Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Barry Ptolemy|
|Music by||Philip Glass|
Transcendent Man is a 2009 documentary film by American filmmaker Barry Ptolemy about inventor, futurist and author Ray Kurzweil and his predictions about the future of technology in his 2005 book, The Singularity is Near. In the film, Ptolemy follows Kurzweil around his world as he discusses his thoughts on the technological singularity, a proposed advancement that will occur sometime in the 21st century when progress in artificial intelligence, genetics, nanotechnology, and robotics will result in the creation of a human-machine civilization.
William Morris Endeavor distributed the film partnership with Ptolemaic Productions and Therapy Studios, using an original model involving a nationwide screening tour of the film (featuring Q&A sessions with Ptolemy and Kurzweil), as well as separate digital and DVD releases. The film was also released on iTunes and On-Demand on March 1, 2011, and on DVD on May 24, 2011.
The film debuted for the first public screening at the Time-Life Building in New York City on February 3, 2011. The same week, Time ran the Singularity cover story by Lev Grossman, with coverage about Kurzweil's ideas and the concepts, citing Transcendent Man. Kurzweil toured the film, appearing on Fox News Channel, CNN, MSNBC, Bloomberg News, and Charlie Rose. Additionally, Kurzweil went on to discuss the film on The Colbert Report, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, and Real Time with Bill Maher.
Raymond Kurzweil, noted inventor and futurist, is a man who refuses to accept the inevitability of physical death. He proposes that the Law of Accelerating Returns—the exponential increase in the growth of information technology—will result in a "singularity", a point where humanity and machines will merge, allowing one to transcend biological mortality: advances in genetics will provide the knowledge to reprogram biology, eliminate disease and stop the aging process; nanotechnology will keep humans healthy from the inside using robotic "red blood cells" and provide a human-computer interface within the brain; robotics, or artificial intelligence, will make superhuman intelligence possible, including the ability to back up the mind.
Most of the movie has an implication of a religious background, and is applying technology to accomplish the goals with what is considered to be "god like" powers, through interdependent connection. Kurzweil has been criticized as being a modern-day prophet, however the film describes a detailed list of his inventions. Ray's dedication to improving the blind's quality of life is displayed in the climax of the film, with his miniature blind reading tool. Ray speaks of emailing someone a blouse, or printing out a toaster utilizing nanotechnology. Eventually swarms of our nanotechnology will be sent by us into the universe to, as Kurzweil puts it, "wake up the universe".
Against this optimistic backdrop of human and machine evolution, concerns about Kurzweil's predictions are raised by technology experts, philosophers, and commentators. Physician William B. Hurlbut warns of tragedy and views Kurzweil's claims as lacking a more moderate approach necessitated by biological science. AI engineer Ben Goertzel champions the transhumanist vision, but acknowledges the possibility of a dystopian outcome. AI researcher Hugo de Garis warns of a coming "Artilect War", where god-like artificial intellects and those who want to build them, will fight against those who don't. Kevin Warwick, professor of Cybernetics at University of Reading, advocates the benefits of the singularity, but suggests the Terminator scenario could also occur, where humans become subservient to machine and live on a farm, and the singularity is the point where humans lose control to the intelligent machines. Warwick basically spells doom for anyone who is human after the singularity. Dean Kamen observes that advances in technology have finally made immortality a reasonable goal. At the end of the film, Kurzweil states, "if I was asked if god exists, I would say not yet."
- Tom Abate, Technology Reporter, San Francisco Chronicle.
- Hugo De Garis, Professor of Computer Science and Mathematical Physics, Xiamen University.
- Peter Diamandis, Chairman, X Prize Foundation.
- Neil Gershenfeld, Director, Center for Bits and Atoms, MIT.
- Ben Goertzel, Artificial Intelligence Engineer.
- William Hurlbut, Consulting Professor in the Neuroscience Institute at Stanford University.
- Kevin Kelly, Co-founder, Wired.
- Aaron Kleiner, Kurzweil Technologies
- Hannah Kurzweil, mother of Ray Kurzweil
- Ray Kurzweil
- Sonya R. Kurzweil, wife of Ray Kurzweil
- Robert Metcalfe, co-inventor of Ethernet, founder of 3Com
- Chuck Missler, Technologist/Koinonia Institute
- Colin Powell, retired four-star General in the United States Army.
- Steve Rabinowitz, college friend from MIT.
- Philip Rosedale, creator of Second Life
- William Shatner
- Kevin Warwick, Professor of Cybernetics, University of Reading.
- Stevie Wonder
American composer Philip Glass scored the original soundtrack for the film. In addition to the Transcendent Man score, other music from Glass's collection was included in the soundtrack.
- "A Brief History of Time"
- "Kyoko's House" (from Mishima)
- "Religion" (from Naqoyqatsi)
- "Satyagraha Act III" (Conclusion)
- "Symphony No. 3"
- "The Thin Blue Line"
- "Tirol Concerto for Piano and Orchestra"
The Transcendent Man tour visited five major cities in the U.S., as well as London. These screenings featured question and answer sessions with director Barry Ptolemy and Ray Kurzweil following the film, as well as V.I.P. receptions.[non-primary source needed]
Ptolemaic Productions and Therapy Studios have pursued an alternative distribution strategy for Transcendent Man, going through the Global and Music departments of agency William Morris Endeavor to partner with iTunes and Media-on-Demand for a March 1, 2011 digital release and with New Media for a May 24, 2011 DVD release. Marketing made use of social media and emerging technologies like QR codes to appeal to a tech-savvy audience.
- April 28, 2009 - Tribeca Film Festival, World Documentary Feature Competition.
- November 5, 2009 - American Film Institute film festival, Los Angeles.
- November 24, 2009 - International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam (IDFA), Amsterdam, Netherlands, screened in competition.
- March 2010 - Martha's Vineyard Film Festival.
One common criticism of Kurzweil's final prediction is that he does not consider that new technologies are never universally and immediately adopted due to the laws of economics. Start-up costs and economies of scale mean that initially transhumanist technology would be prohibitively expensive for most people. This would cause the wealthy, first adopters of brain enhancing technology to be transcendental above the less fortunate. One response to this criticism uses the technology of the automobile as an example. Even though a rich person might drive an expensive Rolls-Royce, cheaper alternatives are available that perform the same task. In other words, no matter how much two cars differ in price, their function is virtually identical. One important element of Kurzweil's singularity is that the cost will come down to virtually nothing.
Kurzweil readily defends AI as being controllable against malicious behavior, which he accepts is a definite threat. He never, on the other hand, confronts the dangers of AI fusing with the first humans.[dead link]
- Stewart, A. (January 11, 2011). Futurist Kurzweil goes worldwide with 'Man'. Variety. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
- Transcendent Man Film Screening Live with Ray Kurzweil
- Lyons, D. (May 16, 2009). I, Robot. Newsweek; Terranova, G. (2009). Transcendent Man. Tribeca Film Festival.
- Robards, B. (March 11, 2010). Martha's Vineyard Film Festival this weekend. The Martha's Vineyard Times.
- Barker, A. (November 23, 2009). Transcendent Man. Variety. 417 (2), 34.
- Gefter, A. (May 8, 2009). Film review: Transcendent Man. New Scientist. 202 (2707), 27. ISSN 0262-4079
- Shermer, M. (April 1, 2011). The Immortalist. Science. 332 (6025), 40. doi:10.1126/science.1205601
- Tucker, P. (2009). The Cinematic Singularitarian. The Futurist. 43 (5), 60.