|Headquarters||Larbert, Scotland, UK|
|Colin Robertson (CEO)|
|Products||Buses, fire engines|
|Revenue||£541 million (2013)|
|Owner||Brian Souter & Ann Gloag (55%)
Noble Grossart (33%)
Number of employees
Alexander Dennis (formerly known as TransBus International) is a British bus building company based in Scotland. The largest bus and coach manufacturer in the United Kingdom, Alexander Dennis is one of the world’s fastest-growing bus builders, with manufacturing plants and partnerships in Canada, China, Europe, Hong Kong, Malaysia, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States.
- 1 Part of Transbus International
- 2 Owners Murray and Souter
- 3 Plaxton and Custom purchases
- 4 Products
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Part of Transbus International
TransBus International inherited a number of factories around the United Kingdom from all three merged companies: the former Alexander factories in Falkirk, Scotland, and Belfast, Northern Ireland; the former Plaxton factories in Anston and Scarborough, the former Northern Counties factory in Wigan, and the Dennis factory in Guildford.
TransBus International produced a range of both bus and coach chassis and bodies as well as fire engines. Included among its range of chassis were the Dennis Dart, one of the all-time best-selling buses in the UK, and the Dennis Trident. TransBus also produced export variants for service in Hong Kong, New York City and other locations. The Dennis Trident is the most common bus model in service in London.
Since the creation of TransBus merged both Plaxton and Alexander, the TransBus range included Plaxton coaches as well as two double-decker bodies (the Plaxton President and the Alexander ALX400), the Alexander ALX300 citybus and the Pointer body built in quantity on the aforementioned Dennis Dart chassis, which replaced the Alexander ALX200 body built previously on a Dart chassis.
Owners Murray and Souter
On 31 March 2004, TransBus International was put into administration. On 17 May 2004, the Plaxton coach business was sold in a management buyout and resumed trading as Plaxton. TransBus had been in the process of eradicating the traditional company names from the vehicles. On 21 May 2004, the remaining part of TransBus (Alexander and Dennis) was bought by a consortium of merchant bank Noble Grossart and businessmen David Murray and Brian Souter. The new company was named Alexander Dennis. The sale did not include the former Alexander Belfast plant, which closed.
On 26 January 2005, Alexander Dennis' Wigan plant closed, after completing outstanding orders of its President body.
Alexander Dennis secured a number of major orders from UK operators. The company has also continued to find success in its predecessors' traditional markets of Hong Kong and the Republic of Ireland, with the Enviro500 securing orders in both markets, and the ALX400 double-deck body remaining the Dublin Bus standard vehicle until production ended in 2006.
Alexander Dennis is also building its share of the North American market, securing £25m worth of orders in 2005 for its Enviro500 model from customers in Victoria, British Columbia, New York City (open top models), San Francisco and Las Vegas. Beginning in 2008 ElDorado National began to assembly Enviro500 for US market and beginning in 2015 Alexander Dennis established an assembly plant in Vaughan, Ontario for orders to Metrolinx.
Plaxton and Custom purchases
In May 2007, Alexander Dennis purchased Plaxton, thus reuniting the two former TransBus businesses.
In May 2012, New Flyer Industries and Alexander Dennis announced a new joint-venture to design and manufacture medium-duty low-floor bus (or midi bus) for the North American market. New Flyer will handle production and marketing, and Alexander Dennis will handle the engineering and testing.
On 7 June 2012, Alexander Dennis acquired Australian bodybuilder Custom Coaches. However, in May 2014, Custom Coaches was placed into administration. In August 2014, Custom Coaches was sold to its former management.
Complete diesel buses
- Enviro200 Dart (2006–2017)
- Enviro200MMC (2014-present)
- Enviro400 (2005–present)
- Enviro500 (2002–present)
Complete hybrid electric buses
- Enviro200H (midibus)
- Enviro350H (full-size single-deck)
- Enviro400H (double-deck, two-axle bus)
- Enviro500H (double-deck, three-axle bus)
- ALX200 (2001, originally made by Alexander, replaced by Enviro200/Enviro200 Dart)
- Pointer (2001–2007, originally made by Plaxton, replaced by Enviro200 Dart)
- ALX300 (2001-2007, originally Alexander, replaced by Enviro300)
- ALX400 (2001-2006, originally Alexander, replaced by Enviro400)
- President (2001-2005, originally Plaxton, replaced by Enviro400)
- ALX500 (2001-2002, originally Alexander, replaced by Enviro500)
- DM5000 (2001-2002, originally Duple Metsec, replaced by Enviro500)
Complete buses (or chassis/body only)
Fire appliance (Chassis and crew cab)
TransBus/Alexander Dennis built fire-fighting vehicles until 2007. The bodywork on a majority of the chassis are built by a neighbouring company, John Dennis Coachbuilders Limited.
- Companies House extract company no SC268016 Alexander Dennis Limited
- ADL rides high on international sales and targets £1billion turnover Bus & Coach Professional 16 January 2014
- Annual Report Year Ended 30 April 2014 Stagecoach Group
- Companies House extract company no 4018722 Transbus International Limited
- Mayflower and Henlys burst past rivalry to merge UK bus building The Independent 2 August 2000
- Update: re Administration Mayflower Corporation 22 April 2004
- MBO heralds TransBus deal by end of this week The Scotsman 17 May 2004
- "Murray and Souter join forces to buy TransBus". The Scotsman. 22 May 2004. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- Plaxton bought by ADL Archived 4 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Bus & Coach Professional 14 May 2007
- New Flyer in Bus Joint Venture Diesel Progress 10 May 2012
- ADL aims for North American growth Bus & Coach Professional 11 May 2012
- Bus firm Alexander Dennis in major Australian deal BBC News 7 June 2012
- Custom Coaches at Royal Park has been placed in administration with 100 jobs at risk Adelaide Advertiser 30 May 2014
- Custom Coaches sold - 120 jobs retained Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Deloitte 18 August 2014
- Burgess buys back Custom Coaches Australasian Bus & Coach 18 August 2014
- Consortium Announces Purchase of Custom Coaches from Administration Custom Coaches 19 August 2014
- Media related to Alexander Dennis at Wikimedia Commons
- Alexander Dennis's official website
- BUSRide article on TransBus International, with details of its collapse
- BAE Systems Delivers First Hybrid Propulsion Systems to Alexander Dennis Ltd. Under 'Green Bus Fund' Initiative