Trịnh Doanh

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Trịnh Doanh
Lord of Trịnh Clan
Lord of Northern Vietnam
Trịnh Doanh.png
Trịnh Lords
Reign 1740– 1767
Predecessor Trịnh Giang
Successor Trịnh Sâm
Born 1720
Died 1767
Spouse ?
Issue Trịnh Sâm
Full name
Trịnh Doanh (鄭楹)
Regnal name
Minh Đô Vương (明都王)
Posthumous name
Ân Vương (恩王)
Temple name
Nghị Tổ (毅祖)
House Trịnh Lords
Father Trịnh Cương
Mother Vũ Thị Ngọc Nguyên
Religion Buddhism

Trịnh Doanh (1720–1767) ruled northern Vietnam (Tonkin) from 1740 to 1767 (he ruled with the title Minh Đô Vương). Trịnh Doanh was a third son of Trịnh Cương, and belonged to the line of Trịnh Lords who ruled northern Vietnam. His rule was spent putting down rebellions against rule by the Trịnh.

Trịnh Doanh
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Trịnh Doanh

Trịnh Doanh took over from his brother, Trịnh Giang, who, through financial mismanagement and bad behavior, provoked a wave of revolts against his rule. This was a time of increasing peasant revolts in both the north and the south under the Nguyễn Lords. In the north, some of the revolts were apparently led by members of the royal Lê family.

The rebellions which broke out in Tonkin during this period, were almost without number. Princes belonging to the royal family, generals, civil mandarins, common people, and out-casts from the hills, all rose in the provinces against the tyranny of the Trịnh, as well as for their personal interests. Chapter 16 (continued)

Despite the many revolts, Trịnh Doanh defeated them all and passed the rule of Vietnam to his son, Trịnh Sâm.

As far as the Lê Dynasty was concerned, there was just one emperor, Lê Hien Tông (1740–1786), who occupied the royal throne in Hanoi.

See also[edit]


  • Encyclopedia of Asian History, Volumes 4. 1988. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Annam and its Minor Currency Chapter 16 (downloaded May 2006)
Vietnamese royalty
Preceded by
Trịnh Giang
Lord of Trịnh Clan
Lord of Northern Vietnam

Succeeded by
Trịnh Sâm