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Tragopan blythii01.jpg
Blyth's tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae
Genus: Tragopan
Cuvier, 1829

Tragopan is a bird genus in the Phasianidae family, which is commonly called "horned pheasant" because males have two brightly colored, fleshy horns on their head that can be erected during courtship displays. The habit of tragopans nesting in trees is unique among phasianids.[1] The scientific name refers to the horn, being a composite of tragos (billy goat) and the ribald half-goat deity Pan (and in the case of the satyr tragopan, adding Pan's companions for even more emphasis).[citation needed]

There are five recognized tragopan species:[1]

Image Name Common name Distribution
Tragopan melanocephalus Western tragopan Kohistan, Kaghan valley, Kishtwar, Chamba, Kullu and an area east of the Satluj river, Pakistan
Satyr Tragopan.jpg Tragopan satyra Satyr tragopan India, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan.
Temminck Tragopan.jpg Tragopan temminckii Temminck's tragopan northern Myanmar to northwestern Tonkin.
Tragopan blythii01.jpg Tragopan blythii Blyth's tragopan Bhutan through north-east India, north Myanmar to south-east Tibet, and also China.
Tragopan caboti.JPG Tragopan caboti Cabot's tragopan provinces of Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guangdong, China



  1. ^ a b Madge, S.; McGowan, P. (2002). "Genus Tragopan: tragopans (horned pheasants)". Pheasants, partridges and grouse: including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. London: Christopher Helm Publishers. pp. 280−286. ISBN 978-0-7136-3966-7.