Trade Union Act 2016
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2021)
|Act of Parliament|
|Long title||An Act to make provision about industrial action, trade unions, employers' associations and the functions of the Certification Officer.|
|Citation||2016 c. 15|
|Introduced by||Sajid Javid (Commons)|
Baroness Neville-Rolfe (Lords)
|Territorial extent||England and Wales, Scotland|
|Royal assent||4 May 2016|
Status: Current legislation
|History of passage through Parliament|
|Text of statute as originally enacted|
|Revised text of statute as amended|
The Trade Union Act 2016 (c. 15) is a UK labour law passed by the David Cameron administration of the UK Conservative Party. It amended the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992. It was fiercely opposed by all UK trade unions. Alan Bogg, professor of labour law at the University of Oxford, described the act as authoritarian.
Section 3 requires that workers in important services (health, school education, fire, transport, nuclear decommissioning and border security) must gain at least 40% support of those entitled to vote in a workplace for a strike to be legal.
It amended TULRCA by adding a new section 226(2A)-(2F). This 40% is a floor on the size of a pro-industrial-action majority relative to the size of the union: a normal union can strike with (for example) 50% turnout and 26% support for a strike,
But certain unions for public-sector workers would require either higher turnout (e.g. 75% turnout, with 40% of the members voting in support, 35% voting in opposition and 25% not voting) or striking to win a landslide victory (e.g. 50% turnout, 40% voting Yes, 10% voting No and 50% not voting).
Section 4 requires a review of electronic balloting. This was demanded by the House of Lords, during its passage through Parliament, since the existing law mandated the process of postal voting.
Sections 5 to 7 requires more information about numbers of people voting and about results to be given to union members and to the Certification Officer.
Section 8 requires two weeks' notice of industrial action is given to an employer (the employer can agree to one week), amending section 234A.
Section 9 limits the right to take industrial action after a strike ballot to six months, or nine months if the employer agrees.
Section 10 requires a "union supervisor" on each picket with an "approval letter" from the union, and must wear something that "readily identifies" them as the supervisor.
Sections 11 and 12 replace TULRCA 1992 sections 84 and 84A, requiring union members to opt into a political fund, and be given details about how the money will be used.
Sections 13 to 15 concern trade union facility time and restrict deductions of union fees from wages in the public sector.
Sections 16 to 21 change rules surrounding the Certification Officer for independent trade unions.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2017)
The requirement in Section 2 for a 50% turnout means, in certain circumstances, those members who are not in favour of industrial action are better off not voting than voting "No".
Yes 50,726 (85.6%)
No 8,528 (14.4%)
Under previous legislation, this would have been sufficient for the union to call a strike, however there would have needed to be approximately 12,000 additional votes cast in this ballot to reach the 50% turnout threshold. As we can see from the landslide result, even if all 12,000 had voted "No", "Yes would still have had a significant majority. So, if at least 12k of those who didn't vote would have voted "No", they have successfully achieved their aim of preventing the union calling a strike by not voting whereas casting a "No" vote would have allowed "Yes" to act.
- "Trade Union Act 2016 - A TUC guide for union reps". www.tuc.org.uk. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
- Bogg, Alan. "Beyond Neo-Liberalism: The Trade Union Act 2016 and the Authoritarian State". academic.oup.com. Industrial Law Journal. doi:10.1093/indlaw/dww023. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
- "Trade Union Act 2016 and related consultations". Practical Law. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
- "Pay ballot result | Public and Commercial Services Union". Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2018.