Trams in Poznań

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Trams in Poznań
Poznan 10-2013 img18 Tram.jpg
Overview
Owner City of Poznań
Locale Poznań, Poland
Transit type Tram
Number of lines

22

  • Daytime: 20
  • Nighttime: 1
  • Tourist: 1
Website MPK Poznań
Operation
Began operation 30 July 1880 (horsecar)
6 March 1898 (electric tram)
Operator(s) MPK Poznań
Number of vehicles ~430 (81 low-floor)
Technical
System length 66 km (41 mi) (2011)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
System map

Sieć tramwajowa w Poznaniu.svg

Trams in Poznań is a tramway operated by Miejskie Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne w Poznaniu Sp. z o.o. (Public Transport Company in Poznań Ltd.). It currently has 20 daytime lines, one night line, and one tourist line served by historical vehicles. The tram system consists of about 66 kilometres (41 mi) of route, operating on 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge track. With a few exceptions the tramlines operate on double tracks rail.

In local Poznań dialect trams are called bimby (pl.), bimba (sing).

History[edit]

Horse trams (1880-1898)[edit]

The idea of trams in Poznań was brought to fruition by two businessmen from Berlin: Otto Reymer and Otto Masch. After receiving concessions from the town authorities on 30 July 1880 they began running a horse tram in Poznań. On the next day the first regular line transported passengers from the main train station via ul. Św. Marcin/St. Martin Str., ul. Rycerska/Ritter Str. (today ul. Ratajczaka), Pl. Wilhelmowski/Wilhelms Platz (currently Plac Wolności) to Rynek/Ring (currently Stary Rynek English: Old Market). The route was soon lengthened from Rynek/Ring to ul. Butelska/Büttel Str. (now ul. Woźna), ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str. (currently ul. Garbary), Chwaliszewo to Ostrów Tumski. At the same time a branch was built via ul. Wiktorii/Victoria Str. (modern ul. Gwarna and ul. Mielżyńskiego), Plac Królewski/Königs Platz (currently Pl. Cyryla Ratajskiego), ul. Fryderykowska/Friedrich Str. (modern ul. 23 Lutego), Al. Wilhelmowskie/Wilhelms Al. (currently Al. Marcinkowskiego), ul. Seekta/Seekt Str. (modern ul. Solna) and Wolnica, ul. Małe Garbary/Kleine Gerber Str., ul. Szewska, ul. Szeroka/Breite Str. (currently ul. Wielka) to ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str. (modern ul. Garbary) where it joined the older route.

Despite the need for modern public transport in the city, after a few weeks the company found itself on the edge of bankruptcy. There were two reasons for this: firstly the branch route had too few passengers, and secondly all the signs in the trams were only in German, leading to a boycott by the Polish majority. The financially troubled company was bought by the Poznań Horse Railway Society (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Kolei Konnej, German: Posener Pferde-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft), which obtained a concession and monopoly on tram transportation in the city. At that time there were only 20 cars in service.

In September 1880 the Society bought part of the site of the former train station in Jeżyce/Jersitz suburb, where a tram depot was built (currently it is the oldest tram depot still in service in Poland). In 1896 two new routes were built. The first ran from Rynek/Ring (now Stary Rynek), via ul. Wrocławska/Breslauer Str., Pl. Piotra/Peters Platz (now Pl. Wiosny Ludów), ul. Półwiejska to Brama Wildecka/Wilda Thor. The second went from the tram depot on ul. Gajowa, through ul. Zwierzyniecka/Zoologisher Str., ul. Jadwigi/Hedwigs Str. (modern ul. Kraszewskiego) to Rynek Jeżycki/Jersitz Markt, after one year extended via ul. Wielka Berlińska/Grosse Berliner Str. (modern ul. Dąbrowskiego) to the chemical factory on ul. Polna/Feld Str. Both routes were already built to carry heavier electric cars.

Electric trams[edit]

On 6 March 1898 horse trams were replaced by electric ones. At this time there were three lines:

  • white - like the old horse tram from the train station via Rynek/Ring to Ostrów Tumski
  • red - from Rynek Jeżycki/Jersitz Markt via ul. Jadwigi/Hedwigs Str., ul. Zwierzyniecka/Zoologischer Str., ul. Św. Marcin/St. Martin Str. and along the old horse tram route to Rynek/Ring and Brama Wildecka/Wilda Thor
  • yellow - from the train station like the white line but only as far as the intersection of ul. Szeroka/Breite Str. and ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str.

In April a fourth line was added:

  • green - from Rynek/Ring via ul. Św. Marcin/St. Martin Str. and the new route on ul. Głogowska/Gloger Str. to Górczyn suburb (today's intersection of ul. Głogowska and ul. Kosynierska).

A ticket cost 10 or 20 pfennigs and after 11 pm the price was doubled.

In 1899 a second track was added to the routes on Rynek/Ring and ul. Wielka Berlińska/Grosse Berliner Str. (modern ul. Dąbrowskiego).

Before World War I the tram network was extended to the Municipal Slaughterhouse on ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str., to Plac Sapieżyński/Sapeicha Platz (today Plac Wielkopolski), to Brama Dębińska/Eichwald Thor (currently the intersection of ul. Strzelecka and Krakowska), to Śródka, Sołacz and Dębiec (to the Cegielski Factory). New routes were also built in the centre of the city, including overpasses over the railway tracks: Most Teatralny and Most Dworcowy.

Between the wars new routes were built to Golęcin, Dębiec (extension of existing tracks), Dębina (to the public beach on the bank of the Warta), Ogrody, Grunwald and Winiary. In this same period some routes in the narrow streets of the Old Town were closed. A planned route to Główna was cancelled due to the opening in 1930 of a trolleybus line there.

After WW II[edit]

Historical tram, designed 1973.
Old ticket (ca. 1986)

During the battle of Poznań in 1945, most of the cars and tracks were destroyed. Tram transportation was partially restored two years after the war, in 1947, though only on the left bank of the Warta. The tracks in the old town were not rebuilt, but a new route was laid via Plac Bernardyński.

The first post-war tram on the right bank appeared in 1952, when the new Marchlewski Bridge was opened (now called Most Królowej Jadwigi).

In the following years new routes connecting different districts and bypassing the centre of city were built:

  • 1955-1957 via ul. Marchlewskiego (now ul. Królowej Jadwigi)
  • 1968-1973 via ul. Przybyszewskiego, ul. Reymonta and ul. Hetmańska
  • 1974-1977 from Plac Wielkopolski via ul. Małe Garbary, ul. Estkowskiego to Rondo Śródka.
  • 1983-1985 from os. Lecha via ul. Jedności Słowiańskiej (today Chartowo and Żegrze) to ul. Hetmańska

Also some lines to peripheral districts were built:

  • 1949-1950 to the communal cemetery in Junikowo
  • 1957-1964 via ul. Pułaskiego and ul. Winogrady to ul. Wilczak (a branch to ul. Serbska was added in 1974)
  • 1955 from Rataje to the Stomil Factory in Starołęka, in 1967 extended to 'Poznań Starołęka' train station
  • 1959 to Zawady via Śródka with a branch to os. Warszawskie, extended in 1974 to Miłostowo
  • 1979 to Chartowo and Osiedle Lecha
  • 1980 to Winiary and ul. Piątkowska

A revolution for public transport in Poznań was brought about by the opening in 1997 of the 6.1 km long Poznański Szybki Tramwaj (English: Poznań Fast Tram) route, nicknamed "Pestka" by locals. Currently there are several plans for extension of the network, at different stages of preparation. Of great importance for tram transportation in Poznań was the general strategy for city development from 1994. According to this document trams are to serve as the fundamental mode of transport in the city. Since then, during renovations of streets and traffic lights, trams have been given right of way at intersections.

On 14 August 2007 a long new route opened, as the first section of the so-called Ratajski Szybki Tramwaj (English: Rataje Fast Tram). The new route connects Plac Wiosny Ludów via ul. Podgórna, ul. Dowbora Muśnickiego, ul. Mostowa, Most św. Rocha and ul. Kórnicka to ul. Jana Pawła II.

In 2011, MPK decided to sell 40 type 105Na trams due to lack of space in the depots for this type of trams. In addition, 45 Solaris Tramino trams were ordered along with 7 Moderus Beta trams.

On 11 August 2012 the final section of the route to Franowo opened, connecting the area of the former terminus loop at os. Lech with a new loop in Franowo. Part of the route runs through the 800m Franowo tunnel. At Franowo there is also a large, modern depot.

On 1 September 2013 an extension of the PST route was opened which runs parallel to the railway line between Poznan Glowny station and Głogowska. This uses space that became available from the former platform 7 at the station.

Fleet[edit]

Image Type Number Builder Built Fleet numbers Description
31 tram Poznan EURO 2012 xx.jpg Düwag GT8 35 Düwag 1957-1976 659, 662, 668, 669, 670, 671, 678, 680, 683, 685, 687-699, 701-713 Former trams from Düsseldorf and Frankfurt, purchased by Poznan in 1998-2003 and 2010-2011
GT8ZR 906.jpg Düwag GT8ZR 6 Düwag 1969 901, 903-907 Bi-directional trams from Frankfurt, purchased by Poznan in 2005
Roch, Poznan, 105Na.JPG Konstal 105Na + Konstal 105NaD 64 Konstal 1979-1992 83-341 Trams operate in pairs with one Konstal 105Na and one Konstal 105NaD trailer. Many have been taken out of service and rebuilt as Moderus trams.
MPK Poznan, 401 19042016.jpg Tatra RT6N1 14 Tatra 1997 401-414 Modernised 2012-2016
MPK Poznan 510.jpg Siemens Combino 14 Siemens 2003 501-514
MPK Poznan, 336 29042016.jpg Moderus Alfa HF 04 AC / HF 07 AC 2 / 18 Modertrans Poznań 2008- 83-341 Trams rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams
Moderus Beta 415.jpg Moderus Beta MF 02 AC 24 Modertrans Poznań 2011-2016 [1] 415-438 Rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams
27 Grudnia, Tramino, Poznan.jpg Solaris Tramino 46 Solaris Bus & Coach 2011-2012 451, 515-559 451 was the prototype tram and wears a different red and white livery
Moderus Beta MF 20 AC 10 Modertrans Poznań 2016 441-450 Trams rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams

Historical fleet:

Cars awaiting renovation:

Retired cars:

Tram lines[edit]

Route no.
Route
Daytime routes
1 JUNIKOWO - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego - Reymonta - Hetmańska - Rondo Starołęka - Hetmańska - Rondo Żegrze - Żegrze - Chartowo - Piaśnicka - FRANOWO
2 OGRODY - Dąbrowskiego - Rondo Kaponiera - Fredry - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Górna Wilda - 28 Czerwca 1956 - DĘBIEC


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - ...

3 WILCZAK - Przełajowa - Winogrady - Pułaskiego - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA


Route operates only at weekdays between 6:30 am and 7:30 pm every 20 minutes.
In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - ...

4 POŁABSKA - Al. Solidarności - Rondo Solidarności - Murawa - Winogrady - Pułaskiego - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA


Route operates every day. On weekdays between 6:30 am and 7:30 pm every 20 minutes

5 GÓRCZYN - Głogowska - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardyński - Dowbora-Muśnickiego - Mostowa - Most św. Rocha - Kórnicka - Trasa Kórnicka - Piaśnicka - Chartowo - Żegrze - Rondo Żegrze - Hetmańska - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STOMIL


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - ...

6 BUDZISZYŃSKA - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego - Grunwaldzka - Bałtyk - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Jana Pawła II - Rondo Śródka - Warszawska - MIŁOSTOWO
7 OGRODY - Dąbrowskiego - Przybyszewskiego - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego - Reymonta - Hetmańska - Rondo Starołęka - Zamenhofa - Rondo Rataje - Jana Pawła II - Rondo Śródka - Podwale - ZAWADY
8 GÓRCZYN - Głogowska - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Mielżyńskiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Małe Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszyńskiego - Rondo Śródka - Warszawska - MIŁOSTOWO
9 PIĄTKOWSKA - Winiarska - Wołyńska - Małopolska - Al. Wielkopolska - Pułaskiego - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Górna Wilda - 28 Czerwca 1956 - DĘBIEC


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - ...

10 POŁABSKA - Al. Solidarności - Rondo Solidarności - Murawa - Winogrady - Pułaskiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Wierzbięcice - 28 Czerwca 1956 r. - DĘBIEC
11 PIĄTKOWSKA - Winiarska - Wołyńska - Małopolska - Al. Wielkopolska - Pułaskiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Trasa Kórnicka - Piaśnicka - OS. LECHA
12 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA
13 JUNIKOWO - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego - Grunwaldzka - Bałtyk - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardyński - Dowbora-Muśnickiego - Mostowa - Most św. Rocha - Kórnicka - Jana Pawła II - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - ...

14 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Głogowska - GÓRCZYN
15 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Bałtyk - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziorańskiego - Grunwaldzka - BUDZISZYŃSKA


At Weekends and holidays between 9:00 am and 6:00 pm extended to JUNIKOWO

16 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardyński - Dowbora-Muśnickiego - Mostowa - Most św. Rocha - Kórnicka - Trasa Kórnicka – OS. LECHA


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - ...

17 OGRODY - Dąbrowskiego - Most Teatralny - Fredry - - Mielżyńskiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Małe Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszyńskiego - Rondo Śródka - Jana Pawła II - Kórnicka - Piaśnicka - Chartowo - Żegrze - Rondo Żegrze - Hetmańska - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA
18 OGRODY - Dąbrowskiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Głogowska - Hetmańska - Rondo Starołęka - Starołęcka - STAROŁĘKA


Suspended in July and August.

19 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST
20 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Bolesława Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Jana Pawła II - Kórnicka - Most św. Rocha - Mostowa - Dowbora-Muśnickiego - plac Bernardyński - Podgórna - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - PST - OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO
Night route
201 OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Św. Marcin - AL. MARCINKOWSKIEGO - 27 Grudnia - Gwarna - Św. Marcin - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - PST - OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO


Line 201 does not run on Monday night/Tuesday morning.
Due to works on Św. Marcin, since 21 June 2008: ... - Roosevelta - RONDO KAPONIERA - Zwierzyniecka - Kraszewskiego - Dąbrowskiego - Roosevelta - ...

Tourist route
0 GAJOWA - Zwierzyniecka - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Głogowska - GŁOGOWSKA/MUZEUM - Głogowska - Rondo Kaponiera - Św. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolności - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Zwierzyniecka - GAJOWA


Operates every Sunday between 29 April and 14 October.

Depots[edit]

  • ul Głogowska depot

This is the second largest tram depot in Poznan (after Franowo). It was built in 1907 and underwent modernisation between 1998 and 2000 in preparation for low floor trams. It is close to the tram stop Krauthofera.

  • Starołęka

This depot opened in 1980 at the Starołęka terminus.

  • Franowo

This is the largest and newest depot in Poznan, opened on 11 May 2014. The depot has space for 100 trams.

The following depots have now closed:

  • ul. Gajowa. This depot opened in 1880 and closed on 28 December 2010.
  • Budziszyńska. This was an overflow depot for ul. Głogowska and Madalińskiego. The depot closed on 4 November 2012.
  • ul Madalińskiego. This depot was built between 1947 and 1955 and closed on 14 December 2014. It was the smallest depot MPK operated. It is now used for the historical fleet.
  • ul. Bolesława Krzywoustego. This depot was used in the 1980s and was located between Rondo Rataje and ul. Pleszewskiej.

Plans for further extension[edit]

St. Roch Bridge - part of the newest route opened on 14 August 2007, part of the planned Ratajski Szybki Tramwaj

Currently in Poznań there are several plans to extend the tram network; some of them are only planned, others are under construction:

  • extension of the line from Ogrody along ul. Dąbrowskiego to al. Polska with new tram/bus station at the end of the route
  • extension of route from Zawady alongside ul. Zawady and ul. Główna to Poznań Wschód station
  • extension of route from Dębiec via ul. 28. Czerwca 1956 r. to os. Dębina
  • new route via ul. Ratajczaka, Pl. Cyryla Ratajskiego, ul. Solna and ul. Nowowiejskiego
  • new route to os. Kopernika alongside ul. Arciszewskiego and ul. Pogodna and new route on ul. Szpitalna and ul. Grochowska
  • new route form Rondo Żegrze to ul. Falista
  • new route from ul. Garbary through ul. Szelągowska and ul. Naramowickiej to Naramowice connected with existing line to ul. Wilczak

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Maria Trzeciakowska, Lech Trzeciakowski, W dziewiętnastowiecznym Poznaniu. Życie codzienne miasta 1815-1914, Poznań 1982, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie ISBN 83-210-0316-8
  • Jerzy Topolski, Lech Trzeciakowski (red) Dzieje Poznania, tom II cz. 1 1793-1918, Warszawa-Poznań 1994, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe ISBN 83-01-11393-6
  • Jerzy Topolski, Lech Trzeciakowski (red) Dzieje Poznania, tom II cz. 2 1918-1945, Warszawa-Poznań 1998, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe ISBN 83-01-12401-6

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Poznańskie tramwaje at Wikimedia Commons