Tral

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Tral
town
Tral is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Tral
Tral
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Tral is located in India
Tral
Tral
Tral (India)
Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Pulwama
Founded by Hazrat Mir Syed Ali Hamadani
Elevation 1,662 m (5,453 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 17,845
Languages
 • Spoken Kashmiri, Gujri
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 192123
Telephone code 01933
Literacy 85.92%

Tral is a town and a sub-district in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India, situated 10 km from NH1 Awantipora.

Geography[edit]

Tral (Kashmiri: ترال) is located at 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 1662 metres (5452 ft). The place is having an average area of about 110 km².

Tral is situated at the edge of plateau divided into uptown (Haer Tral) and downtown (Boantral). The valley is surrounded by the snow peak mountains also famous for its natural springs, dense forests and beautiful villages. Famous picnic spots in the vicinity include Shikargah, Aripal,Laam, Narastan and Hajan. The area is known for its 82 springs, including hot water springs and springs remaining hot in winter and cold in summer. There are meadows and pastures which surround Tral. Taarsar, Maarsar, Munwarsar, Chumnai, Baed Chumnai and Nagbaeran are places of attraction. In the heart of the town Tral, a famous spring Dilnaag (Heart Spring) is located. Dilnaag is the only place for recreation in the town.

The houses that are built on this range are mostly made up of bricks (some sun dried and some baked). The roofs are usually made of tin while some are occasionally thatched. Tral is shaded by fine trees. The area possess enormous number of springs located in its 82 villages. Plateau lands on the east side of the town is bare and dry but the slope to the west and to its beneath has a large mass of rice cultivation.

Villages[edit]

  • Amirabad
  • Amlar[2]
  • Arigam
  • Aripal
  • Awanpura
  • Baigund
  • Baragam
  • Basvin
  • Batagund
  • Bathnoor
  • Branpather
  • Brantal
  • Buchoo
  • Chaan
  • Chandrigam
  • Chatrugam
  • Check Tral
  • Chewa
  • Dadasara
  • Dajeh Khour
  • Dar
  • Dardgund
  • Dhobiwan
  • Diver
  • Doodimarg
  • Doingund
  • Amirabad
  • Gadpora
  • Gamaraz
  • Gang
  • Gulshanpora (Khul)
  • Gutru
  • Hari Pari gam
  • Haffu
  • Hajan
  • Hardumier
  • Hundur
  • Kahlil
  • Kamla
  • Kanglooda
  • Karmula
  • Khangund
  • Khankah
  • Kharpora
  • Khasipora
  • Koil
  • Kounsarbal
  • Kuchmullah
  • Kulpohda
  • Kunjbal
  • Laalgam
  • Laam
  • Lariyar
  • Lalpora
  • Laribal
  • Loorow
  • Lurgam
  • Machooma
  • Mandoora
  • Medoora
  • Monghama
  • Naagberan
  • Nadar
  • Nagbal
  • Nagnaad
  • Nahar
  • Naibugh
  • Nanar
  • Narastan
  • Nargistan
  • Nowdal
  • Nazneenpora (Haayoun)
  • Nigeenpora (Reshipora)
  • Overigund (Wovergund)
  • Panier
  • Pinglish
  • Pirnaad
  • Poonzu
  • Prongam
  • Rajpora
  • Ratherpora
  • Rathsun
  • Saimooh
  • Sail
  • Satoora
  • Seer
  • Shahabad
  • Shajan
  • Shaldramn
  • Sherabad (Bulli)
  • Shikaargaah
  • Shutlan
  • Sofigund
  • Soinaad
  • Syedabad (Pastuna)
  • Taki
  • Wazul Kulnar
  • Wagad
  • Wanibutu
  • Yangvin
  • Zizbal
  • Zradihadan
  • Gulistan
  • Aligund

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[3] Tral had a population of 17,844 with 9,944 males constituting 55.7% of the population and 7,900 females constituting 44.3% of the population.

Education[edit]

Tral is considered one of the most educated towns in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. it's leading in the overall literacy rate among the other Municipal Committees in the Kashmir zone. Literacy rate of Tral is 85.92 %, higher than state average of 67.16 %. In Tral, Male literacy is around 92.85 % while female literacy rate is 65.62 %

Security situation[edit]

Tral is considered the most volatile area in Jammu & Kashmir and a militancy hotbed. Burhan Muzaffar Wani, former commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, hailed from Tral.[4] Hizbul Mujahideen commander Sabzar Bhat, successor of Burhan Wani hailing from Ratsuna Tral was also killed in Soimoh Tral, by Indian security forces sparking days of unrest.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tral, India". fallingrain.com. 
  2. ^ "Census of India: Search Details". Census of India. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Why south Kashmir is becoming the new hotbed of militancy". dailyo.in. 
  5. ^ "Top rebel commander Sabzar Ahmad Bhat killed in Kashmir". Al Jazeera. May 2017. Sabzar Ahmad Bhat, a senior leader of the Hizbul Mujahideen group, was killed overnight by government troops in Tral area, some 40km south of Kashmir's capital, Srinagar, police said.