Trafalgar Park, Wiltshire
Trafalgar Park (also known as Trafalgar House, formerly Standlynch Park) is a large Georgian country house about 1.4 miles (2.3 km) northeast of the village of Downton in south Wiltshire, England, and 4.5 miles (7.3 km) southeast of the city of Salisbury. It was built in 1733 and is now a Grade I listed building. The house stands in extensive grounds on the left bank of the River Avon, opposite Charlton-All-Saints.
The house, formerly called Standlynch Park, was built on the ancient manor of Standlynch, listed in the Domesday book of 1086. The Beauchamp family held the manor during the Tudor period, after which it was bought by the Greene family, who owned it until the 17th century, when it was sold to the Buckland family.
Construction of the house
Standlynch Manor was bought by Sir Peter Vandeput in 1726. Three years later, he had John James design what would eventually become the Trafalgar Park which can be seen today. Sir Peter died in 1748, bequeathing the estate to his son George, who in 1752 sold it to Sir William Young. Henry Dawkins bought it from Young in 1765. Over time, the expansion of the estate erased the former settlement of Standlynch.
In 1766 Henry Dawkins had John Wood design pavilions to the north and south of the building. He also had Nicholas Revett add a stone portico and remodel the internal architecture of the north wing. The music room was redecorated by Giovanni Battista Cipriani. Dawkins died in 1814, and the executors of the estate sought buyers.
Nelson family, 1815–1948
During the Battle of Trafalgar off the coast of Spain in 1805, The 1st Viscount Nelson was shot and died on 21 October, leaving a widow but no legitimate offspring. Nelson's closest male relative was his elder brother, The Rev. William Nelson, who was created Earl Nelson in 1806 along with other titles of Horatio's and who lobbied for an estate in honour of his brother. Parliament's Lords of the Treasury resolved accordingly. Standlynch Park was chosen in 1814 by Act of Parliament and was renamed Trafalgar Park. The 1st Earl also acquired nearby Redlynch House (2.8 km to south-east) with its 25-acre park, which he provided as a home to his son-in-law Samuel Hood, 2nd Baron Bridport.
After William Nelson's death, his nephew Thomas Bolton succeeded as The 2nd Earl Nelson and changed his surname to Nelson and inherited the property. When he died less than a year later, his 12-year-old son Horatio inherited the estate in 1836. The 3rd Earl Nelson went to great lengths to ensure that the estate was well maintained; he commissioned a new garden and renovation of Standlynch Church. In 1930, The 4th Earl Nelson purchased the panelling of the Captain's Cabin of HMS Ganges, built in 1821, which was being broken up, installing the panelling in the principal top floor room at Trafalgar Park. During the Second World War, the North and South Wings were occupied by tenants with Lord Nelson and his younger brother Edward Agar Nelson living in the main house.
In 1948, the 5th Earl Nelson sold the estate to John Osborne, 11th Duke of Leeds, whose brother-in-law Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos, lived there while he was an MP. Eventually Lyttleton bought the estate and lived there until 1971, when Jeremy Pinckney bought the house. Pinckney lived there for six years, after which he sold the estate. A series of others bought and sold Trafalgar Park over the following years.
Michael Wade of Besso Limited bought the house in 1995, by which time it needed extensive restoration. The renovation of the estate began after enough parkland had been returned from the Longford Estate. The south stable has been converted into offices. According to Country Life, it was Wade who renamed Trafalgar House as Trafalgar Park.
Films made at the estate include 28 Days Later, Sense and Sensibility and Amazing Grace. Conferences and day-away board meetings are held here throughout the year, as are charity fundraisers. Over the years the Park has been host to associations such as the National Trust, The Civic Trust and the Salisbury Hospice. Tours are sometimes arranged although the house is closed to the public.
In January 2017, it was listed for sale at £12 million.
- Trafalgar Estates Bill, 2nd reading, debated in House of Commons, Hansard, 3 December 1946 
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "The Domesday Book Online – Wiltshire P-Z". Domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Downton Buildings". Southwilts.com. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Hibbert, Christopher (1994). Nelson: A Personal History. Basic Books. ISBN 0-201-40800-7, pg 376
- "Trafalgar Park :: Historic Houses Association". Hha.org.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- A P Baggs, Elizabeth Crittall, Jane Freeman and Janet H Stevenson, 'Parishes: Downton', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 11, Downton Hundred; Elstub and Everleigh Hundred, ed. D A Crowley (London, 1980), pp. 19-77 
- The History of Trafalgar Park
- Historic England. "Trafalgar House (1183796)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "11 bedroom detached house for sale in Trafalgar Park, Downton, Salisbury, SP5, SP5". Rightmove.co.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Trafalgar Park – official site