Tradescantia occidentalis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Western spiderwort
T. occidentalis at Denver Botanic Gardens at Chatfield State Park
T. occidentalis at Denver Botanic Gardens at Chatfield State Park
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Genus: Tradescantia
Species: T. occidentalis
Binomial name
Tradescantia occidentalis
(Britton) Smyth
Varieties
  • Tradescantia occidentalis var. melanthera
  • Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis
  • Tradescantia occidentalis var. scopulorum[2]

Tradescantia occidentalis, the prairie spiderwort[2] or western spiderwort, is a plant in the dayflower family, Commelinaceae. It is common and widespread across the western Great Plains of the United States, as well as in Arizona, New Mexico, southern Utah, and Sonora, but is listed as a threatened species in Canada.[3][4][5]

Like in a few other species of Tradescantia, the cells of the stamen hairs of Western spiderwort are normally colored blue, but when exposed neutron radiation or other forms of ionizing radiation, the cells mutate and change color to pink.[6] Thus the plant can be used as a bioassay for radiation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maiz-Tome, L. 2016. Tradescantia occidentalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T64325500A67731117. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T64325500A67731117.en http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/64325500/0 . Downloaded on 2 October 2017 }}
  2. ^ a b "PLANTS Profile for Tradescantia occidentalis (prairie spiderwort)". PLANTS Database. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 18 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
  5. ^ "Species Profile: Western Spiderwort". Species at Risk Public Registry. Government of Canada. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2009. 
  6. ^ Dennis, J. A. (April 1976). "Somatic Aberration Induction in Tradescantia Occidentalis by Neutrons, X- and Gamma-radiations". International Journal of Radiation Biology. London: Informa plc. 29 (4): 323–342. doi:10.1080/09553007614550381. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]