Trịnh Giang

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Trịnh Giang
Lord of Trịnh Clan
Lord of Northern Vietnam
Trịnh Giang.png
Trịnh Lords
Reign 1729– 1740
Predecessor Trịnh Cương
Successor Trịnh Doanh
Born 1711
Died 1762
Spouse ?
Issue Trịnh Bồng
more sons and daughters
Full name
Trịnh Giang
Posthumous name
Uy Nam Vương (威南王)
Temple name
Dụ Tổ (裕祖)
House Trịnh Lords
Father Trịnh Cương
Mother Vũ Thị Ngọc Nguyên
Religion Buddhism

Trịnh Giang (Hán tự: 鄭杠; 1711–1762) ruled northern Vietnam (Tonkin) from 1729 to 1740. His title as ruling lord (chua) was Uy Nam Vương. He was one of the Trịnh Lords who ruled Vietnam. He was a bad ruler, being wasteful, inept, and callous.


Trịnh Giang was the son of his predecessor Trịnh Cương. He is considered one of the worst of the Trịnh Lords. During his years in power he spent money on luxuries and did little about the growing problem of landless peasants in the countryside. Also, a series of natural disasters struck, floods caused ruin for many villages and yet Trịnh Giang did nothing to relieve the suffering. Instead he obtained (through rich gifts) a new title from the Yongzheng Emperor of China, Supreme King of Annam (Vietnamese: An Nam Thuong Vuong). This foolish action provoked a rash of revolts as the people felt he was usurping the title of the Lê Emperor.

By 1737, his government had run out of money and had to put public offices up for sale.

A mandarin could gain a step in rank by the payment of six hundred strings of cash, and the commonest man in the kingdom was able to obtain the highest rank by the payment of two thousand eight hundred strings.[1]

In the midst of revolts and bankruptcy, Trịnh Giang turned the government over to a favored eunuch in 1738. Two years later he was deposed and Trịnh Doanh took over.

As far as the Lê Dynasty was concerned, the king, Hôn Đức Công (1729–1732), was imprisoned shortly after assuming the throne and was then murdered after three years.[2] He was replaced by Lê Thuần Tông (1732–1735) who was in turn replaced by Lê Ý Tông (1735–1740).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Annam and its Minor Currency - Chapter 16
  2. ^ Thê ́Anh Nguyêñ, Alain Forest > Notes sur la culture et la religion en péninsule indochinoise 1995 Page 141 "Depuis le règne de Trinh Giang (1729-1740), le pouvoir était déstabilisé au fil des dépositions et des désignations arbitraires de successeurs. Trinh Giang avait déposé puis fait assassiner l'empereur Lê Duy Phuong, qu'il avait remplace par ."
  • Encyclopedia of Asian History, Volume 4. 1988. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Annam and its Minor Currency Chapter 16 (downloaded May 2006)
Preceded by
Trịnh Cương
Ruler of Vietnam
Succeeded by
Trịnh Doanh