0 ลิตร Hybrid 186 แรงม้า" [Toyota Innova ZENIX official price: 1,379,000 – 1,479,000 baht | Petrol 2.0 litre Hybrid 186 horsepower]. HEADLIGHT Magazine (in Thai). 2023-07-19. Retrieved 2023-07-19.
  140. ^ Teerapat A, Moo (2023-07-19). "ราคาอย่างเป็นทางการ All NEW Toyota Innova ZENIX Hybrid : 1,379,000 – 1,479,000 บาท | หลังคากระจก Panoramic" [Official price All NEW Toyota Innova ZENIX Hybrid: 1,379,000 – 1,479,000 baht | Panoramic glass roof]. Autolifethailand (in Thai). Retrieved 2023-07-19.
  141. ^ "ALL NEW INNOVA ZENIX ประกาศราคาขายไทยเริ่ม 1.379 -1.479 ล้านบาท" [ALL NEW INNOVA ZENIX ANNOUNCES THE THAI SELLING PRICE STARTING AT 1.379 -1.479 MILLION BAHT]. www.grandprix.co.th. Retrieved 2023-07-19.
  142. ^ Nguyên, Khôi (2023-07-24). "Toyota Innova 2023 sắp về Việt Nam có thể đổi tên mới, dễ bán song song đời cũ, định vị cao hơn bằng loạt trang bị hiện đại chưa từng có". AutoPro.com.vn (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2023-08-08.
  143. ^ Minh, Quốc (2023-07-17). "Đại lý ồ ạt nhận cọc Toyota Innova 2023: Nhập Indonesia, 3 bản, dự kiến ra mắt quý 3". AutoPro.com.vn (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2023-08-08.
  144. ^ "تويوتا انوفا الشكل الجديد.. أبرز مميزات الميني فان موديل 2024 في السعودية" [Toyota Innova, the new look.. the most prominent features of the 2024 minivan in Saudi Arabia]. Al-Muraba.net (in Arabic). 2023-07-10. Retrieved 2023-07-11.
  145. ^ "Al-Futtaim Toyota launches All New Innova 2024, bringing style, functionality and hybrid efficiency to UAE market". Menafn. 2023-07-10. Retrieved 2023-07-10.
  146. ^ "Toyota Innova | Official Toyota Bahrain Website". Toyota Bahrain. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  147. ^ "Innova | Mohammed Naser AlSayer & Sons Co.w.l.l Toyota". AlSayer Toyota Kuwait. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  148. ^ "Toyota Qatar Official Site - Toyota Innova". Toyota Qatar. Retrieved 2023-07-13.
  149. ^ "Innova 2024 | Toyota Saudi Arabia Abdul Latif Jameel". Toyota Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 2023-07-10.
  150. ^ "Buy the all new Innova Hybrid 2024 in The UAE". Al-Futtaim Toyota UAE. Retrieved 2023-07-10.
  151. ^ "Cofiño Stahl presentan la nueva Toyota INNOVA". Newsinamerica.com (in Spanish). 2023-06-17. Retrieved 2023-08-07.
  152. ^ "Conoce todo sobre el Toyota Innova Guatemala | Toyota". Toyota Cofiño Stahl (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-08-07.
  153. ^ Bonilla, Darwin (2023-06-26). "Toyota Innova 2023 en Panamá: Ganó la plataforma TNGA, pero perdió equipamiento de seguridad". Deagencia Panama (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-08-07.
  154. ^ "Toyota - Innova - Ricardo Perez, S.A." Ricardo Perez Toyota (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-08-07.
  155. ^ Khare, Satvik (2023-07-05). "Maruti Suzuki Invicto launched at Rs 24.79 lakh". Autocar India. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  156. ^ Srithar, Aniruthan. "Maruti Launches Its Most Expensive Offering, The Invicto, From Rs 24.79 Lakh". ZigWheels. Retrieved 2023-07-05.
  157. ^ "Toyota Innova Zenix Pakai Mesin Hybrid Generasi 5" [Toyota Innova Zenix Uses 5th Generation Hybrid Engine]. kumparan (in Indonesian). 2022-11-21. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  158. ^ "Menerka Kans Toyota Innova Zenix Gerak Roda Depan di Indonesia - Halaman 2" [Guessing the chances of Toyota Innova Zenix front-wheel drive in Indonesia]. CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 2022-11-21. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
  159. ^ "All New Kijang Innova Zenix Specification | PT. Toyota Astra Motor | Mobil Terbaik Keluarga Indonesia". www.toyota.astra.co.id. Retrieved 2023-06-26.
  160. ^ Muhammad, Daafa Alhaqqy (2023-03-28). "Innova Zenix Hybrid Sabet Gelar Car of the Year Otomotif Award 2023" [Innova Zenix Hybrid won the Car of the Year Otomotif Award 2023]. Kompas Otomotif (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-12-27.
  161. ^ Laksono, Trybowo (2023-12-01). "Car of The Year GridOto Award 2023: Toyota Kijang Innova Zenix". GridOto.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-12-27.
  162. ^ Iskandarsjah, Eric (2023-12-23). "Omoda 5, Air ev dan Innova Zenix Jadi Forwot Cars of The Year 2023" [Omoda 5, Air ev and Innova Zenix are named Forwot Cars of The Year 2023]. Marketeers (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-12-27.
  163. ^ Rahman, Afrizal Abdul (2023-10-16). "Toyota All New Kijang Innova Zenix Hybrid Sabet Penghargaan CCA 2023" [Toyota All New Kijang Innova Zenix Hybrid wins the CCA Awards 2023]. VOI (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-12-27.
  164. ^ a b Rayanti, Dina (2024-01-16). "Avanza-Brio Minggir Dulu, Ini Dia Mobil Terlaris di Indonesia Tahun 2023" [Move aside Avanza-Brio, here is the best selling car in Indonesia in the year 2023]. Detik Oto (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2024-01-16.
  165. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2024-01-18). "Indonesia Full Year 2023: Toyota Kijang Innova secures first win in 18 years". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2024-01-18.
  166. ^ "Car Popularity". data.gov.my. Malaysia.
  167. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2005-01-20). "Indonesia 2004: Toyota Innova, Avanza, Honda Jazz and Daihatsu Xenia land in first year above 400.000 sales". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  168. ^ a b c d "Indonesian Automobile Industry Data". files.gaikindo.or.id. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  169. ^ a b c d e f "Top 10 best selling cars in India since the 1990s, post liberalization". Team-BHP.com. 2022-09-12. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  170. ^ a b c Gasnier, Matt (2008-01-10). "Philippines 2005-2007: Toyota Innova takes the lead". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  171. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2007-01-22). "Vietnam 2006: Toyota Innova starts with a bang". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  172. ^ a b Gasnier, Matt (2009-01-22). "Vietnam 2007-2008: Innova, Civic & Captiva on podium". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  173. ^ "Ini Dia, 10 Mobil Terlaris 2009". Tempo (in Indonesian). 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  174. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2010-01-14). "Vietnam 2009: Toyota Innova under threat from Corolla+Fortuner". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  175. ^ Kuswaraharja, Dadan. "10 Mobil Terlaris 2010". detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  176. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2011-01-15). "Vietnam 2010: Toyota Innova and Fortuner fight it out". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  177. ^ Harvenda, Aris F., ed. (2012-01-16). "Inilah Model Mobil Terlaris Indonesia 2011". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Kompas Cyber Media. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  178. ^ a b "2016 Report Card - Annual Indian Car Sales & Analysis!". Team-BHP.com. Retrieved 2021-08-01.
  179. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2012-01-13). "Vietnam Full Year 2011: Kia Morning ends Toyota domination". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  180. ^ Kuswaraharja, Dadan. "20 Model Mobil Terlaris 2012". detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  181. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2013-01-15). "Vietnam Full Year 2012: Toyota Fortuner #1 for the first time". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  182. ^ GridOto.com. "10 Mobil Terlaris Sepanjang Tahun 2013, Ada Mobil Murah! - GridOto.com". otomotifnet.gridoto.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  183. ^ Povaiah, Roshun (2013-12-05). "Top 10 best-selling cars of 2013 in India". CarToq - India's #1 auto content site. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  184. ^ Gasnier, Matt (2014-01-17). "Vietnam Full Year 2013: Top 5 100% Toyota, Fortuner #1 again". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2022-10-06.
  185. ^ a b Saragih, Febri Ardani (2016-01-21). Kurniawan, Agung (ed.). "Mobil Terlaris Sepanjang 2015". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Kompas Cyber Media. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  186. ^ "Top 20 Best Selling Cars In India In 2014". MotorBeam - Indian Car Bike News Review Price. 2015-01-12. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  187. ^ M, Surendhar (2016-01-06). "Top 15 Most Sold Cars of 2015 in India - Sales Analysis". Gaadiwaadi.com. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  188. ^ Dirgantoro, Danu P. "Top 10 Mobil Terlaris Di Indonesia 2016". Oto Driver (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  189. ^ M, Surendhar (2017-01-21). "Top 15 Most Sold Cars of 2016". Gaadiwaadi.com. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  190. ^ "Philippines' 10 best-selling cars of 2016 - Auto News". AutoIndustriya.com. 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  191. ^ "Top 4 Best Selling Cars In Vietnam In 2016". Xeoto.com.vn (in Vietnamese). 2020-12-25. Archived from the original on 2021-01-10. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  192. ^ "Sales Report เจาะลึกยอดขายรถยนต์ ธันวาคม 59 - สรุปยอดรวมปี 2559 / 2016 แบ่งตาม Segment". HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  193. ^ Muhardi, Herdi (2018-01-17). "20 Mobil Terlaris Sepanjang 2017". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  194. ^ Shah, Ronak (2018-01-23). "India's top-selling cars, SUVs in 2017: Maruti Suzuki dominates, City beats Ciaz, A Tata car in top 10 and a lot more". The Financial Express. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  195. ^ "Philippines' 10 Best Selling Cars in 2017 - Auto News". AutoIndustriya.com. 2018-01-25. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  196. ^ "Top 3 Best Selling Cars In Vietnam In 2017". Xeoto.com.vn (in Vietnamese). 2020-12-25. Archived from the original on 2021-01-09. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  197. ^ "Sales Report เจาะลึกยอดขายรถยนต์ ธันวาคม 60 - สรุปยอดรวมปี 2560 / 2017 แบ่งตาม Segment". HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  198. ^ "15 Mobil Terlaris 2018". Republika Online. 2019-01-20. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  199. ^ "Segmentwise Car Sales Analysis – 2019 – Auto Punditz". Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  200. ^ Zulueta, Allysa Mae (2019-02-01). "10 best selling cars in the Philippines 2018". AutoDeal. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  201. ^ "Top2 Best Selling Cars In Vietnam In 2018". Xeoto.com.vn (in Vietnamese). 2020-12-25. Archived from the original on 2021-01-11. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  202. ^ "Sales Report เจาะลึกยอดขายรถยนต์ ธันวาคม 61 + สรุปปี 2018 แบ่งตาม Segment". HeadLight Magazine (in Thai). 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  203. ^ Kokasih, Dian Tami (2020-01-23). "Daftar 10 Mobil Terlaris Sepanjang 2019 di Indonesia". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  204. ^ "Segmentwise Car Sales Analysis – 2019 – Auto Punditz". Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  205. ^ "Here are the 10 best selling cars in the Philippines of 2019 - Auto News". AutoIndustriya.com. 2020-02-05. Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  206. ^ "Top2 Best Selling Cars In Vietnam In 2019". Xeoto.com.vn (in Vietnamese). 2020-12-25. Archived from the original on 2021-01-08. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  207. ^ Rahadiansyah, Rangga. "Bukan Avanza Rajanya, Ini Mobil Terlaris 2020 di Indonesia". detikoto (in Indonesian). Jakarta: detikcom. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  208. ^ "Top Selling Cars in India for 2020!". Auto Punditz. 2021-02-01. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  209. ^ "These are the Philippines' 10 best-selling cars of 2020". AutoIndustriya.com. Retrieved 2021-01-22.
  210. ^ xeOTO. "Top 10 xe bán chạy nhất 2020 - xeoto.com.vn". xeOTO (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 2021-04-14. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  211. ^ Andrianto, Robertus (2022-01-14). "Ini Mobil Terlaris 2021! Kamu Beli Juga?" [These Are The Best Selling Cars of 2021! You Bought One?]. cnbcindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Indonesia: CNBC Indonesia. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  212. ^ "Best Selling Cars in India for 2021!". Autopunditz. 2022-01-12. Retrieved 2022-01-13.
  213. ^ "Here is Toyota PH's per-model sales breakdown in 2021". Visor. 2022-01-20. Retrieved 2022-01-20.
  214. ^ Khánh, Duy (2022-01-12). "Con số này cho thấy Mitsubishi Xpander chuẩn là MPV quốc dân tại Việt Nam trong năm qua". AutoPro (in Vietnamese).
  215. ^ Rahadiansyah, Rangga (2023-01-17). "Honda Brio Salip Avanza di Lap Terakhir, Ini 20 Mobil Terlaris 2022" [Honda Brio Overtakes Avanza on the Last Lap, These Are 20 Best Selling Cars of 2022]. Detik Oto (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Transmedia. Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  216. ^ Punditz, Team Auto (2023-01-13). "CY2022 - Top 30 Selling Cars Analysis". Autopunditz. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
  217. ^ "Surprise (not)! 8 of top 10 vehicles sold in 2022 were Toyotas -- CAMPI | AutoFun". AutoFun Automotive News. 2023-01-22. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
  218. ^ "MPV bùng nổ doanh số, Mitsubishi Xpander bán chạy nhất năm 2022". ZingNews.vn (in Vietnamese). 2023-01-19. Retrieved 2023-03-15.
  219. ^ "Best Selling Cars List of 2023!". Auto Punditz. 2024-01-22.
  220. ^ "Which Models Drove Toyota PH Sales Past 200K In 2023?". CarGide.PH. 2024-01-24.
  221. ^ Teerapat A, Moo (2023-12-18). "Sales Report ยอดขาย C-SUV เดือน พฤศจิกายน 66 : Honda CR-V อันดับ 1 ส่วนแบ่งตลาด 67% ตามด้วย TANK 300". AutoLifeThailand.tv (in Thai).
  222. ^ Teerapat A, Moo (2024-01-26). "Sales Report ยอดขาย C-SUV เดือน ธันวาคม 66 : Honda CR-V อันดับ 1 ส่วนแบ่งตลาด 60.4%". AutoLifeThailand.tv (in Thai).

External links[edit]