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A trans man (sometimes trans-man or transman) is a transgender person who was assigned female at birth but whose gender identity is that of a man. The label of transgender man is not always interchangeable with that of transsexual man, although the two labels are often used in this way. Transgender is an umbrella term that includes different types of gender variant people (including transsexual people). Many trans men choose to undergo surgical or hormonal transition, or both (see sex reassignment therapy), to alter their appearance in a way that aligns with their gender identity more appropriately or alleviates gender dysphoria.
Being transgender is not at all linked to sexual orientation. In a study by Kara Devaney entitled, Transgender Research Literature Review, is it addressed that the term transgender encompasses a myriad of different and unique identities that do not follow the "normal" rules of gender. One who is sexually ambiguous may face Gender Identity Disorder (GID). Because of the fact that having a clear sexual orientation is weaved into our society, those who are not clear tend to be marginalized quite often. Because transgender people face these issues on the daily, they tend to have a stunt in their development of identity, hence why they do not believe they are linked at all with a sexual orientation and/or gender identity. A trans man may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, gay, bisexual, pansexual, polysexual, asexual, demisexual, etc., and some trans men consider conventional sexual orientation labels inadequate or inapplicable to them.
The term trans man is used as a short form for either identity (transsexual man and transgender man). This commonly referred to as female-to-male (FTM or F2M). Trans men may identify as transsexual, as transgender, neither, or both. Transgender man is an umbrella term that may include anybody who was assigned female at birth (called afab), but identifies as male. For instance, some androgynous, bigender, and genderqueer people might identify as transgender. Because transgender is an umbrella term, it is imprecise and does not adequately describe specific identities and experiences.
The term transsexual originated in the medical and psychological communities. However, unlike the term transgender, transsexual is not an umbrella term, and many transgender people do not identify as such. Transsexual is a term for afab and amab people alike who feel their sex organs do not reflect their gender and have chosen to change some aspect of their body; it is an older term, with GLAAD stating that it is "still preferred by some people who have permanently changed - or seek to change - their bodies through medical interventions (including but not limited to hormones and/or surgeries)."
The FTM community coined the term transfag to describe a trans man attracted to other men. However, this phrase is still controversial because of its previous usage as a derogatory slur directed towards trans women.
The transgender community sometimes uses the term "passing" to describe a transgender person's ability to appear as the gender they identify with.
Originally, the term trans men referred specifically to female-to-male transsexual people who underwent hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or surgery (SRS), or both. The definition of transition has broadened to include theories of psychological development or complementary methods of self-acceptance.
Transsexual men may seek medical interventions such as hormones and surgery to make their bodies as congruent as possible with their gender presentation. However, many transgender and transsexual men cannot afford or choose not to undergo surgery or hormone replacement therapy.
Many who have not undergone top surgery choose to bind their breasts. There are a few different methods of binding, including using sports bras and specially made binders (which can be vest-type, or wrap-around style). Tape or bandages, although often depicted in popular culture, should never be used for binding as they tighten with wear and compress the ribcage, and could result in injury.
Some trans men might also decide to pack, to create a male like bulge in the crotch of clothing. However, this is not universal. Trans men who decide to pack may use anything from rolled up socks to specially made packers, which resemble a penis. Some packers are also created for trans men to be able to urinate through them (stand-to-pee, or STP, devices), or can also be used for sexual intercourse (known as "pack-and-play").
Transitioning might involve some or all of the following steps:
- Social transition: using a preferred name, wearing clothing seen as gender appropriate, disclosure to family, friends and usually at the workplace/school
- Sex reassignment therapy: hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and/or surgery (SRS)
- Legal affirmation: name and (sometimes) sex marker correction in legal identification documents.
Being socially accepted as male (sometimes known as passing) may be challenging for trans men who have not undergone HRT and/or surgery. Some trans men may choose to present as female in certain social situations (e.g. at work). After physical transition, trans men usually live full-time as male.
Notable trans men
- Buck Angel, Pioneering Filmmaker, Speaker, and Advocate
- Ben Barres, an American neurobiologist who teaches at Stanford University
- Thomas Beatie, an American advocate for transgender rights. Also became famous as the "pregnant man".
- Chaz Bono, American author and activist, the only child born out of the marriage of musicians Sonny Bono and Cher
- Willmer "Little Ax" Broadnax (1916–1994), African-American hard gospel quartet singer
- Balian Buschbaum, German pole vaulter
- Alec Butler, Canadian playwright and filmmaker
- Mauro Cabral, trans and intersex advocate, and co-director of Global Action for Trans Equality
- Meryn Cadell, Canadian singer, writer and performance artist
- Patrick Califia, writer and poet
- Loren Cameron, American photographer, author and activist
- Ryan Cassata, American singer-songwriter, public speaker and transgender activist
- Harry Leo Crawford, Australian convicted murderer
- Aaron Devor, Canadian sociologist and sexologist
- Michael Laurence Dillon (1915–1962), physician and author
- Robert Eads (1945–1999), subject of documentary Southern Comfort
- Reed Erickson (1917–1992), businessman and philanthropist
- Tyler Ford, actor/singer featured on The Glee Project
- Jack Bee Garland (1869–1936), American journalist, nurse, and adventurer
- Alexander John Goodrum (1960–2002), an African American transgender civil rights activist
- Jamison Green, writer and educator
- Alan L. Hart (1890–1962), an American physician who pioneered the use of x-ray photography in tuberculosis detection, and helped implement TB screening programs
- Ian Harvie, American stand-up comedian
- Katastrophe (Rocco Katastrophe Kayiatos) Homo-Hop MC
- Andreas Krieger, German shot putter
- William Legault, city councilor, community activist, city of Salem, Massachusetts.
- Amos Mac, photographer, writer, publisher, co-founder of Original Plumbing
- Tiq Milan, writer, public speaker activist, strategic media consultant and currently a national spokesperson for GLAAD.
- Shannon Minter, attorney
- Chris Mosier, American hall of fame triathlete and founder of transathlete.com
- Ryan Sallans, Trans-activist and public speaker
- Lucas Silveira, rock musician.
- Lou Sullivan (1951–1991), American author, biographer and founder of FTM International
- Brandon Teena (1972–1993), a victim of a hate crime, subject of the film Boys Don't Cry
- Billy Tipton (1914–1989), an American jazz pianist and saxophonist
- Del Lagrace Volcano, performer and photographer
- Max Wolf Valerio, poet, writer and performer
- Stephen Whittle, Professor of Equalities Law in the School of Law at Manchester Metropolitan University, and an active member of the United Kingdom TransActivist organisation Press for Change
- Kortney Ryan Ziegler, filmmaker and scholar
- Cidny Bullens, American singer/songwriter/recording artist
- My Dearest Senorita, 1972, Spain, drama
- Just Call Me Kade, 2002, USA, documentary 
- Boys Don't Cry, 1999, USA, drama (based on real story)
- Southern Comfort, 2001, USA, documentary
- TransGeneration, 2005, USA, documentary miniseries
- Transparent, 2006, USA, documentary
- Pick Up the Mic, 2006, USA, documentary (features two FTM artists)
- Gender Rebel, 2006, USA, documentary
- Mom, I Didn't Kill Your Daughter, 2007, Israel, documentary
- Enough Man, 2006, USA, documentary 
- Boy I Am, 2006, USA, documentary 
- Pregnant Man, 2008, USA, documentary about Thomas Beatie in the final weeks of his pregnancy and the birth of his first child, Susan
- My Friend from Faro, 2008, Germany, drama
- STILL BLACK: a portrait of black transmen, 2008, USA, documentary about black trans men
- Gender Resignner, 2010, documentary
- Becoming Chaz, 2011, USA, documentary about Chaz Bono's transition
- Romeos, 2011, Germany, drama
- Facing Mirrors, 2011, Iran, drama
- 52 Tuesdays, 2013, Australia, drama
- Mr. Angel, 2013, USA, documentary about Buck Angel's life
- Methods of passing as male
- Trans woman
- List of transgender-related topics
- List of transgender people
- "Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions | Resources | Human Rights Campaign". Hrc.org. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- "Estimating the Prevalence of Transsexualism". Ai.eecs.umich.edu. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- Joanne Herman (2006-05-11). "There are more of us than you think". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- [dead link]
- "what are Answers to Your Questions About Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity". APA. Retrieved Jan 26, 2015.
- [dead link]
- "Hudson's Guide: FTM Basics: Terminology". Ftmguide.org. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- "Glossary". Huc.edu. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- [dead link]
- Transgender emergence: therapeutic guidelines for working with gender-variant people and their families (2004), Arlene Istar Lev, Routledge, ISBN 0-7890-2117-X, 9780789021175.
- "The Misconception of 'Sex' In Title VII: Federal Courts Reevaluate Transsexual Employment Discrimination Claims" (2008), Amanda S. Eno, Tulsa Law Review, Spring, 2008, 43 Tulsa L. Rev. 765, University of Tulsa.
- [dead link]
- "Does Gender Matter? by Ben A Barres". Nature.com. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- Wilson, Cintra (2011-05-06). "Chaz Bono, Reluctant Role Model". The New York Times.
- Cameron, Loren (1996). Body Alchemy. Cleis Press. ISBN 1-57344-062-0.
- "Ryan Cassata". Ryan Cassata. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- Web Easy Professional Avanquest Publishing USA, Inc. (2013-03-01). "Home". Jamisongreen.com. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- "History of Rap Music". KatastropheRap. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- "Price Request - BuyDomains". Ftma.net. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- "Chris Mosier Launches Transathlete.com". Outsports.com. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- RyanSallans.com (2013-01-18). "FTM: Scouting the Unknown". RyanSallans.com. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- Middlebrook, Diane Wood (1999). Suits Me: The Double Life of Billy Tipton. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0-395-95789-9.
- "dellagracevolcano". Dellagracevolcano.com. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
- Valerio, Max Wolf (2006). The Testosterone Files. Seal Press. ISBN 978-1-58005-173-6.
- "Just Call Me Kade". YouTube. 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2015-01-29.
- "Gender Rebel". Discovery Health. 2006.
- "Mom, I Didn't Kill Your Daughter". San Francisco Jewish Film Festival. 2008.
- [dead link]
- "Boy I Am (2006)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Pregnant Man". September Films. 2008.
- "Still Black: A Portrait of Black Transmen (2008)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Becoming Chaz (2011)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- [dead link]
- Transman at DMOZ
- Medical Therapy and Health Maintenance for Transgender Men: A Guide For Health Care Providers free ebook, ISBN 0-9773250-0-8
- TransGuys.com The Internet's Magazine for Trans Men.
- FTM International An organization serving the female-to-male trans community.
- Original Plumbing magazine Quarterly magazine with online component focusing on culture and diversity in the trans male community.
- Becoming a Visible Man by Jamison Green
- Just Add Hormones: An Insider's Guide to the Transsexual Experience by Matt Kailey
- Transmen and FTMs: Identities, Bodies, Genders, and Sexualities by Jason Cromwell
- FTM: Female-to-Male Transsexuals in Society. by Aaron H. Devor
- Second Son: Transitioning Toward My Destiny, Love and Life by Ryan Sallans
- Original Plumbing magazine edited by Amos Mac and Rocco Kayiatos