Tranøy

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Tranøy kommune

Ránáidsullo suohkan
Official logo of Tranøy kommune
Troms within
Norway
Tranøy within Troms
Tranøy within Troms
Coordinates: 69°11′29″N 17°21′44″E / 69.19139°N 17.36222°E / 69.19139; 17.36222Coordinates: 69°11′29″N 17°21′44″E / 69.19139°N 17.36222°E / 69.19139; 17.36222
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictMidt-Troms
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreVangsvik
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Jan Fredrik Jenssen (H)
Area
 • Total523.87 km2 (202.27 sq mi)
 • Land499.27 km2 (192.77 sq mi)
 • Water24.60 km2 (9.50 sq mi)  4.7%
Area rank204 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,536
 • Rank352 in Norway
 • Density3.1/km2 (8/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-2.7%
Demonym(s)Tranøyværing [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1927
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websitetranoy.kommune.no

Tranøy is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The municipality is situated on the southern coast of the large island of Senja. The administrative centre is the village of Vangsvik in the eastern part of the municipality. Other important villages include Stonglandseidet, Skrollsvika, and Å.

The nearly-abandoned island of Tranøya, with the 18th-century wooden Tranøy Church, used to be the centre of activities for the municipality. From Tranøybotn it is only a short walk to the Ånderdalen National Park, with varied landscapes within a very limited area, including deep pine forests.

The 524-square-kilometre (202 sq mi) municipality is the 204th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Tranøy is the 352nd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,536. The municipality's population density is 3.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.0/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 2.7% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The large municipality of Tranøy was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality included all the land surrounding the large Solbergfjorden. On 1 September 1886, the municipality was divided into three separate municipalities: Tranøy (population: 1,239) on the west, Dyrøy (population: 1,281) in the south, and Sørreisa (population: 1,361) in the east.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 several changes took place:[5]

In March 2017, the Parliament of Norway voted to merge the municipalities of Berg, Torsken, Lenvik, and Tranøy. The new municipality will encompass the whole island of Senja plus part of the mainland. The new municipality will be established on 1 January 2020 and it will be called Senja Municipality.[6][7]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the small island of Tranøya (Old Norse: Tranøiar), since the first Tranøy Church was built there. The first element is comes from trana which means "crane" and the last element is øy which means "island". Prior to 1909, the name was written Tranø.[8]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 15 May 1987. The arms are silver or white with a black Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) in the center. The fish is a main species of local fish, which symbolizes the importance of fishing for the local community. In addition to this, the fish played a major role in local legends, similar to the role of bears in land-based legends.[9]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Tranøy. It is part of the Senja prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Tranøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Tranøy Stonglandet Church Stonglandseidet 1896
Tranøy Church Tranøya 1775
Skrolsvik Chapel Skrollsvika 1924
Vangsvik Chapel Vangsvik 1975

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Tranøy is located on the southern end of the large island of Senja. The Andfjorden, Vågsfjorden, and Solbergfjorden surround the municipality to the west, south, and southeast. The municipalities of Torsken and Berg lie to the north and the municipality of Lenvik is to the east. Ånderdalen National Park lies in the northwestern part of the municipality.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Vangsvika
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.2
(34.2)
5.7
(42.3)
10.0
(50.0)
12.5
(54.5)
11.6
(52.9)
7.5
(45.5)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.3
(37.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106
(4.2)
95
(3.7)
76
(3.0)
65
(2.6)
45
(1.8)
53
(2.1)
67
(2.6)
75
(3.0)
100
(3.9)
137
(5.4)
117
(4.6)
114
(4.5)
1,050
(41.3)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[10]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Tranøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Senja District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Tranøy is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Tranøy Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Tranøy Local List (Tranøy Folkeliste)2
Total number of members:17
Tranøy Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Tranøy Local List (Tranøy Folkeliste)3
Total number of members:17

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Senja kommune 2020" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  7. ^ Vermes, Thomas (2017-03-29). "Stortingsflertallet gjør fire Senja-kommuner til én". ABC Nyheter (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  8. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 67.
  9. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  10. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  12. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-26.

External links[edit]