Transcontinental Air Transport
Transcontinental Air Transport (T-A-T) was an airline founded in 1928 by Clement Melville Keys that merged in 1930 with Western Air Express to form what became TWA. Keys enlisted the help of Charles Lindbergh to design a transcontinental network to get government airmail contracts. Lindbergh established numerous airports across the country in this effort.
On July 7, 1929, transcontinental trips began. It initially offered a 48-hour coast to coast trip (trains by night, and planes by day in nine flights), with the first leg on the Pennsylvania Railroad overnight from New York City to Columbus, Ohio. There, passengers boarded a Ford Trimotor aircraft at what is now John Glenn Columbus International Airport, and flew to Waynoka, Oklahoma. Then, passengers caught the Santa Fe Railway for an overnight trip to Clovis, New Mexico, where they would take a second Ford Trimotor flight to Los Angeles. One-way fare from New York to Los Angeles was $352.
Cynics were to deride its TAT abbreviation as "Take A Train."
The Ford Trimotor service was one of the first to offer meals en route, provided by the Fred Harvey Company. It was also one of the first to be geared toward passenger service (while most airlines at the time were focused on transporting air mail).
In its first eighteen months of operation, the company lost $2.7 million. In 1929 it merged with Maddux Air Lines and in 1930, during what was to become the Air Mail scandal, it merged with Western Air Express to form Transcontinental & Western Air (T&WA). Western became an independent company once again in 1934. However, Transcontinental opted to retain the T&WA name, and eventually evolved into Trans World Airlines or TWA.
First air crash
On September 3, 1929, a westbound TAT flight crashed on Mt. Taylor in New Mexico, with loss of all aboard. The Associated Press said it was the first plane crash on a regular commercial land route. The September crash was the first of three serious accidents for TAT over the next five months.
- Karash, Julius; Montgomery, Rick (2001). TWA: Kansas City's Hometown Airline. Kansas City: Kansas City Star Books. pp. 6–7. ISBN 9780967951997.
- Bunyan, Fred. "Columbus Prepared for Progress". Flying Magazine - Google Books. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "TAT Timetable, July 1929". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- "Transcontinental Air Transport". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
- "TAT Crash, 1929, New Mexico Office of the State Historian". Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- American Heritage article
- PBS Chasing Sun profile
- Planes, Trains and a Downtown Auto Dealer by Jay Berman. Los Angeles Downtown News April 22, 2013
- Biography of Clement Melville Keys
- Alphabetilately profile
- Atchison, Topeka, and Santa promotional brochure for Transcontinental Air Transport.
- PRR Commemorative Brass Presentation Paperweight for the opening of The First "Rail-Air" Transcontinental Passenger Service via the Pennsylvania Railroad, Transcontinental Air Transport, & Santa Fe Railroad. July 7, 1929
- Poster for the train-plane