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Trần Văn Trà

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Colonel General
Trần Văn Trà
Trần Văn Trà in 1974
Personal details
Born(1919-09-15)September 15, 1919
Sơn Tịnh, Quảng Ngãi, Annam (French protectorate)
DiedApril 20, 1996(1996-04-20) (aged 76)
Ho Chi Minh City, Socialist Republic of Vietnam
AwardsResolution for Victory Order[1]
NicknameTư Chi
Military service
AllegianceNorth Vietnam North Vietnam
Branch/serviceVietnam People's Army of Vietnam
Years of service1938–1982
RankColonel General
CommandsProvisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (PLAF) Commander of the Liberation Army
Deputy Secretary of the Military Committee
Deputy Regional Commander (June 8, 1968 to July 2, 1976)
Battles/warsFirst Indochina War
Vietnam War
Tet Offensive
Easter Offensive
Ho Chi Minh Campaign

Nguyễn Chấn, known as Trần Văn Trà (September 15, 1919 – April 20, 1996) was a colonel-general in the People's Army of Vietnam. He was Commander of B2 Front during 1963 – 1967, Deputy Commander of Liberation Army of South Vietnam during 1968 – 1972; member of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam from 1960 to 1982 (3rd and 4th terms).[2]

Early life[edit]

The son of a bricklayer, Trần Văn Trà was born in Quảng Ngãi Province in 1918.[3] He joined the Indochinese Communist Party in 1938 and spent the years of the Second World War in a French prison. Between 1946 and 1954, Trà fought against the French in the Vietnam People's Army and became a general in 1961, commanding communist forces in the southern half of South Vietnam. During the days of The First Indochina War with the French, the Viet Minh recruited more than 600 defeated Japanese soldiers to fight with them.

In June 1946, some of these Japanese followers became instructors in a military school set up by the Viet Minh in Quang Ngai Province, Trà's birthplace, to teach fighting skills to more than 400 Vietnamese trainees. It is not known if Trà was one of the organisers or attendees at this military training school. He was Commander of 7th Military Region (1949-1950) and Vice Commander of Cochinchina (1951-1954).

Vietnam War[edit]

During the Vietnam War against the Americans and South Vietnamese, he led the attack on Saigon during the Tet Offensive of 1968 and commanded the B2 Front during the Easter Offensive.

NLF Fronts and Military regions, 1970

During a 1974 meeting of North Vietnamese military leaders in Hanoi, Trà argued against a conservative strategy during the coming year and suggested that South Vietnam's Phước Long Province be attacked in order to test both South Vietnamese and American military reaction.[4] The attack was successful and the U.S. did not respond militarily, prompting larger, more aggressive communist operations. In April 1975, Trà became Deputy Commander of the A75 headquarters under Senior General Văn Tiến Dũng during the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, the final assault on Saigon which led to the capitulation of the South Vietnamese government. He took charge of Vice-Minister of Defence from 1978 to 1982.[citation needed][5]

In 1982, Trà published Vietnam: A History of the Bulwark B-2 Theatre, Volume Concluding the 30-Years War, which revealed how the Hanoi Politburo had overestimated its own military capabilities and underestimated those of the U.S. and South Vietnam prior to and during the Tet Offensive. This account offended and embarrassed the leaders of the newly unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam and reportedly only one of the five volumes survived. It ultimately led to his purging from the Politburo. From 1989 to 1992 he was Deputy Chairman of the Vietnam Veterans Association. He lived under something similar to a house arrest until his death on April 20, 1996.[6][note 1]


  1. ^ William Head's source contains a critical misinformation that consider Trần Nam Trung was just an alias of Trần Văn Trà. In fact, they were two different figures.


  1. ^ NVA and/or VC Awards Archived 2007-10-21 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Colonel General Trần Văn Trà". mod.gov.vn. Retrieved 1 June 2024.
  3. ^ Spencer C. Tucker The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Oxford University Press, USA (November 1, 2001) p175 "Trần Văn Trà", also 2011 - Page 1140 "Trần Văn Trà, whose true name was Nguyễn Chấn, was born to middle-class parents in 1918 in Quang Ngai, ..."
  4. ^ Colonel General Trần Văn Trà (February 1983). "Vietnam: A History of the Bulwark B-2 Theater Translation of Kết thúc cuộc chiến tranh 30 năm." (PDF). United States. Joint Publications Research Service. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  5. ^ Thanh Binh, Nguyen (25 September 2012). "Senior Lieutenant General Tran Van Tra". Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  6. ^ William Head (2011). "The Tet Offensive and the Media: Tran Van Tra". ABC-CLIO. Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.