Transgender Day of Remembrance

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Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR), which occurs annually on November 20, is a day to memorialize those who have been killed as a result of transphobia[1] (the hatred or fear of transgender and gender non-conforming people) and to bring attention to the continued violence endured by the transgender community.[2]

The Transgender Day of Remembrance was founded in 1998 by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, a trans woman who is a graphic designer, columnist, and activist,[3] to memorialize the murder of Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts.[4] Since its inception, TDoR has been held annually on November 20,[5] and it has slowly evolved from the web-based project started by Smith into an international day of action. In 2010, TDoR was observed in over 185 cities throughout more than 20 countries.[6]

Typically, a TDoR memorial includes a reading of the names of those who lost their lives during the previous year,[7] and may include other actions, such as candlelight vigils, art shows, food drives, film screenings, and marches.[8] The TDoR is the culmination of Transgender Awareness Week.[9] The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) has extensively covered TDoR.[10] GLAAD has interviewed numerous transgender advocates[11] (including actress Candis Cayne[12]), profiled an event at the New York City LGBT Community Center,[13] and discussed media coverage of TDoR.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Trans Day of Remembrance". Massachusetts Transgender Political Coalition. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  2. ^ Millen, Lainey (2008-11-20). "North Carolinians mark Transgender Remembrance Day". QNotes. 
  3. ^ Smith, G. "Biography". Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  4. ^ Jacobs, Ethan (2008-11-15). "Remembering Rita Hester". EDGE Boston. 
  5. ^ "Transgender Day of Remembrance". Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  6. ^ St. Pierre, E. (2010). TDoR Events and Locations 2010.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Massachusetts Transgender Political Coalition. (2010). Transgender Awareness Week. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ GLAAD (2009-11-20). "Exclusive Video: Candis Cayne Discusses Being Out as Transgender in Hollywood". GLAAD. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  13. ^ GLAAD (2010-11-20). "New York City's LGBT Center Observes Transgender Day of Remembrance". GLAAD. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  14. ^

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