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Trøndelag fylke

Trööndelagen fylhkentjïelte
Seierstad in July 2007
Seierstad in July 2007
Trøndelag within Norway
Trøndelag within Norway
Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′35″E / 63.42694°N 10.39306°E / 63.42694; 10.39306Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′35″E / 63.42694°N 10.39306°E / 63.42694; 10.39306
RegionCentral Norway
County IDNO-50
Established1 Jan 2018
Administrative centresSteinkjer (county municipality, county governor)
Trondheim (county mayor)
 • GovernorFrank Jenssen
 • County mayorTore O. Sandvik
 • Total42,201.59 km2 (16,294.12 sq mi)
 • Land39,493.28 km2 (15,248.44 sq mi)
 • Water2,708.31 km2 (1,045.68 sq mi)  6.4%
Area rank#3 in Norway
 • Total468,702
 • Rank5
 • Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Data from Statistics Norway

Trøndelag (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈtrœ̂ndəlɑːɡ])[3][4] (Southern Sami: Trööndelage) is a county in the central part of Norway. It was created in 1687, then named Trondhjem County (Norwegian: Trondhjems Amt); in 1804 the county was split into Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag by the King of Denmark-Norway, and the counties were reunited in 2018 after a vote of the two counties in 2016.[5][6]

The largest city in Trøndelag is the city of Trondheim. The administrative centre is Steinkjer, while Trondheim functions as the office of the county mayor.[7] Both cities serve the office of the county governor; however, Steinkjer houses the main functions.[8]

Trøndelag county and the neighbouring Møre og Romsdal county together form what is known as Central Norway. A person from Trøndelag is called a trønder. The dialect spoken in the area, trøndersk, is characterized by dropping out most vowel endings; see apocope.

Trøndelag is one of the most fertile regions of Norway, with large agricultural output. The majority of the production ends up in the Norwegian cooperative system for meat and milk, but farm produce is a steadily growing business.


The Old Norse form of the name was Þrǿndalǫg. The first element is the genitive plural of þrǿndr which means "person from Trøndelag", while the second is lǫg (plural of lag which means "law; district/people with a common law" (compare Danelaw, Gulaþingslǫg and Njarðarlǫg). A parallel name for the same district was Þróndheimr which means "the homeland (heim) of the þrǿndr".[9] Þróndheimr may be older since the first element has a stem form without umlaut.


People have lived in this region for thousands of years. In the early iron-age Trøndelag was divided into several petty kingdoms called fylki. The different fylki had a common law, and an early parliament or thing. It was called Frostating and was held at the Frosta-peninsula. By some this is regarded as the first real democracy.

In the time after Håkon Grjotgardsson (838-900), Trøndelag was ruled by the Jarl of Lade. Lade is located in the eastern part of Trondheim, bordering the Trondheimsfjord. The powerful Jarls of Lade continued to play a very significant political role in Norway up to 1030.

Historical population
Source: Statistics Norway [1][2][3][4]. 2017 data[2]
Religion in Trøndelag[10][11]
religion percent

Jarls of Lade (Ladejarl) were:

Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim

Trøndelag (together with parts of Møre og Romsdal) was briefly ceded in 1658 to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde and was ruled by king Charles X until it was returned to Denmark-Norway after the Treaty of Copenhagen in 1660. During that time, the Swedes conscripted 2,000 men in Trøndelag, forcing young boys down to 15 years of age to join the Swedish armies fighting against Poland and Brandenburg. Charles X feared the Trønders would rise against their Swedish occupiers, and thought it wise to keep a large part of the men away. Only about one third of the men ever returned to their homes; some of them were forced to settle in the then Swedish Duchy of Estonia, as the Swedes thought it would be easier to rule the Trønders there, utilising the ancient maxim of divide and rule.[12]

In the fall of 1718, during the Great Northern War, General Carl Gustaf Armfeldt was ordered by king Charles XII of Sweden to lead a Swedish army of 10,000 men into Trøndelag and take Trondheim. Because of his poor supply lines back to Sweden, Armfeldt's army had to live off the land, causing great suffering to the people of the region. Armfeldt's campaign failed: the defenders of Trondheim succeeded in repelling his siege. After Charles XII was killed in the siege of Fredriksten in Norway's southeast, Armfeldt was ordered back into Sweden. During the ensuing retreat, his 6,000 surviving threadbare and starving Caroleans were caught in a fierce blizzard. Thousands of Caroleans froze to death in the Norwegian mountains, and hundreds more were crippled for life.[13]

Traditional Trøndelag house


The county is governed by the Trøndelag County Municipality. The town of Steinkjer is the seat of the county governor and county administration. Both the county governor and Trøndelag County Municipality, however, also have offices in Trondheim.

The county oversees the 41 upper secondary schools, including nine private schools. Six of the schools have more than 1000 students: four in Trondheim plus the Steinkjer Upper Secondary School and the Ole Vig Upper Secondary School in Stjørdalshalsen. The county has ten Folk high schools, with an eleventh folk high school being possibly being opened in Røros, with a possible start in 2019.[14]


The county is often sub-divided into several geographical regions:

Towns and cities[edit]

There are nine towns/cities in Trøndelag, plus the "mining town" of Røros.


There are 38 municipalities in Trøndelag.[15]

Name Adm. Centre Location in
the county
Established Old Municipal No.
(before 2020)
Former County
5001 Trondheim komm.svg Trondheim Trondheim NO 5001 Trondheim.svg 1 Jan 1838 5001 Trondheim
5030 Klæbu
5006 Steinkjer komm.svg Steinkjer Steinkjer NO 5006 Steinkjer.svg 23 Jan 1858 5006 Steinkjer
5039 Verran
5007 Namsos komm.svg Namsos Namsos 1 Jan 1846 5005 Namsos
5040 Namdalseid
5048 Fosnes
5014 Frøya komm.svg Frøya Sistranda NO 5014 Frøya.svg 1 Jan 1964 1620 Frøya Sør-Trøndelag
5020 Osen komm.svg Osen Steinsdalen NO 5020 Osen.svg 1 June 1892 1633 Osen
5021 Oppdal komm.svg Oppdal Oppdal NO 5021 Oppdal.svg 1 Jan 1838 1634 Oppdal
5022 Rennebu komm.svg Rennebu Berkåk NO 5022 Rennebu.svg 1 Jan 1839 1635 Rennebu
5025 Røros komm.svg Røros Røros NO 5025 Røros.svg 1 Jan 1838 1640 Røros
5026 Holtålen komm.svg Holtålen Renbygda NO 5026 Holtålen.svg 1 Jan 1838 1644 Holtålen
5027 Midtre Gauldal komm.svg Midtre Gauldal Støren NO 5027 Midtre Gauldal.svg 1 Jan 1964 1648 Midtre Gauldal
5028 Melhus komm.svg Melhus Melhus NO 5028 Melhus.svg 1 Jan 1838 1653 Melhus
5029 Skaun komm.svg Skaun Børsa NO 5029 Skaun.svg 1 Jan 1890 1657 Skaun
5031 Malvik komm.svg Malvik Hommelvik NO 5031 Malvik.svg 1 Jan 1891 1663 Malvik
5032 Selbu komm.svg Selbu Mebonden NO 5032 Selbu.svg 1 Jan 1838 1664 Selbu
5033 Tydal komm.svg Tydal Ås NO 5033 Tydal.svg 1 Jan 1901 1665 Tydal
5034 Meråker komm.svg Meråker Midtbygda NO 5034 Meråker.svg 1 Jan 1874 1711 Meråker Nord-Trøndelag
5035 Stjørdal komm.svg Stjørdal Stjørdalshalsen NO 5035 Stjørdal.svg 1 Jan 1902 1714 Stjørdal
5036 Frosta komm.svg Frosta Frosta NO 5036 Frosta.svg 1 Jan 1838 1717 Frosta
5037 Levanger komm.svg Levanger Levanger NO 5037 Levanger.svg 1 Jan 1838 1719 Levanger
5038 Verdal komm.svg Verdal Verdalsøra NO 5038 Verdal.svg 1 Jan 1838 1721 Verdal
5041 Snåsa komm.svg Snåsa Snåsa NO 5041 Snåsa.svg 1 Jan 1838 1736 Snåsa
5042 Lierne komm.svg Lierne Sandvika NO 5042 Lierne.svg 1 Jan 1964 1738 Lierne
5043 Røyrvik komm.svg Røyrvik Røyrvik NO 5043 Røyrvik.svg 1 July 1923 1739 Røyrvik
5044 Namsskogan komm.svg Namsskogan Namsskogan NO 5044 Namsskogan.svg 1 July 1923 1740 Namsskogan
5045 Grong komm.svg Grong Medjå NO 5045 Grong.svg 1 Jan 1838 1742 Grong
5046 Høylandet komm.svg Høylandet Høylandet NO 5046 Høylandet.svg 1 Jan 1901 1743 Høylandet
5047 Overhalla komm.svg Overhalla Ranemsletta NO 5047 Overhalla.svg 1 Jan 1838 1744 Overhalla
5049 Flatanger komm.svg Flatanger Lauvsnes NO 5049 Flatanger.svg 1 Jan 1871 1749 Flatanger
5052 Leka komm.svg Leka Leknes NO 5052 Leka.svg 1 Oct 1860 1755 Leka
5053 Inderøy komm.svg Inderøy Straumen NO 5053 Inderøy.svg 1 Jan 1838 1756 Inderøy
5054 Leksvik komm.svg Indre Fosen Årnset NO 5054 Indre Fosen.svg 1 Jan 2018 1624 Rissa Sør-Trøndelag
1718 Leksvik Nord-Trøndelag
5055 Heim komm.png Heim Kyrksæterøra NO 5061 Rindal.svg 1 Jan 2020 1571 Halsa Møre og Romsdal
5011 Hemne
5012 Snillfjord (part)
5056 Hitra komm.svg Hitra Fillan NO 5056 Hitra.svg 1 Jan 1838 5013 Hitra
5012 Snillfjord (part)
5057 Ørland komm.svg Ørland Botngård NO 5057 Ørland.svg 1 Jan 1838 5015 Ørland
5017 Bjugn
5058 Åfjord komm.svg Åfjord Årnes NO 5058 Åfjord.svg 1 Jan 1838 5018 Åfjord
5019 Roan
5059 Orkland komm.svg Orkland Orkanger NO 5059 Orkland.svg 1 Jan 2020 5012 Snillfjord (part)
5016 Agdenes
5023 Meldal
5024 Orkdal
5060 Nærøysund komm.svg Nærøysund Kolvereid
and Rørvik
NO 5060 Nærøysund.svg 1 Jan 2020 5050 Vikna
5051 Nærøy
5061 Rindal komm.svg Rindal Rindal NO 5061 Rindal.svg 1 Jan 1858 1567 Rindal Møre og Romsdal



The region's official theatre is the Trøndelag Teater in Trondheim.[16] At Stiklestad in Verdal, the historical play called The Saint Olav Drama has been played each year since 1954. It depicts the last days of Saint Olaf.

Jazz on a very high level is frequently heard in Trondheim, due to the high-level jazz education in Trondheim. Trondheim is also the national centre of rock music; the popular music museum Rockheim opened there in 2010. Trøndelag is also known for its local variety of rock music, often performed in local dialect, called "trønderrock".

Food and drink[edit]

The region is popularly known for its moonshine homebrew, called karsk. Although officially prohibited, the art of producing as pure home-made spirits as possible still has a strong following in parts of Trøndelag. Traditionally served mixed with coffee, local variations apply. In southern regions, people tend to use normal filter coffee, while in the north they choose to serve karsk with as weak coffee as possible.

Grey Troender sheep. A breed which originated in Trøndelag.

The "official dish" of the region is sodd which is made from sheep or beef meat and meatballs in boiled stock. The Norwegian Grey Troender sheep is an endangered breed of domesticated sheep that originated from Trøndelag in the late 19th century. There are currently approximately 50 individual animals remaining and efforts are being made to revive the breed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  2. ^ a b Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  3. ^ Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 336.
  4. ^ Vanvik, Arne (1985). Norsk Uttaleordbok: A Norwegian pronouncing dictionary (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Fonetisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. p. 311. ISBN 978-8299058414.
  5. ^ Hofstad, Sigrun (2016-04-27). "Her bankes det for et samlet Trøndelag". NRK (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ "Trøndelag fylke: English". Trøndelag fylke. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  7. ^ "Fakta om Trøndelag". (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  8. ^ "Om oss". Trøndelag (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  9. ^ Sandnes, Jørn; Stemshaug, Ola (1980). Norsk stadnamnleksikon. pp. 322–323.
  10. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at
  11. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  12. ^ Gjerset, Knut (1915). History of the Norwegian People, Volumes II. The MacMillan Company. pp. 318–320.
  13. ^ "Historien" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2009-04-07.
  14. ^ Olsen Haugen, Morten, ed. (2018-03-10). "Trøndelag". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  15. ^ List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  16. ^ Haugan, Trond E (2008). Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino. Tapir Akademisk Forlag. ISBN 9788251922425.)

External links[edit]