Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act

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Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titlesMineral Leasing Act of 1920 Amendments
Long titleAn Act to amend section 28 of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, and to authorize a trans-Alaska oil pipeline, and for other purposes.
NicknamesFederal Lands Right-of-Way Act
Enacted bythe 93rd United States Congress
EffectiveNovember 16, 1973
Public law93-153
Statutes at Large87 Stat. 576
Titles amended30 U.S.C.: Mineral Lands and Mining
U.S.C. sections amended30 U.S.C. ch. 3a § 185
Legislative history

The Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act of 1973 is a United States federal law signed by Richard Nixon on November 16, 1973 that authorized the building of an oil pipeline connecting the North Slope of Alaska to Port Valdez. Specifically, it halted all legal challenges - filed primarily by environmental activists - against the construction of the pipeline. In accordance with President Nixon's request, the act contains no amendments allowing for federal and state agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, Alaska Department of Natural Resources, and Alaska Department of Fish and Game to regulate the construction of the pipeline.[1]

The act is found in title 43, section 1651 of the United States Code (43 U.S.C. § 1651). Eventually, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System was built as a result of this act.


  1. ^ "Nixon supports construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline". HISTORY. A&E Television Networks. August 21, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018. ...he [Nixon] asked Congress not to attach amendments to the bill that would have given federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Fish and Game regulatory power over the pipeline’s construction.

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