|Country (sports)||United States|
|Residence||Rolling Hills, California, U.S.|
|Born||December 12, 1962|
Palos Verdes Peninsula, California, U.S.
|Height||5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)|
|Turned pro||October 23, 1978 (age 15)|
|Retired||July 1994 (age 31)|
|Coach||Pancho Segura, Robert Lansdorp, Vic Braden|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1992 (member page)|
|Career record||335–90 (78.82%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (April 7, 1980)|
|Grand Slam singles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1981)|
|French Open||QF (1982, 1983)|
|Wimbledon||SF (1979, 1980)|
|US Open||W (1979, 1981)|
|Tour Finals||W (1980)|
|Highest ranking||No. 41 (August 14, 1989)|
|Grand Slam doubles results|
|US Open||QF (1978, 1979)|
|Grand Slam mixed doubles results|
|US Open||SF (1988)|
|Fed Cup||W (1978, 1979, 1980)|
|Wightman Cup||W (1979, 1981)|
Tracy Ann Austin Holt (born December 12, 1962) is an American former world No. 1 tennis player. She won three Grand Slam titles: the women's singles titles at the 1979 and 1981 US Opens, and the mixed doubles title at the 1980 Wimbledon Championships. Additionally, she won the WTA Tour Championships in 1980 and the year-ending Toyota Championships in 1981, both in singles.
Austin remains the youngest US Open female singles champion (age 16) and the youngest inductee into the International Tennis Hall of Fame at age 29. She won thirty singles titles during her career, on all playing surfaces: clay (both red and green), indoor carpet, grass, and hard courts. A series of injuries and a serious automobile accident in 1989 cut short her career.
Austin possessed a solid baseline game, with a strong flat-hit forehand and reliable two-handed backhand. Her favorite shot was the backhand down the line and she considered her backhand to be more powerful and accurate than her forehand.
Austin's first serve was a mid-paced high percentage shot that functioned well on all playing surfaces, and although her second serve has been described as lacking penetration, she rarely double faulted.
1977 to 1980
In January 1977, a month after turning fourteen, Austin won her first professional singles title, defeating Stacy Margolin at the Avon Futures event in Portland. As an amateur she could not accept the prize money. At her Wimbledon debut in 1977 she reached the third round where she lost to top-seeded Chris Evert. In September, she made her US Open debut and reached the quarterfinal, falling to fifth-seeded Betty Stöve.
Less than two months before her sixteenth birthday, Austin turned professional in October 1978. That same month, she won her first professional singles title, defeating Betty Stöve in the final of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Filderstadt, West Germany.
She followed up with tournament wins in Tokyo and Washington, defeating Martina Navratilova in both finals. Austin defeated 35-year-old Billie Jean King in the quarterfinals of the 1979 Wimbledon Championships, then lost to Navratilova in straight sets in the semifinals. Austin then became the youngest ever US Open champion, aged 16 years and 9 months, by defeating second-seeded Navratilova in the semifinals and first-seeded Chris Evert in the final. Evert had been attempting to win the title for the fifth consecutive year. Earlier that year, Austin ended Evert's 125-match winning streak on clay by beating her in three sets in a semifinal of the Italian Open.
Austin lost in the semifinals of both Grand Slam tournaments she played in 1980. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, seeded fourth and the eventual champion, defeated Austin at the Wimbledon Championships. As the top seed and defending champion at the US Open, Austin was expected to extend her five-match winning streak against third-ranked Evert. Austin took a 4–0 lead in the first set before Evert won 16 of the final 20 games to win the match. Evert went on to beat Hana Mandlíková in the final. Austin was ranked the world No. 1 singles player in 1980 for two weeks (April 7–20) and then for 19 weeks (July 7-November 17), partly because she captured the two tour-ending events. Austin defeated Navratilova to win the Avon Championships in March and Andrea Jaeger to capture the 1980 Colgate Series Championships in January 1981. In 1980, Austin won the Wimbledon mixed doubles title with her brother John, becoming the first brother and sister team to win a Grand Slam title together.
1981 to 1983
During the first four months of 1981, Austin played only two events because of chronic injuries. On grass, she defended her singles title at the Eastbourne International in the United Kingdom in June without losing a set. After Wimbledon, Austin won 26 consecutive matches and four consecutive tournaments. She defeated Pam Shriver in the final of the Wells Fargo Open in San Diego, and three weeks later, she beat both Navratilova and Evert in straight sets to win the Canadian Open in Toronto. As the third-seeded player at the US Open, Austin defeated fourth-seeded Navratilova in a three-set final. Navratilova, however, ended Austin's winning streak in the final of the U.S. Indoor Championships. In Europe during the autumn, Austin lost to Sue Barker in the quarterfinals of the Brighton International in Brighton, United Kingdom, but recovered the following week to defeat Navratilova in the final of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart, West Germany. At the final Grand Slam tournament of the year, Austin was seeded second but lost to sixth-seeded Shriver in the Australian Open quarterfinals. The 1981 year-ending Toyota Series Championships featured two matches against Evert and one against Navratilova. Evert won her round-robin match with Austin, then Austin defeated Evert in their semifinal. Austin won the tournament with a three-set defeat of Navratilova. The Associated Press named Austin its 1981 Female Athlete of the Year for the second time.
Back injuries and recurring sciatica then began to impair Austin's effectiveness and sidelined her for long stretches. Billie Jean King, seeded twelfth, upset third-seeded Austin in the 1982 Wimbledon quarterfinals. Several weeks later, however, Austin won her 30th and final top-level singles title in San Diego. Austin had a good showing at the 1982 season-ending Toyota Series Championships where she defeated Jaeger, the world No. 3, in straight sets to reach the semifinals. However, she was unable to repeat 1981's victory over Evert, who defeated her in the semifinals.
1984 to 1989
Austin played sporadically from 1984 to 1987 and tried yet another comeback on the tour in 1988 when she played in seven doubles tournaments, and in 1989, when she played in one doubles and two singles tournaments. A highlight of this comeback included a semifinal showing in the 1988 US Open mixed doubles with partner Ken Flach. This comeback was ended by a near-fatal motor vehicle accident in Millburn, New Jersey, on August 3, 1989. A van coming from the opposite direction crashed into her vehicle's driver side, and she suffered a bruised heart, a bruised spleen, a sprained back and a shattered knee.
1992 to 1994
In 1992, Austin became the youngest person to be inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, at the age of 29. She attempted a second comeback in 1993 and 1994 but was not particularly successful. In 1993, Austin upset Rennae Stubbs and Katerina Maleeva at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California, then lost to Stephanie Rottier. At the WTA Manhattan Beach event, she upset Gigi Fernández and Elena Likhovtseva, then lost to Gabriela Sabatini in the round of 16. Her wins over Maleeva, Fernandez, and Likhovtseva began a buzz that Austin might become at least a top 20 player again. However, in 1994, her results were not as promising and at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California, Austin lost in the second round to Steffi Graf, and Austin soon retired in June 1994.
Family life and work as a tennis commentator
Austin's older sister Pam and her brothers Jeff, Doug and John were professional tennis players. She is the sister-in-law of fitness author Denise Austin, who is married to Jeff. She is married to Scott Holt and is the mother of three sons: Sean, Brandon, and Dylan. Brandon is also a professional tennis player and was previously a member of the USC Tennis team, recruited by Coach Peter Smith.
Since retiring as a player, Austin has worked as a commentator for NBC and the USA Network for the French Open and the US Open. During the 2000s, she worked for the Seven Network, which broadcast the Australian Open and usually participates in the BBC's Wimbledon coverage. She began working for the Tennis Channel in 2010 and joined its US Open team and later its Australian Open team in 2012. Austin has worked for Canadian television for its coverage of the Rogers Cup since 2004.
Austin is the focus of David Foster Wallace's "How Tracy Austin Broke My Heart" (1992), a book review of Austin's ghostwritten memoir Beyond Center Court, lacerating the work for using generic, bland clichés of sports autobiographies to hide the genuinely compelling and tragic story of Austin's career.
Grand Slam finals
Singles: 2 (2 titles)
|Win||1979||US Open||Hard||Chris Evert||6–4, 6–3|
|Win||1981||US Open||Hard||Martina Navratilova||1–6, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–1)|
Mixed doubles: 2 (1 title, 1 runner–up)
|Win||1980||Wimbledon||Grass||John Austin|| Dianne Fromholtz
|4–6, 7–6(8–6), 6–3|
|Loss||1981||Wimbledon||Grass||John Austin|| Betty Stöve
|6–4, 6–7(2–7), 3–6|
Year-end championships finals
Singles: 2 (1 title, 1 runner–up)
|Loss||1979||New York City||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||3–6, 6–3, 2–6|
|Win||1980||New York City||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
WTA career finals
Singles: 44 (30–14)
|Win||1–0||Jan 1977||Portland, US||Hard (i)||Stacy Margolin||6–7, 6–3, 4–1 ret.|
|Loss||1–1||Mar 1978||Dallas, US||Carpet (i)||Evonne Goolagong Cawley||6–4, 0–6, 2–6|
|Loss||1–2||Oct 1978||Phoenix, US||Hard||Martina Navratilova||4–6, 2–6|
|Win||2–2||Oct 1978||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Betty Stöve||6–3, 6–3|
|Win||3–2||Nov 1978||Tokyo, Japan||Hard (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–1, 6–1|
|Win||4–2||Jan 1979||Washington, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–3, 6–2|
|Loss||4–3||Jan 1979||Chicago, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||3–6, 4–6|
|Loss||4–4||Mar 1979||Avon Championships, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||3–6, 6–3, 2–6|
|Win||5–4||Apr 1979||Hilton Head Island, US||Clay||Kerry Melville Reid||7–6(7–3), 7–6(9–7)|
|Win||6–4||May 1979||Rome, Italy||Clay||Sylvia Hanika||6–4, 1–6, 6–3|
|Win||7–4||Jul 1979||San Diego, US||Hard||Martina Navratilova||6–4, 6–2|
|Loss||7–5||Aug 1979||Mahwah, US||Hard||Chris Evert-Lloyd||7–6(7–2), 4–6, 1–6|
|Win||8–5||Aug 1979||US Open||Hard||Chris Evert-Lloyd||6–4, 6–3|
|Win||9–5||Nov 1979||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–2, 6–0|
|Win||10–5||Dec 1979||Tokyo, Japan||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–2, 6–1|
|Loss||10–6||Jan 1980||Landover, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||2–6, 1–6|
|Win||11–6||Jan 1980||Cincinnati, US||Carpet (i)||Chris Evert-Lloyd||6–2, 6–1|
|Win||12–6||Jan 1980||Seattle, US||Carpet (i)||Virginia Wade||6–2, 7–6|
|Loss||12–7||Feb 1980||Los Angeles, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||2–6, 0–6|
|Win||13v7||Mar 1980||Boston, US||Carpet (i)||Virginia Wade||6–2, 6–1|
|Win||14v7||Mar 1980||Avon Championships, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
|Win||15–7||Mar 1980||Carlsbad, US||Hard||Martina Navratilova||7–5, 6–2|
|Win||16–7||Apr 1980||Hilton Head Island, US||Clay||Regina Maršíková||3–6, 6–1, 6–0|
|Loss||16–8||Apr 1980||Orlando, US||Clay||Martina Navratilova||2–6, 4–6|
|Win||17–8||Jun 1980||Eastbourne, UK||Grass||Wendy Turnbull||7–6, 6–2|
|Win||18–8||Jul 1980||San Diego, US||Hard||Wendy Turnbull||6–1, 6–3|
|Win||19–8||Sep 1980||Minneapolis, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||6–1, 2–6, 6–2|
|Win||20–8||Nov 1980||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Sherry Acker||6–2, 7–5|
|Loss||20–9||Nov 1980||Tampa, US||Hard||Andrea Jaeger||w/o|
|Loss||20–10||Nov 1980||Tokyo, Japan||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||4–6, 3–6|
|Win||21–10||Dec 1980||Tucson, US||Carpet (i)||Peanut Louie||6–2, 6–0|
|Win||22–10||Jan 1981||Landover, US||Carpet (i)||Andrea Jaeger||6–2, 6–2|
|Win||23–10||Jun 1981||Eastbourne, UK||Grass||Andrea Jaeger||6–3, 6–4|
|Win||24–10||Jul 1981||San Diego, US||Hard||Pam Shriver||6–2, 5–7, 6–2|
|Win||25–10||Aug 1981||Toronto, Canada||Hard||Chris Evert-Lloyd||6–1, 6–4|
|Win||26–10||Sep 1981||US Open||Hard||Martina Navratilova||1–6, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–1)|
|Win||27–10||Sep 1981||Atlanta, US||Hard||Mary-Lou Piatek||4–6, 6–3, 6–3|
|Loss||27–11||Sep 1981||Minneapolis, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||0–6, 2–6|
|Win||28–11||Oct 1981||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||4–6, 6–3, 6–4|
|Win||29–11||Dec 1981||East Rutherford, US||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||2–6, 6–4, 6–2|
|Win||30–11||Jul 1982||San Diego, US||Hard||Kathy Rinaldi||7–6, 6–3|
|Loss||30–12||Oct 1982||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Martina Navratilova||3–6, 3–6|
|Loss||30–13||Dec 1982||Richmond, US||Carpet (i)||Wendy Turnbull||7–6(7–3), 2–6, 4–6|
|Loss||30–14||Apr 1983||Hilton Head Island, US||Clay||Martina Navratilova||7–5, 1–6, 0–6|
Doubles: 7 (5–2)
|Win||1–0||Oct 1978||Phoenix, US||Hard||Betty Stöve|| Martina Navratilova
|6–4, 6–7, 6–2|
|Win||2–0||Oct 1978||Filderstadt, West Germany||Carpet (i)||Betty Stöve|| Mima Jaušovec
|Loss||2–1||Nov 1978||Tokyo, Japan||Hard (i)||Kathy May|| Martina Navratilova
|6–4, 6–7, 3–6|
|Loss||2–2||Jan 1979||Oakland, US||Carpet (i)||Betty Stöve|| Rosie Casals
|6–3, 4–6, 3–6|
|Win||3–2||Jan 1979||Hollywood, US||Carpet (i)||Betty Stöve|| Rosie Casals
|6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
|Win||4–2||Aug 1979||Mahwah, US||Hard||Betty Stöve|| Mima Jaušovec
|7–6, 2–6, 6–4|
|Win||5–2||Jul 1980||San Diego, US||Hard||Ann Kiyomura|| Rosie Casals
|3–6, 6–4, 6–3|
Grand Slam singles tournament timeline
|Australian Open||A||A||A||A||A||QF||A||A||A||2R||0 / 2|
|French Open||A||A||A||A||A||QF||QF||A||1R||0 / 3|
|Wimbledon||3R||4R||SF||SF||QF||QF||A||A||A||0 / 6|
|US Open||QF||QF||W||SF||W||QF||A||A||A||2 / 6|
|SR||0 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 1||0 / 0||0 / 2||2 / 17|
|Year End Ranking||12||6||3||2||2||4||9||NR|
Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.
- List of female tennis players
- List of Grand Slam women's singles champions
- Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final
- "Hall of Famers – Tracy Austin". International Tennis Hall of Fame.
- "Tracy Austin - Overview". Women's Tennis Association. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Tracy Austin - Rankings History". Women's Tennis Association. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Austin hurt in auto crash". Pittsburgh Press. August 4, 1989. p. C2.
- "Austin has surgery". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). (New York Times). August 8, 1989. p. 2B.
- Tracy Austin (June 27, 2009). "Hitting from the baseline". The Guardian.
- Steve Tignor (February 7, 2018). "The 50 greatest players of the Open Era (W): No. 18, Tracy Austin". Tennis.com.
- John Barrett, ed. (2000). International Tennis Federation World of Tennis 2000. London: CollinsWillow. p. 393. ISBN 9780002189460.
- John Barrett, ed. (1978). World of Tennis 1978 : a BP yearbook. London: Macdonald and Janes. pp. 184, 305. ISBN 9780354090391.
- Collins, Bud (2016). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (3rd ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. p. 579. ISBN 978-1-937559-38-0.
- "Tracy Austin beats Margolis". Los Angeles Times. January 17, 1977. p. 2 (part III) – via Newspapers.com.
- Steve Flink (June 29, 2021). "That Championship Season: Tracy Austin, 1979". US Open.
- "Tracy Austin now a pro". The Montreal Gazette. Reuters. October 20, 1978. p. 21 – via Google News Archive.
- Jack Ellison (October 20, 1978). "Tracy Austin plans to play at East Lake". St. Petersburg Times. p. 3C – via Google News Archive.
- John Dolan (2011). Women's Tennis 1968–84: the Ultimate Guide. Remous. pp. 292, 307.
- Alexandre Sokolovski (January 7, 2022). "January 7, 1979: The day Tracy Austin beat Martina Navratilova to win the Avon Championships". Tennis Majors.
- Courtney Nguyen (May 12, 2020). "WTA moments: Austin snaps Evert's streak in Rome". Women's Tennis Association (WTA).
- Woolum, Janet (1998). Outstanding Women Ahletes (2nd ed.). Phoenix: Oryx Press. pp. 85–86. ISBN 978-1573561204.
- Frank Deford (December 28, 1981). "She Won, But Is She No. 1?". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 55, no. 27. pp. 28–31.
- Ron Rosen (January 14, 1982). "Fanfare '81 Austin's, Tennis' Year". Washington Post.
- Statistics. "Tracy Austin". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Jesper Fjeldstad (December 6, 2013). "Grand Slam ended Tracy Austin's career". The Advertiser.
- Statistics. "Tracy Austin". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved March 9, 2013.