Traditional Gaelic music
|Traditional Gaelic music|
|Cultural origins||Gaelic Culture|
|Typical instruments||Accordion |
– Acoustic guitar
– Bagpipes – Banjo
– Bodhrán – Fiddle – Flute – Harp – Tin whistle
|Cape Breton Traditional Gaelic music |
Irish Traditional music
Manx Traditional music
Scottish Traditional music
Traditional Gaelic music is the folk music of Goidelic-speaking communities in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man, often including lyrics in those languages. Characteristic forms of Gaelic music include sean-nós and puirt à beul singing, piobaireachd, jigs, reels, and strathspeys.
Relation with Brythonic music
The six Celtic nationalities are divided into two musical groups, Gaelic and Brythonic, which according to Alan Stivell differentiate "mostly by the extended range (sometimes more than two octaves) of Irish and Scottish melodies and the closed range of Breton and Welsh melodies (often reduced to a half-octave), and by the frequent use of the pure pentatonic scale in Gaelic music".
Gaelic music in the Americas
The emigration of Scottish Gaels to Cape Breton has also resulted in a unique strain of Gaelic music evolving there. A number of fiddle tunes of Irish and Scottish Gaelic origin have entered the American bluegrass and country repertoires.
The session is a common setting for Gaelic music, where musicians from a given locality gather to play music in a public setting. Gaelic music is also commonly heard at folk festivals, by pipe bands and at competitions such as mods and the Fleadh Cheoil.
Keys and modes
Unlike Classical and Jazz music, modal harmonisation avoids diminished chords, as seen below for the seventh scale degree of the major scale. Seventh chords are generally limited to the II and the V positions of the chord scale.
|Roman numeral||I||ii||iii||IV||V||vi||V6(first inversion)|
- Skinner Sawyers, J. (2001). Celtic Music: A Complete Guide, Da Capo Press, ISBN 978-0-306-81007-7
- translation by Steve Winick
- National Geographic: Cape Breton Traditional Music, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-04-08. Retrieved 2006-04-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Boston Irish Reporter: Remembering Gaelic Roots, http://www.bostonirish.com/arts/bcmfest-remembering-gaelic-roots
- Intermix: Modes and Scales, http://www.intermix.freeuk.com/modes_and_scales.htm
- Scales and Modes in Scottish Traditional Music, http://www.campin.me.uk/Music/Modes/Modes-hepta.abc
- Flatpicking Irish and Scottish Music on Guitar, http://www.danmozell.com/guitart.htm
- "Chord Scales" and accompanying Irish dance music, http://www.xs4all.nl/~hspeek/dadgad/theory.html