Traffic message channel
Traffic Message Channel (TMC) is a technology for delivering traffic and travel information to motor vehicle drivers. It is digitally coded using the ALERT C protocol into RDS Type 8A groups carried via conventional FM radio broadcasts. It can also be transmitted on Digital Audio Broadcasting or satellite radio. TMC allows silent delivery of dynamic information suitable for reproduction or display in the user's language without interrupting audio broadcast services. Both public and commercial services are operational in many countries. When data is integrated directly into a navigation system, traffic information can be used in the system's route calculation.
- 1 Development
- 2 Operation
- 3 Coordination
- 4 Functionality
- 5 Security
- 6 Devices and navigation programs
- 7 Coverage
- 8 TMC services in operation
- 8.1 Australia
- 8.2 Austria
- 8.3 Baltic region
- 8.4 Belgium
- 8.5 Bulgaria
- 8.6 Colombia
- 8.7 Czech Republic
- 8.8 Denmark
- 8.9 Finland
- 8.10 France
- 8.11 Germany
- 8.12 Greece
- 8.13 Hungary
- 8.14 Indonesia
- 8.15 Iran
- 8.16 Ireland
- 8.17 Israel
- 8.18 Italy
- 8.19 Netherlands
- 8.20 New Zealand
- 8.21 Norway
- 8.22 Poland
- 8.23 Portugal
- 8.24 Romania
- 8.25 Singapore
- 8.26 Slovakia
- 8.27 Slovenia
- 8.28 South Africa
- 8.29 Spain
- 8.30 Sweden
- 8.31 Switzerland
- 8.32 Taiwan
- 8.33 United Kingdom
- 8.34 Turkey
- 8.35 United States and Canada
- 8.36 Other areas
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Detailed technical proposals for an RDS-TMC broadcasting protocol were first developed in the European Community's DRIVE programme research project RDS-ALERT, a partnership of the BBC, Philips, Blaupunkt, TRRL and CCETT led by Castle Rock Consultants (CRC). The main goal of the project was to develop and build consensus upon a draft standard for broadcasting RDS-TMC traffic messages in densely coded digital form.
An initial proposal for defining RDS-TMC data fields had been made to the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) in Madrid, based on a scheme developed by CCETT and Philips in the Eureka-sponsored CARMINAT research project. This proposal required the use of at least two 104-bit RDS data groups for each message. Within these RDS Groups, 32 bits per group would be used for traffic data, giving a total traffic message length of 64 bits. A second proposal, by Bosch-Blaupunkt and the German Road Research Institute BASt, sought to use just a single RDS Group per traffic message. Then, in 1987, the CEC invited Castle Rock Consultants to lead a joint team that would take TMC development a stage further. CRC produced a proposal for a modified BASt/Blaupunkt single group message definition, which became known as the ALERT A coding scheme. Tests also continued at CCETT and BBC on the CARMINAT approach, which formed the basis of an alternative ALERT B coding proposal.
A major question addressed in the Alert A scheme was the total number of traffic event locations to be coded. Initial estimates suggested that, in Europe, a maximum of 65,000 significant junctions might be needed for the Federal Republic of Germany. An efficient coding system would require only 16 bits to code these, simply by numbering each intersection from 1 to 65535. Calculations for France, Britain and elsewhere suggested that around 30,000 to 40,000 locations should be enough for most European national or U.S. statewide systems. A standard 16-bit location code was, therefore, adopted for inter-urban networks. The Madrid proposal of 1987, by comparison, had required 33 bits to code problem location, with separate fields for road number, road class, area of the country, etc. These 33 bits gave a theoretical total of 8.5 billion location codes, most of which could never be used.
After consultation with ECMT, a combined approach was developed called the ALERT C Protocol that aimed to combine the best features of each approach. ALERT A and C replaced the CARMINAT message categories cause, effect and advice by a single 11-bit basic message code. This permits up to 2048 basic message phrases to be broadcast. The new ALERT protocols significantly increased the efficiency of message coding, shortening the basic message content from 18 to 11 bits. In conjunction with the revised location codes, which saved 17 of the 33 bits previously assigned, this allowed the great majority of traffic messages to be broadcast using a single TMC data sequence. In 1991, ECMT recommended moving forward with further testing of the protocols. The work continued with a larger consortium including Volvo and Ford in the European Commission's DRIVE II project ATT-ALERT.
Each traffic incident is binary-encoded and sent as a TMC message. Each message consists of an event code, location code, expected incident duration, affected extent and other details.
The message contains a list of up to 2048 event phrases defined by 11 binary bits (of which 1402 were in use as of 2007) that can be translated by the receiver into the user's language. Some phrases describe individual situations such as a crash, while others cover combinations of events such as construction causing long delays.
In Europe, location code tables are maintained on a national level. Those location tables are integrated in the maps provided by in-vehicle navigation system companies such as Nokia and TomTom and by vehicle manufacturers such as Volvo. In other countries, such as the U.S. and Canada, private companies maintain the location tables and market TMC services commercially.
Sources of traffic information typically include police, traffic control centers, camera systems, traffic speed detectors, floating car data, winter driving reports and roadwork reports.
TMC-Forum, a non-profit organization whose members included service providers, receiver manufacturers, car manufacturers, map vendors, broadcasters (public and private), automobile clubs, and public authorities, was a forum to discuss traffic information related matters. It maintained the TMC-Standard (ISO 14819). On 11 November 2007, the TMC-Forum and the TPEG-Forum merged into the Traveller Information Services Association (TISA). TISA has taken over all of TMC-Forum's activities and responsibilities.
RDS-TMC is a low-bandwidth system. Each RDS-TMC traffic message comprises 37 data bits sent at most 1–3 times per second, using a low capacity data channel primarily designed for FM radio station name identification and tuning. Compressing traffic incident descriptions in multiple languages into 16 bits for a location, 11 bits for an event description code, plus 3 bits for the event's extent and a few extra bits for the duration/system management was necessary due to pre-existing constraints in the RDS standard. Almost all the other broadcast data bits were already assigned from each 104-bit RDS Group.
A major design challenge of RDS-TMC was to find a way of describing traffic event locations across an entire state or country. Such a system could not convey precise latitude-longitude data (available 25 years later using GPS in applications such as Waze). Instead, RDS-TMC relies on the use of location tables that point only to significant highway junctions. The precision of each traffic event's location is low compared to that of modern smartphone devices. The user's navigation system locates a driver to about 3 metres (10 feet), but only knows, for example, that a crash took place between Exit 3 and Exit 4, northbound on a particular motorway. This limitation requires that traffic events (accidents, congestion, burst water mains, faulty traffic lights, etc.) have to be superimposed onto maps by mapping the reported location to the TMC location table. If the nearest location table point lies at some distance from the exact position of the incident, then the report appears on a section of main road between two junctions instead of at its exact location. The limited precision can make a significant difference as to how navigation devices interpret the incident, potentially leading to an occasional poor route choice.
In the USA and elsewhere, systems such as CARS (Condition Acquisition and Reporting System) can pinpoint event locations or their start and end points with one-metre precision. These real-time data are published in XML for access by companies such as Google and TomTom. These incident reports can be delivered to mobile phones and handheld devices in vehicles. However, major real-world traffic incidents usually spread from hundreds of metres up to many kilometres, once traffic backups have developed. On motorways and other major roads, there are typically few or no detours available between significant junctions, which are all included in the TMC location tables. Many traffic report locations are only approximate, and as queues grow, locations can change swiftly. So GPS-based systems are more precise, but are not necessarily more accurate.
In April 2007, two Italian security researchers presented research about RDS-TMC at the CanSecWest security conference. The presentation, entitled "Unusual Car Navigation Tricks", raised the point that RDS-TMC is a wireless cleartext protocol and showed how to build a receiver and transmitter with inexpensive electronics capable of injecting false and potentially dangerous messages.
The TMC Forum responded by stating that the effects of any 'pirate' TMC broadcasts would be non-existent on users not on routes affected by fake obstruction messages and that such broadcasts would directly interfere with that country's TMC carrier station, which would lead to criminal or civil liability. They stated that it was therefore unlikely that such activity would take place.
An RDS-TMC receiver is a special FM radio tuner that can decode TMC data. Satellite TMC receivers use a dedicated data channel that is broadcast as part of much larger broadcast digital audio channels. TMC data is decoded by matching event and location codes against look-up tables of phrases and locations. The results can be translated into audio or visually displayed on a Sat nav device. The look-up tables must be implemented in a service-specific database mapped to geographic routes and intersections. As with the navigation systems themselves, periodic upgrades are needed as the road system changes. This provides opportunities for vendors to generate revenue.
The technical concepts of RDS-TMC originated about 30 years ago, initially by Blaupunkt and Philips. With European Commission funding, the BBC, Transport Research Laboratory and CCETT came together in a team led by Castle Rock Consultants to develop the standard. More recently, personal navigation devices (PND) have emerged as an alternative way to deliver traffic information via mobile devices employing GPS.
Automobile companies continue to roll out RDS-TMC products. One reason is that the use of mobile devices is attracting legislative attention due to concerns about driver distraction. Like car radios, in-vehicle navigation systems have not so far generated the same concerns and may continue to outsell handheld solutions.
Higher-end models of personal navigation assistants come with a built-in TMC receiver, and depending on the country, the service is available in Eclipse, Garmin, iPhone (Navigon), Navman, Navway, Mio, Pioneer, TomTom and Uniden navigation systems, as well as in Volvo, BMW and Ford Falcon navigation systems, among many others.
TMC adapters can extend mobile navigation systems with integrated GPS receivers with TMC functionality. They can include a bluetooth or USB connection. The adapter passes traffic messages to the navigation software for route calculations. The adapters generally include a connector for FM/TMC, an antenna (2,5mm phone jack or MCX jack 50 Ohm). Compatible navigation programs include AvMap, Destinator PN, Falk Navigator TMC Edition (special version for MyGuide Navigator 6500XL TMC Bundle), GoPal, iGO, Mireo, Navigon MN5, Route 66, and Sygic.
In some places, TMC coverage is smaller than that of the radio programme carrying the TMC service, therefore white spots exist. For example, in the USA, one of the two TMC commercial services is run by Clear Channel Communications, whose 95 FM station urban markets typically have some level of traffic information service. Another is Sirius Satellite Radio, which covers all of North America, including sparsely-populated rural areas and near-empty deserts. Although vendors are beginning to make arrangements with information systems such as CARS, operated by state police and state departments of transportation, coverage is likely to remain sketchy in some states during the next few years.
TMC services in operation
The following countries provide a TMC service:
Intelematics Australia broadcasts a national encrypted RDS-TMC service focused initially on urban Australia under the brand 'SUNA Traffic Channel'. The service reaches around 85% of urban Australia, using commercial FM broadcasters in seven cities, as well as via XML for online and smartphone applications. The service is available on GPS navigation systems including Navman, Garmin, Mio, Uniden, iPhone (Navigon & Sygic), Eclipse, Pioneer, Alpine and Clarion. SUNA Traffic Channel is also available in Ford, Holden, Toyota, Nissan, Subaru and Mercedes Benz navigation systems. SUNA is currently the only source of comprehensive, metropolitan congestion monitoring content in Australia – proprietary technology interfaces to traffic light control systems. The SUNA broadcast service is fully compliant with both RDS and TMC. However, since the broadcast is encrypted it does not work on in-car GPS navigation systems that do not have a commercial arrangement with SUNA.
In Austria, ORF broadcasts a free service on radio channels Ö1, Ö2 (9 regional channels), Hitradio Ö3 and FM4. It is supported by the Federal Ministry for Traffic, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT). ASFINAG is responsible for the location table, currently version 2.1, which received updates to handle increased use during Euro 2008. Its location table contains around 8,000 codes.
Mediamobile Nordic plans to broadcast traffic information in the Baltic region. No service is yet available in Latvia, Lithuania or Estonia. Mediamobile has a traffic information center in Estonia for the Nordic region.
TMOBILIS is provided by Be-Mobile and Touring Mobilis. It is the only fully Belgian service. It combines all Belgian sources from the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels government, police stations, a national Floating Car Data system based on Proximus and GPS vehicles and the Touring Mobilis call center. It is nationally broadcast by both VRT on Studio Brussel for Flanders and RTBF on Classic 21 in Wallonia and Brussels.
In Wallonia and Brussels, CLASS.21 is broadcast by RTBF on Classic 21. The service is from the Centre PEREX of the Service public de Wallonie (SPW, formerly MET) in collaboration with TMC4U. Coverage of transmissions and content are limited to Wallonia and Brussels.
4FMTMC is provided by Vialis, which also operates TMC services in the Netherlands. It is broadcast by 4FM in Flanders and contains content from both Vlaams Verkeerscentrum and PEREX. It covers all of Belgium.
Technum creates the location tables by order of the regional communities. Since December 2004 broadcast messages use location table version 1.4b, which added N-roads. The latest version is 2.7 ().
A national TMC service for Bulgaria started beta testing in December 2010. The service is provided by TrafficNav, a Budapest traffic information company in cooperation with the broadcast hardware manufacturer Kvarta. Data sources include real time traffic information provided by tix.bg, presently for Sofia. The service can be accessed by most Garmin navigation devices and will soon be supported in several factory car navigation devices.
Legislation does not allow the insertion of external digital data into analogue FM transmissions and the use of RDS-TMC technology is also banned.
Three services are available. DIC PRAGUE and TELEASIST began operation in January 2006 and JSDI began in 2008. All services are free to air.
DIC PRAHA is available in Prague. It is broadcast on Czech Radio’s Regina (92.6 MHz). The service provider is TSK-Praha (Communication Technical Administration). The content comes from the traffic centre in Prague (TIC Prague) and consists of closures, restrictions and levels of service.
TELEASIST, provided by Teleasist together with Global Assistance, is available countrywide. It is not as detailed as DIC Prague in certain areas. It is broadcast by Czech Radio’s Radiožurnál.
JSDI is provided by the Czech Road Motorway Directorate (ŘSD ČR) and is broadcast countrywide on Czech Radio’s Vltava. Content consists of closures, road restrictions and winter maintenance across the country, accident information from rescue services and detailed content from TIC Prague.
TMC developments are coordinated by CEDA, which is responsible for the location table. Its current version is 4.1, containing more than 16,000 records.
The free TMC service DK-TMC in Denmark is operated by Vejdirektoratet or DRD (Danish Road Directorate). It is broadcast on DR P1, P3 and P4. DRD is also responsible for the location table. The current version is 11.1 and contains around 10,000 location codes.
V-Traffic, the commercial service in Finland, is provided by MediaMobile since 2007. The service covers the largest cities and roads 1–999, covering the whole country. TMC messages are broadcast nationally on Yle Radio Suomi. V-Traffic uses several information sources to broadcast validated traffic data, including floating car data as well as data from public authorities, traffic cameras, radio stations, road users and several partnership companies. The service is encrypted, based on specifications set by the TISA. The service is available on the majority of navigation units sold in new cars, such as Volkswagen, Audi, Seat, Opel, Volvo, Toyota, Lexus, Mercedez-Benz, Subaru, Suzuki and Skoda, as well as portable navigation devices from Garmin.
The location table is public and provided by Finnish Traffic Agency. The latest version, V2.1, contains approximately 28.000 locations points.
Only commercial RDS-TMC traffic broadcast services are available in France since 2012.
The commercial service V-Trafic is provided by Mediamobile, a subsidiary of TDF, with two shareholders: Renault and Vinci. The traffic service provides real-time information on 185,000 km of main roads in France, including all highways (11 800 km). It is transmitted on the frequencies of France Inter and is received nationally (99% national coverage). The service is not encrypted, but restricts access using different location table numbers. In 2010 the company signed a partnership with Météo-France for a common road weather hazard service.
Another commercial service is provided by ViaMichelin and Carte Blanche Conseil, transmitted by the Towercast network (NRJ group). In September 2005 PSA Peugeot Citroën signed a partnership with ViaMichelin.
Location tables are released by the government agency SETRA. The latest version 10.1, was certified by TISA in 2013 and released in 2014. It covers 184 913 km of roads in France, and contains about 25 984 location data points.
Germany offers both public and commercial services. The public service is an open, free service that can be received by public radio stations.
The other service, TMCpro, is a pay service provided by Navteq Services GmbH and owned by Navteq. It was developed and originally provided by T-Systems Traffic GmbH, a subsidiary of T-Systems that was bought by Navteq in January 2009. The service went live across Germany at the beginning of 2005. The content is provided by ddg Gesellschaft für Verkehrsdaten mbh, a wholly owned subsidiary of T-Systems Traffic GmbH. It is an encrypted service based on the conditional access specifications of the TMC Forum.
BASt, the German Federal Highway Research Institute, releases location tables. In version 5.1 all major access roads leading to football arenas that were used in the World Championship in 2006 were added. The current version is 10.1 and contains 44,233 location codes.
A TMC-service has been available in the Attica region since September 2010, to be rolled out for nationwide coverage in 2011. The service is provided by TrafficNav, a Budapest-based traffic information company, and is available on Galaxy Radio and Radio DeeJay. The service can be accessed by most Garmin and Mio navigation devices and is to be featured in several built-in car navigation devices.
A national TMC-service has been available since 2008. The service is provided by TrafficNav, the Budapest traffic information company and is available on the national FM networks of Petőfi Radio (Channel 2 of Magyar Rádió, Hungary's State Radio). The service can be accessed by most navigation devices manufactured by TomTom, Garmin, Navigon, Mio and Navon, and is featured in several built-in car navigation devices, including selected models of Volvo, Toyota and Lexus. The service is based on V2.0 of the Hungary location table.
In October 2009, GEWI Europe GmbH & Co. KG released the TISA certified Location Table version 1.0 for Indonesia. GEWI's updated Location Table version 1.1 was certified by TISA on 14 Mar 2012.
In September 2011, iQios Sejahtera launched the first real-time traffic service in Indonesia.
TMC service is currently unavailable, although the infrastructure is in place; originally for use by the Iranian National Broadcasting Company (IRIB). The service is expected to become publicly available in 2020.
TMC for Dublin went live in November 2010. The service was extended to provide national coverage later that year. The service is provided by TrafficNav, the Budapest traffic information company and is available on RTÉ Radio 1, a national FM network of Ireland's State Radio. Data sources include real time traffic information provided by Dublin City Council. The service can be accessed by most Garmin navigation devices and will soon be featured in several built-in car navigation devices.
A commercial RDS-TMC service was initiated by Decell Technologies in February 2011. Decell provides national coverage broadcast by several regional radio stations. The content distribution relies on Decell's TISA certified TMC location table 36. Decell provides real-time flow and incident traffic data on RDS-TMC to all leading navigation companies.
A free public RDS-TMC service became available in Italy on 1 July 1998, offered by RAI. CCISS (National Traffic Information Centre) provides the service. RAI broadcasts on Rai Radio 1, Radio2 and Radio 3 FM. This service covers the entire country.
The Italian location table, provided by RAI-CCISS, is in version 2.1 with around 12.500 codes.
As of September 2010, the location table was at version 3.1 with around 41,000 codes. It has all highways, state roads, county roads and urban roads for main towns.
In the Netherlands there are private and public TMC services.
The Private service is provided by Be-Mobile, and broadcast via Radio 2.
The Free services is also provided by Be-Mobile and ANWB, and broadcast via Radio 1, Radio 538, BNR...
The New Zealand Automobile Association broadcasts traffic alerts via FM broadcast radio in and around Greater Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch.
Since 2009, NRK is testing an open TMC service. The open service is transmitted using the P1-frequency. NRK broadcasts information on road works, planned closures and winter-closed mountain passes. Updates on accidents and other unforeseen information are currently done Mon-Fri 05.30–22.00, Sat 09.30–17.00 and Sun 13.00–22.00.
The Norwegian FM network will be closed in January 2017 and with that, it is foreseen that the test service from NRK also will be closed.
Commercial radio station P4 and Mediamobile is providing a TMC service called V-Traffic in Norway. This service is encrypted but free for all private users when the navigator manufacturer has included it in their product.
Since 2014, P4 and Mediamobile is running a Digital Radio service that replaces the RDS-TMC in Norway. This service goes under the name V-Traffic DAB.
Statens vegvesen, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration (NPRA), provides location tables.
In 1 May 2010, commercial TMC service became available in Poland, transmitted by radio station RMF FM. The service, called V-Traffic, is provided by MediaMobile Nordic, a subsidiary of the TDF Group, one of the biggest providers of broadcast services in Europe, based in Paris.
In Poland, service is available in PND devices: Garmin, Mio and Becker as well as in car embedded navigations used by Toyota, Volvo and Ford. The service is built on more than 100 different sources, processed automatically (Floating Car Data) or manually by operators in Mediamobile Traffic Information Centre based in Warsaw. Minimum guaranteed signal coverage is 95% of the population and 93% geographical coverage.
In November 2012, CE-Traffic launched commercial TMC service in Poland - Premium RDS-TMC. CE-Traffic partnered with EuroZET media group that is a part of Lagardère Group, in order to provide connectivity country-wide. The service is based on CE-Traffic data generated from Floating Car Data systems fused with journalistic information. It is available for major interconnecting roads, urban streets in 15 major cities, and other roads commonly used by drivers as shortcuts or alternative routes.
The location table includes future changes in the backbone network until the end of 2013.
Since March 2011 TMC has been carried on RFM radio, provided by Be-mobile. Be-Mobile released TMC table version 1.1. Navteq Maps editions since Q3/2011 now provide TMC coverage for Portugal. There are now three TMC channels in Portugal.
Recently, Summer Blast radio was included in the TMC providing coverage for Portugal.
Starting 30 May 2012, TMC service is available in Romania, on private radio station (ProFM). The service is provided by TrafficNav.
TraficOK was the first TMC system tested and implemented in Romania. The system uses a location table of over 11,500 entries, which provides nearly full coverage of the Romanian road infrastructure. The table was developed by AROBS and certified by TISA - Traveller Information Services Association. Data on traffic flow, events, weather warnings, road repairs and traffic jams is collected from several sources. The TraficOK project was developed by AROBS Transilvania Software and Be-Mobile. Messages are sent via Europa FM radio stations (in FM bandwidth) to various hardware equipment (navigation systems, mobile phones, etc.) equipped with TMC modules.
TraficOK was planned to be available in Bucuresti, Ploiesti, Pitesti, Constanta, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Târgu Mures, Oradea, Arad, Timisoara, Iasi and Bacau.
In June 2006, GEWI Europe GmbH & Co. KG released the first TISA certified TMC Location Table for Singapore. Its Singapore company, GEWI Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. offered the service. The latest location table version 1.3, updated and certified in March 2014, includes the Marina Coastal Expressway, more than 150 car park locations within the Central Business District and downtown areas. GEWI's traffic services are available on several models of Smartphones, PAPAGO!, Garmin and TomTom navigation devices, Honda and Toyota in-car navigation systems.
In Nov 2010, the Land Transport Authority announced the release of the Location Table for Singapore. Quantum Inventions offers a traffic data service based on this location table and includes traffic incidents information, traffic speeds, parking availability, weather, road closures, etc. Various brands of GPS systems using the Galactio software provide these dynamic data in the navigation system.
There are two services currently running in Slovakia.
Paid service - launched by Garmin and CE-Traffic in May 2013. Messages are transmitted via network of private station Fun Radio and are exclusively available only for Garmin devices.
Free service - tested by Slovak Radio (Slovenský Rozhlas), Towercom (transmitting company) and Slovak Road Administration. In May 2014, new version 3.2 of location tables had been isued, covering all highways and all important roads. RDS-TMC service tests have been started in 2014 in Bratislava, regular service with national coverage is planned on summer 2015.
A national TMC-service became available in June 2009. The service is provided by TrafficNav, the Budapest traffic information company and is available on two national FM networks of Radio Slovenija, Slovenia's State Radio (Val 202 and Radio SI). The service can be accessed by most Garmin, Navigon and Navo nnavigation devices and will soon be featured in several factory fitted car navigation devices. The service is based on V3.0 of the Slovenia location table.
TMC services in South Africa have been available since late 2009, a service provided by Altech Netstar. In partnership with INRIX, Altech Netstar broadcasts their Premium Traffic Service throughout Gauteng, Kwa-Zulu Natal and Western Cape Peninsula. The company planned to launch in Orange Free State, Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga in 2012. Altech Netstar offers a commercial service to its OEM and Commercial Customers. Altech Netstar broadcasts XML services to their device partners and wholesale customers.
A TMC service is available in Spain on RNE 3. It is provided by SCT as the operator of traffic management in Catalonia Autonomous Community, DT in the Basque Country Autonomous Community and DGT (Traffic General Directorate) for the rest of the country.
Road network coverage is the motorways, national roads and first level roads that belong to the Autonomous Communities. RACC is working on urban services, starting with Seville and Barcelona to broadcast on RNE 2.
Location tables are provided by DGT, Dirección General de Tráfico. The current version is 2.1 and contains about 7.750 entries.
The most used TMC service in Sweden is run by Mediamobile under the name V-Traffic Premium RDS-TMC. It is a fully encrypted service with focus on congestions, slippery road warnings and other safety related messages for the driver.
A free service is available in Sweden. Swedish Transport Administration, or Trafikverket, is responsible for the location tables. Version v2.3 contains about 17337 data points, and covers 1138000 km of the Sweden road network.
The free service has not been developed since 2009 when the government decided to stop distribution of end user services. The service will run at least until end 2015.
Sweden is divided into 8 broadcasting zones to avoid transmitting traffic information that is not useful at that location. They cover the European, national and major county highways. The service is broadcast on Sveriges Radio P3 radio station and covers 98 percent of Sweden.
Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) has an information page for Trafikverket RDS-TMC in Swedish.
A TMC service is available in Switzerland. The broadcaster is SRG SSR idée suisse or Swiss Broadcasting Corporation who transmits TMC on FM chain 1 and FM chain 3 all over Switzerland.
- In German speaking areas: DRS 1 (G) / DRS 3 (G) / La 1ère (F) / Rete Uno (I) partly
- In French speaking areas: La 1ère (F) / Couleur 3 (F) / DRS 1 (G) / Rete Uno (I) partly
- In Italian speaking areas: Rete Uno (I) / Rete Tre (I) / DRS 1 (G) / La 1ère (F)
Daughter company Viasuisse operates the service.
Location codes are the responsibility of the Swiss Federal Roads Authority FEDRO but B+S Ingenieur (Bundesamt fuer Strassen) distributes the location tables. Version 5.5 contains around 10,000 codes.
The Taiwanese police radio station and Ministry of Transportation and Communication (MOTC) both broadcast RDS-TMC traffic data. It is currently available for TomTom, Garmin, Panasonic, PaPaGo and Mio devices.
The private company iTIS Holdings provides a commercial TMC service iTMC in the United Kingdom. It is broadcast nationally on Classic FM and other commercial radio stations. The BBC charter prohibits it from carrying a commercial service. ITIS provides traffic data on RDS-TMC to major automotive companies (BMW, Mercedes, Toyota, Ford, Renault, Jaguar Land Rover and others). The price of the service is included in the price of the car or navigation system.
This system uses Floating Vehicle Data, which include positional information from over 160,000 fleet vehicles fitted, The data is complemented by journalistic or "Incident" data provided by Trafficlink. Trafficlink is owned by ITIS and provides traffic and travel bulletins to BBC Radio and to over 95% of the UK commercial radio stations. Incident data includes road works, accidents and closures.
RAC Live operated by RAC Trafficmaster Telematics (RTT) a 50–50 joint venture between RAC Motoring Services and Trafficmaster also operates a national service using local and regional radio broadcaster Global Radio to ensure reception across mainland Britain. This system uses road-side infrastructure to measure vehicle travel time between sensors placed a few miles apart, and uses number plate recognition technology.
Both services maintain their own location tables. The current location table version of ITIS is 5.1. The current location table version of Trafficmaster is 3.1.
Turkey has 3 RDS TMC services. 1: HERE (previously NAVTEQ) has the broadest RDS-TMC service in Turkey, covering the largest 11 cities in the country: Istanbul, Ankara, Adana, Bursa, Mersin, Izmir, Eskisehir, Antalya, Konya, Kayseri and Gaziantep. The service was launched in July 2012. 2: TMC service in Turkey has been published by Basarsoft and TrafficNav in 2012. RDS TMC is available only in the cities where the traffic congestions are a big problem for the people. Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Antalya, Bursa are the cities where broadcasting is being done. 3: TMC service in Turkey was published by Be-Mobile and Infotech in 2012. The RDS TMC service is available in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa and Antalya.
All 3 Turkish TMC services are paid services and users can have it in Navigation devices. Both PND and Automotive products are using TMC service in Turkey.
United States and Canada
In the United States of America, XM Satellite Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio provide TMC service all over the US. Navteq provides traffic data to both providers. Navteq Traffic delivers traffic information and related advertising via RDS and HD signals to navigation devices nationwide. Navteq also provided traffic data sourced from sensors, probes and other technologies in 10+ countries as of December 2009. INRIX, Inc. fuses TMC data with real-time flow information from its crowd-sourced network of floating cars and mobile devices with information from other public and private sources to deliver real-time and predictive traffic information.
Clear Channel Communications and Tele Atlas have a TMC service called Total Traffic Network (TTN), using FM RDS in 77 US cities and three Canadian metropolitan areas. These services are both offered by subscription and were initially available to many in-car navigation units via an expansion module purchased separately.
The TomTom RDS-TMC Traffic Receiver acquires information through an FM signal broadcast by Clear Channel's regional providers. By connecting a compatible TomTom navigation device to the RDS-TMC Traffic Receiver, users receive traffic information via the TMC connection. Traffic alerts appear in the traffic bar on the right side of the screen. Tapping the traffic bar reveals further information, such as accident or traffic delays. The RDS-TMC Traffic Receiver is compatible with the TomTom VIA series, GO 920, TomTom GO 720, TomTom ONE XL and TomTom ONE 3rd edition. It integrates RDS-TMC Traffic information with TomTom GO and ONE products.
A map of current and planned TMC service is available from the Traffic Message Channel.
In Luxembourg no service is currently planned.
A location table for UAE v4.0 has been certified.
In Turkey, various location tables are available.
In China, investigations are ongoing to choose a technology for its traffic information system. The main candidates are the Japanese system VICS and the European TMC. A TMC Location table version 1.0 has already been certified .
- Dietmar Kopitz, Bev Marks. RDS: The Radio Data System. Artech House, 1999.
- "Traffic Receiver". TomTom. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) on a Community programme in the field of information technology and telecommunications applied to road transport - Drive (Dedicated road infrastructure for vehicle safety in Europe). COM(87) 351 final.
- Castle Rock Consultants. Radio Data System (RDS) Traffic Message Channel (TMC). Final Report to the Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE Project V1029, Nottingham, UK, October 1988.
- S.R. Ely, BBC Research Department, Engineering Division, Kingswood Warren, Tadworth, UK. RDS-ALERT: a DRIVE project to develop a proposed standard for the Traffic Message Channel feature of the radio data system RDS, IEE Colloquium on `The Car and its Environment - What DRIVE and PROMETHEUS Have to Offer (Digest No.20), 1990.
- CARMINAT, Programme EUREKA (EU 55) : Realisation d'un systeme complet d' information, de gestion et de navigation a vocation Europeenne pour les vehicules routiers [CARMINAT, EUREKA Programme (EU 55) : Development of a complete European information management and navigation system for road vehicles.] International Road and Traffic Conference. Roads and Traffic 2000. Vol. 1., p. 147-150. Text in French with summary in English. Coordinated by: Heusch/Boesefeldt G.m.b.H., Aachen Germany. Publication Date: 1988.
- Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen. See German Wikipedia.
- J.L. Riley and A.K. McParland. RDS-ALERT: A proposed Traffic Message Channel (TMC) feature for the Radio Data System (RDS). BBC RD 1991/16, Research Department, Engineering Division, The British Broadcasting Corporation.
- Peter Davies, Chris Hill, and Grant Klein. Standards for the Radio Data System - Traffic Message Channel. Castle Rock Consultants, Leesburg, Virginia, USA. Vehicles/Highway Automation: Technology and Policy Issues (SP·791). Future Transportation Technology Conference and Exposition, Vancouver, BC, Canada. August 7·10, 1989
- European Conference of Ministers Of Transport. Resolution No. 91/4 on Standards for Traffic Messages Broadcast using the Radio Data System Traffic Message Channel. [CEMT/CM(91)12]
- Davies, P.; Milton, H. Castle Rock Consultants, Nottingham, UK. The development of integrated traveller information protocols.Proceedings of the Intelligent Vehicles '94 Symposium, IEEE, 24-26 Oct. 1994, pages 602-605.
- "TISA". TISA.
- "TISA – Mission.". TISA - Traveller Information Services Association. Retrieved 2015-03-08.
- P. Davies, K. Virshbo, Castle Rock Associates, Portland, Oregon, USA. CARS (Condition Acquisition Reporting System) and the CARS Group. Archives of Transport System Telematics, Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2009.
- Dennis W. Johnson.Congress Online: Bridging the Gap Between Citizens and Their Representatives p41.
- Castle Rock Associates. "Idaho 511 - Android Apps on Google Play". google.com.
- "Minnesota Department of Transportation". state.mn.us.
- Barisani, Andrea; Bianco, Daniele (18–20 April 2007), Unusual Car Navigation Tricks: Injecting RDS-TMC Traffic Information Signals (PDF), Inverse Path, retrieved 2 November 2012
- "CanSecWest Applied Security Conference: Interact with the security community". CanSecWest. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Barisani, Andrea "lcars"; Bianco, Daniele "danbia" (27 May 2007). "Hijacking RDS-TMC Traffic Information signals". Phrack (64). Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Hacking TMC - Unsuccessfully". TISA: Traveler Information Services Association.[dead link]
- "TMC (Traffic Message Channel)". Dublin City Council. November 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- "New TMC receiver from AVANTEQ". mobile2day. 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- "Free RDS TMC on your mobile with GNS TrafficBoxPlus | WMProTricks". TreoProTricks. 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- "TMCstack – cost reduction for TMC receivers". GeoConnexion. 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- "AVANTEQ TMC solutions compatible to leading navigation software". AVANTEQ GmbH. Retrieved 2011-09-22.
- "GNS TrafficBox FM9 RDS TMC Adapter: GNS – Global Navigation Systems". Global Navigation Systems - GNS GmbH. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- "Download Simple RDS-TMC Decoder 20070420 for Linux – Simple RDS-TMC Decoder Free Downloads". DownloadAtoZ Inc. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- "intelematics.com.au". Intelematics Australia Pty Ltd. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Destia Traffic to provide traffic information for the Swedish Hitta.se service". mediamobilenordic.fi. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Destia Traffic to provide traffic information for the Swedish Hitta.se service". mediamobile.com. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Nieuws". Verkeerscentrum Vlaanderen. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- Super User. "RDS-TMC". technum.be.
- "CATV Optical Receiver". Kvarta Ltd. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Трафикът в София" [Traffic in Sofia]. Tix.bg. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "BASt Location Code List". Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (Federal Highway Research Institute). 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "G92: Galaxy FM". Galaxy 92. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Athens DeeJay 95.2". ΟΜΙΛΟΣ ΑΤΤΙΚΩΝ ΕΚΔΟΣΕΩΝ - 95.2 Athens DeeJay. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "GEWI – Home". GEWI.com.
- "Indonesia: First traffic info service launched by GEWI and IQIOS". Telematics News. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- "Decell Introduces Nationwide RDS-TMC Service in Israel" (Press release). Tel Aviv: Decell Technologies. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- "The TMC in Italy". TMC.it: Traffic Message Channel Italia. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Database delle località a supporto dei sistemi RDS TMC" [Database of locations that support RDS TMC]. CCISS Viaggiare Informati, Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti (CCISS Travel Information, Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport). Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Actuele verkeersgegevens". ndw.nu.
- "AA Traffic Alerts on your in-car navigation system". AA Maps – New Zealand Maps, Addresses, Businesses, Driving Directions. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- Johannesen, Bjarte; Johansen, Per Kristian (30 April 2011). "Trafikkmeldinger når du trenger det: NRK sender trafikkmeldinger til navigasjonssystem (RDS/TMC)" [Traffic information when you need it: NRK broadcasts traffic information to navigation (RDS/TMC)]. NRK Nyheter (NRK News). Retrieved 2014-02-21.
- "Destia Traffic".[dead link]
- "Traffic planning". Destia Ltd. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Destia Traffic".[dead link]
- RFM. "RFM - Só Grandes Músicas". rfm.pt.
- "Be-Mobile - What we do". be-mobile.be.
- Summer Blast. "Summer Blast". Summer Blast.
- "TMC service is now available in Romania" (Press release). Budapest: TrafficNav. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Software outsourcing: offshore-nearshore in Romania, Cluj-Napoca..". . arobs.com. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Be-Mobile | Traffic & Mobility". Be-mobile.be. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Altech Netstar Traffic". Altech Netstar Traffic PTY Ltd. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
What Areas Does This Service Cover? The coverage on the mobile devices and web site is available countrywide in major metropolitan areas. The RDS-TMC coverage for PND'S is available in the broader Gauteng, Cape Town and Durban.
- "Why INRIX". Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Seguros de coche, asistencia en carretera, telefonía móvil, autoescuela y cursos de conducción" [Car insurance, roadside assistance, mobile phones, driving and driving courses]. RACC Automóvil Club. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
- "Trafikinformation" [Traffic]. Trafikverket (Transport Administration of Sweden). Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Lars Gisow (2012-03-29). "TMC - Traffic Message Channel: Med tjänsten RDS-TMC kan du få viktig trafikinformation i din navigator i det område du kör, på ditt eget språk" [TMC - Traffic Message Channel: With the RDS-TMC service, you can get important traffic information on your navigator in your travel area, in your own language]. Trafikverket (Transport Administration of Sweden). Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "Traffic Data Goes High Def with Clear Channel Radio" (Press release). Clear Channel Radio. 2007-07-09. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "TMC Zenders" [TMC Channels]. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "TISA: Traveler Information Services Association"., the TMC and TPEG Forum successor
- "TMC Forum".[dead link]
- "RDS-TMC Standards".[dead link] from the RDS Forum, now maintained by TISA
- "RDS Guidelines". RDS Forum. 2004.
- "TMC: What is it all about?". RDS Forum.[dead link]
- "Map and overview of TMC-transmitters in Europe".
- Barisani, Andrea; Bianco, Daniele (18–20 April 2007), Unusual Car Navigation Tricks: Injecting RDS-TMC Traffic Information Signals (PDF), Inverse Path, retrieved 2 November 2012
- Czech Republic