Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
|Toyota Land Cruiser Prado|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3/5-door SUV|
|Predecessor||Toyota Land Cruiser II/Bundera|
The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (Japanese: トヨタ・ランドクルーザー プラド, Hepburn: Toyota Rando-Kurūzā Purado) is a full-size four-wheel drive vehicle in the Land Cruiser range produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota. The Prado is one of the smaller vehicles in the Land Cruiser range. From 2009, the Prado is based on Toyota's J150 platform. In some countries it is available as the equivalent Lexus GX.
The Prado may also be referred to as Land Cruiser LC70, LC90, LC120 and LC150 depending on the platform. In some markets, it is known simply as the Toyota Prado or Toyota Land Cruiser.
In North America, the Prado is not part of the Land Cruiser range; the rebadged Lexus GX occupies the Prado's position in luxury trim. The GX uses practically identical body panels and V8 engine.
As of 2014, the Prado is available in every Toyota market, except the US, Canada (both only available as the Lexus GX), Mexico, South Korea and some Southeast Asian and South American markets (where the Hilux-based Fortuner/SW4 is offered instead).
The name "Prado" means meadow or field in Spanish and Portuguese.
Predecessor (J70: 1984)
First developed as the light-duty vehicle of the 70 Series, in November 1984. Available only in short body with options for soft top or hard top (metal top). Names like Land Cruiser II, Land Cruiser, and Bundera were made for these "light duty" Land Cruisers. The Bundera was a short wheelbase—being 2,310 millimetres (90.9 in)—with two doors, a plastic top, and barn doors at the rear. There were three options for the engine, the 2.4 L (2,366 cc) 22R petrol engine and 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 2L and 2L-T diesel and turbocharged diesel engines. Transmission for the petrol engine is the G52 type while the diesels used the R150 and R151 types. These were the same engines and transmission used in the 4Runner, in cooperation with Hino.
First generation (J70: 1990)
|First generation (J70)|
|Wheelbase||2,730 mm (107.5 in)|
|Length||4,585 mm (180.5 in)|
|Width||1,690 mm (66.5 in)|
|Height||1,885 mm (74.2 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,890 kg (4,167 lb) (2L-TE)|
In April 1990, a new type, the Prado, was introduced, with a redesigned front grille, front fenders, engine hood, and head lamps. At the same time, names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still used in other parts of the world besides Japan. Despite a body-on-frame design making it highly capable off-road, the vehicle was marketed toward on-road use.
In Japan, it came with electronic fuel injection and four speed automatic transmission. The 2.4 L turbocharged diesel engine with 71 kW (97 PS; 95 hp) and 240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft) high torque unit was installed. The lineup included 2-door and 4-door versions available in SX, LX or EX (4-door only) grades of trim.
The front suspension was changed to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. With the touch of a button you could switch between stages of absorber. The 22R petrol engine was upgraded to the 22R-E (electronic fuel injection) engine, the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 L (2,776 cc) 3L engine, and the 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 2L-T turbocharged diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbocharged diesel engine. In 1993, the 22R-E petrol engine was replaced by the 2.7 L (2,693 cc) 3RZ-FE petrol engine and the 2L-TE turbocharged diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KZ-T turbocharged diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The dashboard was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brakes and trim details.
Second generation (J90: 1996)
|Second generation (J90)|
|Body and chassis|
|Width||1,820 mm (71.7 in)|
|Height||1,880 mm (74.0 in)|
In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and emerged as the J90 series Prado, an independent series. The body was lengthened. The design remained medium duty, like the J70. The front suspension was replaced with an independent design, shared with Tacoma and Hilux Surf, made by Hino. The J90 was made by Tahara Plant, available as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.
In Japan, the 3-door series started with an R in the series ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up started with T in the series ranging from TZ, TX, TS, to TJ. All models came with front double wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. ABS and a Field Monitor showing altimeter, thermometer and pressure were standard in all the models. The field monitor was not available as standard equipment in South Africa. Television display and audio set was optional.
Petrol engines included the 2.7 L (2,693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, the 3.4 L (3,378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines were the 2.8 L (2,776 cc) 3L engine, the 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 5L engine and the 3.0 L (2,982 cc) 1KZ-TE.
There was also a luxury version of the J90, called the Challenger. Features of the Challenger are standard leather seats and wood on the dash.
By June 1999, minor changes were made. In order to follow new laws, fog-lamps were added to the bumper, except in South Africa. To reduce theft, an engine immobilizer was available. TX Limited with 8 seats used TX base with roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, armrest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series.
In July 2000, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV 3.0 turbo diesel with D-4D technology to replace the 1KZ-TE in Japan.
The Prado was assembled by Sofasa in Colombia from 1999 until 2009 without significant changes. There were two versions, a 3-door with a 2.7 L engine and 5-door with a 3.4 L V6 engine with either a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic. Between 2005 and 2009 they offered an optional armoured version of the 5-door version.
When the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it was called the Land Cruiser Colorado and replaced the 4Runner, which had been discontinued from sale. It was called this to distinguish it from the larger Land Cruiser – renamed as the Land Cruiser Amazon – which was already on sale. It dropped the Colorado name tag in 2003, when it was renamed simply Land Cruiser. In the Republic of Ireland most Land Cruisers were sold as commercials with the rear side windows and seats removed for tax reasons.
Third generation (J120; 2002)
|Third generation (J120)|
|Also called||Lexus GX 470|
|Production||September 2002–August 2009|
|Designer||Lance Scott (1999, 2000)|
|Body and chassis|
|Length||4,810 mm (189.4 in)|
Appearing in 2002, the third generation Prado has revised front suspension to improve reliability. Development began in 1997 and design work in 1998, with the winning proposal originating from Lance Scott of the Toyota ED2 design studio in France in late 1999.
Engines include the 2.7 L (2,693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3,378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2,982 cc) straight-4 turbocharged diesel 1KZ-TE. In countries like China, a newly developed engine 1GR-FE V6 is available. The engine immobilizer became standard equipment in some markets.
In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE engine was replaced by 2.7 L (2,694 cc) 2TR-FE engine and in July of the same year, the 5VZ-FE engine was replaced by 4.0 L (3,955 cc) V6 1GR-FE engine with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In North America, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with the 4.7 L (4,663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.
Diesel models have had the 1KZ-TE turbocharged diesel engine with maximum output rating 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) as well as the 5L-E natural aspirated diesel engine rating 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV turbocharged diesel (D-4D engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine delivers 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) of power and 410 N⋅m (302 lbf⋅ft) of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine was also matched with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol powered range. From August 2007 the Prado received several equipment and safety upgrades. The car has won 3 awards for the best performance on a SUV type vehicle in Australia and US.
There is a shorter three-door version of the 120-series, with a 125-code instead of 120. Engines are the same, most features are the same; just the 1KZ-TE was only available in five-door version. The three-door model features only two seat rows. The fuel tank is limited to 87 L, no sub-fuel-tank system available.
The Japanese Prado consisted of 6 trim levels known as RX, RZ, TX, TX Limited, TZ and TZ 'G Selection' The highest specification model known as TZ 'G Selection' consisted of features like front driver and passenger heated seats, heated exterior mirrors, adjustable air suspension, hill start assist control downhill assist control, central differential lock and sometimes engine auto heating.
Fourth generation (J150; 2009)
|Fourth generation (J150)|
|Also called||Lexus GX 400/460|
|Body and chassis|
|Width||1,885 mm (74.2 in)|
|Height||1,845–1,890 mm (72.6–74.4 in)|
|Curb weight||2,230–2,455 kg (4,916–5,412 lb)|
The fourth generation has been available in some markets since October 2009. There are two base variants, five-door and three-door. The five-door variant in the general market is offered in TXL & VXL grades – which are much more option-packed. This generation of Prado features advanced 4WD and an array of electronic gadgets. This generation of the Prado is offered in the US badged as the 2010 model year Lexus GX 460 with luxury trim.
Depending on the market, the fourth generation is available with an under-floor mounted or rear door mounted spare wheel. For example, UK vehicles have the spare wheel mounted under the floor, while in Australia and Argentina the spare wheel is mounted on the rear door, leaving space for an auxiliary fuel tank, which is desirable in countries where long journeys in isolated areas may be required. The fuel capacity of the dual tank series four is 150 L (87 L in the main tank, 63 L in the auxillary tank) compared to 179 L of the series three.
The removable third-row three-seaters of the J120 were replaced by fold-into-floor seats which seat only two people – which is also responsible for a loss of cargo capacity, the reduction in dual fuel capacity and usable height in the cargo compartment.
On the higher end Kakadu and three-door ZR models, there are six camera positions enabling viewing to the front and down, to the side both front and rear, and to the rear. The engine remained the same, although the automatic gear change points were altered for maximum fuel economy rather than maximum performance, even in Sports mode.
In June 2015, Toyota improved the petrol engine with dual VVT-i, increasing the power output by 5 kW to 207 kW (281 PS; 278 hp) and the torque to 381 N⋅m (281 lb⋅ft). The diesel engine was replaced with the smaller 1GD-FTV. Both engines were upgraded to the 6-speed Aisin AC60F automatic transmission.
The second facelift was launched in Japan, Europe, Turkey and Australasia on 12 September 2017.
The fourth generation Prado was released in Australia on 16 November 2009. Five-door models include the GX, GXL, VX and the high-end Kakadu. The Altitude model, introduced in 2012, is priced between the GXL and VX. The Prado Altitude has satellite navigation, two-way moon roof, leather accented trim and 7" Fujitsu-Ten touch-screen/multimedia center. Three-door shorter wheelbase models include the SX and ZR.
In late 2013, Toyota dropped the three-door Prado variants due to poor sales. 2013 also saw a refresh, with more standard equipment, new front panels and new headlights. Higher specification models received LED headlights and suspension improvements.
Unlike in Japan, Toyota Australia retained the 4.0L V6 power unit. All GXL models received a seven-inch sat-nav as standard.
In Europe, the J150 Prado is designated Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 and LC5, depending on the equipment levels. In some markets, commercial van variants, based on the short-wheelbase chassis are available.
In Japan, the 1GR-FE engine and TZ trim was available from 2009 until June 2015.
From June 2015 onward, the following engines and trim levels available are: 
|2.7 L 2TR-FE 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp), 246 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft)||TX L Package|
|TX 5 seat|
|2.8 L 1GD-FTV 130 kW (177 PS; 174 hp), 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft)||TZ-G|
|TX L Package|
|2.8 L 1GD-FTV (2020-) 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp), 500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft)||TZ-G|
|TX L Package|
The monthly sales target for Japan is 1,000 units.
The 4.0-liter 1GR-FE V6 was standard paired to a five-speed automatic gearbox. On 24 September 2015, the fourth generation mid-life facelift received a new 3.5-liter V6, the 7GR-FKS to replace the previous 4.0-liter V6. While the engine capacity is lower when compared to the 4.0-liter, the power output remains the same at 206 kW (280 PS; 276 hp) and 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) of torque. It uses less fuel and it is the only country in the world to offer the Prado with 3.5-liter V6 (model GRJ152L) to the consumer alongside the 2.7-liter inline-four petrol (model TRJ152L). Meanwhile, the 2.7-liter engine version (model TRJ152L), introduced in October 2013, got a revised 2TR-FE engine with dual VVT-i, and the four-speed automatic was replaced with the previous six-speed AC60F; the 3.5-liter V6 version also got the new transmission.
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