Tozeur Governorate

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Tozeur
ولاية توزر
Map of Tunisia with Tozeur highlighted
Map of Tunisia with Tozeur highlighted
Subdivisions of Tozeur Governorate
Subdivisions of Tozeur Governorate
Coordinates: 33°55′N 8°08′E / 33.917°N 8.133°E / 33.917; 8.133Coordinates: 33°55′N 8°08′E / 33.917°N 8.133°E / 33.917; 8.133
Country Tunisia
Created21 June 1956
CapitalTozeur
Government
 • GovernorAymen Béjaoui (since 2019)
Area
 • Total4,719 km2 (1,822 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 11th of 24
Population
 (2019)
 • Total114,474
 • RankRanked 24th of 24
 • Density24/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal prefix
xx
ISO 3166 codeTN-72

Tozeur (Tunisian Arabic: توزر Tauzar) is the westernmost of the 24 governorates (provinces) of Tunisia and as such bordering Algeria. It covers an area of 4,719 km2 and has a population of 107,912 (2014 census) making it the least populated province.[1][2] The capital is Tozeur.


Geography[edit]

The Chott el Djerid occupies a large amount of the area with a larger part in Kebili and a small fraction in coastal Gabes province both to the east

The area is of low elevation, particularly its two large dry lakes occupying approximately 45% of its area. These are about a third of the Chott el Djerid, the country's largest inland body of water/salt pan and the Chott el Rhasa which has a small portion in Algeria. The lowest point is the bottom of the latter, 23 m below mean sea level. Tozeur and its airstrip are in the quite narrow strip of land between the two pans. Elevations reach above 200 m in the north east extreme being otherwise below 100 m.[3] The uplands to the north attract variable winter and early spring relief precipitation and little other rain. The area exhibits a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, extremely hot summers throughout (see North-south graduation of Tunisian climatic zones) — the patchy and infrequent rainfall in winter is greater than the average for the Sahara Desert of which the area forms part.

Transport[edit]

One of four arterial roads into Algeria passes through Tozeur along a north-east to south-west axis and the town of Gafsa, a provincial capital to the north before heading due east towards the port and coastal resort city of Sfax. The other roads of the province are marked as minor, one passing via a long causeway through the Chott el Djerid leading directly to Kebili, Matmata and Medenine.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Tozeur Governorate is divided into five delegations (mutamadiyat), listed below with their populations at the 2004 and 2014 Censuses,[4] and further divided into 36 sectors (imada).

Delegation Area
in km2
Population
2004 Census
Population
2014 Census
Degache 1,419 26,596 28,543
Hazoua 1,288 4,162 4,700
Nefta 1,641 20,544 21,731
Tameghza 890 6,362 6,516
Tozeur 820 39,862 46,422

Five municipalities are in Tozeur Governorate:

Code Municipality Population
(2014)[5]
6211 Tozeur 37,365
6212 Degache 7,893
6213 Hamet Jerid 6,439
6214 Nafta 21,654
6215 Tamerza 2,334


References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Tunisian census data". Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  2. ^ (in French) Census 2014 (National Institute of Statistics) Archived 2014-10-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Physical map of Tunisia
  4. ^ Institut National de la Statistique Tunisie (web).
  5. ^ Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014 – Population, logements et ménages par commune et arrondissement [Census 2014 results – population, accommodation and households per municipality and delegation] (Report) (in French). National Institute of Statistics. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.