Trachtenberg (or Trachtenburg) (Russian: Трахтенберг, Yiddish: טראַכֿטנבערג; Hebrew: טרחטנברג or Hebrew: טרכטנברג) is a surname of several notable people, typically an Ashkenazi Jewish surname, especially Bessarabian and Ukrainian. Jews from Argentina often spell the name Trajtenberg, according to Spanish spelling norms. Some more recent immigrants from Russia have had the name transliterated as Trakhtenberg when entering the US.
Trachtenburg, literally "a mountain of thoughts" (in German and Yiddish), is actually the former German name of a town in Silesia now called by the Polish name Żmigród, where Jews were a significant part of the population until the Second World War and the Holocaust. Jews who bear this name are usually descendants of families who moved from Trachtenburg, Silesia, to another place in central or eastern Europe (and then elsewhere, later on), and became known in their new communities by their former place of residence.
- Alan Trachtenberg, scholar of American Studies
- Alexander Trachtenberg (1884-1966), Marxist founder of International Publishers (NYC)
- Dan Trachtenberg (1981 - ), an American director.
- Herman Trachtenberg (1839 - 1895), Ukrainian-Jewish jurist
- Jakow Trachtenberg (1888 - 1953), Ukrainian-Jewish inventor of the Trachtenberg system of rapid mental arithmetic
- Marc Trachtenberg, historian
- Michelle Trachtenberg (1985 - ), an American actress.
- Stephen Joel Trachtenberg, former president of George Washington University. The university's Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration is named after him.
Isaac Trachtenberg ( 1929 - ), research scientist, holder of 17 patents, leading expert in reliability of photovoltaics
- Jason Trachtenburg
- Milton Trachtenburg
- Rachel Trachtenburg, American musician
- Trachtenburg Family Slideshow Players
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