Trams in Potsdam

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Potsdam tramway network
KT4D 001 (Prototyp).jpg
Operation
Locale Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
Horsecar era: 1880 (1880)–1907 (1907)
Status Converted to electricity
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge)
Propulsion system(s) Horses
Electric tram era: since 1907 (1907)
Status Operational
Lines 7
Operator(s) Verkehrsbetrieb Potsdam (de)(ViP) (since 1990)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) ((standard gauge)
Propulsion system(s) Electricity
Electrification 600 V DC overhead
Stock 17 Combino
18 Tatra KT4DC
18 Variobahn
Route length 28.9 km (18 mi)
Stops 63
Map of the network, 2009.
Map of the network, 2009.
Website Stadtwerke (and Verkehrsbetrieb) Potsdam (in German)

The Potsdam tramway network (German: Straßenbahnnetz Potsdam) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Potsdam, the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany.

The network is owned by the public citizen company Verkehrsbetrieb Potsdam (de)(ViP) and included in the fare zone "C" (Tarifbereich C)[1][2] of the Berliner public transport area.

History[edit]

The network opened on 12 May 1880: It was a horsecar system owned by the society Reymer & Masch, named Potsdamer Straßenbahn-Gesellschaft and consisted of a pair of lines.[3] 1907 saw the introduction of electric trams which ran on a new line of 8 km.[4] In 1908 the network was composed by 4 lines (named from A to D) and in 1949 by 5 (named from 1 to 5).

At the end of the 1950s, new streetcars models were introduced (typical during the DDR era), the Gothawagen (T57, G4-61, G4-65 and T2-62), produced in the Thuringian town of Gotha by the Gothaer Waggonfabrik.[5]

In the 1980s, a pair of new routes were built: in 1984 through the new residential center in Babelsberg and in 1988 from Am Stern stop to the new south-eastern residential area in Drewitz.[3] The Czech trams Tatra KT4 were introduced in 1993, and the modern Combino and Variotram in the 2000s.[6]

Network[edit]

line network 2014
track plan 2014
KT4Dm-cars 153/253 at Nauener Tor

The Potsdam route network is a standard-gauge railway. It is 28.9 kilometers long and has 63 stops. The track length is 59.6 kilometers.[7] It is driven by five main and two amplifier lines. It is almost continuously double tracked, only the Nauener Tor is crossed by means of a gauntlet track.

The network consists, as of December 2017, of 7 lines:[8]

91 Bhf. PirschheideBhf. Rehbrücke
92 Bornstedt, Kirschallee ↔ Kirchsteigfeld, Marie-Juchacz-Straße
93 Glienicker BrückeBhf. Rehbrücke
94 Schloß CharlottenhofBabelsberg, Fontanestraße
96 Campus Jungfernsee ↔ Kirchsteigfeld, Marie-Juchacz-Straße
98 (Bhf. Pirschheide ↔ Schlaatz, Bisamkiez) only Monday to Friday in the rush hour and not in the school holidays
99 Babelsberg, Fontanestraße ↔ S Hauptbahnhof (↔ Schlaatz, Bisamkiez) to Bisamkiez only in Rush hour

The tram lines 91 to 96 operate on all days according to a uniform timetable scheme. This should give passengers better visibility. The basic scheme of the tram lines is a 20-minute-cyclic schedule. The timetable of the tram lines are coordinated at the linking points Potsdam Hauptbahnhof and Babelsberg station with the Berlin S-Bahn.

Lines 98 and 99 are amplifier lines that only operate at a certain times. They are only a part of the timetable scheme. The line 99 goes in the evening, but then only in the section Babelsberg, Fontanestraße ↔ Potsdam Hauptbahnhof. On Line 92, extra rides are offered throughout the route in the rush hour. As a result, lines 92 (with 2 courses) and 96 (with one course) run at 6/7/7-minute intervals, which in turn means that line 91 and 92 as well as 96 and 93 do not drive at an interval of 10 minutes.

The network is navigated with uni-directional vehicles. There are turning loops at all terminal stops. Exceptions are Glienicker Brücke, which is crossed by a triangular junction, as well as Schloss Charlottenhof and Potsdam Hauptbahnhof, where the tramcars can be turned around by a block bypass.

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

A rail maintenance vehicle at Platz der Einheit

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (in German) BVG: Berliner public transport pdf maps showing fare zones
  2. ^ (in German) Fares of Berlin on BVG website
  3. ^ a b (in German) Günther Wolf-Dietger, Michael Wolf-Dietger, Machel Wolf-Dietger: "Potsdamer Nahverkehr: Straßenbahn und Obus in Brandenburgs Landeshauptstadt". Geramond-Verlag GmbH, Munich 1999 - ISBN 3-932785-03-7
  4. ^ http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/potsdam/
  5. ^ (in German) Gothawagen in Potsdam
  6. ^ (in German) History of transport in Potsdam[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Zahlen und Fakten" (in German). Stadtwerke Potsdam. Archived from the original on 2015-05-27. Retrieved 2015-04-23.  Stand 2008
  8. ^ (in German) Potsdam tram network infos on ViP website
  9. ^ Note the DVG logo on the vehicle

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bauer, Gerhard; Kuschinski, Norbert (1995). Die Straßenbahnen in Ostdeutschland [The Tramways in East Germany]. Band 3: Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [Volume 3: Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern]. Aachen, Germany: Schweers + Wall. ISBN 3921679818.  (in German)
  • Schwandl, Robert (2012). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Deutschland (in German and English) (3rd ed.). Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. pp. 116–117. ISBN 9783936573336. 

External links[edit]