1993 Sukhumi airliner attacks

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1993 Sukhumi airliner attacks
Date 20–23 September 1993
Summary Shoot down, destroyed on the ground
Site Georgia, Black Sea
Total fatalities 136
Total survivors 29
First aircraft
Tupolev Tu-134A-3, Aeroflot AN1089509.jpg
The crashed aircraft in Aeroflot livery
Type Tupolev Tu-134A-3
Operator Transair Georgia
Registration 65893
Flight origin Sochi Airport
Destination Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport
Passengers 22
Crew 5
Fatalities 27 (all)
Survivors 0
Second aircraft
Type Tupolev Tu-154B
Operator Orbi Georgian Airways
Registration 85163
Flight origin Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport
Destination Novo Alexeyevka Airport
Passengers 120
Crew 12
Fatalities 108
Survivors 24
Third aircraft
Type Tupolev Tu-134A
Operator Transair Georgia
Registration CCCP-65501
Flight origin Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport
Destination Novo Alexeyevka Airport
Passengers 24
Crew 6
Fatalities 1
Survivors 29

In September, 1993, five Tupolev civilian airliners belonging to Transair Georgia and Orbi Georgian Airways were hit by missiles allegedly fired by separatists in Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia. Over 150 people died in the attacks.

20 September[edit]

A Tu-134A was destroyed by Abkhaz small arms fire or missiles; there was no one on board.[1]

21 September[edit]

A Tu-134 aircraft flying from Sochi was hit on approach to Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport by a Strela 2 surface-to-air missile. The plane crashed into the Black Sea, killing all five crew members and 22 passengers.[2]

22 September[edit]

A Tu-154B aircraft flying from Tbilisi carrying civilians and internal security forces was on approach to Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport when it was struck by surface-to-air missiles. The plane crash-landed on the airstrip, and the ensuing fire killed 108 of the total 132 passengers and crew members.[3]

23 September[edit]

Passengers were boarding a Tu-134 at Sukhumi when it was struck by rockets from an Abkhaz BM-21 Grad rocket launcher. It caught fire and burned out, leaving one crew member dead. The aircraft was due to operate a Sukhumi-Tbilisi service.[4] On the same day a Tu-154 (85359) was reportedly destroyed by mortar or artillery fire.[5]