Transdev

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the company currently trading as Transdev. For the company that operated as Transdev from 1955 to 2011, see Transdev (historic).
"Veolia Transdev" redirects here. For the company that operated as Veolia Transport until 2011, see Veolia Transport.
Société anonyme
Industry Public transport
Founded 3 March 2011
Headquarters 36-38, avenue Kléber
Paris
, France
Key people
Jean-Marc Janaillac (Chairman and CEO)
Products bus, tram, metro
Owner Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (60%)
Veolia Environnement (40%)[1]
Number of employees
83,000 (2016)[2]
Website www.transdev.com/en

Transdev, formerly Veolia Transdev, is a French-based international private public transport operator[3] with operations in 19 countries.[2]

History[edit]

The group was formed by the merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev on 3 April 2011.[4] Veolia Environnement and Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (CDC) had 50% shareholdings. It was initially planned for the company to be sold by an initial public offering, potentially accompanied by a rebranding, within 12 months of the merger.[3]

On 6 December 2011 Veolia Environment, seeking to reduce debt and focus on its core businesses of water, waste and energy, announced a €5bn divestment program over 2012/13 that would include a sale of its share in Veolia Transdev within two years.[5] At the time of the announcement, Veolia Transdev declared its intention to concentrate on four main markets (France, the Netherlands, Germany, United States), to develop UK, Asia and Australia and to divest from other countries and other activities amounting to about 9-10% of global revenue in 2012/13.

After this announcement, the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations, for its part, officially reiterated its commitment to Veolia Transdev and its continued support as a shareholder to the group's development.[6]

In early 2012 it was reported that Cube Infrastructure, a fund controlled by the French bank Natixis (Groupe BPCE), was likely to acquire about half of Veolia's stake in Transdev. The Caisse des Dépôts would take over the other half.[7] This was not implemented, but instead, Caisse des Dépôts acquired 10% of the shares from Veolia in October 2012.[1] Following the sale of Transdev subsidiary SNCM in late 2015, CDC and Veolia continued talks about selling Veolia's stake in the joint venture.[8]

In 2013 CEO Jérôme Gallot confirmed Veolia Transdev would consolidate its operations down to 17 countries.[9] Veolia Transdev has since been renamed to simply Transdev, but it is important to note that this is a different entity to the Transdev that Veolia Transport merged with in 2011, due to the partial ownership by Veolia Environnement and increased number of subsidiary operating companies as a result of that merger.

Transdev is organised into seven geographical areas (strike-through countries were former operations):[10]

  • France
  • Benelux (Netherlands, Belgium)
  • North America (USA, Canada)
  • Germany and Central Europe (Croatia, Poland, Czech Republic, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia)
  • The UK and Northern Europe (Finland, Ireland, Sweden)
  • Asia and the Pacific (Australia, China, South Korea, India, New Zealand)
  • Southern Europe and the rest of the world (Chile, Colombia, Israel, Morocco, Portugal, Spain)

Operations in France[edit]

Transdev's subsidiary Société Varoise de Transports (SVT) operates two lines of the Bouches du Rhône district network since 1 January 2014, serving a population of more than one million inhabitants.[11]

Transdev owned 66% of SNCM, a French ferry company operating in the Mediterranean. However, as of 2014, Transdev was planning to sell its shares.[12] SNCM was finally sold to a Corsican firm Rocca Group in late 2015 and was renamed Maritima Ferries in January 2016.[8]

Thello (see Italy section) operates trains between Italy and France; Transdev relinquishes its 33% holding in 2016.[13]

In July 2015, Transdev commenced operating 17 coach routes under the Isilines brand to coincide with the deregulation of the French coach market.[14][15]

Operations in Benelux[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Main article: Connexxion

Transdev Netherlands is made up of three operations, Connexxion, Veolia Transport Nederland and Witte Kruis. It was set up in December 2015 to group the three operations together under one brand, after bringing Connexxion and Veolia Transport Nederland under one management earlier in May that year.[16] Each operation continues to exist separately with its branding unchanged.[17] This arrangement was planned ever since the global rebranding of Veolia Transdev in 2013.[18]

Connexxion is owned by Transdev-BNG-Connexxion Holding BV (TBCH), a consortium between Transdev (75% as of 2012), BNG Bank (25% as of 2012) and Connexxion Holding N.V.[19][20] The consortium used to own 66.7% of shares until they bought the remaining 33.3% of shares from the Dutch state in February 2013.[21]

Veolia Transport Nederland operates bus, train and ferry services around Netherlands since 1997. Witte Kruis (Dutch for White Cross) is Transdev's mobile care organization in Netherlands.

Former operations[edit]

Belgium[edit]

In Belgium, Veolia Transdev's operations were known as Veolia Transport Belgium (VTB). VTB was sold to a consortium consisting of Cube Infrastructure and Gimv in March 2014.[22]

Operations in North America[edit]

Transdev North America, formerly Veolia Transportation until August/September 2014, is the North American business unit of Transdev. It operates a number of public transport services across the United States and Canada.

Transdev North America's operations can be split into four divisions: Transit (buses and paratransit), Rail (trains and light rail), On-Demand (airport shuttles, taxis, private sedans and charter bus services) and IntelliRide (healthcare-related transportation).[23]

Other North American operations inherited from the old Transdev were never part of Veolia Transportation and therefore are not part of Transdev North America.

Canada[edit]

In April 2005 Veolia were awarded the contract in York Region in suburban Toronto, Ontario, Canada running the bus rapid transit (BRT) naming the routes VIVA and joining with York Region Transit (YRT) as a one fare transit system.[24]

York BRT Services L.P is the Transdev North America Canadian subsidiary responsible for operations in York Region:

Other Canadian operations[edit]

Transdev also operates Limocar, a coach operator in Quebec, Canada. It was inherited from the old Transdev and hence is not part of Transdev North America operations.

United States[edit]

Transdev North America US' operations include:[25]

Former operations[edit]

Operations in Germany & Central Europe[edit]

Germany[edit]

Main article: Transdev Germany

Transdev GmbH operates buses and trains in Germany. It was renamed from Veolia Verkehr GmbH in March 2015.[34]

Former operations[edit]

Central Europe[edit]

In Central Europe, Veolia Transdev's operations were known as Veolia Transport Central Europe GmbH (VTCE) and included operations in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Serbia. They were sold to Arriva in May 2013.[35][36]

Operations in the UK and Northern Europe[edit]

Finland[edit]

Transdev operates in Finland as Transdev Finland Oy. It was rebranded from Veolia Transport Finland Oy on 5 February 2015.[37]

Ireland[edit]

Luas tram in Dublin

Transdev operates Dublin's Luas tram system. Transdev Ireland was renamed from Veolia Transport Ireland in May 2013.[38]

Sweden[edit]

Transdev, known as Transdev Sverige AB, operates a number of subsidiaries in Sweden. The company was rebranded from Veolia Transport Sverige AB on 2 February 2015.[39] Its subsidiaries are:[40]

  • Bussakuten
  • Flygbussarna Airport Coaches, which operates coach services between Sweden's largest airports, or charter services around Sweden.
  • Norrköping: Transdev operates the Norrköping tramway on behalf of Östgötatrafiken.
  • People Travel Group
  • Snälltåget, an operator which runs long distance trains from Malmö to Stockholm and Uppsala,[41] in the winter season going further on to Åre, and the long distance train from Malmö to Berlin with train ferry via Trelleborg to Sassnitz in the summer season.[42]
  • Styrsöbolaget, a ferry company in Gothenburg, which operates the cross-river ferries (Älvsnabben) as well as the ferries to the south archipelago.
  • Transdev also operates some local city bus networks or interurban lines on contract to the local authorities (Västtrafik).

Transdev also won the tender to operate bus services in Umeå from 13 June 2016.[43]

Ceased contracts:

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, Transdev operates Transdev Blazefield, Green Tomato Cars, Trident Niven, Black Car Service, Cabfind.com, and holds a 5% shareholding in Nottingham City Transport.[44]

Transdev Blazefield is a bus group with operations in Yorkshire and Lancashire. It has five operating subsidiaries:[45]

Transdev owns three car services in London. Green Tomato Cars is an environmentally friendly passenger car service in London and was established in 2006.[44][46] Trident Niven, acquired in December 2012, is a London-based private hire company and has a fleet of 100 cars.[47] Black Car Service, established in May 2014, is a new corporate chauffeured car service in London, with a fleet of 150 black unbranded Volkswagen CCs (as of May 2014).[48]

Transdev also owns a 5% share in Nottingham City Transport, the largest municipal bus operator in England.[49]

Former UK operations[edit]

Arrow Light Rail, a consortium between Transdev, Nottingham City Transport, Bombardier Transportation, Carillion, Galaxy and Innisfree, was contracted to build and operate the Nottingham Express Transit for 30.5 years from 9 March 2004.[50] However, the contract was ripped up in 2011 when Tramlink Nottingham was selected as the preferred bidder for the construction of Phase 2 of the light rail.[51] The last day of operations of Arrow Light Rail was 16 December 2011, few months after the establishment of Veolia Transdev.

Transdev also owned and operated London Sovereign, one of 20 bus operators serving London, until it was sold to RATP Group in April 2014.[52]

Operations in Asia and the Pacific[edit]

Australia & New Zealand[edit]

Main article: Transdev Australasia

Transdev Australasia operates:

East Asia[edit]

Veolia Transport-RATP Asia (VTRA) is a joint venture between Transdev and RATP Group, created in 2009 between Veolia Transport and RATP Dev.[53]

Currently, VTRA had no fixed name after Veolia Transdev's global rebranding in 2013. While the name VTRA still exists, such as when VTRA bidded for a bus contract in Singapore (but the sightseeing bus operations are already known to be operated by VTRA since September 2014) and retained the name VTRA,[54] other name variations have also been used. Hong Kong Tramways and RATP Dev refer VTRA by the name "RATP Dev Transdev Asia" (RDTA),[55][56] while Transdev refers it as "Transdev RATPDev".[57]

Veolia Transport China Limited (VTCL) was a subsidiary of VTRA and was in charge of its operations in China (Nanjing and Hong Kong).[58] Before VTRA was set up, VTCL was the Chinese subdiary of Veolia Transport, and had a joint venture with Nanjing Zhongbei since September 2008. This joint venture later was continued between VTRA and Nanjing Zhongbei. The VTCL name was not mentioned in Transdev, RATP or the old VTRA websites, but was instead mentioned in the Hong Kong Tramways website until it was revamped in 2015.

VTRA operates:[59]

  • Buses in Nanjing, China under a joint venture with Nanjing Zhongbei since September 2008[60]
  • Hong Kong Tramways on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong since April 2009 (100% ownership)[57][58]
  • Mumbai Metro Line 1 in Mumbai, India since June 2014
  • Seoul Subway Line 9 in Seoul, Korea since July 2009, under a contract that will last for 10 years.[61] The contact has been renewed for another 10 years in October 2013.[62]
  • Singapore Ducktours, which is a tourist bus company and also includes the Downtown Bay bus operations, one of the holders of City Sightseeing Singapore franchise.
  • Shenyang Tramways in Shenyang, China since August 2013[63][64]

Former operations[edit]

VTRA also owned Reolian who operated buses in Macau since August 2011 until July 2014, after the company filed for bankruptcy in October 2013.

Operations in Southern Europe[edit]

Italy[edit]

Main article: Thello

Thello was a joint venture between Transdev and Italian state owned railway company Trenitalia, operating train services between France and Italy.

Portugal[edit]

Transdev Portugal operates Metro do Porto light rail in Portugal, as well as bus and coach services all around Portugal.[65]

Spain[edit]

Transdev is one of the few companies that make up TramMet, a joint venture company that operates two tram lines in Barcelona: Trambaix and Trambesòs.[66] Transdev has 66% stake in the operating companies of the tram networks, and 5.53% of the concession companies.[67][68]

Additionally, Transdev, together with Saycr and Ineco, forms the Tenemetro, S.L., which has 14% stake (Transdev 8.5%)[69] of Metropolitano de Tenerife (MTSA), the operator of Tenerife Tram.[70] This tram operation was passed down from the old Transdev.[71]

Operations in the rest of the world[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Transdev, in conjunction with three other operators, runs a 84 km right-of-way bus line of TransMilenio system in Bogotá.[72]

Chile[edit]

Transdev operates Redbus Urbano in Santiago, Chile. It is Transdev's largest bus urban networks with revenues of more than 70 million euros in 2012.[73]

Morocco[edit]

Transdev operates the Rabat-Salé tramway in Morocco for a contract of six years awarded 2010, with operations started in May 2011. It is Morocco's first light rail service.[74] Until Veolia Transdev's rebranding to Transdev in 2013, the Moroccan tramway was operated under the old Transdev's name and logo.[75]

Former operations[edit]

Israel (light rail)[edit]

Transdev inherited from Veolia Transport the Jerusalem Light Rail project that Veolia Environment had been trying to sell since at least 2009.[76]

As of December 2011, the agreed sale of the Jerusalem Light Rail to Egged was reported to have been held up by the Israeli state. Egged will however need Veolia's expertise for at least five years to run the light rail successfully. The sale was finally approved in August 2015.[77]

Israel (buses)[edit]

Transdev also operated buses in Israel as Veolia Transport Israel (more commonly Connex Israel):

The buses in Modi'in were sold to Kavim in July 2013,[78] while the rest were sold to Afikim in September 2013.[79]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Evolution project for the shareholding of Veolia Transdev". Caisse des Dépôts. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Key figures". Transdev. 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Veolia-Transdev nouveau leader du transport" (in French). marches.lefigaro.fr/. 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  4. ^ "Communiquée de presse - Naissance du 1er acteur privé mondial de la mobilité durable" (in French). veoliatransdev.com. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  5. ^ "Investor Day 2011" (PDF). 2011-12-06. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  6. ^ "La Caisse des Dépôts confirme son engagement auprès de Veolia Transdev" (PDF) (Press release). Caisse des Dépôts. 2011-12-06. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 
  7. ^ "Le fonds Cube est favori pour acheter la participation de Veolia dans Transdev". La Tribune (in French). 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  8. ^ a b "Veolia says resumed talks with CDC about Transdev exit". Retrieved 2016-07-02. 
  9. ^ "Veolia Transdev rebranded and repositioned" Bus & Coach Australasia July 3, 2013
  10. ^ Transdev FAQ, Transdev, Retrieved 9 September 2014
  11. ^ "Transdev wins two operating contracts for district lines in the Bouches du Rhône region in France". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Veolia's Transdev in talks with Unishipping about SNCM sale, Retrieved 11 September 2014
  13. ^ [1] "Transdev to leave Thello joint venture" retrieved 1 July 2016
  14. ^ Home (in French) Isilines
  15. ^ "Transdev launches low-cost French coach network" Buses issue 725 August 2015 page 22
  16. ^ "Transdev-dochters Connexxion en Veolia Transport Nederland onder één bestuur" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  17. ^ "Transdev in Nederland nadrukkelijker aanwezig" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
  18. ^ "Bart Schmeink: Connexxion en Veolia gaan onder Transdev inschrijven" (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  19. ^ "Overheid verkoopt resterend belang in Connexxion" (in Dutch). Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  20. ^ "BNG 2013 Interim Report Page 24" (PDF). Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  21. ^ "Mergers and Acquisitions February 2013". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "Transdev sells its subsidiary in Belgium (VTB)". Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  23. ^ About Transdev North America, Transdev North America, Retrieved 3 September 2014
  24. ^ "Bus Rapid Transit". Veolia Transport. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  25. ^ "Extensive Operations in North America - Case Studies". Transdev NA. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  26. ^ "News Transdev Awarded Bus Contract Renewal in Denver, CO". Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Transdev Commences Operations of Paratransit Services in Las Vegas". Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  28. ^ Transdev Awarded Contract to Operate Major Portion of Foothill Transit’s Bus Services, Transdev North America, Retrieved 3 September 2014
  29. ^ Veolia Transportation Awarded Contract to Operate Foothill Transit's Arcadia Services, Transdev, Retrieved 3 September 2014
  30. ^ Sousa, JL (26 July 2016). "Napa transportation agency settles on VINE operator". Napa Valley Register. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  31. ^ Castillo, Alfonso (June 10, 2011). "Pick to run LI Bus has D'Amato tie". Newsday. Retrieved June 10, 2011. (subscription required)
  32. ^ "Redding Area Bus Authority Awards Veolia Transportation Contract Extension" (PDF). Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Our partnerships". Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR) Co. 2009-02-02. The MBTA Board of Directors officially approved a new three-year contract with the Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Co. to run the commuter rail. 
  34. ^ "Veolia Verkehr heißt ab 16. März 2015 Transdev und ist Teil eines weltweiten Netzwerkes innovativer Verkehrsunternehmen" (in German). Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
  35. ^ "Transdev sells Veolia Transport Central Europe GmbHto Deutsche Bahn AG subsidiary DB Mobility". Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  36. ^ "Arriva: Společnost Veolia Transport Central Europe součástí skupiny Arriva" (in Czech). Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  37. ^ "Transdev Finland". Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  38. ^ "A Brief History". Transdev Ireland. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  39. ^ "Veolia Transport Sverige AB byter namn till Transdev Sverige AB". Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  40. ^ "Transdev Sverige". Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  41. ^ "Veolia Fjärrtåg Tidtabell 4 juni - 12 august" (PDF) (in Swedish). Veolia Transport. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  42. ^ "Ta Nattåget och upplev Berlin!" (in Swedish). Veolia Transport. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  43. ^ "Transdev vann upphandling om Umeå stadstrafik". Transdev Sveride. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  44. ^ a b "Transdev UK Our Companies". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  45. ^ Transdev Blazefield Our Companies Transdev
  46. ^ "Transdev UK Homepage". Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  47. ^ "Transdev UK Trident Niven". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  48. ^ Transdev launches new Black Car Service in London, Transdev UK, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  49. ^ "Final Statement of Accounts 2012/13 (Nottingham City Council)". Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  50. ^ Nottingham Express Transit : who's who, Nottingham Express Transit, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  51. ^ wikinews:All change for Nottingham, England trams as new operator announced, Wikinews, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  52. ^ "Transdev sells London Sovereign to RATP Dev". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  53. ^ "VTRA Company Profile (May 2014)". Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  54. ^ "VTRA Singapore (June 2015)". Archived from the original on June 22, 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  55. ^ "Hong Kong Tramways - About Us". Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  56. ^ RDTA - RATP DEV TRANSDEV IN ASIA, RATP Dev, Retrieved 5 January 2016
  57. ^ a b "Hong Kong tram celebrates 110 years". Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  58. ^ a b "Hong Kong Tramways Corporate Background (April 2015)". Archived from the original on April 24, 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  59. ^ "VTRA Factsheet" (PDF). Archived from the original on June 22, 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  60. ^ "Veolia Transport pursues expansion in Asia with signature of first contract in China". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  61. ^ "Seoul Metro Line 9" (PDF). Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  62. ^ "Seoul renews contract with Transdev and RATP Dev for operation of subway line 9". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  63. ^ "Shenyang Tramway Network operated by RATP Dev and Transdev enters service". Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  64. ^ "Transdev and RATP Dev win contract to operate tramway network in Shenyang, China". Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  65. ^ Paixão, compromisso, desempenho e parceira, Transdev Portugal, Retrieved 3 September 2014
  66. ^ TRAM. "Who are we?". Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  67. ^ "Transdev strengthens its position in the light rail market". Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  68. ^ Veolia Transdev. "Barcelona-Spain TRAM" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  69. ^ Veolia Transdev. "Tenerife-Spain Tranvia" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  70. ^ "Metro Tenerife - Our Company". Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  71. ^ "TRANSDEV ESPAÑA (February 2012)" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  72. ^ "Bogotá - Colombia TransMilenio" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  73. ^ Bus, Transdev, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  74. ^ Light Rail, Transdev, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  75. ^ Transdev Morocco (July 2011), Retrieved 9 September 2016
  76. ^ Avi Bar-Eli (2010-11-25). "Dan suing as Veolia rides with Egged". The Marker. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  77. ^ "Transdev exits Jerusalem light rail project". Retrieved 2016-01-06. 
  78. ^ "VEOLIA TRANSPORTATION ISRAEL STOPPED OPERATING THE MODI'IN BUS NETWORK". Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  79. ^ "VEOLIA TRANSPORTATION SOLD THE REMAINING BUS LINES TO AFIKIM". Retrieved 2016-01-09. 

External links[edit]