Toyota MC platform
The Toyota MC platform is a front-wheel drive automobile platform (also adaptable to four-wheel drive) that has underpinned various Toyota and Lexus models from the compact and mid-size categories. MC sits above the older NBC and newer B platforms, but below the Toyota K platform designed for larger models such as the Camry. Automobiles based on the MC chassis started production in 1997 with the Toyota Prius (XW10).
Both the old Toyota Corolla (E platform) and Corona/Avensis (T platform) have been replaced by the MC. It was a part of Toyota's plan to cut costs, which included reduction of different car platforms.
Compared to other automakers, Toyota’s definition of "platform" differs. That is, it is less about shared common hardware and more about a shared development processes.
The company revised and updated the MC as the Toyota New MC platform, debuting with the Toyota RAV4 (XA30) in 2005. It will be in turn replaced by the C platform with the fourth generation Toyota Prius in 2015, created under Toyota’s new development framework, the Toyota New Global Architecture (TNGA).
- It is a front-wheel drive platform, with optional four-wheel drive.
- Four-wheel drive variants use the V-Flex II system, which is a viscous-coupling torque-on-demand.
- Engines are mounted transversely.
- MacPherson struts are used in front suspension, while rear suspension can be either
- Toyota Allion/Premio — T240 (2001–2007), T260 (2007–present)
- Toyota Avensis — T250 (2003–2008)
- Toyota Caldina — T240 (2002–2007)
- Toyota Celica — T230 (1999–2006)
- Toyota Corolla — E120/E130 (2000–2006), E140 (2006–2013)
- Toyota Corolla Verso — E120 (2001–2007), AR10 (2004–2009)
- Toyota Ipsum — XM20 (2001–2009)
- Toyota Isis — AM10 (2004–present)
- Toyota Matrix/Pontiac Vibe — E130 (2002–2008), E140 (2008–2014)
- Toyota Opa — XT10 (2000–2005)
- Toyota Prius — XW10 (1997–2003), XW20 (2003–2009)
- Toyota RAV4 — XA20 (2000–2005)
- Toyota Vista — V50 (1998–2003)
- Toyota WiLL VS — E120 (2001–2004)
- Toyota WISH — AE10 (2003–2009), AE20 (2009–present)
- Scion tC — AT10 (2004–2010)
- WiLL VS
- Toyota Alphard — AH20 (2008–present)
- Toyota Avensis — T270 (2008–present)
- Toyota Auris — E150 (2006–2012), E180 (2012–present)
- Toyota Corolla — E150 (2006–2013), E170 (2013–present)
- Toyota Harrier — XU60 (2013–present)
- Toyota Mark X Zio — AA10 (2007–2013)
- Toyota Previa — XR50 (2006–present)
- Toyota Prius — XW30 (2009–present)
- Toyota Prius v — XW40 (2011–present)
- Toyota RAV4 — XA30 (2005–2013), XA40 (2013–present)
- Toyota Verso — AR20 (2009–present)
- Toyota Sai — K10 (2009–present)
- Scion tC — AT20 (2010–present)
- Scion xB — E150 (2007–present)
- Lexus CT — A10 (2011–present)
- Lexus HS — (2009–present)
- Lexus NX — AZ10 (2014–present)
- 力, 田野倉 (27 December 2005). "Toyota RAV4". Nikkei Technology Online (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Akita, Masahiro; Shiohara, Kunihiko (11 June 2012). "Observations on TNGA: How will Toyota’s plans to make better cars affect suppliers". Credit Suisse. pp. 2, 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2014.
- Akita, Masahiro (11 March 2013). "Opportunities and risks related to parts sourcing for next-gen Prius". Credit Suisse. pp. 1–3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2014.