Trachinus

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Trachinus
Temporal range: Oligocene-Holocene[1]
Trachinus draco 2.jpeg
Trachinus draco - the type species of the genus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Trachiniformes
Family: Trachinidae
Genus: Trachinus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Trachinus draco
Synonyms[2]

Trachinus is a genus of weevers, order Perciformes that consists of seven extant species. Six of the genus representatives inhabit the waters of Eastern Atlantic Ocean, but only one, Trachinus cornutus, inhabits the South-Eastern Pacific Ocean. Three of the Atlantic species occur near the coasts of Europe. An eighth extinct species, T. minutus, is known from Oligocene-aged strata from the Carpathian Mountains, while a ninth species, also extinct, T. dracunculus, is known from middle-Miocene-aged strata from Piemonte, Italy.

The genus name, given by Linnaeus, is from trachina, the Medieval Latin name for the fish,[3] which in turn is from the Ancient Greek τρᾱχύς trachýs ‘rough’.[4]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Přikryl, Tomáš. "A JUVENILE TRACHINUS MINUTUS (PISCES, PERCIFORMES, TRACHINIDAE) FROM THE MIDDLE OLIGOCENE OF LITENČICE (MORAVIA, CZECH REPUBLIC)." Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B-Historia Naturalis 65 (2009).
  2. ^ WoRMS (2014). Nicolas Bailly, ed. "Trachinus Linnaeus, 1758". FishBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 19 June 2018. More than one of editor-name-list parameters specified (help)
  3. ^ "trachinoid". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Entry ‘Trachinidae’. Webster’s Third Unabridged Dictionary

Sources[edit]