Toyota V engine

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Toyota V engine
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called "Toyota Hemi"
Production 1963-1998
Combustion chamber
Configuration V8
Displacement 2.6L
Valvetrain OHV
Power output 115 hp (86 kW) (V)
150 hp (110 kW) (3V)
180 hp (130 kW) (4V)
190 hp (140 kW) (5V)
Successor Toyota UZ engine

Toyota Motor Corporation's V family of engines were a longitudinally mounted V8 engine design. They were used from the 1960s through the 1990s. The V family engine was used in the prestigious Toyota Century. Toyota had worked with Yamaha to produce the first Japanese full aluminum alloy block engine. The V Family is often referred to as the Toyota hemi as the engine features a cylinder head design with approximately hemispherical combustion chambers; this one characteristic is shared with Chrysler's Hemi, but most of the engine design is unrelated.

Code Capacity Bore mm Stroke mm Power hp (kW) Torque Nm (lb·ft) Compression Years Comments
V[1] 2599 cc 78 68 115 @ 5000 rpm 196 (145) @ 3000 rpm 9 1963—1967
3V 2981 cc 78 78 150 @ 5200 rpm 235 (173) @ 3600 rpm 9.8 1967—1973
4V 3376 cc 83 78 180 @ 5200 rpm 275 (203) @ 4400 rpm 8.8 1973—1983
5V[2] 3994 cc 87 84 190 @ 4800 rpm 323 (238) @ 3600 rpm 8.5 1983—1998

The V 2.6L engine was first used in the Crown Eight from 1964 to 1967 as part of the second generation Crown range. Thereafter the Crown Eight was replaced by the upmarket Toyota Century.

The 3V, 4V and 5V engines were used in the Toyota Century up until 1997 when it got a complete redesign and gained the 5.0 L 1GZ-FE V12.

The V series engines, like several Toyota Motor Corporation engines (e.g. 2T-C, 2M, 4M etc.) at the time had a hemispherical combustion chamber. The position of the spark plugs, like the 2T-C and Chrysler's Hemi, were located on the top of the head.


  1. ^ Toyota Crown Eight Parts Catalogue, Toyota, No.53386-67
  2. ^ Cars International 1989, ISBN 0-906237-46-7

5mge hemi head design