Transborder agglomeration

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A transborder agglomeration is an urban agglomeration or conurbation that extends into multiple sovereign states and/or dependent territories. It includes city-states that agglomerate with its neighbouring countries.

List of transborder agglomerations[edit]

Africa[edit]

Main municipalities Countries Total population
KinshasaBrazzaville Democratic Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo 12,000,000
GomaGisenyi Democratic Republic of the CongoRwanda 1,000,000
LoméAflao TogoGhana 1,100,000
N'djamenaKousséri ChadCameroon 1,200,000

Asia[edit]

Main municipalities Countries Total population
AstaraAstara IranAzerbaijan 100,000
BasraKhorramshahrAbadan IraqIran 2,000,000
BlagoveshchenskHeihe RussiaChina 400,000
DandongSinuiju ChinaNorth Korea 1,000,000
DhahranJubailManama Saudi ArabiaBahrain 2,000,000
FerganaKyzyl-Kiya UzbekistanKyrgyzstan 300,000
Sijori Growth Triangle (SingaporeJohor BahruBatamBintan) SingaporeMalaysiaIndonesia 9,000,000
Greater Bay Area (GuangzhouDongguanShenzhenHong KongMacau) ChinaHong KongMacau 71,200,000
Kara-SuuQorasuv KyrgyzstanUzbekistan 40,000
LahoreAmritsar PakistanIndia 12,000,000
MukdahanSavannakhet ThailandLaos 200,000
Padang BesarPadang Besar MalaysiaThailand 20,000
TashkentSaryagash UzbekistanKazakhstan 3,000,000 [1]
VientianeNong Khai LaosThailand 900,000

Europe[edit]

Main municipalities Countries Total population[citation needed]
Øresund Region (Greater Copenhagen and Malmö) Denmark–Sweden 3,964,522
Baarle-HertogBaarle-Nassau Belgium–Netherlands 9,262
BaselHuningueWeil am Rhein (Regio TriRhena) Switzerland–France–Germany 2,400,000
Bourg-MadamePuigcerdà France–Spain
ComoChiasso (part of Greater Milan)[2] Italy–Switzerland 189,000[3]
SaarbrückenForbach Germany–France 700,000
GenevaAnnemasseFerney-VoltaireNyon (France–Vaud–Geneva basin or Grand Genève) Switzerland–France 890,000
GoriziaNova Gorica Italy–Slovenia
GörlitzZgorzelec Germany–Poland 85,000
GubenGubin Germany–Poland 35,000
HendayeIrun France–Spain
IvangorodNarva Russia–Estonia 69,000
KatowiceOstrava (the Upper Silesian metropolitan area) PolandCzech Republic 5,300,000
KomárnoKomárom SlovakiaHungary 56,000
Le PerthusEls Límits France–Spain 700
Basque Eurocity Bayonne-San Sebastián France–Spain 620,000
LilleRoubaixTourcoingMouscronTournaiKortrijk France–Belgium 1,850,000
LongwyAubangePétange France–Belgium–Luxembourg 80,000
StrasbourgKehl France–Germany 700,000
KonstanzKreuzlingen Germany–Switzerland 110,000
KerkradeHerzogenrath Netherlands–Germany 95,000
Frankfurt (Oder)Słubice Germany–Poland 75,000
HaparandaTornio Sweden–Finland 32,000
PelloPello Sweden–Finland 4,500
KaresuandoKaresuvanto Sweden–Finland 500
ImatraSvetogorsk Finland–Russia 45,000
RousseGiurgiu BulgariaRomania 250,000
LiffordStrabane IrelandNorthern Ireland 18,500
ValkaValga LatviaEstonia 20,000
Slavonski BrodBrod CroatiaBosnia and Herzegovina 110,000
Szczecin PolandGermany 763,321

North America[edit]

Main municipalities Countries Total population
Paso Canoas Costa RicaPanama
Metro VancouverFraser ValleyWhatcom County CanadaUnited States 3,050,000
Detroit–Windsor United States–Canada 5,700,000
Port HuronSarniaPoint Edward United States–Canada 105,776
International FallsFort Frances United States–Canada 15,000
Sault Ste. MarieSault Ste. Marie United States–Canada 93,944
EdmunstonMadawaska[4] Canada–United States 20,000
San Diego–Tijuana United States–Mexico 5,105,769[5]
MexicaliCalexico Mexico–United States 1,143,000
San Luis Río ColoradoSan Luis Mexico–United States 227,000
LukevilleSonoyta United States–Mexico
SasabeSáric United States–Mexico
NogalesNogales United States–Mexico 240,000
NacoNaco United States–Mexico
DouglasAgua Prieta United States–Mexico
El Paso–Juárez United States–Mexico 2,500,000[6]
PresidioOjinaga United States–Mexico
Del RioCiudad Acuña United States–Mexico
Eagle PassPiedras Negras United States–Mexico
Laredo–Nuevo Laredo United States–Mexico 775,481[7]
Rio Grande CityCamargo United States–Mexico
Reynosa–McAllen Mexico–United States 1,500,000[8]
Brownsville–Matamoros United States–Mexico 1,136,995[9]

South America[edit]

Main municipalities Countries Total population
Saint-Laurent-du-MaroniAlbina French Guiana (France)–Suriname
Saint GeorgesOiapoque French Guiana (France)–Brazil
Santana do LivramentoRivera BrazilUruguay
ChuíChuy BrazilUruguay 15,592[10][11]
CorumbáPuerto Suárez BrazilBolivia
LeticiaTabatingaSanta Rosa ColombiaBrazilPeru
Ponta PorãPedro Juan Caballero BrazilParaguay
Foz do IguaçuCiudad del EstePuerto Iguazu BrazilParaguayArgentina 800,000
Bernardo de IrigoyenBarracãoDionísio Cerqueira ArgentinaBrazil
UruguaianaPaso de los Libres BrazilArgentina
CúcutaSan Antonio del Táchira ColombiaVenezuela 700,000 [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Asian cities are overgrown with slums". centre1.com. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  2. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150924002318/http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/UrbanFunctions/fr-1.4.3_April2007-final.pdf
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150924002318/http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/UrbanFunctions/fr-1.4.3_April2007-final.pdf
  4. ^ Wright, Virginia. "In the Shadow of the Border". Down East: The Magazine of Maine (June 2006).
  5. ^ "San Diego - Tijuana". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  6. ^ "The 411 - Fascinating Facts". Guest Life: El Paso/Juarez and Southern New Mexico. Retrieved 17 Feb 2010.
  7. ^ "Nuevo Laredo Metro area". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  8. ^ "McAllen Overview". McAllen Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Matamoros-Brownsville". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 22 August 2011.[dead link]
  10. ^ "IBGE Cidades (Brazil's Census 2010)".
  11. ^ "INE (Uruguay's Census 2011)".
  12. ^ http://www.lapatilla.com/site/2016/08/15/cucuta-y-san-antonio-dos-ciudades-unidas-pero-separadas-por-cierre-frontera/ "...que une ambas ciudades formando una conurbación, los 650.000 habitantes de Cúcuta y los 50.000 de San Antonio supieron que comenzaban tiempos difíciles."