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Tral is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Tral is located in India
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1Coordinates: 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Pulwama
Elevation 1,662 m (5,453 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 17,844
 • Spoken Kashmiri
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 192123
Telephone code 1933

Tral (Kashmiri: ترال) is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India, situated 10 km away from National Highway 1A.


Tral is located at 33°56′N 75°06′E / 33.93°N 75.1°E / 33.93; 75.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 1662 metres (5452 ft). The place is having an average area of about 110 km².

Tral is situated at the edge of plateau divided into upper and lower mohallas. The valley is surrounded by the snow peak mountains also famous for its natural springs, dense forests and beautiful villages. Famous picnic spots in the vicinity include Shikargah, Aripal and Hajan. The area is known for its 82 springs, including hot water springs and springs remaining hot in winter and cold in summer.

The houses that are built on this range are mostly made up of bricks (some sun dried and some baked). The roofs are usually made of tin while some are occasionally thatched. Tral is shaded by fine trees. The area possess enormous number of springs located in its 82 villages. Plateau lands on the east side of the town is bare and dry but the slope to the west and to its beneath has a large mass of rice cultivation.


  • Amirabad
  • Amlar
  • Amliar[2]
  • Arigam
  • Aripal
  • Awanpura
  • Baigund
  • Bargoum
  • Basvin
  • Batagund
  • Bathnoor
  • Branpather
  • Brantal
  • Buchoo
  • Chaan
  • Chandrigam
  • Chatrugam
  • Check
  • Chewa
  • Dadasara
  • Dajeh Khour
  • Dar
  • Dardgund
  • Dhobiwan
  • Diver
  • Dodehmarg
  • Doingund
  • Amirabad
  • Gadpora
  • Gamaraz
  • Gang
  • Gulshanpora (Khul)
  • Gutru
  • Hari Pari gam
  • Haffu
  • Hajan
  • Hardumir
  • Hundur
  • Kahlil
  • Kamla
  • Kanglooda
  • Karmula
  • Khangund
  • Khankah
  • Kharpora
  • Khasipora
  • Koil
  • Kounsarbal
  • Kuchmullah
  • Kulpohda
  • Kunjbal
  • Laalgam
  • Laam
  • Lariyar
  • Lalpora
  • Laribal
  • Loorow
  • Lurgam
  • Machooma
  • Mandoora
  • Medoora
  • Monghama
  • Naagberan
  • Nadar
  • Nagbal
  • Nagnaad
  • Nahar
  • Naibugh
  • Nanar
  • Narastan
  • Nargistan
  • Nowdal
  • Nazneenpora (Haayoun)
  • Nigeenpora (Reshipora)
  • Overigund (Wovergund)
  • Panier
  • Pinglish
  • Pirnaad
  • Poonzu
  • Prongam
  • Rajpora
  • Ratherpora
  • Rathsun
  • Saimooh
  • Sail
  • Satoora
  • Seer
  • Shahabad-Bala and Shahabad-Payeen
  • Shajan
  • Shaldramn
  • Sherabad (Bulli)
  • Shikaargaah
  • Shutlan
  • Sofigund
  • Soinaad
  • Syedabad (Pastuna)
  • Taki
  • Vazul Kulnar
  • Wagad
  • Wanibutu
  • Yangvin
  • Zizbal
  • Zradihadan
  • Zuwastan
  • Aligund


As of 2011 India census,[3] Tral had a population of 17,844 with 9,944 males constituting 55.7% of the population and 7,900 females constituting 44.3% of the population.


Tral town considered one of the most educated town in district Pulwama. Tral has an 10,391 literates among which 6,760 are males and 3,631 are females.[3]

After the independence, like rest of the country, scenario of tehsil Tral has also changed a lot. Number of positive developments has taken place in all sectors especially Education, Health and Employment sector. According to AINE-TRAL (a collection of historical facts) in 1903 foundation of a primary school was laid by the government. At that time 70 students were enrolled. During the year 1933 its standard was raised from primary to lower middle school. Then in 1944 its standard was again raised to higher secondary level. In present scenario there are hundreds of educational institutions in tral, 7 higher secondary’s (3 in Tral Town, one each in Dadasara, Lorgam,Satoora, Noorpora), Degree colleges, ITI institutes and many more professional institutes. Literacy rate at one time was 1% and now it has raised to 92% according to survey a conducted by Ikhlas welfare society Tral in June 2009.


The name Tral is said to originate from trī lāl (تریہ لال), meaning "Three Pearls".

Security situation[edit]

Tral is considered the most volatile area in Jammu & Kashmir and a militancy hotbed. Burhan Muzaffar Wani, commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, hails from Tral.[4] Tral is today hotbed of militancy of Kashmir. Recently Hizbul Mujahedeen militant Ishaq Ahmad Parray alais Newton was killed in an encounter with Indian army at Dadasara Tral along with his two associates.[5]


  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Tral, India". 
  2. ^ "Census of India: Search Details". Census of India. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Why south Kashmir is becoming the new hotbed of militancy". 
  5. ^ "'Newton' among 3 militants killed in Tral gunfight".