Trams in Copenhagen
|Copenhagen tramway network|
Brønshøj Torv, 7 February 1969.
|Operator(s)||Københavns Sporveje (KS) from 1911 (merged into Hovedstadsområdets Trafikselskab (HT) in 1974)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Route length||99.8 km (62.0 mi) (at peak) |
The Copenhagen tram system was a tramway network in service from 22 October 1863 - 22 April 1972 in and around Copenhagen, Denmark. The first lines were horse-drawn trams which were replaced in the 1880s by steam-powered tramways. In the 1890s electrical trams were introduced. The trams were operated by a number of private companies until 1911 when the city took over the operation of most of the system, followed by a full take-over some years later.
The system was closed on April 22, 1972 at a time when streetcar systems across Europe and North America were being closed because they were not seen as a modern transportation solution and they were largely replaced by buses and private automobiles. Copenhagen also had an expanding commuter rail service, the S-train, which had expanded greatly over the preceding decades.
Teddy Østerlin Koch[who?] has since argued that the removal of the trams was a mistake, as modernised trams were more economical than reported in the city's evaluations of the time, and that an updated tram system would have been cheaper, more timely, better for the environment, and more effective at transporting large volumes of passengers than the solutions eventually implemented: building a Copenhagen metro (opened 30 years after closure of tram system) and expanding the bus network.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trams in Copenhagen.|
- "For 40 år siden kørte sidste sporvogn i Danmark [40 years ago the last tram in Denmark departed]" (in Danish). letbaner.dk. 22 April 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- "A brief history of Copenhagen". Visitdenmark.com. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Ding, ding - for 150 år siden kørte sporvognen jomfrutur i København [ding ding 150 years ago the tram drove its maiden voyage in Copenhagen]" (in Danish). Berlingske Tidende. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Koch, Teddy Østerlin (8 May 2012). "Særinteresser fylder Københavns lunger med os" (in Danish). Information. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Jensen, Mikkel Kjær (4 July 2014). "The biggest light-rail project in Denmark is on track". Euro Transport Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
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