Traditional Gaelic music
|Traditional Gaelic music|
|Cultural origins||Gaelic Culture|
– Acoustic guitar
– Bagpipes – Banjo
– Bodhrán – Fiddle – Flute – Harp – Tin whistle
|Cape Breton Traditional Gaelic music
Irish Traditional music
Manx Traditional music
Scottish Traditional music
The six Celtic nationalities are divided into two musical groups, Gaelic and Brythonic, which according to Alan Stivell differentiate "mostly by the extended range (sometimes more than two octaves) of Irish and Scottish melodies and the closed range of Breton and Welsh melodies (often reduced to a half-octave), and by the frequent use of the pure pentatonic scale in Gaelic music".
The session is a common setting for Gaelic music, where musicians from a given locality gather to play music in a public setting. Gaelic music is also commonly heard at folk festivals, by pipe bands and at competitions such as mods and the Fleadh Cheoil.
Keys and modes
Unlike Classical and Jazz music, Gaelic trad avoids diminished chords, as seen below for the seventh scale degree of the major scale. Seventh chords are generally limited to the II and the V positions of the chord scale.
|Roman numeral||I||ii||iii||IV||V||vi||V6(first inversion)|
- National Geographic: Cape Breton Traditional Music, http://worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com/
- Boston Irish Reporter: Remembering Gaelic Roots, http://www.bostonirish.com/arts/bcmfest-remembering-gaelic-roots
- Skinner Sawyers, J. (2001). Celtic Music: A Complete Guide, Da Capo Press, ISBN 978-0-306-81007-7
- translation by Steve Winick
- Intermix: Modes and Scales, http://www.intermix.freeuk.com/modes_and_scales.htm
- Scales and Modes in Scottish Traditional Music, http://www.campin.me.uk/Music/Modes/Modes-hepta.abc
- Flatpicking Irish and Scottish Music on Guitar, http://www.danmozell.com/guitart.htm
- "Chord Scales" and accompanying Irish dance music, http://www.xs4all.nl/~hspeek/dadgad/theory.html