Toyota Land Cruiser Prado

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Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
2018 Toyota Land Cruiser Prado GXL (GDJ150, Australia)
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Also called
  • Toyota Land Cruiser (Europe, North America and Israel [J120, J150])
  • Toyota Prado (Taiwan)
  • Lexus GX (North America, Ukraine and Russia)
Production1984–present
Model years1985–present
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size SUV
Body style
  • 3-door SUV (up until J150 model)
  • 5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Land Cruiser II/Bundera

The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (Japanese: トヨタ・ランドクルーザープラド, Hepburn: Toyota Rando-Kurūzā Purado) is a full-size four-wheel drive vehicle in the Land Cruiser range produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota as a "light-duty" variation in the range.

The Prado may also be referred to as Land Cruiser LC70, LC90, LC120, LC150 and LC250 depending on the platform. In some markets, it is known simply as the Toyota Prado or the Toyota Land Cruiser.

Up until the J150 model, the Prado was not part of the Land Cruiser range in North America; the rebadged Lexus GX occupied the Prado's position in luxury trim. The Prado was then introduced there in 2023 and marketed simply as the "Land Cruiser".

The Prado has a ladder frame chassis, two-speed transfer boxes and rear beam axles. The J70 platform has a front beam axle, while the J90, J120, J150 and J250 platforms have front independent suspension.

As of 2023, the Prado is available in every Toyota market except in Mexico, South Korea and some Southeast Asian and South American markets (where the Hilux-based Fortuner/SW4 is offered instead). Many markets that did not receive the Prado instead substituted its market segment with the Toyota 4Runner, which shared many of the same components.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Prado" means meadow or field in Spanish and Portuguese.[1]

Predecessor (J70; 1984)[edit]

J70
Land Cruiser 70 Light
Overview
Also calledToyota Bundera
Production1984–1990
AssemblyToyota City, Japan (ARACO)
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
Rear view

First developed as the light-duty vehicle of the 70 Series in November 1984 and available only in short body layouts with options for soft top or hard top (metal top), names like Land Cruiser II, Land Cruiser, and Bundera were made for these "light duty" Land Cruisers. The Bundera was a short wheelbase—being 2,310 mm (90.9 in)—with two doors, a plastic top, and barn doors at the rear. There were four options for the engine, the 2.4 L (2,366 cc) 22R (carbureted) and 22R-E (EFI) petrol engines and the 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 2L and 2L-T diesel and turbocharged diesel engines. The transmission for the petrol engines is the G52 type while the diesels used the R150 and R151 types. These were the same engines and transmissions used in the 4Runner, in cooperation with Hino.

First generation (J70; 1990)[edit]

First generation
Prado semi long (LJ78G, Japan)
Overview
Model codeJ70
Production1990–1996
Assembly
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed automatic
  • 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,730 mm (107.5 in)
Length4,585 mm (180.5 in)
Width1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height1,885 mm (74.2 in)
Kerb weight1,890 kg (4,167 lb) (2L-TE)
Rear view

In April 1990, a new type, the Prado, was introduced, with a redesigned front grille, front fenders, engine hood, and head lamps. At the same time, names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still used in other parts of the world besides Japan. Despite a body-on-frame design making it highly capable off-road, the vehicle was marketed toward on-road use, unlike the RJ70 and RJ73 (2 doors, 22RE EFI), which are popular in off-roading with a decent power-to-weight ratio and are available in Europe, South America, Africa, and Australia. The underpowered RJ77 (4 doors with the 22R carbureted engine) was only available in some Middle Eastern countries.

In Japan, it came with electronic fuel injection and a four speed automatic transmission. The 2.4 L turbocharged diesel engine with 71 kW (97 PS; 95 hp) and 240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft) high torque unit was installed. The lineup included 2-door and 4-door versions available in SX, LX or EX (4-door only) grades of trim.

The front suspension was changed to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. With the touch of a button you could switch between absorber stages. The 22R petrol engine was upgraded to the 22R-E (electronic fuel injection) engine, the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 L (2,776 cc) 3L engine, and the 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 2L-T turbocharged diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbocharged diesel engine. In 1993, the 2L-TE turbocharged diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KZ-TE turbocharged diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The dashboard was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brakes and trim details.

Second generation (J90; 1996)[edit]

Second generation
1998 Prado GXL 5-door (VZJ95; pre-facelift, Australia)
Overview
Model codeJ90
Also called
  • Toyota Merú (Venezuela; 3-door)[2]
  • Toyota Land Cruiser Colorado (UK)
Production
  • 1996–2002
Assembly
Body and chassis
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4-speed automatic
  • 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,675 mm (105.3 in) (5-door)
  • 2,370 mm (93.3 in) (3-door)
Length
  • 4,675 mm (184.1 in) (5-door)
  • 4,240 mm (166.9 in) (3-door)
Width1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Height1,880 mm (74.0 in)
Kerb weight
  • 5-door:
  • 1,890–1,960 kg (4,170–4,320 lb)[3]
  • 3-door:
  • 1,740 kg (3,840 lb)[3]

In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and emerged as the J90-series Prado, an independent series. The body was lengthened. The design remained medium duty, like the J70. The front suspension was replaced with an independent design, shared with the Tacoma and Hilux Surf, made by Hino. The J90 was made by the Tahara Plant, available as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.

In Japan, the 3-door series started with an R in the series ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up started with T in the series ranging from TZ, TX, TS, to TJ. All models came with front double wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. ABS and a Field Monitor showing an altimeter, a thermometer and pressure were standard in all the models. The field monitor was not available as standard equipment in South Africa. Television display and audio set was optional.

Petrol engines included the 2.7 L (2,693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, the 3.4 L (3,378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines included the 2.8 L (2,776 cc) 3L engine, the 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 5L engine and the 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KZ-TE.

There was also a luxury version of the J90, called the Challenger.[citation needed] Features of the Challenger are standard leather seats and wood on the dash.

By June 1999, minor changes were made. In order to follow new laws, fog-lamps were added to the bumper, except in South Africa. To reduce theft, an engine immobilizer was available. The TX Limited with 8 seats used in the TX base with a roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, armrest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series.

In July 2000, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV 3.0 turbo-diesel with D-4D technology to replace the 1KZ-TE in Japan.

The Prado was assembled by Sofasa in Colombia from 1999 until 2009 without significant changes. There were two versions, a 3-door version with a 2.7 L engine and a 5-door version with a 3.4 L V6 engine and either a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic transmission.[citation needed] Between 2005 and 2009 they offered an optional armoured version of the 5-door Prado.[citation needed]

When the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it was called the Land Cruiser Colorado and replaced the 4Runner, which had been discontinued from sale. It was called this to distinguish it from the larger Land Cruiser – renamed as the Land Cruiser Amazon – which was already on sale. The Colorado name tag was dropped in 2003, when it was renamed simply as Land Cruiser. In the Republic of Ireland most Land Cruisers were sold as commercial vehicles with the rear side windows and seats removed for tax reasons.

Gallery[edit]

Pre-facelift[edit]

Facelift[edit]

Third generation (J120; 2002)[edit]

Third generation
2005 Prado GXL (KZJ120, Australia)
Overview
Model codeJ120
Also calledLexus GX 470
ProductionSeptember 2002 – August 2009
Assembly
DesignerLance Scott (1999, 2000)[4]
Body and chassis
PlatformToyota F2[5]
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4/5-speed automatic
  • 5/6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,450 mm (96.5 in) (3-door)
  • 2,790 mm (109.8 in) (5-door)
Length4,810 mm (189.4 in)

Appearing in 2002, the third generation Prado has revised front suspension to improve reliability. Development began in 1997 and design work in 1998, with the proposal originating from Lance Scott of the Toyota ED2 design studio in France in late 1999.

Engines include the 2.7 L (2,693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3,378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2,982 cc) straight-4 turbocharged diesel 1KZ-TE. In countries like China, a newly developed engine( 1GR-FE V6) is available. The engine immobilizer became standard equipment in some markets.

In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE engine was replaced by the 2.7 L (2,694 cc) 2TR-FE engine and in July of the same year, the 5VZ-FE engine was replaced by the 4.0 L (3,955 cc) V6 1GR-FE engine with a 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In North America, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with the 4.7 L (4,663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.

Diesel models have had the 1KZ-TE turbocharged diesel engine with maximum output rating at 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) as well as the 5L-E natural aspirated diesel engine rated at 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV turbocharged diesel (D-4D engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine delivers 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) of power and 410 N⋅m (302 lbf⋅ft) of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine was also matched with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol powered range. From August 2007 the Prado received several equipment and safety upgrades. The car has won 3 awards for the best performance from an SUV-type vehicle in Australia and the US.

The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts as the Hilux Surf/4Runner and FJ Cruiser from the same years.

There is a shorter three-door version of the 120-series, with a 125-code instead of 120. Engines and most features are the same; just the 1KZ-TE was only available in the five-door version. The three-door model features only two seat rows. The fuel tank is limited to 87 L, with no sub-fuel-tank system available.

In 2007 on Japanese models only, G-BOOK, a subscription telematics service, was offered as an option.

The Japanese market Prado consisted of 6 trim levels known as RX, RZ, TX, TX Limited, TZ and TZ 'G Selection'. The highest specification model known as TZ 'G Selection' consisted of features like front driver and passenger heated seats, heated exterior mirrors, adjustable air suspension, hill start assist control downhill assist control, central differential lock and sometimes engine auto heating.


Gallery[edit]

Fourth generation (J150; 2009)[edit]

Fourth generation
2013 Prado Altitude (KDJ150; pre-facelift, Australia)
Overview
Model codeJ150
Also calledLexus GX 400/460
ProductionOctober 2009 – October 2023
Model years2010–2023
Assembly
Designer
Body and chassis
PlatformToyota F2
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 4/5/6-speed automatic
  • 5/6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,450 mm (96.5 in) (3-door)
  • 2,790 mm (109.8 in) (5-door)
Length
  • 4,485 mm (176.6 in) (3-door)
  • 4,825 mm (190.0 in) (5-door, interior spare wheel)
  • 4,995 mm (196.7 in) (5-door, exterior spare wheel)
Width1,885 mm (74.2 in)
Height1,845–1,890 mm (72.6–74.4 in)
Curb weight2,230–2,455 kg (4,916–5,412 lb)

The fourth generation has been available in some markets since October 2009. There are two base variants, five-door and three-door. The five-door variant in the general market is offered in TXL & VXL grades – which are much more option-packed. This generation of Prado features advanced 4WD and an array of electronic gadgets. This generation of the Prado is offered in the US badged as the 2010 model year Lexus GX 460 with luxury trim.

Depending on the market, the fourth generation is available with an under-floor mounted or rear door mounted spare wheel. For example, UK vehicles have the spare wheel mounted under the floor, while in Australia and Argentina the spare wheel is mounted on the rear door, leaving space for an auxiliary fuel tank, which is desirable in countries where long journeys in isolated areas may be required. The fuel capacity of the dual tank series four is 150 L (33.0 imp gal; 39.6 US gal) (87 L [19.1 imp gal; 23.0 US gal] in the main tank, 63 L [13.9 imp gal; 16.6 US gal] in the auxiliary tank) compared to 179 L (39.4 imp gal; 47.3 US gal) of the series three.

The removable third-row three-seaters of the J120 were replaced by fold-into-floor seats which seat only two people – which is also responsible for a loss of cargo capacity, the reduction in dual fuel capacity and usable height in the cargo compartment.

On the higher end Kakadu and three-door ZR models, there are six camera positions enabling viewing to the front and down, to the side both front and rear, and to the rear. The engine remained the same, although the automatic gear change points were altered for maximum fuel economy rather than maximum performance, even in Sports mode.

In June 2015, Toyota improved the petrol engine with dual VVT-i, increasing the power output by 5 kW (7 PS; 7 hp) to 207 kW (281 PS; 278 hp) and the torque to 381 N⋅m (281 lb⋅ft). The diesel engine was replaced with the smaller 1GD-FTV. Both engines were upgraded to the 6-speed Aisin AC60F automatic transmission.

The second facelift was launched in Japan, Europe, Turkey and Australasia on 12 September 2017.[12]

Japan[edit]

In Japan, the 1GR-FE engine and TZ trim was available from 2009 until June 2015.

From June 2015 onward, the following engines and trim levels available are: [13]

Engine Trim
2.7 L 2TR-FE 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 246 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) TX L Package
TX
TX 5 seat
2.8 L 1GD-FTV 130 kW (177 PS; 174 hp), 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft) TZ-G
TX L Package
2.8 L 1GD-FTV (2020-) 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp), 500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft)[14] TZ-G
TX L Package

The monthly sales target for Japan is 1,000 units.[15]

Australia[edit]

The fourth generation Prado was released in Australia on 16 November 2009. Five-door models include the GX, GXL, VX and the high-end Kakadu. The Altitude model, introduced in 2012, is priced between the GXL and VX. The Prado Altitude has satellite navigation, two-way moon roof, leather accented trim and 7" Fujitsu-Ten touch-screen/multimedia center.[16] Three-door shorter wheelbase models include the SX and ZR.[17]

A facelift went on sale in October 2013, with more standard equipment, new front panels and new headlights. Higher specification models received LED headlights and suspension improvements.[18] The three door Prado was dropped at this time due to poor sales.

Unlike in Japan, Toyota Australia retained the 4.0L V6 power unit. All GXL models received a seven-inch sat-nav as standard.[citation needed]

In August 2014, a new tailgate without the spare tyre became available as an option for the first time in Australia.[19]

As of December 2020, all Prado models are offered with an automatic transmission only. They are also only available with a 2.8L turbo diesel 4 cylinder engine.[citation needed]

For 2021[clarification needed] the Prado gets the upgraded diesel engine first seen in the updated Hilux. This means it now has 150 kW/500Nm.[20]

Europe[edit]

In the United Kingdom, the J150 Prado is designated as the Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 and LC5, depending on the equipment levels. In some markets, commercial van variants, based on the short-wheelbase chassis are available.

China[edit]

The 4.0-litre 1GR-FE V6 was standard paired to a five-speed automatic gearbox. On 24 September 2015, the fourth generation mid-life facelift received a new 3.5-litre V6, the 7GR-FKS to replace the previous 4.0-litre V6. While the engine capacity is lower when compared to the 4.0-litre, the power output remains the same at 206 kW (280 PS; 276 hp) and 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) of torque. It uses less fuel and it is the only country in the world to offer the Prado with 3.5-litre V6 (model GRJ152L) to the consumer alongside the 2.7-litre inline-four petrol (model TRJ152L).[21] Meanwhile, the 2.7-litre engine version (model TRJ152L), introduced in October 2013, got a revised 2TR-FE engine with dual VVT-i, and the four-speed automatic was replaced with the previous six-speed Aisin AC60F; the 3.5-litre V6 version also got the new transmission.

Gallery[edit]

Pre-facelift[edit]

First facelift[edit]

Second facelift[edit]

Fifth generation (J250; 2023)[edit]

Fifth generation
2023 Land Cruiser Prado (China)
Overview
Model codeJ250
Also called
  • Toyota Land Cruiser 250 (Japan)
  • Toyota Land Cruiser (Europe, Israel and North America)
  • Lexus GX (J250)
ProductionOctober 2023 – present
Model years2024–present (North America)
Assembly
Designer
  • Yoshito Watanabe (Project Chief Designer)
  • Ji-won Kim, Kosuke Kubo, Tokiko Hirai (exterior)
  • Hidemasa Komatsu, Naoki Hamajima (interior)[23]
Body and chassis
PlatformTNGA: GA-F
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 6-speed automatic
  • 8-speed automatic
Hybrid drivetrainParallel (i-Force Max)
Battery1.87 kWh, 6.5 Ah, 288 V NiMH (i-Force Max)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Length4,925 mm (193.9 in)
Width1,980 mm (78.0 in)
Height1,870 mm (73.6 in)
Chronology
PredecessorToyota Land Cruiser (J200) (North America)

The J250 series Land Cruiser Prado was revealed on 2 August 2023. It will be marketed as the Land Cruiser 250 in Japan and simply the Land Cruiser in North America and some European countries. Some other markets such as Australia, China and other European countries will retain the Land Cruiser Prado nameplate.[24][25][26] The 3-door model is no longer offered for this generation.

The design and engineering direction had shifted compared to the previous generation, now focusing on "practicality, durability and dependability" with the basic approach outlined by previous Toyota CEO Akio Toyoda.[24] It results in a retro-inspired, boxy exterior styling inspired by the J60 model from the 1980s.[27]

The vehicle is based on the body-on-frame GA-F platform shared with the larger J300 series Land Cruiser. It is claimed to have a 50 per cent increase in frame rigidity, and a 30 per cent increase in overall rigidity. The model is also the first "Light Duty Series" Land Cruiser to use an electric power steering (EPS) system, which promises easier steering wheel handling during off-road conditions, improving maneuverability at low speed, and allows the lane tracing assist system to be implemented.[28][29] The maximum approach and departure angle is 31.0 degrees and 22.0 degrees respectively, while breakover angle reaches 25 degrees. Ground clearance is rated at 221 mm (8.7 in).[30]

All models are equipped with a full-time four-wheel drive system with a centre locking differential and an electronic two-speed transfer case with high/low range. An electronic locking rear differential is standard, which is able to split power 50/50 to the rear wheels for improved traction control on rough terrain.[30]

Markets[edit]

Japan[edit]

The Land Cruiser Prado is renamed to the Land Cruiser 250 for this generation in Japan. It will be sold alongside the J300 series Land Cruiser and heavy-duty J70 series Land Cruiser that will go on sale in late 2023 after years of absence.[24]

North America[edit]

In North America, the J250 series Land Cruiser replaces the J200 series Land Cruiser (which was discontinued in 2021, but replaced in other markets by the J300 Land Cruiser) as the model carrying the Land Cruiser nameplate in North America.[31] Unlike the previous J200 model, the J250 model will be physically smaller and feature a more boxy and utilitarian design, with a lower starting price compared to the J200.[32] While the J200 is a full-size three-row SUV, the J250 model is a mid-size SUV with two-row seating for this market.[33][34][35]

The range includes three trim levels consisting of the base Land Cruiser 1958, mid-level Land Cruiser model, and the Land Cruiser First Edition limited to 5,000 units during the first year of production.[36] The 1958 has round headlights, extended unpainted plastic body panels, and cloth seats. The Land Cruiser has rectangular headlights and painted body panels, heated and ventilated front seats, an available console cool box, a 2,400-watt inverter, colour-selectable fog lights by RIGID, wider tyres, and a locking rear differential and stabilizer disconnect mechanism. The First Edition adds a roof rack, rock rails and a front skid plate, while keeping the 1958's round headlights.[37][38]

The only engine option available is a hybrid powertrain (marketed as "i-Force Max"), featuring a turbocharged 2.4-litre T24A-FTS four-cylinder petrol engine. Towing capacity is rated at 6,000 lb (2,722 kg).[39][27]

Europe[edit]

In most European markets, the J250 series Land Cruiser is marketed simply as the Land Cruiser. In European countries where the Land Cruiser 300 is available, the J250 series Land Cruiser adopts the Prado moniker.[40] It is powered by a 2.8-litre four-cylinder turbo-diesel engine carried over from the previous generation.[28]

Australia[edit]

The Australian market J250 series Land Cruiser will continue to be marketed as the Land Cruiser Prado, with local introduction scheduled in mid-2024.[26][41]

Powertrain[edit]

Five powertrain types were announced, including one petrol hybrid and one diesel mild hybrid marketed by Toyota as a "48V system". All engines are exclusively four-cylinder.[24]

Type Engine code Displacement Power Torque Combined system output Battery Transmission Model code Layout Markets
Petrol T24A-FTS 2,393 cc (2.4 L) I4 turbocharged 206 kW (276 hp; 280 PS) 430 N⋅m (43.8 kg⋅m; 317 lb⋅ft) - - 8-speed "Direct Shift" automatic TJA250[citation needed] 4WD Middle East, Eastern Europe and others
Petrol hybrid T24A-FTS 2,393 cc (2.4 L) I4 turbocharged Engine: to be announced
Front motor: to be announced
Engine: to be announced
Front motor: to be announced
243 kW (326 hp; 330 PS) / 630 N⋅m (64.2 kg⋅m; 465 lb⋅ft) 1.87 kWh, 6.5 Ah, 288 V NiMH 8-speed "Direct Shift" automatic TJH250[42] North America and China
Petrol 2TR-FE 2,693 cc (2.7 L) I4 120 kW (161 hp; 163 PS) 246 N⋅m (25.1 kg⋅m; 181 lb⋅ft) - - 6-speed automatic TRJ250[citation needed] Eastern Europe, Japan and others
Diesel 1GD-FTV 2,755 cc (2.8 L) I4 turbocharged 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) 500 N⋅m (51.0 kg⋅m; 369 lb⋅ft) - - 6-speed automatic GDJ250[citation needed] Europe, Japan, Middle East and others
8-speed "Direct Shift" automatic
Diesel mild hybrid 1GD-FTV 2,755 cc (2.8 L) I4 turbocharged 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) 500 N⋅m (51.0 kg⋅m; 369 lb⋅ft) - To be announced 8-speed "Direct Shift" automatic GDJ250[citation needed] Australia, Western Europe

Sales[edit]

Year Japan[43] Australia Europe[44]
1999 28,238
2000 20,657
2001 14,696 21,115
2002 15,135 17,186
2003 17,881 33,435
2004 12,918 35,370
2005 13,586 36,302
2006 12,051 28,381
2007 11,820 26,670
2008 8,830 18,852
2009 6,601 8,362
2010 6,610 12,334
2011 9,273 10,996
2012 11,430 17,045[45] 9,172
2013 9,600 14,568[45] 5,444
2014 15,950 16,112[46] 6,258
2015 19,770 15,255[47] 6,052
2016 17,310 14,730[48] 6,286
2017 18,360 15,982[49] 5,237
2018 25,830 18,553[50] 6,977
2019 25,830 18,335[51] 6,359
2020 24,370 18,034[52] 4,489
2021 30,990 21,299[53] 4,458
2022 31,050 21,102[54]

References[edit]

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